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Wang-Soo Lee 1 Article
Basic Research
Application of Animal Models in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
Wang-Soo Lee, Jaetaek Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(2):129-145.   Published online March 25, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0285
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  • 9 Web of Science
  • 14 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Diabetic heart disease is a growing and important public health risk. Apart from the risk of coronary artery disease or hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM) is a well-known risk factor for heart failure in the form of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DiaCM). Currently, DiaCM is defined as myocardial dysfunction in patients with DM in the absence of coronary artery disease and hypertension. The underlying pathomechanism of DiaCM is partially understood, but accumulating evidence suggests that metabolic derangements, oxidative stress, increased myocardial fibrosis and hypertrophy, inflammation, enhanced apoptosis, impaired intracellular calcium handling, activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, mitochondrial dysfunction, and dysregulation of microRNAs, among other factors, are involved. Numerous animal models have been used to investigate the pathomechanisms of DiaCM. Despite some limitations, animal models for DiaCM have greatly advanced our understanding of pathomechanisms and have helped in the development of successful disease management strategies. In this review, we summarize the current pathomechanisms of DiaCM and provide animal models for DiaCM according to its pathomechanisms, which may contribute to broadening our understanding of the underlying mechanisms and facilitating the identification of possible new therapeutic targets.

Citations

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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal