Diabetes Metab J > Volume 31(5); 2007 > Article
Korean Diabetes Journal 2007;31(5):435-443.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.5.435    Published online September 1, 2007.
The Relationship of Family Support with Blood Glucose Control in Elderly Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Eun Suk Kim, Seong Jin Lee, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Jee Youn Lee, Hyun Suk Yun, Moon Gi Choi
1Department of Social Work, ChunCheon Sacred Heart Hospital.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Collage of Medicine, Hallym University.
3Department of Social Welfare, College of Social Sciences, Hallym University.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
With the extension of human life span, the prevalence of diabetes in elderly population is increasing. The glycemic control is also important in elderly diabetics because the life expectancy in elderly is steadily increased. In this study, we investigated the role of family support on glycemic control in elderly type diabetic patients. METHODS: This study was conducted with 126 type 2 diabetic patients over 60 years of age who were enrolled between March and December, 2005. The data for glycemic control, family characteristics, and family support were collected by structured questionnaire, personal interview, and medical record review. We used total supportive index scores to evaluate family support. We evaluated the relationship between family support and glycemic control. RESULTS: Fasting plasma glucose was positively correlated with duration of diabetes (r = 0.277, P = 0.003). Postprandial 2 hour plasma glucose was negatively correlated with monthly incomes (r = -0.357, P = 0.002), assessment support (r = -0.201, P = 0.029). Hemoglobin A1c was positively correlated with duration with diabetes (r = 0.294, P = 0.002) and insulin use (r = 0.259, P = 0.004), but it was negatively correlated with diabetic self-management education (r = -0.190, P = 0.036). Adjusted for age, sex, duration of diabetes, and monthly incomes, there were no significant associations between glycemic control and family support. CONCLUSION: In this study, there were no significant associations between glycemic control and family support. More large prospective studies will be followed to exactly evaluate the role of family support in diabetic patients.
Key Words: Family Support, Glycemic Control, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


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