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Development of Various Diabetes Prediction Models Using Machine Learning Techniques
Juyoung Shin, Jaewon Kim, Chanjung Lee, Joon Young Yoon, Seyeon Kim, Seungjae Song, Hun-Sung Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(4):650-657.   Published online March 11, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0115
  • 4,751 View
  • 293 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
There are many models for predicting diabetes mellitus (DM), but their clinical implication remains vague. Therefore, we aimed to create various DM prediction models using easily accessible health screening test parameters.
Methods
Two sets of variables were used to develop eight DM prediction models. One set comprised 62 easily accessible examination results of commonly used variables from a tertiary university hospital. The second set comprised 27 of the 62 variables included in the national routine health checkups. Gradient boosting and random forest algorithms were used to develop the models. Internal validation was performed using the stratified 10-fold cross-validation method.
Results
The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC-AUC) for the 62-variable DM model making 12-month predictions for subjects without diabetes was the largest (0.928) among those of the eight DM prediction models. The ROC-AUC dropped by more than 0.04 when training with the simplified 27-variable set but still showed fairly good performance with ROC-AUCs between 0.842 and 0.880. The accuracy was up to 11.5% higher (from 0.807 to 0.714) when fasting glucose was included.
Conclusion
We created easily applicable diabetes prediction models that deliver good performance using parameters commonly assessed during tertiary university hospital and national routine health checkups. We plan to perform prospective external validation, hoping that the developed DM prediction models will be widely used in clinical practice.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictive modeling for the development of diabetes mellitus using key factors in various machine learning approaches
    Marenao Tanaka, Yukinori Akiyama, Kazuma Mori, Itaru Hosaka, Kenichi Kato, Keisuke Endo, Toshifumi Ogawa, Tatsuya Sato, Toru Suzuki, Toshiyuki Yano, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Nagisa Hanawa, Masato Furuhashi
    Diabetes Epidemiology and Management.2024; 13: 100191.     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Framingham Diabetes Risk Model Using Community-Based KoGES Data
    Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park, Young Sun Hong
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Integrated Embedded system for detecting diabetes mellitus using various machine learning techniques
    Rishita Konda, Anuraag Ramineni, Jayashree J, Niharika Singavajhala, Sai Akshaj Vanka
    EAI Endorsed Transactions on Pervasive Health and Technology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence-Based Medical Image in Diabetes Mellitus: Focus on Analytical Methods and Limitations of Clinical Use
    Ji-Won Chun, Hun-Sung Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Machine learning for predicting diabetic metabolism in the Indian population using polar metabolomic and lipidomic features
    Nikita Jain, Bhaumik Patel, Manjesh Hanawal, Anurag R. Lila, Saba Memon, Tushar Bandgar, Ashutosh Kumar
    Metabolomics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Retrospective cohort analysis comparing changes in blood glucose level and body composition according to changes in thyroid‐stimulating hormone level
    Hyunah Kim, Da Young Jung, Seung‐Hwan Lee, Jae‐Hyoung Cho, Hyeon Woo Yim, Hun‐Sung Kim
    Journal of Diabetes.2022; 14(9): 620.     CrossRef
  • Improving Machine Learning Diabetes Prediction Models for the Utmost Clinical Effectiveness
    Juyoung Shin, Joonyub Lee, Taehoon Ko, Kanghyuck Lee, Yera Choi, Hun-Sung Kim
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(11): 1899.     CrossRef
Drug/Regimen
An Electronic Health Record-Integrated Computerized Intravenous Insulin Infusion Protocol: Clinical Outcomes and in Silico Adjustment
Sung Woon Park, Seunghyun Lee, Won Chul Cha, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hyeon Kim, Moon-Kyu Lee, Sung-Min Park, Sang-Man Jin
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(1):56-66.   Published online October 21, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0227
  • 6,415 View
  • 133 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

We aimed to describe the outcome of a computerized intravenous insulin infusion (CII) protocol integrated to the electronic health record (EHR) system and to improve the CII protocol in silico using the EHR-based predictors of the outcome.

Methods

Clinical outcomes of the patients who underwent the CII protocol between July 2016 and February 2017 and their matched controls were evaluated. In the CII protocol group (n=91), multivariable binary logistic regression analysis models were used to determine the independent associates with a delayed response (taking ≥6.0 hours for entering a glucose range of 70 to 180 mg/dL). The CII protocol was adjusted in silico according to the EHR-based parameters obtained in the first 3 hours of CII.

Results

Use of the CII protocol was associated with fewer subjects with hypoglycemia alert values (P=0.003), earlier (P=0.002), and more stable (P=0.017) achievement of a glucose range of 70 to 180 mg/dL. Initial glucose level (P=0.001), change in glucose during the first 2 hours (P=0.026), and change in insulin infusion rate during the first 3 hours (P=0.029) were independently associated with delayed responses. Increasing the insulin infusion rate temporarily according to these parameters in silico significantly reduced delayed responses (P<0.0001) without hypoglycemia, especially in refractory patients.

Conclusion

Our CII protocol enabled faster and more stable glycemic control than conventional care with minimized risk of hypoglycemia. An EHR-based adjustment was simulated to reduce delayed responses without increased incidence of hypoglycemia.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Response: An Electronic Health Record-Integrated Computerized Intravenous Insulin Infusion Protocol: Clinical Outcomes and in Silico Adjustment (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:56–66)
    Sung Woon Park, Seunghyun Lee, Won Chul Cha, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hyeon Kim, Moon-Kyu Lee, Sung-Min Park, Sang-Man Jin
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(2): 358.     CrossRef
  • Letter: An Electronic Health Record-Integrated Computerized Intravenous Insulin Infusion Protocol: Clinical Outcomes and in Silico Adjustment (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:56–66)
    Dongwon Yi
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(2): 354.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal