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Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals
Chang Ho Ahn, Jae Hyun Bae, Young Min Cho
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(6):879-892.   Published online June 25, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0202
  • 4,879 View
  • 84 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

A premeal load of protein can increase satiety and reduce energy intake. Dietary fiber also conveys metabolic benefits by modulating energy intake. We made a protein-enriched, dietary fiber-fortified bar (PFB) and aimed to investigate its effects on food intake and gut hormone secretion in healthy individuals.

Methods

Twenty subjects with normal glucose tolerance were enrolled. On three separate visits, the subjects received, in a randomized order, one of the following: a PFB containing 73 kcal with 10.7 g of protein and 12.7 g of dietary fiber; a usual bar (UB) containing the same calories as the PFB but only 0.9 g of protein and no dietary fiber; or water (control). After 15 minutes, the subjects had ad libitum intake of a test meal. Food consumption, appetite, and plasma gut hormone levels were measured.

Results

Total energy intake, including the bar and the test meal, was significantly reduced with the PFB preload compared to the water (904.4±534.9 kcal vs. 1,075.0±508.0 kcal, P=0.016). With the UB preload, only the intake of the test meal was reduced (P=0.044) but not the total energy intake (P=0.471) than the water. Fullness was also significantly increased after the PFB. In addition, postprandial glucose levels decreased and glucagon-like peptide-1 levels increased with the PFB compared with both the UB and water.

Conclusion

In healthy individuals, a premeal supplementation of PFB reduced total energy intake and decreased postprandial glucose excursion. This finding necessitates long-term studies regarding clinical use in obesity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Citrus pectin protects mice from burn injury by modulating intestinal microbiota, GLP-1 secretion and immune response
    Ji-Wei Hao, Hong-Sheng Liu, Ling-Ying Liu, Qing-Hong Zhang
    International Immunopharmacology.2024; 131: 111912.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Two Different Meal Compositions on 1-hour Plasma Ghrelin Levels in Young Men
    Brinnell Annette Caszo, Sangeetha Shyam, Purushotham Krishnappa, Justin Vijay Gnanou
    Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences.2023; 19(5): 185.     CrossRef
  • Intake of Fibre-Associated Foods and Texture Preferences in Relation to Weight Status Among 9–12 Years Old Children in 6 European Countries
    Marlies Hörmann-Wallner, Raphaela Krause, Begoña Alfaro, Hannah Jilani, Monica Laureati, Valérie L. Almli, Mari Sandell, Pernilla Sandvik, Gertrude G. Zeinstra, Lisa Methven
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Response: Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:879–92)
    Chang Ho Ahn, Jae Hyun Bae, Young Min Cho
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 207.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:879–92)
    Mi-kyung Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 203.     CrossRef
  • Spent coffee (Coffea arabicaL.) grounds promote satiety and attenuate energy intake: A pilot study
    Rocio Campos‐Vega, Andrea Arreguín‐Campos, Miguel A. Cruz‐Medrano, María Dolores Castillo Bilbao
    Journal of Food Biochemistry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Clinical Diabetes & Therapeutics
Additional Effect of Dietary Fiber in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Metformin and Sulfonylurea: An Open-Label, Pilot Trial
Seung-Eun Lee, Yongbin Choi, Ji Eun Jun, You-Bin Lee, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Gwang Pyo Ko, Moon-Kyu Lee
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(4):422-431.   Published online April 23, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0090
  • 5,722 View
  • 74 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Metformin, sulfonylurea, and dietary fiber are known to affect gut microbiota in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This open and single-arm pilot trial investigated the effects of the additional use of fiber on glycemic parameters, insulin, incretins, and microbiota in patients with T2DM who had been treated with metformin and sulfonylurea.

Methods

Participants took fiber for 4 weeks and stopped for the next 4 weeks. Glycemic parameters, insulin, incretins during mixed-meal tolerance test (MMTT), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) level, and fecal microbiota were analyzed at weeks 0, 4, and 8. The first tertile of difference in glucose area under the curve during MMTT between weeks 0 and 4 was defined as ‘responders’ and the third as ‘nonresponders,’ respectively.

Results

In all 10 participants, the peak incretin levels during MMTT were higher and LPS were lower at week 4 as compared with at baseline. While the insulin sensitivity of the ‘responders’ increased at week 4, that of the ‘nonresponders’ showed opposite results. However, the results were not statistically significant. In all participants, metabolically unfavorable microbiota decreased at week 4 and were restored at week 8. At baseline, metabolically hostile bacteria were more abundant in the ‘nonresponders.’ In ‘responders,’ Roseburia intestinalis increased at week 4.

Conclusion

While dietary fiber did not induce additional changes in glycemic parameters, it showed a trend of improvement in insulin sensitivity in ‘responders.’ Even if patients are already receiving diabetes treatment, the additional administration of fiber can lead to additional benefits in the treatment of diabetes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effects of prebiotics on gastrointestinal side effects of metformin in youth: A pilot randomized control trial in youth-onset type 2 diabetes
    Sydney A. Dixon, Sidharth Mishra, Katrina B. Dietsche, Shalini Jain, Lilian Mabundo, Michael Stagliano, Andrea Krenek, Amber Courville, Shanna Yang, Sara A. Turner, Abby G. Meyers, Doris E. Estrada, Hariom Yadav, Stephanie T. Chung
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The impact of dietary, surgical, and pharmacological interventions on gut microbiota in individuals with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review
    Patricia M. Bock, Andreza F. Martins, Rafaela Ramalho, Gabriela H. Telo, Gabriel Leivas, Clara K. Maraschin, Beatriz D. Schaan
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2022; 189: 109944.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the safety and probiotic properties of Roseburia intestinalis: A potential “Next Generation Probiotic”
    Chao Zhang, Kejia Ma, Kai Nie, Minzi Deng, Weiwei Luo, Xing Wu, Yujun Huang, Xiaoyan Wang
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Prebiotics and Oral Anti-Diabetic Agents on Gut Microbiome in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials
    Omorogieva Ojo, Xiaohua Wang, Osarhumwese Osaretin Ojo, Joanne Brooke, Yiqing Jiang, Qingqing Dong, Trevor Thompson
    Nutrients.2022; 14(23): 5139.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Dietary Interventions on Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Relation to the Microbiome: A Systematic Review
    Carlijn A. Wagenaar, Marieke van de Put, Michelle Bisschops, Wendy Walrabenstein, Catharina S. de Jonge, Hilde Herrema, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg
    Nutrients.2021; 13(9): 3208.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Dietary Fibre in Modulating Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials
    Omorogieva Ojo, Qian-Qian Feng, Osarhumwese Osaretin Ojo, Xiao-Hua Wang
    Nutrients.2020; 12(11): 3239.     CrossRef
  • High Fiber and Beta Carotene from Sweet Potatoes and Pumpkin Improve Insulin Resistance by Inhibition of Sterol Regulatory Binding Protein 1c in Liver of Hypertriglyceridemic Rats
    Sunarti Sunarti, Umar Santoso, Abrory Agus Cahya Pramana, Emy Huriyati, Dianandha Septiana Rubi
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2020; 8(A): 898.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal