Korean Diabetes Journal 1998;22(1):47-55.
Published online January 1, 2001.
The Effect of Elevated Plasma Free Fatty Acids on Non-Insulin-Mediated Glucose Uptake and Insulin Resistance.
Yong Ki Min, Jong Ho Ahn, Jae Joon Koh, Hong Kyu Lee, Hun Ki Min
Abstract
BACKGROUND
In vivo glucose uptake occurs via two mechanisms, namely insulin-mediated glucose uptake(IMGU) and non-insulin-mediated glucose up-take(NIMGU). NIMGU accaunts for about 70~85% of postabsorptive glucose uptake. Despite many studies, it is still controversial how an increase in lipolysis affects glucose metabolism in man. More specifically, the effect of free fatty acid(FFA) on NIMGU has not been exanuned. METHOD: Two-step(euglycemia- hyperglycemia) glucose clamp techique with [3-H]-glucose infusion was performed in 6 normal men. Each man was studied twice, with(test experiement) and without (control experiment) the administration of lipid and heparin at an interval of at least 4 weeks in random order. The subjects received an insulin infusion at 1.1 pmol/kg. min in conjuction with the infusion of somatostatin(step 1, 153 nmol/h; step 2, 458 nmol/h). Result: Plasma glucose levels during step 1 were 5.4+0.1 mmol/L(control experiment), 5.4+0.1 mmol/ L(test experiment), and were raised to 14.7+0.2 mmol/L, 14.6+0.1 mmol/L, respectively, during step 2. Plasma insulin levels during step 1 were 56+4 pmol/L(control experiment), 52+4 pmol/L(test experiment), and were 65+3 pmol/L, 62+4 pmol/L, respectively, during step 2. In control experiment, plasma FFA levels were 0.24+0.02 mmol/L during step 1 and 0.11+0.01 mmol/L during step 2. In test experiment, plasma FFA levels increased significantly to 1.08+0.06 mmol/L during step 1 and 1.01 +0.04 mmol/L during step 2, respectively(p<0.01). Glucose infusion rate(GIR) to increase glucose concentrations to the desired levels were 7.7+0.8 pnol/ kg,min during step 1 and 29.7+3.7 pmol/kg.min during step 2 in control experiment. In test experiment, GIR decreawd significantly to 3.8+0.9 pmol/ kg.min during step 1 and 20.7+1.2 pmol/kg.min during step 2, respectively(p<0.05). There was no significant difference between NIMGU, estimated by the difference between glucose disapperance rate of step 1 and step 2 of lipid infusion test experiment and that of control experiment. CONCLUSION: These results showed that artificial elevation of plasma FFA levels led to a state of insulin resistance, however, the change of FFA level did not influence NIMGU in man.
Key Words: Non-insulin-mediated glucose uptake, Insulin resistance, Free fatty acid, Glucose clamp technique


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