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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal



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Therapeutic Target Achievement in Type 2 Diabetic Patients after Hyperglycemia, Hypertension, Dyslipidemia Management
Ah Young Kang, Su Kyung Park, So Young Park, Hye Jeong Lee, Ying Han, Sa Ra Lee, Sung Hwan Suh, Duk Kyu Kim, Mi Kyoung Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(3):264-272.   Published online June 30, 2011
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  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Our study group established "3H care" in 2002. The meaning of "3H care" attain and maintain adequate controls over hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic patients. This study evaluated the achievement of target goals after one year or more of "3H care" by specialists in our diabetic clinic.


This was a retrospective study of 200 type 2 diabetic patients who received "3H care" for one year or more in our diabetic clinic. We evaluated achievement of target goals for metabolic controls as suggested by the American Diabetes Association.


Overall, 200 type 2 diabetes patients were enrolled, of whom 106 were males (53%) and 94 were females (47%). After one year of "3H care," the mean HbA1c was 7.2±1.5% and the percentage of patients achieving glycemic control (HbA1c <7%) was 51.8%. However only 32.2% of hypertensive patients achieved the recommended target. After one year of "3H care," the percentages of those who achieved the target value for dyslipidemia were 80.0% for total cholesterol, 66.3% for low density lipoprotein cholesterol, 57.9% for triglyceride, and 51.8% for high density lipoprotein cholesterol. The percentage that achieved all three targets level was only 4.4% after one year and 14.8% after two years.


The results of this study demonstrate that only a minor proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes achieved the recommended goals despite the implementation of "3H care." It is our suggestion that better treatment strategies and methods should be used to control hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.


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Evaluation of Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients have been Treated in General Hospital.
Joung Ho Park, Kwan Woo Kim, Eun Jin Kang, Tak Young Kim, Sa Ra Lee, Su Chan Bae, Mi Kyung Kim, Sin Yeong Choi, Jeong Hyun Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2004;28(3):208-218.   Published online June 1, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Good metabolic control is one of the most important parts of managing diabetes. Several studies in western countries have shown glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients to be poorer than expected. Similar reports in Korea are very limited. Therefore, this study was performed to estimate the degree in glycemic control of type 2 diabetic patients that have been treated in general hospitals in Korea. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study conducted on 1012 type 2 diabetic patients treated at the Maryknoll Hospital. Subjects with type 1 diabetes or a treatment duration of less than 6 month were excluded. The glycemic control was estimated by HbA1c and the clinical characteristics, including duration of diabetes, age, height and body weight, checked. The treatment methods were divided into four groups, namely diet, oral hypoglycemic agent, insulin alone, and insulin and oral hypoglycemic agent combination. Data were analyzedsed by SPSS version 11.0. RESULTS: The mean age, BMI, duration of diabetes and HbA1c of the subjects were 61.6+/-9.8 years, 24.6+/-3.2kg/m(2), 12.1+/-6.5 year and 7.6+/-1.3%, respectively, and the percentage of those achieving the goal of glycemic control(HbA1c<7%) was 35.7%. Those who achieved glycemic control were older than those who could not and also had a shorter duration of diabetes(p<0.001). There were no significant differences in the BMI, gender and HbA1c levels before treatment between the four groups. The subjects on diet treatment had a lower mean HbA1c level than those on insulin alone or combined therapy(p<0.05) CONCLUSION: The percentage of type 2 diabetic patients in good glycemic control in our general hospital was less than 40%, which was similar to previous western data. It is our suggestion that a large nationwide study is required to more accurately evaluate the state of glycemic control and find the reasons why certain patients could not reach this goal.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal