Diabetes Metab J > Volume 31(4); 2007 > Article
Korean Diabetes Journal 2007;31(4):343-350.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.4.343    Published online July 1, 2007.
The Correlation between Central Obesity and Glucose, Lipid Metabolism and Macrovascular Complication in Elderly Type 2 Diabetes.
Eui Dal Jung, Jihyun Lee, Ho Sang Shon
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Obesity is related to abnormal lipid metabolism and macrovascular complication and accumulated fat on the abdomen in elderly diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to compare elderly diabetic patients' body fat composition with middle-aged patients and evaluate the role of central obesity on glucose and lipid metabolism and macrovascular complications in elderly type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We defined elderly patients who are over 65 years old and who waist circumference is over than 90 cm in men and 85 cm in women and waist-hip ratio (WHR) was over than 0.90 in men and 0.85 in women defined central obesity. % body fat were measured a bioimpedence analysis using DSM (Direct Segmental Measurement by 8-point electrode) method (Inbody 3.0, Biospace, Seoul, Korea) in two hundred two type 2 diabetes. Laboratory parameters such as fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, and lipid profile were included in this study and also investigated the macrovascular complication. RESULTS: 1) The ninety-five elderly diabetic patients, compared with middle-aged diabetic patients, were similar BMI and % of body fat but significantly increased waist circumference (P < 0.05) and WHR (P < 0.001). 2) In pearson's correlations, waist circumference was correlated with BMI (r = 0.927, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.851, P < 0.001), % body fat (r = 0.519, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (r = 0.255, P < 0.05), triglyceride (r = 0.365, P < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.271, P < 0.05) in elderly diabetic patients. And WHR was also correlated with BMI (r = 0.744, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.851, P < 0.001), % body fat (r = 0.425, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (r = 0.372, P < 0.001), triglyceride (r = 0.408, P < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.386, P < 0.001). 3) The obese elderly diabetic patients had increased triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol but not related with macrovascular complication compared with lean elderly patients. CONCLUSION: In elderly type 2 diabetic patients are more central obesity although the same weight compared with middle-aged patients. Waist circumference and WHR were highly correlated with body fat composition and lipid profile in elderly diabetes. In obese elderly patients have abnormal lipid profile but not more macrovascular complication.
Key Words: Central obesity, Lipid, Elderly diabetes, Macrovascular disease


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