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Yoshio Kurihara  (Kurihara Y) 1 Article
Drug/Regimen
Switching to Once-Daily Insulin Degludec/Insulin Aspart from Basal Insulin Improves Postprandial Glycemia in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Randomized Controlled Trial
Kyu Yong Cho, Akinobu Nakamura, Chiho Oba-Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Tsuchida, Shingo Yanagiya, Naoki Manda, Yoshio Kurihara, Shin Aoki, Tatsuya Atsumi, Hideaki Miyoshi
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(4):532-541.   Published online November 22, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0093
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  • 7 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

To explore the efficacy and safety of switching from once-daily basal insulin therapy to once-daily pre-meal injection insulin degludec/insulin aspart (IDegAsp) with respect to the glycemic control of participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

In this multicenter, open-label, prospective, randomized, parallel-group comparison trial, participants on basal insulin therapy were switched to IDegAsp (IDegAsp group; n=30) or continued basal insulin (Basal group; n=29). The primary endpoint was the superiority of IDegAsp in causing changes in the daily blood glucose profile, especially post-prandial blood glucose concentration after 12 weeks.

Results

Blood glucose concentrations after dinner and before bedtime were lower in the IDegAsp group, and the improvement in blood glucose before bedtime was significantly greater in the IDegAsp group than in the Basal group at 12 weeks (−1.7±3.0 mmol/L vs. 0.3±2.1 mmol/L, P<0.05). Intriguingly, glycemic control after breakfast was not improved by IDegAsp injection before breakfast, in contrast to the favorable effect of injection before dinner on blood glucose after dinner. Glycosylated hemoglobin significantly decreased only in the IDegAsp group (58 to 55 mmol/mol, P<0.05). Changes in daily insulin dose, body mass, and recorded adverse effects, including hypoglycemia, were comparable between groups.

Conclusion

IDegAsp was more effective than basal insulin at reducing blood glucose after dinner and before bedtime, but did not increase the incidence of hypoglycemia. Switching from basal insulin to IDegAsp does not increase the burden on the patient and positively impacts glycemic control in patients with T2DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Glycaemic outcomes in hospital with IDegAsp versus BIAsp30 premixed insulins
    Joshua R. Walt, Julie Loughran, Spiros Fourlanos, Rahul D. Barmanray, Jasmine Zhu, Suresh Varadarajan, Mervyn Kyi
    Internal Medicine Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Low fasting glucose‐to‐estimated average glucose ratio was associated with superior response to insulin degludec/aspart compared with basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Han Na Jang, Ye Seul Yang, Tae Jung Oh, Bo Kyung Koo, Seong Ok Lee, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang, Hye Seung Jung
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2022; 13(1): 85.     CrossRef
  • Comparing time to intensification between insulin degludec/insulin aspart and insulin glargine: A single-center experience from India
    Rajiv Kovil
    Journal of Diabetology.2022; 13(2): 171.     CrossRef
  • Use of Insulin Degludec/Insulin Aspart in the Management of Diabetes Mellitus: Expert Panel Recommendations on Appropriate Practice Patterns
    Tevfik Demir, Serap Turan, Kursad Unluhizarci, Oya Topaloglu, Tufan Tukek, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pharmacoeconomic comparison of the second generation insulin analogs and insulins on their base
    I. N. Dyakov, S. K. Zyryanov
    Kachestvennaya Klinicheskaya Praktika = Good Clinical Practice.2021; 20(1): 4.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Degludec/Insulin Aspart Compared with a Conventional Premixed Insulin or Basal Insulin: A Meta-Analysis
    Shinje Moon, Hye-Soo Chung, Yoon-Jung Kim, Jae-Myung Yu, Woo-Ju Jeong, Jiwon Park, Chang-Myung Oh
    Metabolites.2021; 11(9): 639.     CrossRef
  • Insulin therapy in diabetic kidney disease
    Yan Liu, Chanyue Zhao, Xiaofen Xiong, Ming Yang, Lin Sun
    Diabetic Nephropathy.2021; 1(2): 67.     CrossRef
  • Indirect comparison of efficacy and safety of insulin glargine/lixisenatide and insulin degludec/insulin aspart in type 2 diabetes patients not controlled on basal insulin
    Anwar Ali Jammah
    Primary Care Diabetes.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal