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Original Article
The Relationship between the Level of Fatness and Fitness during Adolescence and the Risk Factors of Metabolic Disorders in Adulthood
Yoonsuk Jekal, Ji Eun Yun, Sang Wook Park, Sun Ha Jee, Justin Y Jeon
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(2):126-134.   Published online April 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.2.126
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  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between the level of obesity and physical fitness (PF) during adolescence and the risk factors of metabolic disorders during adulthood.

Methods

In the current analysis, 3,993 Korean adults (mean age, 38.70 ± 1.69 years) were recruited. The level of body index (BI) and PF were examined during adolescence through high school record, and their health examination data, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting glucose (FG), total cholesterol (TC), and current body mass index (BMI) were obtained from National Health Insurance Corporation Data. Gender-specific analyses were administered to compare health exam data across the level of BI, the level of PF, and a mixed level of BI and PF.

Results

Most obese males during high school had statistically higher SBP, DBP, FG, and BMI in adulthood, and most obese females had higher BMI, as compared to most lean males or females. Least fit males during high school had statistically higher BMI in adulthood, and least fit females had statistically higher SBP, DBP, FG, TC, and BMI, as compared to most fit males or females. There was a significant relationship between the mixed level of BI and PF and SBP, DBP, TC and current BMI in both genders.

Conclusion

Maintaining a healthy level of body weight and PF during adolescence is recommended to prevent the development of metabolic diseases in adulthood.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.2022; 21(11): 5321.     CrossRef
  • Aerobic fitness in late adolescence and the risk of cancer and cancer-associated mortality in adulthood: A prospective nationwide study of 1.2 million Swedish men
    G. Högström, H. Ohlsson, C. Crump, J. Sundquist, K. Sundquist
    Cancer Epidemiology.2019; 59: 58.     CrossRef
  • Study Time after School and Habitual Eating Are Associated with Risk for Obesity among Overweight Korean Children: A Prospective Study
    Eun Young Lee, Borami Kang, Yeoree Yang, Hae Kyung Yang, Hun-Sung Kim, Sun-Young Lim, Jin-Hee Lee, Seong-Su Lee, Byung-Kyu Suh, Kun-Ho Yoon
    Obesity Facts.2018; 11(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • Differences in Dietary Life and Health related Factors According to Obesity in Poor Urban Peruvian Adolescents
    Hye-Kyung Chung, Hae-Young Lee, Jin Ri Kim, Eun Woo Nam
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2018; 23(4): 302.     CrossRef
  • The influence of aerobic fitness on obesity and its parent-offspring correlations in a cross-sectional study among German families
    Ronja Foraita, Mirko Brandes, Frauke Günther, Karin Bammann, Iris Pigeot, Wolfgang Ahrens
    BMC Public Health.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Participation in Physical Activity “The Development of Fitness” Class on Physical Fitness and Risk Factors for Metabolic Syndrome of University Students in Korea
    김동일, Justin Jeon, 이해동, 박지혜, 홍성현
    Korean Journal of Sport Science.2012; 23(3): 478.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology and prevention of stroke: a worldwide perspective
    Elena V Kuklina, Xin Tong, Mary G George, Pooja Bansil
    Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics.2012; 12(2): 199.     CrossRef
  • Fitness, Fatness, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk and Outcomes
    John M. Jakicic, Anne E. Mishler, Renee Rogers
    Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports.2011; 5(2): 113.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of Physical Activity Participation and Type 2 Diabetes in Korea
    Yoonsuk Jekal, Justin Y Jeon
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(1): 13.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Trajectories of Trunk Fat Mass Development in Adolescence and Cardiometabolic Risk in Young Adulthood
    Lauren B. Sherar, Joe C. Eisenmann, Philip D. Chilibeck, Nazeem Muhajarine, Susanna Martin, Donald A. Bailey, Adam D.G. Baxter‐Jones
    Obesity.2011; 19(8): 1699.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal