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Original Article
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals
Chang Ho Ahn, Jae Hyun Bae, Young Min Cho
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(6):879-892.   Published online June 25, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0202
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  • 3 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

A premeal load of protein can increase satiety and reduce energy intake. Dietary fiber also conveys metabolic benefits by modulating energy intake. We made a protein-enriched, dietary fiber-fortified bar (PFB) and aimed to investigate its effects on food intake and gut hormone secretion in healthy individuals.

Methods

Twenty subjects with normal glucose tolerance were enrolled. On three separate visits, the subjects received, in a randomized order, one of the following: a PFB containing 73 kcal with 10.7 g of protein and 12.7 g of dietary fiber; a usual bar (UB) containing the same calories as the PFB but only 0.9 g of protein and no dietary fiber; or water (control). After 15 minutes, the subjects had ad libitum intake of a test meal. Food consumption, appetite, and plasma gut hormone levels were measured.

Results

Total energy intake, including the bar and the test meal, was significantly reduced with the PFB preload compared to the water (904.4±534.9 kcal vs. 1,075.0±508.0 kcal, P=0.016). With the UB preload, only the intake of the test meal was reduced (P=0.044) but not the total energy intake (P=0.471) than the water. Fullness was also significantly increased after the PFB. In addition, postprandial glucose levels decreased and glucagon-like peptide-1 levels increased with the PFB compared with both the UB and water.

Conclusion

In healthy individuals, a premeal supplementation of PFB reduced total energy intake and decreased postprandial glucose excursion. This finding necessitates long-term studies regarding clinical use in obesity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Ji-Wei Hao, Hong-Sheng Liu, Ling-Ying Liu, Qing-Hong Zhang
    International Immunopharmacology.2024; 131: 111912.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Two Different Meal Compositions on 1-hour Plasma Ghrelin Levels in Young Men
    Brinnell Annette Caszo, Sangeetha Shyam, Purushotham Krishnappa, Justin Vijay Gnanou
    Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences.2023; 19(5): 185.     CrossRef
  • Intake of Fibre-Associated Foods and Texture Preferences in Relation to Weight Status Among 9–12 Years Old Children in 6 European Countries
    Marlies Hörmann-Wallner, Raphaela Krause, Begoña Alfaro, Hannah Jilani, Monica Laureati, Valérie L. Almli, Mari Sandell, Pernilla Sandvik, Gertrude G. Zeinstra, Lisa Methven
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Response: Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:879–92)
    Chang Ho Ahn, Jae Hyun Bae, Young Min Cho
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 207.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Premeal Consumption of a Protein-Enriched, Dietary Fiber-Fortified Bar Decreases Total Energy Intake in Healthy Individuals (Diabetes Metab J 2019;43:879–92)
    Mi-kyung Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 203.     CrossRef
  • Spent coffee (Coffea arabicaL.) grounds promote satiety and attenuate energy intake: A pilot study
    Rocio Campos‐Vega, Andrea Arreguín‐Campos, Miguel A. Cruz‐Medrano, María Dolores Castillo Bilbao
    Journal of Food Biochemistry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal