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Volume 33(4); August 2009
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Reviews
Glycemic Index Revisited.
In Joo Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):261-266.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.261
  • 2,466 View
  • 47 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The implementation of effective dietary strategies is important for diabetes management. Dietary carbohydrate is the main factor determining blood sugar level, especially in the postprandial period. Carbohydrate-rich diets can have deleterious effects on glycemic control in diabetic patients and may play an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Low glycemic diets have been reported to have beneficial effects for diabetes control and cardiovascular risk factors. However, according to the American Diabetes Association recommendations for medical nutrition therapy, monitoring carbohydrate intake, whether by carbohydrate counting, exchange, or experience-based estimation, remains a key strategy for achieving glycemic control, with the use of the glycemic index and glycemic load recommended only as an auxiliary method that may provide a modest additional benefit for glycemic control over the effects observed when total carbohydrate is considered alone. Recently, an increasing amount of clinical evidence supports the efficacy of low glycemic diets for the management of diabetes. The development of practical methods to apply the glycemic index and glycemic load to the management of diabetes in clinical settings is warranted.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Validation Study of the Estimated Glycemic Load Model Using Commercially Available Fast Foods
    Miran Lee, Haejin Kang, Sang-Jin Chung, Kisun Nam, Yoo Kyoung Park
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development of a Prediction Model to Estimate the Glycemic Load of Ready-to-Eat Meals
    Hosun Lee, Mihyang Um, Kisun Nam, Sang-Jin Chung, Yookyoung Park
    Foods.2021; 10(11): 2626.     CrossRef
  • Effects of macronutrients in mixed meals on postprandial glycemic response
    Mi-Hyeon Park, Sang-Jin Chung, Jae Eun Shim, Sung-Hee Jang, Ki-Sun Nam
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2018; 51(1): 31.     CrossRef
  • An Adequate Intake of Carbohydrates for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Yun Jung Lee
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2017; 18(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Utility of the Glycemic Index in Practical Diabetes Management
    Jung Hwa Lee
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2015; 16(2): 135.     CrossRef
  • Analysis and Evaluation of Glycemic Indices and Glycemic Loads of Frequently Consumed Carbohydrate-Rich Snacks according to Variety and Cooking Method
    Do Yeon Kim, Hansongyi Lee, Eun Young Choi, Hyunjung Lim
    Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition.2015; 44(1): 14.     CrossRef
  • Hypoglycemic Effects of Boiled rice made from Unpolished rice, Job' tear, and Extract From Medicinal Herbs Mixture on Diabetic Rat
    Hyeon-Sun Lee, Hyun-Joo Kong, Eon-Hee Lee, Su-Jung Hwang, Hyeon-A Jung, Mi-Lim Kim, Eun-Mi Choi, Joung-Hyeon Jang, Kyung-Mi Yang
    The Korea Journal of Herbology.2014; 29(3): 59.     CrossRef
  • The Quality Characteristics and Hypoglycemic Effect of Cookies Containing Helianthus tuberosus Powder
    Hwa Yeon Park, Na Young An, Ho Kyung Ryu
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2013; 24(2): 233.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load and Food Sources according to Body Mass Index in Female College Students
    Jee-Young Yeon, Eun-Young Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2012; 17(4): 429.     CrossRef
  • Diet Therapy for Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Patients with Diabetes
    Jeong-a Yoo
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2012; 13(1): 33.     CrossRef
  • A Factor of Fasting Blood Glucose and Dietary Patterns in Korean Adults Using Data From the 2007, 2008 and 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Kyung Won Paek, Ki Hong Chun, Soo Jin Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2011; 44(2): 93.     CrossRef
  • Breakfast and Health in Adolescents
    Kie Young Park
    Korean Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.2011; 14(4): 340.     CrossRef
  • Nutrients and Dish Intake by Fasting Blood Glucose Level
    Jihyun Choi, Hyun-Kyung Moon
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2010; 43(5): 463.     CrossRef
Non-invasive Methods for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Asymptomatic Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Jee In Lee, Hyun Shik Son
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):267-275.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.267
  • 2,356 View
  • 20 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus. CVD is a clinical manifestation of atherosclerosis, a chronic and progressive inflammatory disease characterized by a long asymptomatic phase. Progression of atherosclerosis can lead to the occurrence of acute cardiovascular events. Atherosclerosis can be identified during the subclinical phase by several methods, including using biomarkers, pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, flow-mediated dilation, carotid ultrasound, and calcium score. The appropriate criteria for identifying asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes who should undergo CVD screening and therapeutic intervention remain controversial. Non-invasive methods, such as markers of subclinical atherosclerosis, may aid in risk stratification and the design of tailored therapies for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • Outpatient Testing for Diabetic Complications
    Dong-Hyeok Cho
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2016; 17(4): 246.     CrossRef
Editorial
Vitamin D and Diabetes Mellitus.
Jung Hyun Noh
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):276-278.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.276
  • 2,019 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Original Articles
Adipokine Concentrations in Pregnant Korean Women with Normal Glucose Tolerance and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
Eun Suk Oh, Jung Hee Han, Sung Min Han, Jee Aee Im, Eun Jung Rhee, Cheol Young Park, Ki Won Oh, Won Young Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):279-288.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.279
  • 2,490 View
  • 22 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aims of this study were to compare adipokine concentrations of pregnant women in the 24th~28th weeks of gestation to those of non-pregnant women. We compared the concentrations of adipokines in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). We also investigated the role of adipokines in the development of gestational glucose intolerance. METHODS: We surveyed 129 pregnant women who underwent a 100 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) during the 24th~28th weeks of gestation. Participants were classified into three groups: (1) NGT (n = 40), (2) GIGT (n = 45), and (3) GDM (n = 44). Pregnant subjects with NGT were matched to non-pregnant controls for BMI and age (n = 41). RESULTS: Pregnant women with NGT exhibited significantly decreased adiponectin levels and elevated leptin levels compared to non-pregnant controls. Mean plasma resistin levels were significantly higher in women with GDM and GIGT than in women with NGT. Resistin and fasting glucose were significant predictors for the development of gestational glucose intolerance. CONCLUSION: Plasma adiponectin levels were decreased and leptin levels were increased in pregnant subjects with NGT compared to BMI and age matched non-pregnant controls. Women with GDM and GIGT exhibit significantly elevated concentrations of resistin compared with women with NGT. Increased resistin levels were also associated with the development of gestational glucose intolerance. Resistin may play an important role on the development of gestational glucose intolerance in Korean women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Maternal serum level of resistin is associated with risk for gestational diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis
    Shi-Min Hu, Meng-Shi Chen, Hong-Zhuan Tan
    World Journal of Clinical Cases.2019; 7(5): 585.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Adipokines and Insulin Resistance According to Characteristics of Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2017;41:457-65)
    Ohk-Hyun Ryu
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(1): 87.     CrossRef
  • Adipokines and Insulin Resistance According to Characteristics of Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Eon Ju Jeon, Seong Yeon Hong, Ji Hyun Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(6): 457.     CrossRef
The Association Between Urinary Albumin to Creatinine Ratio and Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Ju Young Lee, Yeon Kyung Choi, Hyun Ae Seo, Jae Han Jeon, Jung Eun Lee, Seong Su Moon, Jung Guk Kim, Bo Wan Kim, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):289-298.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.289
  • 2,203 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Atherosclerosis, the most common cause of death in type 2 diabetic patients, is closely associated with coronary artery calcium deposition. The coronary calcifications can be easily measured using coronary calcium scoring computed tomography (CT). And microalbuminuria is known as an independent risk factor of cardiovascular disease. So, we examined the association of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and coronary calcification score (CCS) in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Among type 2 diabetic patients who underwent the multidetector CT scanning for the evaluation of CCS at Kyungpook National University Hospital between December 2007 and May 2008, 155 subjects were included. CCS, demographic and laboratory data were assessed. RESULTS: Coronary artery calcifications were identified in 90 patients (51%) and mean, median CCS was 205.8 +/- 476.9, 8.74 (0, 132.0). 60 subjects revealed UACR greater than 30 ug/mg. With the UACR increment, CCS revealed a significant increase (P < 0.001). Age, duration of diabetes, serum Apo A1 level, serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level were also associated with CCS. However, after adjusting for age, UACR and CCS exhibited a significant positive relationship (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Increased UACR is associated with coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetic patients and these results will be useful in early evaluating the presence of macrovascular complications in these patients.
Association of Spot Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio and 24 Hour-Collected Urine Albumin Excretion Rate in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Jee In Lee, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Su Jin Oh, Jung Min Lee, Sang Ah Chang, Bong Yun Cha, Hyun Shik Son, Tae Seo Sohn
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):299-305.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.299
  • 2,694 View
  • 29 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Measuring urine albumin in diabetic patients is an important screening test to identify those individuals at high risk for cardiovascular disease and the progression of kidney disease. Recently, spot urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) has replaced 24 hour-collected urine albumin excretion rate (AER) as a screening test for microalbuminuria given its comparative simplicity. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the degree of correlation between AER and ACR in the normal, microalbuminuric and macroalbuminuric ranges, and to identify the lower limits of ACR for both genders. METHODS: A total of 310 type 2 diabetics admitted to one center were enrolled in the present study. Following the collection of a spot urine sample, urine was collected for 24 hours and albumin content was measured in both specimens. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 60.2 years. A total of 25.4% had microalbuminuria and 15.8% had macroalbuminuria. The data revealed a strongly positive correlation between AER and ACR across all ranges of albuminuria (R = 0.8). The cut-off value of ACR for 30 mg/day of AER by the regression equation was 24 microgram/mg for men, 42 microgram/mg for women and 31.2 microgram/mg for all patients. The diagnostic performance expressed as the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.938 (95% CI, 0.911-0.965) for ACR. ACR revealed a sensitivity of 84% and specificity of 84%, when a cut-off value of 31.2 microgram/mg was employed. CONCLUSION: ACR was highly correlated with AER, particularly in the range of microalbuminuria. The gender combined cut-off value of ACR in type 2 diabetic patients was determined to be 31.2 microg/mg However, additional studies of large outpatient populations, as opposed to the inpatient population used in the present study, are required to confirm the utility of this value.
The Combination of Fasting Plasma Glucose and Glycosylated Hemoglobin as a Predictor for Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Adults.
Chan Hee Lee, Woo Jin Chang, Hyun Hee Chung, Hyun Jung Kim, Sang Hyun Park, Jun Sung Moon, Ji Eun Lee, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyung Ah Chun, Kyu Chang Won, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):306-314.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.306
  • 3,151 View
  • 24 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for detection of diabetes is difficult to perform in clinical settings. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of a more practical detection test, combined fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), as a predictor of diabetes mellitus (DM) in a Korean sample. METHODS: We examined 2,045 (M = 1,276, mean age = 47.8 +/- 9.0 yrs) medical check-up program participants between January 2002 to December 2003. FPG, HbA1c and a number of other biochemical tests were performed at baseline and four after years after initial screening. Patients who originally presented with diabetes were excluded. The characteristics of newly-diagnosed DM patients and non-diabetic patients were compared. RESULTS: The incidence of newly diagnosed diabetes was 1.6% (32/2,045) after four years of follow up. The subjects in the DM group were older, had higher levels of SBP, DBP, FPG, HbA1c, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, GGT and LDH (P < 0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, FPG (odds ratio [OR] 1.124) and HbA1c (OR 4.794) were significantly correlated with onset of diabetes (P < 0.05). The interaction parameter between FPG and HbA1c was more than 1.0, indicating that the two effects are synergistic. The predictive cut-off values of HbA1c and FPG were 5.35% (area under curve [AUC] = 0.944) and 102.5 mg/dL (AUC = 0.930), respectively. CONCLUSION: The combination of HbA1c above 5.35% and FPG above 102.5 mg/dL predicted the onset of diabetes in a Korean sample. These results suggest that the combination of FPG and HbA1c may be useful for predicting progression to type 2 diabetes in east Asians.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Distribution and Characteristics of Abnormal Findings Regarding Fasting Plasma Glucose and HbA1c - Based on Adults Except for Known Diabetes
    Seyoung Kwon, Youngak Na
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2017; 49(3): 239.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Diabetic Screening Behavior of Korean Adults: A Multilevel Analysis
    Hyeongsu Kim, Minjung Lee, Haejoon Kim, Kunsei Lee, Sounghoon Chang, Vitna Kim, Jun Pyo Myong, Soyoun Jeon
    Asian Nursing Research.2013; 7(2): 67.     CrossRef
  • Impact of HbA1c Criterion on the Detection of Subjects with Increased Risk for Diabetes among Health Check-Up Recipients in Korea
    Hong-Kyu Kim, Sung-Jin Bae, Jaeone Choe
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2012; 36(2): 151.     CrossRef
  • The Utility of HbA1c as a Diagnostic Criterion of Diabetes
    Hee-Jung Kim, Eun Young Choi, Eal Whan Park, Yoo Seock Cheong, Hong-Yoen Lee, Ji Hyun Kim
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2011; 32(7): 383.     CrossRef
  • Predictive Clinical Parameters for the Therapeutic Efficacy of Sitagliptin in Korean Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Soon Ae Kim, Woo Ho Shim, Eun Hae Lee, Young Mi Lee, Sun Hee Beom, Eun Sook Kim, Jeong Seon Yoo, Ji Sun Nam, Min Ho Cho, Jong Suk Park, Chul Woo Ahn, Kyung Rae Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(2): 159.     CrossRef
  • Optimal range of HbA1c for the prediction of future diabetes: A 4-year longitudinal study
    Ji Cheol Bae, Eun Jung Rhee, Won Young Lee, Se Eun Park, Cheol Young Park, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Sun Woo Kim
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2011; 93(2): 255.     CrossRef
  • The Combination of Fasting Plasma Glucose and Glycosylated Hemoglobin as a Predictor for Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Adults (Korean Diabetes J 33(4):306-314, 2009)
    Soo Lim
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(5): 448.     CrossRef
  • The Combination of Fasting Plasma Glucose and Glycosylated Hemoglobin as a Predictor for Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Adults (Korean Diabetes J 33(4):306-314, 2009)
    Chan Hee Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(5): 451.     CrossRef
Incidence of Diabetic Foot and Associated Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Five-year Observational Study.
Shin Ae Park, Seung Hyun Ko, Seung Hwan Lee, Jae Hyoung Cho, Sung Dae Moon, Sang A Jang, Hyun Shik Son, Ki Ho Song, Bong Yun Cha, Ho Young Son, Yu Bae Ahn
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):315-323.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.315
  • 2,447 View
  • 36 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The frequency of lower extremity amputation due to diabetic foot has been increasing in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to observe the incidence, clinical aspects and associated risk factors for diabetic foot. METHODS: We evaluated the incidence of diabetic foot through a five-year observation of type 2 diabetic patients who presented to St. vincent's Hospital between January and December 2003. To identify the risk factors for diabetic foot, we evaluated mean glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) every six months and assessed renal function based on the existence of proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. Patients were also evaluated for retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy and autonomic neuropathy using Ewing's method. RESULTS: From an initial pool of 613 patients, the observational study of 508 patients (82.9%) was completed. The mean age, duration of diabetes and HbA1c were 50.3 +/- 10.6 yrs, 7.2 +/- 6.5 yrs and 8.8 +/- 2.1%, respectively. Diabetic foot occurred in 32 patients (6.3%). The incidence of diabetic foot increased when diabetic retinopathy (OR = 6.707, 2.314~19.439), peripheral neuropathy (OR = 2.949, 1.075~8.090), and autonomic neuropathy (OR = 3.967, 1.476~10.660) were present and when the MDRD GFR (OR = 5.089, 1.712~15.130) decreased. Mean HbA1c (OR = 12.013, 1.470~98.179) was found to be an independent risk factor for diabetic foot. CONCLUSION: The present study confirmed the importance of intensive glycemic control and the role of autonomic dysfunction in the development of diabetic foot. In addition, diabetic retinopathy and impaired renal function proved to be factors associated with the occurrence of diabetic foot. Therefore, intensive glycemic control, as well as periodic examination of renal function, are essential for the prevention of diabetic foot.

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  • Microbiological, Clinical and Radiological Aspects of Diabetic Foot Ulcers Infected with Methicillin-Resistant and -Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
    Maria Stańkowska, Katarzyna Garbacz, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Marek Bronk, Monika Skotarczak, Anna Szymańska-Dubowik
    Pathogens.2022; 11(6): 701.     CrossRef
  • Potential of Nanoencapsulated Quercetin Topical Formulations in the Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcer
    Shashank Chaturvedi, Shruti Agrawal, Anuj Garg, Vaibhav Rastogi
    Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.2022; 33(3): 484.     CrossRef
  • Development of a Diabetic Foot Ulceration Prediction Model and Nomogram
    Eun Joo Lee, Ihn Sook Jeong, Seung Hun Woo, Hyuk Jae Jung, Eun Jin Han, Chang Wan Kang, Sookyung Hyun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(3): 280.     CrossRef
  • Regional Variation in the Incidence of Diabetes-Related Lower Limb Amputations and Its Relationship with the Regional Factors
    Sung Hun Won, Jahyung Kim, Dong-Il Chun, Young Yi, Suyeon Park, Kwang-Young Jung, Gun-Hyun Park, Jaeho Cho
    Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society.2019; 23(3): 121.     CrossRef
  • The Changes of Trends in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcer over a 10-Year Period: Single Center Study
    Choong Hee Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Seung Min Chung, Eun Jung Kong, Chul Hyun Park, Woo Sung Yoon, Tae Gon Kim, Woong Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(4): 308.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Sensory, Blood Circulation of Foot on Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients
    Yi Kyu Park, Jun Young Lee, Sung Jung, Kang Hyeon Ryu
    Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association.2018; 53(2): 136.     CrossRef
  • Factors Contributing to Diabetic Foot Ulcer among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Seo Jin Park, Taeyoung Yang, Jun Young Lee, Jinhee Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2018; 30(1): 106.     CrossRef
  • A Report on Diabetic Foot and Amputation from the Korean Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service Data
    Jong-Kil Kim, Young-Ran Jung, Kyung-Tae Kim, Chung-Shik Shin, Kwang-Bok Lee
    Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society.2017; 21(2): 66.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Current Status of Treatment of Diabetic Foot in South Korea
    Jae-Ik Bae, Je Hwan Won, Jun Su Kim, Man Deuk Kim, Chang Jin Yoon, Yun Ku Cho
    Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology.2016; 74(3): 169.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic Foot Disease—Incidence and Risk Factors: A Clinical Study
    Rajesh Kapila, Rakesh Sharma, Ashwani K Sharma, Jagsir Mann
    Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery (Asia Pacific).2016; 3(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea
    Seung-Hyun Ko, Bong-Yun Cha
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2012; 36(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • Diabetics' Preference in the Design Factors and Performance Requirements of Diabetic Socks
    Ji-Eun Lee, Young-Ah Kwon
    Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles.2011; 35(5): 527.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of Diabetic Foot Disease
    Kyu Jeung Ahn
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(2): 72.     CrossRef
Effects of Vitamin D and Calcium Intervention on the Improvement of Resistance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Young Mee Choi, Jun Ho Lee, Ji Sook Han
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):324-334.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.324
  • 2,551 View
  • 46 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recent reports suggest that the intake of vitamin D and calcium may influence insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of vitamin D and calcium intervention on the improvement of blood glucose and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C), serum 25(OH)D3, serum lipid levels, insulin secretion, and activity and dietary surveys were analyzed in type 2 DM patients both before and after a 12-week vitamin D and calcium intake intervention. RESULTS: The serum 25(OH)D3 level was found to be negatively correlated with insulin resistance and fasting blood glucose. Calcium intake level was also negatively correlated with insulin resistance. Fasting blood glucose, HbA1C, and HOMA-IR decreased significantly (P <0.05) following vitamin D and calcium intake intervention in the medical nutrition therapy (MNT) group, while there was no such change observed in the control group. Dietary calcium and vitamin D intakes were significantly (P <0.05) higher in the MNT group than in the control group. The concentrations of serum 25(OH)D3 and insulin secretion increased slightly in the MNT group following the 12-week intervention; however, these results did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicate that calcium and vitamin D intervention may be helpful in improving fasting blood glucose, HbA1C, serum 25(OH)D3 and HOMA-IR in patients with type 2 DM who have insufficient serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations.

Citations

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  • Comparison of Biological Markers and Lifestyle Factors on the Presence of Diabetes Mellitus in Middle-aged adults
    Hye-Sun Keum, Soon-Rim Suh
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(2): 104.     CrossRef
  • A prospective randomized controlled trial of the effects of vitamin D supplementation on long-term glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus of Korea
    Ohk-Hyun Ryu, Sungwha Lee, Jaemyung Yu, Moon-Gi Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo, Franco Mantero
    Endocrine Journal.2014; 61(2): 167.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Snack Consumption, Night-Eating Habits, and Nutrient Intake in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Hee-jin Park, JinJu Lee, Ji-Myung Kim, Hyun Ah Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim, Yuri Kim
    Clinical Nutrition Research.2013; 2(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D and Diabetes
    Dallae Ju
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(2): 104.     CrossRef
  • Nutrients and Dish Intake by Fasting Blood Glucose Level
    Jihyun Choi, Hyun-Kyung Moon
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2010; 43(5): 463.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D and Diabetes Mellitus
    Jung Hyun Noh
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(4): 276.     CrossRef
Association Between Volume of Bowls and the Dietary Intakes in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes.
Hee Jung Ahn, Bo Kyung Koo, Ji Yeon Jung, Hwi Ryun Kwon, Mi Yeon Chung, Yun Hyi Ku, Jin Taek Kim, Kyung Ah Han, Kyung Wan Min
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):335-343.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.335
  • 2,601 View
  • 24 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The results of previous studies suggest that portion size is a major factor dictating dietary energy intake. We investigated the relationship between frequencies of rice meals, bowl volumes, and dietary energy intake in a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 203 type 2 diabetes patients were enrolled in the study. A one-week food diary was collected from each patient and used to assess the types of meal consumed as well as the context of consumption. The volumes of the eating vessels (rice, soup and side dish bowls) used by each patient were obtained by comparisons to measuring cylinders, and dietary energy and macronutrient intake were estimated for each patient by consulting three-day dietary records. RESULTS: The mean age of the 203 subjects (male: 76, female: 127) was 53.9 +/- 9.1 years and the average body mass index (BMI) was 25.6 +/- 4.2 kg/m2. Among the subjects who ate three times per day, 96.4% consumed rice more than twice out of three meals. The median volume of rice bowls used by patients was 350 cc, of soup bowls was 530 cc and of side dish bowls was 260 cc. Portion size, as estimated by rice bowl volume, was not associated with BMI. Male subjects tended to eat out of larger rice and soup bowls (P < 0.001). Portion size was correlated with energy intake from rice (P = 0.021), but not with total energy intake (kcal/kg/day), especially in male subjects. CONCLUSION: Portion size of rice bowl was correlated with energy intake from rice, but not with total energy intake in male subjects with type 2 diabetes. To design effective meal planning methods for patients with type 2 diabetes, further prospective studies are warranted to investigate causative relationships between portion size andmetabolic conditions as well as variation by gender.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Trends in adherence to dietary recommendations among Korean type 2 diabetes mellitus patients
    Kyong Park
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2015; 9(6): 658.     CrossRef
  • Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan for Energy and Marcronutrient Intake in Korean Men with Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study
    Hee Jung Ahn, Kyung Ah Han, Jin Young Jang, Jae Hyuk Lee, Kang Seo Park, Kyung Wan Min
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(3): 273.     CrossRef
  • Nutrients and Dish Intake by Fasting Blood Glucose Level
    Jihyun Choi, Hyun-Kyung Moon
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2010; 43(5): 463.     CrossRef
  • Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Weight, Glucose and Lipid Control in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients
    Hee-Jung Ahn, Kyung-Ah Han, Hwi-Ryun Kwon, Bo-Kyung Koo, Hyun-Jin Kim, Kang-Seo Park, Kyung-Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(2): 86.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Small Sized Rice Bowl on Carbohydrate Intake and Dietary Patterns in Women with Type 2 Diabetes
    Hee-Jung Ahn, Yu-Kyung Eom, Kyung-Ah Han, Hwi-Ryun Kwon, Hyun Jin Kim, Kang Seo Park, Kyung-Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(3): 166.     CrossRef
  • The Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan was Effective at Reducing Dietary Energy Intake, Body Weight, and Blood Glucose Levels in Korean Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Hee Jung Ahn, Kyung Ah Han, Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(6): 340.     CrossRef
Comparison of the Effects between Positive Message and Negative Message in Diabetes Mellitus Education.
Bong Jo Lee, Mee Ock Gu
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):344-352.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.344
  • 1,809 View
  • 28 Download
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Given the nature and chronicity of diabetes mellitus (DM), the role of self care and adequate patient education, in addition to the support of medical professional, is essential in its management. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of positive messages and negative messages in DM education and to identify the superior method of motivation for self care behaviors. METHODS: A total of 99 DM patients (50 positive message group: 49 negative message group) at Gyeongsang National University Hospital participated in the study. The collected data were analyzed by Chi square and t-test. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the attitude of messages and in the attitude of self care behaviors between the positive and negative message group, though the negative message group had a significantly higher intention of self care behaviors than did the positive message group. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the negative messages are more effective than positive messages for increasing the intention of self care behaviors in patients with DM.

Citations

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  • Comparative effect of physical health training and psychological training of the theory of reasoned action (TRA) model on the life quality of patients with diabetes in Tehran, Iran: utilization of message texting
    Donya Sadeghi, Maryam Karbasi Motlagh, Asieh Darvish, Mona Daryaafzoon, Esmaeil Mohamadnejad, Alireza Molaei, Parastoo Montazerlotf, Reyhaneh Sadat Seyed Hosseini
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Zahra Baji, Ghodratollah Shakerinejad, Masoumeh Tehrani, Farzaneh Jarvandi
    ranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion.2023; 11(1): 42.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Nursing Studies.2023; 142: 104491.     CrossRef
  • Survey the effectiveness of education based on message framing through mobile phone on women’s physical activity
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    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The effects of health behaviours and beliefs based on message framing among patients with chronic diseases: a systematic review
    Ruitong Gao, Hui Guo, Fei Li, Yandi Liu, Meidi Shen, Linqi Xu, Tianzhuo Yu, Feng Li
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(1): e055329.     CrossRef
  • Effects of message framing on self-management behaviour among patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial protocol
    Ruitong Gao, Hui Guo, Yandi Liu, Yue Pang, Xin Zhang, Xiaoqian Lian, Tianyue Yu, Lanyu Zhu, Feng Li
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(6): e056450.     CrossRef
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    Jihyun Park, Su Hyun Kim, Jung Guk Kim
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 161: 108043.     CrossRef
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    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2016; 17(4): 257.     CrossRef
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    Sun Young Jung, Sook Ja Lee, Sun Hee Kim, Kyung Mi Jung
    Asian Nursing Research.2015; 9(1): 73.     CrossRef
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    Ju-Young Park, Chung-Hee Woo
    Journal of muscle and joint health.2014; 21(1): 19.     CrossRef
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Letters
Letter: The Current Status of Type 2 Diabetes Management at a University Hospital (Korean Diabetes J 33(3):241-250, 2009).
Eun Gyoung Hong
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):353-354.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.353
  • 1,699 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Responses: The Current Status of Type 2 Diabetes Management at a University Hospital (Korean Diabetes J 33(3):241-250, 2009).
Young Sil Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(4):355-356.   Published online August 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.4.355
  • 1,614 View
  • 16 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Unmet Health Care Needs and Associated Factors among Patients with Hypertension and Those with Diabetes in Korea
    Soon-Im Huh, Sue-Hyung Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Policy and Administration.2011; 21(1): 1.     CrossRef

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