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Yea Eun Kang  (Kang YE) 3 Articles
Comparative Efficacy of Rosuvastatin Monotherapy and Rosuvastatin/Ezetimibe Combination Therapy on Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Inflammatory Response in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Ji Hye Han, Kyong Hye Joung, Jun Choul Lee, Ok Soon Kim, Sorim Choung, Ji Min Kim, Yea Eun Kang, Hyon-Seung Yi, Ju Hee Lee, Bon Jeong Ku, Hyun Jin Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2024;48(1):112-121.   Published online January 3, 2024
  • 1,908 View
  • 217 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) induces endothelial dysfunction and inflammation, which are the main factors for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to compare the effects of rosuvastatin monotherapy and rosuvastatin/ezetimibe combination therapy on lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, and vascular inflammatory response in patients with T2DM.
A total of 101 patients with T2DM and dyslipidemia were randomized to either rosuvastatin monotherapy (5 mg/day, n=47) or rosuvastatin/ezetimibe combination therapy (5 mg/10 mg/day, n=45) and treated for 12 weeks. Serum lipids, glucose, insulin, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4) levels were determined before and after 12 weeks of treatment.
The reduction in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by more than 50% from baseline after treatment was more in the combination therapy group. The serum sICAM-1 levels increased significantly in both groups, but there was no difference between the two groups. The significant changes in homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and PRDX4 were confirmed only in the subgroup in which LDL-C was reduced by 50% or more in the combination therapy group. However, after adjusting for diabetes mellitus duration and hypertension, the changes in HOMA-IR and PRDX4 were not significant between the two groups.
Although rosuvastatin/ezetimibe combination therapy had a greater LDL-C reduction effect than rosuvastatin monotherapy, it had no additional effects on insulin sensitivity and vascular inflammatory response. Further studies are needed on the effect of long-term treatment with ezetimibe on insulin sensitivity and vascular inflammatory response.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Combining Ezetimibe and Rosuvastatin: Impacts on Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Inflammation in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Eun Roh
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2024; 48(1): 55.     CrossRef
Regulation of Systemic Glucose Homeostasis by T Helper Type 2 Cytokines
Yea Eun Kang, Hyun Jin Kim, Minho Shong
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(5):549-559.   Published online October 24, 2019
  • 6,703 View
  • 93 Download
  • 9 Web of Science
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Obesity results in an inflammatory microenvironment in adipose tissue, leading to the deterioration of tissue protective mechanisms. Although recent studies suggested the importance of type 2 immunity in an anti-inflammatory microenvironment in adipose tissue, the regulatory effects of T helper 2 (Th2) cytokines on systemic metabolic regulation are not fully understood. Recently, we identified the roles of the Th2 cytokine (interleukin 4 [IL-4] and IL-13)-induced adipokine, growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), in adipose tissue in regulating systemic glucose metabolism via signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) activation. Moreover, we showed that mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is required to maintain these macrophage-regulating autocrine and paracrine signaling pathways via Th2 cytokine-induced secretion of GDF15. In this review, we discuss how the type 2 immune response and Th2 cytokines regulate metabolism in adipose tissue. Specifically, we review the systemic regulatory roles of Th2 cytokines in metabolic disease and the role of mitochondria in maintenance of type 2 responses in adipose tissue homeostasis.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Orchestration of the Adipose Tissue Immune Landscape by Adipocytes
    David Bradley, Tuo Deng, Dharti Shantaram, Willa A. Hsueh
    Annual Review of Physiology.2024; 86(1): 199.     CrossRef
  • Growth and differentiation factor-15: A link between inflammaging and cardiovascular disease
    Balázs Bence Nyárády, Loretta Zsuzsa Kiss, Zsolt Bagyura, Béla Merkely, Edit Dósa, Orsolya Láng, László Kőhidai, Éva Pállinger
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.2024; 174: 116475.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Mitochondrial Function in Blood Samples Shows Distinct Patterns in Subjects with Thyroid Carcinoma from Those with Hyperplasia
    Julia Bernal-Tirapo, María Teresa Bayo Jiménez, Pedro Yuste-García, Isabel Cordova, Ana Peñas, Francisco-Javier García-Borda, Cesar Quintela, Ignacio Prieto, Cristina Sánchez-Ramos, Eduardo Ferrero-Herrero, María Monsalve
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(7): 6453.     CrossRef
  • A Supportive Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Insulin-Producing Langerhans Islets with a Specific Emphasis on The Secretome
    Ronit Vogt Sionov, Ronit Ahdut-HaCohen
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(9): 2558.     CrossRef
  • Gdf15 deletion exacerbates acute lung injuries induced by intratracheal inoculation of aerosolized ricin in mice
    Mengyun Deng, Duo Su, Nan Xiao, Zhipeng Zhang, Yifeng Wang, Fuliang Zong, Sha Li, Jinglin Wang, Dongsheng Zhou, Yuee Zhao, Huiying Yang
    Toxicology.2022; 469: 153135.     CrossRef
  • Role of PPAR Receptor and Ligands in the Pathogenesis and Therapy of Hematologic Malignancies
    Jian Wu, Min Zhang, Allison Faircloth
    Hemato.2022; 3(3): 422.     CrossRef
  • Macrophage and Adipocyte Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Obesity-Induced Metabolic Diseases
    Liwen Wang, Jie Hu, Haiyan Zhou
    The World Journal of Men's Health.2021; 39(4): 606.     CrossRef
  • Th2 Cytokines Increase the Expression of Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 in the Liver
    Seul-Gi Kang, Seong-Eun Lee, Min-Jeong Choi, Joon-Young Chang, Jung-Tae Kim, Ben-Yuan Zhang, Yea-Eun Kang, Ju-Hee Lee, Hyon-Seung Yi, Minho Shong
    Cells.2021; 10(6): 1298.     CrossRef
  • Growth/Differentiation Factor-15 (GDF-15): From Biomarker to Novel Targetable Immune Checkpoint
    Jörg Wischhusen, Ignacio Melero, Wolf Herman Fridman
    Frontiers in Immunology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Transcriptional, Epigenetic and Metabolic Programming of Tumor-Associated Macrophages
    Irina Larionova, Elena Kazakova, Marina Patysheva, Julia Kzhyshkowska
    Cancers.2020; 12(6): 1411.     CrossRef
Serum R-Spondin 1 Is a New Surrogate Marker for Obesity and Insulin Resistance
Yea Eun Kang, Ji Min Kim, Hyon-Seung Yi, Kyong Hye Joung, Ju Hee Lee, Hyun Jin Kim, Bon Jeong Ku
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(3):368-376.   Published online October 23, 2018
  • 4,972 View
  • 75 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Recent in vivo studies indicated that R-spondin 1 (RSPO1) regulates food intake and increases insulin secretion, but its role in humans remains unknown. This study investigated the association between serum levels of RSPO1 and diverse metabolic parameters in humans.


The study population consisted of 43 subjects with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus, and 79 non-diabetic participants. Serum levels of RSPO1 were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationships between circulating RSPO1 and diverse metabolic parameters were analyzed.


Circulating RSPO1 levels increased to a greater extent in the obese group than in the lean group. Moreover, serum levels of RSPO1 were higher in the insulin-resistant group than in the insulin-sensitive group. Serum levels of RSPO1 were significantly correlated with a range of metabolic parameters including body mass index, fasting C-peptide, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index, and lipid profile. Moreover, levels were significantly associated with insulin resistance and obesity in non-diabetic subjects.


This study demonstrated the association between serum levels of RSPO1 and a range of metabolic parameters in humans. Serum levels of RSPO1 are significantly related to obesity and insulin resistance, although the precise mechanisms remain unknown.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • LGR4: A New Receptor Member in Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
    Ningning Zhang, Mingyang Yuan, Jiqiu Wang
    Endocrine Reviews.2023; 44(4): 647.     CrossRef
  • R-Spondin1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome: relationships with insulin resistance and other parameters
    Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine.2023; 6(2): 449.     CrossRef
  • An early prediction model for type 2 diabetes mellitus based on genetic variants and nongenetic risk factors in a Han Chinese cohort
    Jinjin Li, Qun Ye, Hongxiao Jiao, Wanyao Wang, Kai Zhang, Chen Chen, Yuan Zhang, Shuzhi Feng, Ximo Wang, Yubao Chen, Huailin Gao, Fengjiang Wei, Wei-Dong Li
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Emerging Therapeutic Strategies for Attenuating Tubular EMT and Kidney Fibrosis by Targeting Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling
    Lichao Hu, Mengyuan Ding, Weichun He
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Does Serum R-Spondin-1 Play a Role in PCOS Pathophysiology?
    Osman BAŞPINAR, Yasin ŞİMŞEK, Derya KOÇER, Oğuzhan Sıtkı DİZDAR, Hatice KAYIŞ TOPALOĞLU
    Genel Tıp Dergisi.2022; 32(5): 490.     CrossRef
  • Silencing of RSPO1 mitigates obesity-related renal fibrosis in mice by deactivating Wnt/β-catenin pathway
    Xuesong Su, Guangyu Zhou, Mi Tian, Si Wu, Yanqiu Wang
    Experimental Cell Research.2021; 405(2): 112713.     CrossRef
  • Exosome miR‐27a‐3p secreted from adipocytes targets ICOS to promote antitumor immunity in lung adenocarcinoma
    Xuehan Fan, Jingya Wang, Tingting Qin, Yujia Zhang, Wenting Liu, Kaiting Jiang, Dingzhi Huang
    Thoracic Cancer.2020; 11(6): 1453.     CrossRef
  • Integrative Analyses of Genes Associated with Subcutaneous Insulin Resistance
    Manoj Kumar Pujar, Basavaraj Vastrad, Chanabasayya Vastrad
    Biomolecules.2019; 9(2): 37.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal