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Volume 34(3); June 2010
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Reviews
Inflammation and Insulin Resistance: An Old Story with New Ideas
Jason K. Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):137-145.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.137
  • 2,983 View
  • 38 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Years before insulin was discovered, anti-inflammatory sodium salicylate was used to treat diabetes in 1901. Intriguingly for many years that followed, diabetes was viewed as a disorder of glucose metabolism, and then it was described as a disease of dysregulated lipid metabolism. The diabetes research focused on the causal relationship between obesity and insulin resistance, a major characteristic of type 2 diabetes. It is only within the past 20 years when the notion of inflammation as a cause of insulin resistance began to surface. In obesity, inflammation develops when macrophages infiltrate adipose tissue and stimulate adipocyte secretion of inflammatory cytokines, that in turn affect energy balance, glucose and lipid metabolism, leading to insulin resistance. This report reviews recent discoveries of stress kinase signaling involving molecular scaffolds and endoplasmic reticulum chaperones that regulate energy balance and glucose homeostasis. As we advance from a conceptual understanding to molecular discoveries, a century-old story of inflammation and insulin resistance is re-born with new ideas.

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    Judith van Haare, M. Eline Kooi, Jurgen W. G. E. van Teeffelen, Hans Vink, Jos Slenter, Hanneke Cobelens, Gustav J. Strijkers, Dennis Koehn, Mark J. Post, Marc van Bilsen
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    Sonia M. Najjar, Lucia Russo
    Seminars in Immunopathology.2014; 36(1): 55.     CrossRef
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Adenine Nucleotide Translocator as a Regulator of Mitochondrial Function: Implication in the Pathogenesis of Metabolic Syndrome
Eun Hee Kim, Eun Hee Koh, Joong-Yeol Park, Ki-Up Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):146-153.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.146
  • 3,389 View
  • 27 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Mitochondria play key roles in energy production and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Lines of evidence have shown that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome. The causes of mitochondrial dysfunction are complex, but overnutrition and sedentary living are among the best known causes of mitochondrial dysfunction. ATP synthesized in the mitochondria is exchanged for cytosolic ADP by adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT) to provide a continuous supply of ADP to mitochondria. We recently found that ANT function is essential for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α)'s action on endothelial cells. PGC-1α is a transcriptional coactivator of nuclear receptors, playing an important role in fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial biogenesis. Recent studies have shown that PGC-1α decreases intracellular ROS generation by increasing the expression of antioxidant genes. In our study, PGC-1α reduced cell apoptosis and ROS generation in endothelial cells by increasing ATP/ADP translocase activity of ANT and ANT1 expression. Here we review the role of ANT in maintaining proper mitochondrial function, and possible role of ANT dysfunction in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome.

Citations

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  • Complex II ambiguities—FADH2 in the electron transfer system
    Erich Gnaiger
    Journal of Biological Chemistry.2024; 300(1): 105470.     CrossRef
  • Cutting corners: The impact of storage and DNA extraction on quality and quantity of DNA in honeybee (Apis mellifera) spermatheca
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    Turkish Journal of Biochemistry.2022; 47(1): 33.     CrossRef
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    Angiogenesis.2022; 25(3): 307.     CrossRef
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    Antioxidants.2021; 10(11): 1749.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Mitochondrial and Endoplasmic Reticulum Reactive Oxygen Species Production in Models of Perinatal Brain Injury
    Gagandeep Singh-Mallah, Syam Nair, Mats Sandberg, Carina Mallard, Henrik Hagberg
    Antioxidants & Redox Signaling.2019; 31(9): 643.     CrossRef
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    Computational Biology and Chemistry.2017; 68: 43.     CrossRef
  • Homeostatic effect of p-chloro-diphenyl diselenide on glucose metabolism and mitochondrial function alterations induced by monosodium glutamate administration to rats
    Caroline B. Quines, Suzan G. Rosa, Pietro M. Chagas, Juliana T. da Rocha, Fernando Dobrachinski, Nélson R. Carvalho, Félix A. Soares, Sônia C. Almeida da Luz, Cristina W. Nogueira
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  • Lack of age-related clinical progression in PGC-1α-deficient mice – implications for mitochondrial encephalopathies
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    Behavioural Brain Research.2016; 313: 272.     CrossRef
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    Şerife Kantar, Nurten Türközkan, Filiz Sezen Bircan, Özge Tuğçe Paşaoğlu
    Pharmaceutical Biology.2015; 53(7): 1035.     CrossRef
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    Shi Pan, Nadan Wang, Sara Bisetto, Bing Yi, Shey-Shing Sheu
    American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology.2015; 308(1): H39.     CrossRef
  • Expression and Characterization of Genes by Expressed Sequence Tag Analysis in the Rat Thymus during Regeneration following Acute Thymic Involution Induced by Cyclophosphamide
    Keun-Ho Lee, Hee-Woo Lee, Hee Jung Choi, Hye-jin Min, Sun Yong Baek, Sik Yoon
    Korean Journal of Physical Anthropology.2014; 27(4): 197.     CrossRef
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    Xiufang Liu, Wenjing Lu, Yuanying Zhang, Baohua Xu, Xingqi Guo
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    PLoS ONE.2013; 8(8): e71258.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Molecular Medicine.2013; 31(3): 731.     CrossRef
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Editorial
Early Insulin Secretory Dysfunction in Korean Prediabetic Subjects: Should We Change the Criteria for "Prediabetes?"
Chul-Hee Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):154-156.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.154
  • 2,189 View
  • 22 Download
  • 1 Crossref
PDFPubReader   

Citations

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  • The efficacy and safety study of dietary supplement PURIAM110 on non-insulin taking Korean adults in the stage of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus: protocol for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and multicenter trial-pilot study
    Sunju Park, Jeong-Su Park, Hoyeon Go, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yongcheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
    Trials.2011;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Articles
The Changes in Early Phase Insulin Secretion in Newly Diagnosed, Drug Naive Korean Prediabetes Subjects
Sang Youl Rhee, Joo Young Kim, Suk Chon, You Cheol Hwang, In Kyung Jeong, Seungjoon Oh, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Ho Yeon Chung, Jeong-taek Woo, Sung Woon Kim, Jin-Woo Kim, Young Seol Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):157-165.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.157
  • 4,413 View
  • 28 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

There have been no systematic observations regarding changes in early phase insulin secretion among Korean prediabetes and early stage type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.

Methods

We conducted 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) in 873 subjects with suspected abnormal glucose tolerance. All subjects were diagnosed as having normal glucose tolerance (NGT), prediabetes (preDM), or T2DM according to the OGTT results and the insulin secretory and insulin resistance indices of each subject were calculated. Additionally, we analyzed the changes in early phase insulin secretion according to changes in fasting (Glc0), post-prandial (Glc120) glucose and HbA1c (A1c) levels.

Results

As compared to subjects with NGT, the insulin secretory indices of the preDM and T2DM subjects progressively declined, and the insulin resistance indices were progressively aggravated. Early phase insulin secretion decreased rapidly according to the increments of Glc0, Glc120 and A1c, and these changes were most prominent in the NGT stage. Compared to the control group, the early phase insulin secretion levels of the preDM or T2DM subjects were less than 50% when Glc0 was over 100 mg/dL, Glc120 was over 145 mg/dL, and A1c was over 5.8%.

Conclusion

This study suggests that progressive beta cell dysfunction in Koreans may be initiated and rapidly aggravated during the period generally designated as 'normal.'

Citations

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  • Hospital-Based Korean Diabetes Prevention Study: A Prospective, Multi-Center, Randomized, Open-Label Controlled Study
    Sang Youl Rhee, Suk Chon, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Jeong-Taek Woo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2019; 43(1): 49.     CrossRef
  • Differential role of insulin resistance and β-cell function in the development of prediabetes and diabetes in middle-aged and elderly Chinese population
    Xueli Cai, Lili Xia, Yuesong Pan, Dian He, Huiping Zhu, Tiemin Wei, Yan He
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Mi Kyung Kwak, Jee Yang Lee, Beom-Jun Kim, Seung Hun Lee, Jung-Min Koh
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(12): 2194.     CrossRef
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    Jong-Dai Kim, Won-Young Lee
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    Nan Hee Kim, Nam H. Cho, Chang-Ho Yun, Seung Ku Lee, Dae Wui Yoon, Hyun Joo Cho, Jae Hee Ahn, Ji A. Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Chol Shin
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  • Relative contributions of insulin resistance and β‐cell dysfunction to the development of Type 2 diabetes in Koreans
    C.‐H. Kim, H.‐K. Kim, E. H. Kim, S. J. Bae, J.‐Y. Park
    Diabetic Medicine.2013; 30(9): 1075.     CrossRef
  • Associations among Body Mass Index, Insulin Resistance, and Pancreatic β-Cell Function in Korean Patients with New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes
    Jin Ook Chung, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2012; 27(1): 66.     CrossRef
  • High normal HbA1c levels were associated with impaired insulin secretion without escalating insulin resistance in Japanese individuals: the Toranomon Hospital Health Management Center Study 8 (TOPICS 8)
    Y. Heianza, Y. Arase, K. Fujihara, H. Tsuji, K. Saito, S. D. Hsieh, S. Kodama, H. Shimano, N. Yamada, S. Hara, H. Sone
    Diabetic Medicine.2012; 29(10): 1285.     CrossRef
  • The Prediabetic Period: Review of Clinical Aspects
    Sang Youl Rhee, Jeong-Taek Woo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(2): 107.     CrossRef
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    Y.-H. Lee, B.-W. Lee, S. W. Chun, B. S. Cha, H. C. Lee
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  • Early Insulin Secretory Dysfunction in Korean Prediabetic Subjects: Should We Change the Criteria for "Prediabetes?"
    Chul-Hee Kim
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(3): 154.     CrossRef
The Effects of Small Sized Rice Bowl on Carbohydrate Intake and Dietary Patterns in Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Hee-Jung Ahn, Yu-Kyung Eom, Kyung-Ah Han, Hwi-Ryun Kwon, Hyun Jin Kim, Kang Seo Park, Kyung-Wan Min
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):166-173.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.166
  • 3,252 View
  • 29 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The main source of carbohydrate in the Korean diet is rice, which is usually served in a rice bowl. This study investigated the impact of a meal plan using smaller rice bowls on dietary energy intake and macronutrient composition in overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods

A total of 67 women with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in our study. We divided these participants into three groups: a normal-weight group (NW; body mass index [BMI] < 23 kg/m2; n = 17), an overweight group (OW; 23 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2; n = 24) and an obese group (OB; BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2; n = 26). Three-day dietary records were analyzed for total energy intake (TEI) and macronutrient composition both before enrollment and two weeks after patients received instruction in a dietary plan based on using a small (200 mL) rice bowl.

Results

After the intervention, TEI decreased in the OW and OB groups. Decreased carbohydrate (NW, -4 ± 5%; OW, -4 ± 5%; OB, -3 ± 6%) and increased fat intakes were found in all three groups, which complies with Korean Diabetes Association recommendations. The protein proportion of TEI significantly increased only in the OW group. Body weight decreased both in the OW and OB groups.

Conclusion

A short-term, small-rice-bowl-based meal plan was effective for body weight control and macronutrient balance in overweight or obese women in Korea with type 2 diabetes.

Citations

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  • Diet Therapy Using a Small Rice Bowl among Japanese Men with Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Misa Shimpo, Shiori Toga-Sato, Takahiro Tosaki
    Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome.2022; 31(4): 345.     CrossRef
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    Arjuna Medagama, Heshan Widanapathirana
    BMC Nutrition.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    JaeHee Kim, Ji-Yun Hwang, Ki Nam Kim, Young-Ju Choi, Namsoo Chang, Kap-Bum Huh
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2013; 54(3): 626.     CrossRef
  • The Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan was Effective at Reducing Dietary Energy Intake, Body Weight, and Blood Glucose Levels in Korean Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Hee Jung Ahn, Kyung Ah Han, Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(6): 340.     CrossRef
Is A1C Variability an Independent Predictor for the Progression of Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetic Patients?
Chul Sik Kim, So Young Park, Sung Hoon Yu, Jun Goo Kang, Ohk Hyun Ryu, Seong Jin Lee, Eun Gyung Hong, Hyeon Kyu Kim, Doo-Man Kim, Jae Myung Yoo, Sung Hee Ihm, Moon Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):174-181.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.174
  • 4,077 View
  • 29 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Little is known about the relative contribution of long-term glycemic variability to the risk of macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of A1C variability on the progression of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in type 2 diabetic patients.

Methods

Among type 2 diabetic patients who visited Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital from March 2007 to September 2009, 120 patients who had carotid artery IMT measured annually and A1C checked every three months for at least one year were analyzed. Individual A1C variability was defined as the standard deviation (SD) of five A1C levels taken every three months for approximately one year. Change in IMT was defined as an increase in IMT on follow-up measurement. The association between the SD of A1C and changes in IMT was evaluated.

Results

With greater A1C variability, there was a greater increase in the mean IMT (r = 0.350, P < 0.001) of the carotid artery. After adjusting for confounding factors that may influence IMT, A1C variability was significantly associated with the progression of IMT (r = 0.222, P = 0.034). However, the SD of A1C was not a significant independent risk factor for the progression of IMT in multiple regression analysis (β = 0.158, P = 0.093).

Conclusion

Higher A1C variability is associated with IMT progression in type 2 diabetic patients; however, it is not an independent predictor of IMT progression. Overall glycemic control is the most important factor in the progression of IMT.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Long-Term Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients According to Average and Visit-to-Visit Variations of HbA1c Levels During the First 3 Years of Diabetes Diagnosis
    Hyunah Kim, Da Young Jung, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jae-Hyoung Cho, Hyeon Woo Yim, Hun-Sung Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association Between Long-Term Visit-to-Visit Hemoglobin A1c and Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORD Trial
    Dan Huang, Yong-Quan Huang, Qun-Ying Zhang, Yan Cui, Tian-Yi Mu, Yin Huang
    Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Paulo Cury Rezende, Mark Andrew Hlatky, Whady Hueb, Rosa Maria Rahmi Garcia, Luciano da Silva Selistre, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Thiago Luis Scudeler, Gustavo Andre Boeing Boros, Fernando Faglioni Ribas, Carlos Vicente Serrano, Jose An
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    Yifei Mo, Jian Zhou, Xiaojing Ma, Wei Zhu, Lei Zhang, Jie Li, Jingyi Lu, Cheng Hu, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
    Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research.2018; 15(5): 402.     CrossRef
  • Relationship of HbA1c variability, absolute changes in HbA1c, and all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes: a Danish population-based prospective observational study
    Mette V Skriver, Annelli Sandbæk, Jette K Kristensen, Henrik Støvring
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2015; 3(1): e000060.     CrossRef
  • Association between hemoglobin A1c variability and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in subjects with type 2 diabetes
    Hae Kyung Yang, Borami Kang, Seung-Hwan Lee, Kun-Ho Yoon, Byung-Hee Hwang, Kiyuk Chang, Kyungdo Han, Gunseog Kang, Jae Hyoung Cho
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.2015; 29(6): 776.     CrossRef
  • Glycated hemoglobin as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiac remodeling among non-diabetic adults from the general population
    Robin Haring, Sebastian E. Baumeister, Wolfgang Lieb, Bettina von Sarnowski, Henry Völzke, Stephan B. Felix, Matthias Nauck, Henri Wallaschofski
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2014; 105(3): 416.     CrossRef
  • HbA1c Variability and Micro- and Macrovascular Complications of Diabetes
    Hae Kyung Yang, Seung-Hwan Lee
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2014; 15(4): 202.     CrossRef
  • HbA1c variability and the development of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes: Tsukuba Kawai Diabetes Registry 2
    A. Sugawara, K. Kawai, S. Motohashi, K. Saito, S. Kodama, Y. Yachi, R. Hirasawa, H. Shimano, K. Yamazaki, H. Sone
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Association between Obesity and Physical Fitness, and Hemoglobin A1c Level and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults
Yoonsuk Jekal, Mi-Kyung Lee, Sukyung Park, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jun-Young Kim, Jung-Ui Kang, Masayo Naruse, Sang-Hwan Kim, Sun-Hyeon Kim, Sang Hui Chu, Sang-Hoon Suh, Justin Y Jeon
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):182-190.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.182
  • 3,919 View
  • 22 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association of obesity level, physical fitness level, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors among Korean adults.

Methods

A total of 557 adults (272 males and 285 females) who underwent medical check-up at local hospital were recruited. In addition to regular health check-up, cardiopulmonary fitness, muscular endurance were measured and their association were analyzed.

Results

The prevalence of MetS was 31.7% for males and 23.7% for females. Females with the higher muscular endurance had lower waist circumference, triglyceride level, and HbA1c level than those with the lower muscular endurance. Males with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower diastolic blood pressure, lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level and higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol level than males with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Females with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower body weight, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose level than females with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Participants with the higher level of adiposity and the lower level of physical fitness were 5.26 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.19 to 12.62), 5.71 times (95% CI, 2.23 to 14.60) more likely to have MetS, respectively, in male and female compared to participants who were neither obese nor have the lower level of fitness.

Conclusion

This study suggests that maintaining a healthy body weight as well as a certain level of fitness is important for the prevention of MetS.

Citations

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    Junga Lee
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    Hyuna Park, Junga Lee, Ji Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim, Justin Y. Jeon
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2015; 24(3): 166.     CrossRef
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    Matthew S. Briggs, Colleen Spees, Sharon Bout-Tabaku, Christopher A. Taylor, Ihuoma Eneli, Laura C. Schmitt
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  • Development and Effect of a Metabolic Syndrome Prevention Program for University Students using Mobile Application.
    Han Kyu Kang, Tae Bin Kim, Kyu Hyung Kim, Min Jin Kim, Jin Hyun Kim, Hyun Yong Kim, Kyung Hoon Yeom, Ka Hyun Lee, Eun Young Choi, Kyung Ah Kang
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    Choae Lee, Junga Lee, Justin Y. Jeon
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    Dong-il Kim, Ji Young Kim, Mi Kyoung Lee, Hae-Dong Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Justin Y. Jeon
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    Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard, Isabelle J. Dionne, Martin Brochu
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2012; 10(3): 232.     CrossRef
  • Effects of 6 Weeks of Lifestyle Modification Including Combined Exercise Program on the Risk of Metabolic Parameters and Macrovascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
    Dong Hoon Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Kiyong An, Jin Young Moon, So Hun Kim, Yoon Jin Choi, Moonsuk Nam, Justin Y. Jeon
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2011; 20(3): 147.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of Physical Activity Participation and Type 2 Diabetes in Korea
    Yoonsuk Jekal, Justin Y Jeon
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Effects of Rosiglitazone on Inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats
Jin Woo Lee, Il Seong Nam-Goong, Jae Geun Kim, Chang Ho Yun, Se Jin Kim, Jung Il Choi, Young IL Kim, Eun Sook Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):191-199.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.191
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Inflammation plays a role in the response to metabolic stress in type 2 diabetes. However, the effects of rosiglitazone on inflammation of skeletal muscle have not been fully examined in type 2 diabetes.

Methods

We investigated the effects of the insulin-sensitizing anti-diabetic agent, rosiglitazone, on the progression of skeletal muscle inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) type 2 diabetic rats. We examined the expression of serologic markers (serum glucose, insulin and free fatty acid) and inflammatory cytokines (tumor-necrosis factor-α, interleukin [IL]-1β and IL-6) in OLETF rats from early to advanced diabetic stage (from 28 to 40 weeks of age).

Results

Serum glucose and insulin concentrations were significantly decreased in rosiglitazone-treated OLETF rats compared to untreated OLETF rats. Rosiglitazone treatment significantly decreased the concentrations of serum inflammatory cytokines from 28 to 40 weeks of age. The mRNA expression of various cytokines in skeletal muscle was reduced in rosiglitazone-treated OLETF rats compared with untreated OLETF rats. Furthermore, rosiglitazone treatment resulted in the downregulation of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and NF-κB expression in the skeletal muscle of OLETF rats.

Conclusion

These results suggest that rosiglitazone may improve insulin sensitivity with its anti-inflammatory effects on skeletal muscle.

Citations

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  • Rosiglitazone Elicits an Adiponectin-Mediated Insulin-Sensitizing Action at the Adipose Tissue-Liver Axis in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats
    Jia Li, Yao-Ming Xue, Bo Zhu, Yong-Hua Pan, Yan Zhang, Chunxia Wang, Yuhao Li
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2018; 2018: 1.     CrossRef
  • Sirt1 and Sirt6 Mediate Beneficial Effects of Rosiglitazone on Hepatic Lipid Accumulation
    Soo Jin Yang, Jung Mook Choi, Eugene Chang, Sung Woo Park, Cheol-Young Park, Aimin Xu
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  • Chromium Picolinate and Rosiglitazone Improve Biochemical Derangement in a Rat Model of Insulin Resistance: Role of TNF-a and Leptin
    Suzan M. Mansour, Hala F. Zaki, Ezz-El-Din El-Denshar
    Pharmacologia.2013; 4(3): 186.     CrossRef
  • Angiotensin Receptor Blockade Increases Pancreatic Insulin Secretion and Decreases Glucose Intolerance during Glucose Supplementation in a Model of Metabolic Syndrome
    Ruben Rodriguez, Jose A. Viscarra, Jacqueline N. Minas, Daisuke Nakano, Akira Nishiyama, Rudy M. Ortiz
    Endocrinology.2012; 153(4): 1684.     CrossRef
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    Sunil K. Panchal, Lindsay Brown
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  • Letter: Effects of Rosiglitazone on Inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty Rats (Korean Diabetes J 2010;34:191-9)
    Soo Jin Yang, Cheol-Young Park
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(4): 261.     CrossRef
Homocysteine as a Risk Factor for Development of Microalbuminuria in Type 2 Diabetes
Eun-Hee Cho, Eun Hee Kim, Won Gu Kim, Eun Hui Jeong, Eun Hee Koh, Woo-Je Lee, Min-Seon Kim, Joong-Yeol Park, Ki-Up Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):200-206.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.200
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Kidney function is critical in homocysteine clearance, and plasma homocysteine level is frequently increased in patients with renal failure. On the other hand, recent studies in animals have shown that hyperhomocysteinemia induces renal injury. In this study, we determined whether hyperhomocysteinemia can be a risk factor for the development of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

A nested case-control study. Of 887 patients with type 2 diabetes who did not have microalbuminuria at baseline, 76 developed microalbuminuria during follow-up (mean, 36.0 ± 11.7 months; range, 18 to 76 months). The control group consisted of 152 age- and sex-matched subjects who did not develop microalbuminuria. Baseline plasma homocysteine concentrations were measured in stored samples.

Results

Baseline plasma homocysteine concentrations and mean HbA1C levels during follow-up were significantly higher in patients who developed microalbuminuria than in those who remained normoalbuminuric. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that baseline plasma homocysteine level and mean HbA1C were independent predictors of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes.

Conclusion

Hyperhomocysteinemia was associated with increased risk of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes supporting the concept that hyperhomocysteinemia has an etiologic role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.

Citations

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    Ze-min Kuang, Ying Wang, Shu-jun Feng, Long Jiang, Wen-li Cheng
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    Hila Roshanravan, Eun Young Kim, Stuart E. Dryer
    Diabetes.2016; 65(10): 3139.     CrossRef
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    Song Mao, Wei Xiang, Songming Huang, Aihua Zhang
    Clinica Chimica Acta.2014; 431: 206.     CrossRef
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    Jae Hee Ahn, Ji Hee Yu, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Dae Jung Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Kyungdo Han, Bong-Yun Cha, Nan Hee Kim
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    Satyendra Kumar Sonkar, Gyanendra Kumar Sonkar, Deepika Soni, Dheeraj Soni, Kauser Usman
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Letter
Response
Response: Lack of Association between Serum Cystatin C Levels and Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetic Patients (Korean Diabetes J 2010;34:95-100)
Eun Hee Kim, Ki-Up Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):209-210.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.209
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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal