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Change Profiles and Functional Targets of MicroRNAs in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Obesity
Guanhua Lu, Huanhuan Gao, Zhiyong Dong, Shuwen Jiang, Ruixiang Hu, Cunchuan Wang
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(4):559-570.   Published online April 25, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0226
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exert an essential contribution to obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to investigate the differences of miRNAs in the presence and absence of T2DM in patients with obesity, as well as before and after bariatric surgery in T2DM patients with obesity. Characterization of the common changes in both was further analyzed.
Methods
We enrolled 15 patients with obesity but without T2DM and 15 patients with both obesity and T2DM. Their preoperative clinical data and serum samples were collected, as well as 1 month after bariatric surgery. The serum samples were analyzed by miRNA sequencing, and the miRNAs profiles and target genes characteristics were compared.
Results
Patients with T2DM had 16 up-regulated and 32 down-regulated miRNAs compared to patients without T2DM. Improvement in metabolic metrics after bariatric surgery of T2DM patients with obesity was correlated with changes in miRNAs, as evidenced by the upregulation of 20 miRNAs and the downregulation of 30 miRNAs. Analysis of the two miRNAs profiles identified seven intersecting miRNAs that showed opposite changes. The target genes of these seven miRNAs were substantially enriched in terms or pathways associated with T2DM.
Conclusion
We determined the expression profiles of miRNAs in the obese population, with and without diabetes, before and after bariatric surgery. The miRNAs that intersected in the two comparisons were discovered. Both the miRNAs discovered and their target genes were closely associated with T2DM, demonstrating that they might be potential targets for the regulation of T2DM.
Basic Research
Long Non-Coding RNA TUG1 Attenuates Insulin Resistance in Mice with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus via Regulation of the MicroRNA-328-3p/SREBP-2/ERK Axis
Xuwen Tang, Qingxin Qin, Wenjing Xu, Xuezhen Zhang
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(2):267-286.   Published online January 19, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0216
  • 1,756 View
  • 164 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been illustrated to contribute to the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In the present study, we aimed to elucidate how lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) influences insulin resistance (IR) in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced mouse model of GDM.
Methods
We initially developed a mouse model of HFD-induced GDM, from which islet tissues were collected for RNA and protein extraction. Interactions among lncRNA TUG1/microRNA (miR)-328-3p/sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP-2) were assessed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), HOMA pancreatic β-cell function (HOMA-β), insulin sensitivity index for oral glucose tolerance tests (ISOGTT) and insulinogenic index (IGI) levels in mouse serum were measured through conducting gain- and loss-of-function experiments.
Results
Abundant expression of miR-328 and deficient expression of lncRNA TUG1 and SREBP-2 were characterized in the islet tissues of mice with HFD-induced GDM. LncRNA TUG1 competitively bound to miR-328-3p, which specifically targeted SREBP-2. Either depletion of miR-328-3p or restoration of lncRNA TUG1 and SREBP-2 reduced the FBG, FINS, HOMA-β, and HOMA-IR levels while increasing ISOGTT and IGI levels, promoting the expression of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway-related genes, and inhibiting apoptosis of islet cells in GDM mice. Upregulation miR-328-3p reversed the alleviative effects of SREBP-2 and lncRNA TUG1 on IR.
Conclusion
Our study provides evidence that the lncRNA TUG1 may prevent IR following GDM through competitively binding to miR-328-3p and promoting the SREBP-2-mediated ERK signaling pathway inactivation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Tinospora cordifolia on gestational diabetes mellitus and its complications
    Ritu Rani, Havagiray Chitme, Avinash Kumar Sharma
    Women & Health.2023; 63(5): 359.     CrossRef
  • Therapeutic Effect of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Extracts on Letrozole-Induced Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and its Complications in Murine Model
    Ritu Rani, Avinash Kumar Sharma, Havagiray R Chitme
    Clinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Type 1 Diabetes
Differential Profile of Plasma Circular RNAs in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Yangyang Li, Ying Zhou, Minghui Zhao, Jing Zou, Yuxiao Zhu, Xuewen Yuan, Qianqi Liu, Hanqing Cai, Cong-Qiu Chu, Yu Liu
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(6):854-865.   Published online July 13, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0151
  • 5,385 View
  • 125 Download
  • 17 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

No currently available biomarkers or treatment regimens fully meet therapeutic needs of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Circular RNA (circRNA) is a recently identified class of stable noncoding RNA that have been documented as potential biomarkers for various diseases. Our objective was to identify and analyze plasma circRNAs altered in T1DM.

Methods

We used microarray to screen differentially expressed plasma circRNAs in patients with new onset T1DM (n=3) and age-/gender-matched healthy controls (n=3). Then, we selected six candidates with highest fold-change and validated them by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in independent human cohort samples (n=12). Bioinformatic tools were adopted to predict putative microRNAs (miRNAs) sponged by these validated circRNAs and their downstream messenger RNAs (mRNAs). Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed to gain further insights into T1DM pathogenesis.

Results

We identified 68 differentially expressed circRNAs, with 61 and seven being up- and downregulated respectively. Four of the six selected candidates were successfully validated. Curations of their predicted interacting miRNAs revealed critical roles in inflammation and pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. Functional relations were visualized by a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. GO and KEGG analyses identified multiple inflammation-related processes that could be potentially associated with T1DM pathogenesis, including cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, inflammatory mediator regulation of transient receptor potential channels and leukocyte activation involved in immune response.

Conclusion

Our study report, for the first time, a profile of differentially expressed plasma circRNAs in new onset T1DM. Further in silico annotations and bioinformatics analyses supported future application of circRNAs as novel biomarkers of T1DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Research progress of circular RNA molecules in aging and age-related diseases
    Zhidan Zhang, Yuling Huang, AYao Guo, Lina Yang
    Ageing Research Reviews.2023; 87: 101913.     CrossRef
  • CircRNAs and RNA-Binding Proteins Involved in the Pathogenesis of Cancers or Central Nervous System Disorders
    Yuka Ikeda, Sae Morikawa, Moeka Nakashima, Sayuri Yoshikawa, Kurumi Taniguchi, Haruka Sawamura, Naoko Suga, Ai Tsuji, Satoru Matsuda
    Non-Coding RNA.2023; 9(2): 23.     CrossRef
  • Decrypting the circular RNAs does a favor for us: Understanding, diagnosing and treating diabetes mellitus and its complications
    Zi Li, Yuanyuan Ren, Ziwei Lv, Man Li, Yujia Li, Xiaobin Fan, Yuyan Xiong, Lu Qian
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.2023; 168: 115744.     CrossRef
  • Non-coding RNAs and exosomal non-coding RNAs in diabetic retinopathy: A narrative review
    Yuhong Zhong, Juan Xia, Li Liao, Mohammad Reza Momeni
    International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.2023; : 128182.     CrossRef
  • Circular RNA PIP5K1A Promotes Glucose and Lipid Metabolism Disorders and Inflammation in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Ge Song, YiQian Zhang, YiHua Jiang, Huan Zhang, Wen Gu, Xiu Xu, Jing Yao, ZhengFang Chen
    Molecular Biotechnology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Circular RNA PIP5K1A act as microRNA-552-3p sponge to regulates inflammation, oxidative damage in glucolipotoxicity-induced pancreatic INS-1 β-cells via Janus kinase 1
    Lei Ren
    Bioengineered.2022; 13(3): 5724.     CrossRef
  • Circular RNAs in diabetes mellitus and its complications
    Wenqi Fan, Haipeng Pang, Zhiguo Xie, Gan Huang, Zhiguang Zhou
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus-Related circRNAs Regulate CD4+ T Cell Functions
    Jianni Chen, Guanfei Jia, Xue Lv, Shufa Li, Christos K. Kontos
    BioMed Research International.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
  • An intriguing role of circular RNA in insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction: the future perspectives
    Monisha Prasad, Selvaraj Jayaraman, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan
    Hypertension Research.2022; 45(11): 1843.     CrossRef
  • Circular RNAs in Diabetic Nephropathy: Updates and Perspectives
    Miao Liu, Junli Zhao
    Aging and disease.2022; 13(5): 1365.     CrossRef
  • CircRNAs: Key molecules in the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke
    Zeyu Liu, Yanhong Zhou, Jian Xia
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.2022; 156: 113845.     CrossRef
  • Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines Promote the Transcription of Circular RNAs in Human Pancreatic β Cells
    Simranjeet Kaur, Caroline Frørup, Aashiq H. Mirza, Tina Fløyel, Reza Yarani, Maikel L. Colli, Jesper Johannesen, Joachim Størling, Decio L. Eizirik, Flemming Pociot
    Non-Coding RNA.2022; 8(5): 69.     CrossRef
  • Differential Expression and Bioinformatics Analysis of Plasma-Derived Exosomal circRNA in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
    Haipeng Pang, Wenqi Fan, Xiajie Shi, Shuoming Luo, Yimeng Wang, Jian Lin, Yang Xiao, Xia Li, Gan Huang, Zhiguo Xie, Zhiguang Zhou, Jinhui Liu
    Journal of Immunology Research.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
  • Circular RNAs in diabetes and its complications: Current knowledge and future prospects
    Wenfeng Yin, Ziwei Zhang, Zilin Xiao, Xia Li, Shuoming Luo, Zhiguang Zhou
    Frontiers in Genetics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Circular RNA in autoimmune diseases: special emphasis on regulation mechanism in RA and SLE
    Yurong Huang, Qiuyun Xue, Chenglong Cheng, Yuting Wang, Xiao Wang, Jun Chang, Chenggui Miao
    Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Emerging roles of circular RNAs in systemic lupus erythematosus
    Xin Wang, Rui Ma, Weimin Shi, Zhouwei Wu, Yuling Shi
    Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids.2021; 24: 212.     CrossRef
  • Understanding Competitive Endogenous RNA Network Mechanism in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Computational and Bioinformatics Approaches
    Xuanzi Yi, Xu Cheng
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.2021; Volume 14: 3865.     CrossRef
Short Communication
Clinical Diabetes & Therapeutics
Three Months Monitored Metabolic Fitness Modulates Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Diabetic Patients
Ilenia Cirilli, Sonia Silvestri, Fabio Marcheggiani, Fabiola Olivieri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Rina Recchioni, Fiorella Marcheselli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano, Patrick Orlando
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(6):893-897.   Published online June 27, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0254
  • 3,289 View
  • 46 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Cardiovascular diseases represent the leading cause of death and moderate physical exercise is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular risk. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between the amount of exercise recorded daily by a wearable gravitometer for 3 months and selected biochemical and clinical parameters. Nineteen sedentary type 2 diabetics were recruited and distributed into three homogenous groups, low, medium, and high exercise, according to the level of physical exercise monitored and expressed as MOVEs. Data showed an inverse correlation between MOVEs and oxidative stress indexes and a significant improvement in paraoxonase-1 activities and endothelial functionality. Decrease of visceral/total adipose tissue ratio, systolic blood pressure and a down-regulation of the inflammatory microRNA-146a in high exercise group were observed. Finally, a decrease of glycosylated hemoglobin and an up-regulation of the angiogenic microRNA-130a in medium exercise one was obtained. In this study, precise daily monitoring permitted to underline the importance of the amount of physical activity to counteract some cardiovascular risk factors persisting in diabetes. Finally, it identifies new microRNA biomarkers for future investigation on the same topic.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of Seven Weeks of Combined Physical Training on High-Density Lipoprotein Functionality in Overweight/Obese Subjects
    Tiziana Bacchetti, Camilla Morresi, Gianna Ferretti, Anders Larsson, Torbjörn Åkerfeldt, Michael Svensson
    Metabolites.2023; 13(10): 1068.     CrossRef
  • Physical Exercise Protects Against Endothelial Dysfunction in Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases
    Juan Gao, Xue Pan, Guoping Li, Emeli Chatterjee, Junjie Xiao
    Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research.2022; 15(3): 604.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Exercise Training on the Paracrine Function of Circulating Angiogenic Cells
    William S. Evans, Ryan M. Sapp, Katherine I. Kim, James M. Heilman, James Hagberg, Steven J. Prior
    International Journal of Sports Medicine.2021; 42(12): 1047.     CrossRef
  • Chronic and Transient Hyperglycemia Induces Changes in the Expression Patterns of IL6 and ADIPOQ Genes and Their Associated Epigenetic Modifications in Differentiating Human Visceral Adipocytes
    Adam Wróblewski, Justyna Strycharz, Ewa Świderska, Aneta Balcerczyk, Janusz Szemraj, Józef Drzewoski, Agnieszka Śliwińska
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(13): 6964.     CrossRef
  • The Potential Role of MicroRNA in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
    Jin Hwa Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 54.     CrossRef
Original Article
Technology/Device
Role of MicroRNA-34a in Anti-Apoptotic Effects of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
In-Hwa Park, Yi-Sun Song, Hyun-Woo Joo, Guang-Yin Shen, Jin-Hee Seong, Na-Kyoung Shin, Young Jong Cho, Yonggu Lee, Jeong Hun Shin, Young-Hyo Lim, Hyuck Kim, Kyung-Soo Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(1):173-185.   Published online April 23, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0211
  • 4,949 View
  • 71 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the process of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We have previously reported that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) ameliorated diastolic dysfunction and attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In this study, we hypothesized a regulatory role of cardiac miRNAs in the mechanism of the anti-apoptotic effect of G-CSF in a diabetic cardiomyopathy rat model.

Methods

Rats were given a high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin injection and then randomly allocated to receive treatment with either G-CSF or saline. H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes were cultured under a high glucose (HG) condition to induce diabetic cardiomyopathy in vitro. We examined the extent of apoptosis, miRNA expression, and miRNA target genes in the myocardium and H9c2 cells.

Results

G-CSF treatment significantly decreased apoptosis and reduced miR-34a expression in diabetic myocardium and H9c2 cells under the HG condition. G-CSF treatment also significantly increased B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein expression as a target for miR-34a. In addition, transfection with an miR-34a mimic significantly increased apoptosis and decreased Bcl-2 luciferase activity in H9c2 cells.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that G-CSF might have an anti-apoptotic effect through down-regulation of miR-34a in a diabetic cardiomyopathy rat model.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Dynamic interplay of microRNA in diseases and therapeutic
    Neha Kargutkar, Priya Hariharan, Anita Nadkarni
    Clinical Genetics.2023; 103(3): 268.     CrossRef
  • Female Mice are More Resistant to the Mixed-Field (67% Neutron + 33% Gamma) Radiation-Induced Injury in Bone Marrow and Small Intestine than Male Mice due to Sustained Increases in G-CSF and the Bcl-2/Bax Ratio and Lower miR-34a and MAPK Activation
    Juliann G. Kiang, Georgetta Cannon, Matthew G. Olson, Joan T. Smith, Marsha N. Anderson, Min Zhai, M. Victoria Umali, Kevin Ho, Connie Ho, Wanchang Cui, Mang Xiao
    Radiation Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Potential Role of Natural Plant Medicine Cyclocarya paliurus in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Han Wang, Cheng Tang, Zezheng Gao, Yishan Huang, Boxun Zhang, Jiahua Wei, Linhua Zhao, Xiaolin Tong, Yong Xu
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Ghrelin, a novel therapy, corrects cytokine and NF-κB-AKT-MAPK network and mitigates intestinal injury induced by combined radiation and skin-wound trauma
    Juliann G. Kiang, Joan T. Smith, Georgetta Cannon, Marsha N. Anderson, Connie Ho, Min Zhai, Wanchang Cui, Mang Xiao
    Cell & Bioscience.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of biomarkers in liver following Solanum melongena green calyx administration in diabetic rats
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    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2020; 19(2): 1115.     CrossRef
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    N. A. Koziolova, P. G. Karavaev, A. S. Veklich
    South Russian Journal of Therapeutic Practice.2020; 1(2): 93.     CrossRef
  • The Potential Role of MicroRNA in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
    Jin Hwa Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 54.     CrossRef

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