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Yoonsuk Jekal  (Jekal Y) 4 Articles
Low Levels of Physical Activity Are Associated with Increased Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Korean Adults
Dong Hoon Lee, Yoon Myung Kim, Yoonsuk Jekal, Sukyung Park, Kyong-Chol Kim, Masayo Naruse, Sun Hyun Kim, Sang-Hwan Kim, Ji-Hye Park, Mi Kyung Lee, Sang Hui Chu, Justin Y. Jeon
Diabetes Metab J. 2013;37(2):132-139.   Published online April 16, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2013.37.2.132
  • 4,287 View
  • 31 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults.

Methods

A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria.

Results

Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c ≥5.5% in females (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females.

Conclusion

Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of a Physical Exercise Programme through Service-Learning Methodology on Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and Perception of Physical Fitness and Health in University Students from Spain: A Preliminary Study
    Antonio Jesús Casimiro-Andújar, Eva Artés-Rodríguez, David M. Díez-Fernández, María-Jesús Lirola
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(4): 3377.     CrossRef
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    JMIR mHealth and uHealth.2022; 10(2): e34059.     CrossRef
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    Şeyda TOPRAK ÇELENAY, Derya ÖZER KAYA, Senem ŞAŞ
    Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences.2022; 12(4): 793.     CrossRef
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    The Journal of nutrition, health and aging.2020; 24(4): 412.     CrossRef
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    Pakistan Journal of Nutrition.2018; 17(12): 709.     CrossRef
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    Clinical Nutrition.2017; 36(5): 1301.     CrossRef
  • The association between metabolic health, obesity phenotype and the risk of breast cancer
    Yong‐Moon Mark Park, Alexandra J. White, Hazel B. Nichols, Katie M. O'Brien, Clarice R. Weinberg, Dale P. Sandler
    International Journal of Cancer.2017; 140(12): 2657.     CrossRef
  • Sedentary Occupation Workers Who Meet the Physical Activity Recommendations Have a Reduced Risk for Metabolic Syndrome
    Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
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    International Journal of Obesity.2016; 40(10): 1541.     CrossRef
  • Diet Quality and Mortality Risk in Metabolically Obese Normal-Weight Adults
    Yong-Moon Mark Park, Teresa T. Fung, Susan E. Steck, Jiajia Zhang, Linda J. Hazlett, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hwan Lee, Anwar T. Merchant
    Mayo Clinic Proceedings.2016; 91(10): 1372.     CrossRef
  • Gender Difference in the Epidemiological Association between Metabolic Syndrome and Olfactory Dysfunction: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Se-Hwan Hwang, Jun-Myung Kang, Jae-Hyun Seo, Kyung-do Han, Young-Hoon Joo, Yiqing Song
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(2): e0148813.     CrossRef
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    Ana Laura Pimentel, Andrea Carla Bauer, Joíza Lins Camargo
    Clinica Chimica Acta.2015; 450: 327.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Syndrome and Chronic Laryngitis
    Choung-Soo Kim, Seong-Soo Lee, Kyung-do Han, Young-Hoon Joo
    Medicine.2015; 94(43): e1890.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in the association between food insecurity and insulin resistance among U.S. adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005–2010
    Junxiu Liu, Yong-Moon Mark Park, Seth A. Berkowitz, Qingwei Hu, Kyungdo Han, Andrew Ortaglia, Robert E. McKeown, Angela D. Liese
    Annals of Epidemiology.2015; 25(9): 643.     CrossRef
  • Implication of Circulating Irisin Levels with Brown Adipose Tissue and Sarcopenia in Humans
    Hae Yoon Choi, Sungeun Kim, Ji Woo Park, Nam Seok Lee, Soon Young Hwang, Joo Young Huh, Ho Cheol Hong, Hye Jin Yoo, Sei Hyun Baik, Byung-Soo Youn, Christos S. Mantzoros, Kyung Mook Choi
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2014; 99(8): 2778.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Physical Activity Level, Amount of Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Male Drinkers
    Byung-Sung Kim, Myeong-Jin Kim, Hyun-Rim Choi, Cahng-Won Won, Sun-Young Kim
    The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine.2014; 32(2): 97.     CrossRef
  • Association between cardiorespiratory fitness and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Korean adults: a cross sectional study
    Sunghyun Hong, Junga Lee, Jihye Park, Mikyung Lee, Ji Young Kim, Kyong-Chol Kim, Sun Hyun Kim, Jee Aee Im, Sang Hui Chu, Sang Hoon Suh, Sang Hwan Kim, Justin Y Jeon
    BMC Public Health.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Silvio Buscemi, Delia Sprini, Giuseppe Grosso, Fabio Galvano, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Lucisano, Fatima M. Massenti, Emanuele Amodio, Giovam B. Rini
    Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity.2014; 19(2): 225.     CrossRef
  • Gender Difference in the Association of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components with Age-Related Cataract: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010
    Young-Hoon Park, Jeong Ah Shin, Kyungdo Han, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong-Moon Park, Yingfeng Zheng
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(1): e85068.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Relationship with Physical Activity in Suburban Beijing, China
    Wei-Hong Zhang, Peng Xue, Meng-Ying Yao, Hai-Min Chang, Yan Wu, Lei Zhang
    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism.2013; 63(4): 298.     CrossRef
Associations between Fatness, Fitness, IGF and IMT among Obese Korean Male Adolescents
Eun Sung Kim, Ji-Hye Park, Mi Kyung Lee, Dong Hoon Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Hyun Chul Lee, Yoonsuk Jekal, Justin Y. Jeon
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(6):610-618.   Published online December 26, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2011.35.6.610
  • 39,779 View
  • 43 Download
  • 14 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between obesity, fitness levels and cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors, and to identify the correlation between of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), and carotid intima media thickness (IMT) in Korean adolescents.

Methods

A total of 225 high school males with a mean age of 16.96±0.23 years participated in this study, and their fatness and fitness levels, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood lipids, IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and IMT were measured.

Results

The results showed that total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3 levels were significantly higher in the most obese group than in the other two groups (tertiles). Muscular and cardiopulmonary fitness were negatively associated with weight, body mass index (BMI), fat mass, body fat, waist circumference (WC), fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and IMT. IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels were correlated with WC, hip circumference (HC), fasting glucose, TG, HDL-C, fasting insulin, and HOMA-IR. IMT levels were significantly associated with weight, BMI, muscle mass, fat mass, percent body fat, WC, HC, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.

Conclusion

There was a significant association between increased obesity and decreased fitness and HOMA-IR, IGF, and IMT among adolescents.

Citations

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    European Journal of Pediatrics.2013; 172(10): 1401.     CrossRef
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  • The Relationship Between Fitness, BMI and Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome Among University Students in Korea
    Dong-il Kim, Ji Young Kim, Mi Kyoung Lee, Hae-Dong Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Justin Y. Jeon
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Association between Obesity and Physical Fitness, and Hemoglobin A1c Level and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults
Yoonsuk Jekal, Mi-Kyung Lee, Sukyung Park, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jun-Young Kim, Jung-Ui Kang, Masayo Naruse, Sang-Hwan Kim, Sun-Hyeon Kim, Sang Hui Chu, Sang-Hoon Suh, Justin Y Jeon
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):182-190.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.182
  • 4,062 View
  • 23 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association of obesity level, physical fitness level, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors among Korean adults.

Methods

A total of 557 adults (272 males and 285 females) who underwent medical check-up at local hospital were recruited. In addition to regular health check-up, cardiopulmonary fitness, muscular endurance were measured and their association were analyzed.

Results

The prevalence of MetS was 31.7% for males and 23.7% for females. Females with the higher muscular endurance had lower waist circumference, triglyceride level, and HbA1c level than those with the lower muscular endurance. Males with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower diastolic blood pressure, lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level and higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol level than males with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Females with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower body weight, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose level than females with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Participants with the higher level of adiposity and the lower level of physical fitness were 5.26 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.19 to 12.62), 5.71 times (95% CI, 2.23 to 14.60) more likely to have MetS, respectively, in male and female compared to participants who were neither obese nor have the lower level of fitness.

Conclusion

This study suggests that maintaining a healthy body weight as well as a certain level of fitness is important for the prevention of MetS.

Citations

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    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2011; 20(3): 147.     CrossRef
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    Yoonsuk Jekal, Justin Y Jeon
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(1): 13.     CrossRef
The Relationship between the Level of Fatness and Fitness during Adolescence and the Risk Factors of Metabolic Disorders in Adulthood
Yoonsuk Jekal, Ji Eun Yun, Sang Wook Park, Sun Ha Jee, Justin Y Jeon
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(2):126-134.   Published online April 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.2.126
  • 3,161 View
  • 27 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between the level of obesity and physical fitness (PF) during adolescence and the risk factors of metabolic disorders during adulthood.

Methods

In the current analysis, 3,993 Korean adults (mean age, 38.70 ± 1.69 years) were recruited. The level of body index (BI) and PF were examined during adolescence through high school record, and their health examination data, including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting glucose (FG), total cholesterol (TC), and current body mass index (BMI) were obtained from National Health Insurance Corporation Data. Gender-specific analyses were administered to compare health exam data across the level of BI, the level of PF, and a mixed level of BI and PF.

Results

Most obese males during high school had statistically higher SBP, DBP, FG, and BMI in adulthood, and most obese females had higher BMI, as compared to most lean males or females. Least fit males during high school had statistically higher BMI in adulthood, and least fit females had statistically higher SBP, DBP, FG, TC, and BMI, as compared to most fit males or females. There was a significant relationship between the mixed level of BI and PF and SBP, DBP, TC and current BMI in both genders.

Conclusion

Maintaining a healthy level of body weight and PF during adolescence is recommended to prevent the development of metabolic diseases in adulthood.

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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal