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You Jeong Hwang  (Hwang YJ) 1 Article
A Comparative Study of Eating Habits and Food Intake in Women with Gestational Diabetes according to Early Postpartum Glucose Tolerance Status
You Jeong Hwang, Bo Kyung Park, Sunmin Park, Sung-Hoon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(4):354-363.   Published online August 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2011.35.4.354
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at high risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); continuous life-style intervention, especially diet, is central to managing T2DM and CVD. However, little is known about the dietary patterns of women with GDM after delivery. The goal of this study was to compare the eating habits and food intakes of women diagnosed with GDM during the early postpartum period.

Methods

We performed a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in 184 women with GDM between 6 and 12 weeks after delivery. Based on the results of the OGTT, the subjects were divided into three groups according to the American Diabetes Association criteria; normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (n=100), pre-diabetes (n=73), and diabetes mellitus (DM) (n=11). Eating habits and usual food intake after delivery were investigated using a questionnaire, based on 24 hour-recall, which was administered by a trained dietitian. The daily intake data were analyzed using CAN Pro 3.0. Blood tests were performed pre- and post-delivery.

Results

Eating habits were not significantly different among the three groups. However, animal fat consumption was significantly different among the three groups. The intake ratio of fat calories to total calories was also significantly higher in the pre-diabetes and DM groups.

Conclusion

Although diet in the period 6 to 12 weeks postpartum did not influence glucose level, it may be important to educate women with GDM about the risks of excessive animal fat intake during pregnancy and the postpartum period in order to prevent later onset of T2DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intuitive eating is associated with weight and glucose control during pregnancy and in the early postpartum period in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): A clinical cohort study
    Dan Yedu Quansah, Justine Gross, Leah Gilbert, Celine Helbling, Antje Horsch, Jardena J. Puder
    Eating Behaviors.2019; 34: 101304.     CrossRef
  • Prevention of Diabetes after Gestational Diabetes: Better Translation of Nutrition and Lifestyle Messages Needed
    Sharleen O'Reilly
    Healthcare.2014; 2(4): 468.     CrossRef
  • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Korean Women: Similarities and Differences from Other Racial/Ethnic Groups
    Catherine Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Snack Consumption, Night-Eating Habits, and Nutrient Intake in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Hee-jin Park, JinJu Lee, Ji-Myung Kim, Hyun Ah Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim, Yuri Kim
    Clinical Nutrition Research.2013; 2(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in a Large Population of Women Living in Spain: Implications for Preventative Strategies
    Ana M. Ramos-Leví, Natalia Pérez-Ferre, M. Dolores Fernández, Laura del Valle, Elena Bordiu, Ana Rosa Bedia, Miguel A. Herraiz, M. José Torrejón, Alfonso L. Calle-Pascual
    International Journal of Endocrinology.2012; 2012: 1.     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Ethnicity on the Development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Women with Gestational Diabetes: A Prospective Study and Review of the Literature
    Christian M. Girgis, Jenny E. Gunton, N. Wah Cheung
    ISRN Endocrinology.2012; 2012: 1.     CrossRef
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Target Goal Attainment Rate in Korean Patients with Diabetes
    Eun Hae Lee, Chul Woo Ahn
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(6): 578.     CrossRef

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