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Original Articles
The Relationship between Lung Function and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese and Non-Obese Korean Adult Males
Soo Kyoung Kim, Kyu Yeon Hur, Yoon Ho Choi, Sun Wook Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Hee Kyung Kim, Moon-Kyu Lee, Yong-Ki Min, Kwang-Won Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(4):253-260.   Published online August 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.4.253
  • 4,330 View
  • 32 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The existence of an association between lung function and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been debated in cases involving non-obese subjects. To address this debate, we performed a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between lung function and MetS in both obese and non-obese populations.

Methods

The present study consisted of a total of 1,951 Korean male subjects. In this study group, we investigated relationships between lung function and MetS risk factors such as fasting serum glucose, systolic blood pressure (SBP), insulin resistance index, waist circumference (WC), and hemoglobin A1C level.

Results

Forced vital capacity (FVC) values were significantly lower in the MetS group compared with those of the non-MetS group. In both non-obese (body mass index [BMI] < 25 kg/m2) and obese subjects (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2), fasting serum glucose, hemoglobin A1C level, insulin resistance index, SBP, WC, and the prevalences of diabetes and MetS were significantly higher in subjects in the lowest FVC quartile compared with those in the highest FVC quartile. Odds ratios for the presence of MetS risk factors, after adjusting for age and height, ranged from 1.21 to 1.39 (P < 0.01) for a one standard deviation decrease in FVC.

Conclusion

The results of our study suggest that decreased vital capacity in Korean adult male subjects is associated with MetS, irrespective of obesity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The impact of insulin resistance on the association between metabolic syndrome and lung function: the Kangbuk Samsung Health Study
    Jonghoo Lee, Hye Kyeong Park, Min-Jung Kwon, Soo-Youn Ham, Hyun-Il Gil, Si-Young Lim, Jae-Uk Song
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pulmonary Function in Metabolic Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis
    Ning-ning Fang, Zhi-hao Wang, Shao-hua Li, Yu-yan Ge, Xin Liu, Dong-xin Sui
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2022; 20(10): 606.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Longitudinal Change of Lung Function in Different Gender in a Large Taiwanese Population Follow-Up Study Categories: Original Investigation
    Chia-Heng Chang, Szu-Chia Chen, Jiun-Hung Geng, Da-Wei Wu, Jiun-Chi Huang, Pei-Yu Wu
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2021; 11(10): 1033.     CrossRef
  • The Association between Pulmonary Functions and Incident Diabetes: Longitudinal Analysis from the Ansung Cohort in Korea
    Hoon Sung Choi, Sung Woo Lee, Jin Taek Kim, Hong Kyu Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(5): 699.     CrossRef
  • Interactive effects of adiposity and insulin resistance on the impaired lung function in asthmatic adults: cross-sectional analysis of NHANES data
    Roham Sadeghimakki, Huw David McCarthy
    Annals of Human Biology.2019; 46(1): 56.     CrossRef
  • Maternal protein restriction during lactation induces early and lasting plasma metabolomic and hepatic lipidomic signatures of the offspring in a rodent programming model
    Aurore Martin Agnoux, Angélina El Ghaziri, Thomas Moyon, Anthony Pagniez, Agnès David, Gilles Simard, Patricia Parnet, El Mostafa Qannari, Dominique Darmaun, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau
    The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.2018; 55: 124.     CrossRef
  • Is decreased lung function associated with chronic kidney disease? A retrospective cohort study in Korea
    Soo Kyoung Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Jong-Ha Baek, Kyu Yeon Hur, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
    BMJ Open.2018; 8(4): e018928.     CrossRef
  • Association between HOMA-IR and Lung Function in Korean Young Adults based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Young Bok Lee, Young Soo Kim, Dong-Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Kim, Jae-Im Lee, Hyo-Suk Ahn, Tae Seo Sohn, Tae-Kyu Lee, Jae Yen Song, Chang Dong Yeo, Mihee Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seong Cheol Jeong, Hiun Suk Chae
    Scientific Reports.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Spirometric prediction equations and the relationship between metabolic syndrome and spirometric parameters from an island in Fujian, China
    Yu‐Sheng Chen, Xiao‐Qin Li, Hong‐Ru Li, Xiao‐Li Yu, Feng‐Feng Lu, Li‐Ping Huang, Yan Miao, Gui‐Qing Wang, Xiao Lin, Shuang‐Qing Lian, Yun‐Hua Lin, Xiang‐E Zhang, Ting Liu, Yan‐Ling Wu
    The Clinical Respiratory Journal.2017; 11(4): 514.     CrossRef
  • Decline in lung function rather than baseline lung function is associated with the development of metabolic syndrome: A six-year longitudinal study
    Soo Kyoung Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Jong-Ha Baek, Jae Hwan Jee, Kyu Yeon Hur, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Cheng Hu
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(3): e0174228.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between serum fatty-acid binding protein 4 level and lung function in Korean subjects with normal ventilatory function
    Hye-Jeong Park, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Seong Yong Lim, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Eun-Jung Rhee
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lung function and metabolic syndrome: Findings of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007–2010 肺功能与代谢综合征:2007–2010全国健康与营养调查研究结果
    Earl S. Ford, Timothy J. Cunningham, Carla I. Mercado
    Journal of Diabetes.2014; 6(6): 603.     CrossRef
  • Reduced lung function is independently associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in Korean men
    Chang-Hee Kwon, Eun-Jung Rhee, Jae-Uk Song, Jung-Tae Kim, Hyon Joo Kwag, Ki-Chul Sung
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2012;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Letter: The Relationship between Lung Function and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese and Non-Obese Korean Adult Males (Korean Diabetes J 2010;34:253-60)
    Bo Kyung Koo
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(5): 327.     CrossRef
Maximal Oxygen Uptake (VO2max) and Metabolic Syndrome.
Mira Kang, Ji Dong Sung, Byung Chul Yoo, Yoon Ho Choi, Sae Young Jae, Jae Hoon Chung, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Kwang Won Kim, Moon Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(1):65-71.   Published online January 1, 2005
  • 1,193 View
  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
A number of studies have demonstrated an inverse relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic syndrome. However, whether the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is dependent on the number of metabolic components or on particular metabolic component remains to be assessed. METHODS: A total of 1,432 Korean subjects were studied. Each individual was assessed for the presence of metabolic syndrome using the modified NCEP-ATP III criteria. All subjects underwent a graded symptom-limited maximal exercise test to determine their VO2max, using a treadmill according to the Bruce protocol. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome in all subjects was 20.4%. The odds ratios for metabolic syndrome were higher in men, the elderly, the obese and those with a lower VO2max. The difference in the VO2max was dependent only on the presence of metabolic syndrome, not on the number of components. CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in the VO2max according to the presence of particular metabolic components. These results suggest that the VO2max reflects the metabolic syndrome state, rather than the metabolic components, and might be a factor in determining metabolic syndrome
Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in Pancreatic Cancer Patients.
Yu Jeong Park, Kwang Won Kim, Eun Young Oh, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Jong Kyun Lee, Kyu Taek Lee, Yong Il Kim, Yoon Ho Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(4):316-322.   Published online August 1, 2001
  • 1,131 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor and its incidence has been significantly increased. It has well been known that pancreatic cancer patients had high prevalence of diabetes mellitus. But it is still controversial if diabetes predispose pancreatic cancer or it is an epiphenomenon of pancreatic cancer. Thus, the aims of this study was to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in pancreatic cancer patients in Korea, to characterize the diabetes mellitus in this situation, and to observe an association between the two conditions. METHOD: 275 pancreatic cancer patients admitted in Samsung Medical Center from January 1998 to December 2000 were selected for this study. We reviewed patients medical record and recorded diabetic history. Subjects who visited our Health Promotion Center in 1999 was used to evaluate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. RESULT: 30% of pancreatic cancer patients had diabetes mellitus. 60% of diabetic pancreatic cancer patients had detected diabetes within recent two years. 25.6% of them had been known their diabetic state when they detected pancreatic cancer. There were no differences in smoking history, percent of distant metastasis, frequency of curative resection, and BMI between diabetic and nondiabetic pancreatic cancer patients. Significant weight loss was noted in pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of diabetes in pancreatic cancer patient was significantly high. Pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes presented with much profound weight loss. Furthermore, more than half of the pancreatic cancer patients with diabetes had recent onset diabetes. Further investigations would be necessary to elucidate causal relation in the pathogenesis of diabetes and pancreatic cancer.
Insulin Secretion and Insulin Sensitivity in Korean Subjects with Impaired Glucose Intolerance.
Dong Jun Kim, Jong Ryul Hahm, In Kyoung Jeong, Tae Young Yang, Eun Young Oh, Yoon Ho Choi, Jae Hoon Chung, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Kwang Won Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(3):356-364.   Published online January 1, 2001
  • 1,347 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Although insulin resistance has been known to be a primary defect causing type 2 diabetes in Pima Indians and Caucasians. However, insulin secretory defect rather than insulin resistance has been speculated and demonstrated to be a more important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes in other ethnic groups. Thus, we undertook this study to investigate the initial abnormality of glucose intolerance in Korean subjects. METHODS: 374 Korean subjects were stratified according to the World Health Organization criteria (normal glucose tolerance [NGT], n = 128; impaired glucose tolerance [IGT], n=128; diabetes, n=118) and subdivided further into the two groups; non-obese (BMI < 25 kg/m2) and obese group (BMI 25 kg/m2). Insulinogenic index (the ratio of the increment of insulin to that of plasma glucose 30 min after glucose load) was used as an index of early-phase insulin secretion. AUC insulin (area under the insulin curve during OGTT) was used as an index of total insulin secretion. Insulin resistance was assessed by HOMA (R), the R value of the Homeostasis model. RESULTS: Insulinogenic index decreased significantly in IGT compared with that in NGT in both non-obese and obese groups, respectively. There was no significant difference in AUC insulin and HOMA (R) between NGT and IGT group. WhereasAUC insulin showed its peak level in the range of IGT (7.7~9.9 mmol/L), insulinogenic index showed the peak level in the range of NGT (5.6~7.7 mmol/lL and decreased progressively with increase of plasma glucose 120 min value. CONCLUSION: Early-phase insulin secretory defect might be the initial abnormality in the development of IGT from NGT in both non-obese and obese Korean subjects.
Plasma leptin Concentrations in Korean Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Eun Young Oh, Yun Jae Chung, Yoon Ho Choi, Jae Hoon Chung, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Kwang Won Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(4):531-537.   Published online January 1, 2001
  • 1,261 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and hyperlipidemia. Leptin, the protein procluct of the ob gene, is increased in obese individuals, suggesting resistance to its effect. We investigated whether the subjects with type 2 diabetes have an altered regulation of serum leptin levels METHODS: 205 Korean type 2 diabetic patients and 174 normal contro1 subjects participated in this study. We evaluated a difference between leptin level of diabetic patients and that of normal controls. In diabetic patients, correlations among plasma leptin concentration and other factors such as serum insulin concentration, percentage body fat, BMI, gender, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting serum glucose level were evaluated. RESULTS: Fasting plasma leptin concentrations were correlated to BMI, percentage body fat, gender and serum insulin concentration. Plasma leptin concentrations are not significantly different in diabetic subjects compared to controls. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that there was no significant difference in semm leptin level between type 2 diabetic and normal subjects and that body fat, sex, and the fasting insulin level are independently associated with plasma leptin level in type 2 diabetic patients.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal