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Obin Kwon  (Kwon O) 2 Articles
Basic Research
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Exercise, Mitohormesis, and Mitochondrial ORF of the 12S rRNA Type-C (MOTS-c)
Tae Kwan Yoon, Chan Hee Lee, Obin Kwon, Min-Seon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(3):402-413.   Published online May 25, 2022
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  • 245 Download
  • 10 Web of Science
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Low levels of mitochondrial stress are beneficial for organismal health and survival through a process known as mitohormesis. Mitohormetic responses occur during or after exercise and may mediate some salutary effects of exercise on metabolism. Exercise-related mitohormesis involves reactive oxygen species production, mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt), and release of mitochondria-derived peptides (MDPs). MDPs are a group of small peptides encoded by mitochondrial DNA with beneficial metabolic effects. Among MDPs, mitochondrial ORF of the 12S rRNA type-c (MOTS-c) is the most associated with exercise. MOTS-c expression levels increase in skeletal muscles, systemic circulation, and the hypothalamus upon exercise. Systemic MOTS-c administration increases exercise performance by boosting skeletal muscle stress responses and by enhancing metabolic adaptation to exercise. Exogenous MOTS-c also stimulates thermogenesis in subcutaneous white adipose tissues, thereby enhancing energy expenditure and contributing to the anti-obesity effects of exercise training. This review briefly summarizes the mitohormetic mechanisms of exercise with an emphasis on MOTS-c.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Satadeepa Kal, Sumana Mahata, Suborno Jati, Sushil K. Mahata
    Peptides.2024; 172: 171147.     CrossRef
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    Yonsei Medical Journal.2024; 65(2): 55.     CrossRef
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    Jie Zhang, Yunfang Gao, Jiangwei Yan
    Metabolites.2024; 14(2): 88.     CrossRef
  • The current insights of mitochondrial hormesis in the occurrence and treatment of bone and cartilage degeneration
    Wacili Da, Quan Chen, Bin Shen
    Biological Research.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mitochondria-derived peptide is an effective target for treating streptozotocin induced painful diabetic neuropathy through induction of activated protein kinase/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha -mediated mitochondrial b
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    Molecular Pain.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • MOTS-c is an effective target for treating cancer-induced bone pain through the induction of AMPK-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis
    Long Yang, Miaomiao Li, Yucheng Liu, Yang Bai, Tianyu Yin, Yangyang Chen, Jinhong Jiang, Su Liu
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Antifragility and antiinflammaging: Can they play a role for a healthy longevity?
    Fabiola Olivieri, Francesco Prattichizzo, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Anna Rita Bonfigli, Liana Spazzafumo
    Ageing Research Reviews.2023; 84: 101836.     CrossRef
  • MOTS-c: A promising mitochondrial-derived peptide for therapeutic exploitation
    Yuejun Zheng, Zilin Wei, Tianhui Wang
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • MOTS-c: A potential anti-pulmonary fibrosis factor derived by mitochondria
    Zewei Zhang, Dongmei Chen, Kaili Du, Yaping Huang, Xingzhe Li, Quwen Li, Xiaoting Lv
    Mitochondrion.2023; 71: 76.     CrossRef
  • Mitochondrial-Encoded Peptide MOTS-c, Diabetes, and Aging-Related Diseases
    Byung Soo Kong, Changhan Lee, Young Min Cho
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(3): 315.     CrossRef
  • MOTS-c Serum Concentration Positively Correlates with Lower-Body Muscle Strength and Is Not Related to Maximal Oxygen Uptake—A Preliminary Study
    Remigiusz Domin, Michał Pytka, Mikołaj Żołyński, Jan Niziński, Marcin Rucinski, Przemysław Guzik, Jacek Zieliński, Marek Ruchała
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(19): 14951.     CrossRef
  • Unique Properties of Apicomplexan Mitochondria
    Ian M. Lamb, Ijeoma C. Okoye, Michael W. Mather, Akhil B. Vaidya
    Annual Review of Microbiology.2023; 77(1): 541.     CrossRef
The Effect of DPP-4 Inhibitors on Metabolic Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Eun Yeong Choe, Yongin Cho, Younjeong Choi, Yujung Yun, Hye Jin Wang, Obin Kwon, Byung-Wan Lee, Chul Woo Ahn, Bong Soo Cha, Hyun Chul Lee, Eun Seok Kang
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(3):211-219.   Published online June 17, 2014
  • 5,002 View
  • 72 Download
  • 27 Web of Science
  • 25 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   

We evaluated the effects of two dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, sitagliptin and vildagliptin, on metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


A total of 170 type 2 diabetes patients treated with sitagliptin or vildagliptin for more than 24 weeks were selected. The patients were separated into two groups, sitagliptin (100 mg once daily, n=93) and vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily, n=77). We compared the effect of each DPP-4 inhibitor on metabolic parameters, including the fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and glycated albumin (GA) levels, and lipid parameters at baseline and after 24 weeks of treatment.


The HbA1c, FPG, and GA levels were similar between the two groups at baseline, but the sitagliptin group displayed a higher PPG level (P=0.03). After 24 weeks of treatment, all of the glucose-related parameters were significantly decreased in both groups (P=0.001). The levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides were only reduced in the vildagliptin group (P=0.001), although the sitagliptin group received a larger quantity of statins than the vildagliptin group (P=0.002).The mean change in the glucose- and lipid-related parameters after 24 weeks of treatment were not significantly different between the two groups (P=not significant). Neither sitagliptin nor vildagliptin treatment was associated with a reduction in the high sensitive C-reactive protein level (P=0.714).


Vildagliptin and sitagliptin exert a similar effect on metabolic parameters, but vildagliptin exerts a more potent beneficial effect on lipid parameters.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Drugs.2023; 83(13): 1161.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and Safety of Treatment with Quadruple Oral Hypoglycemic Agents in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Multi-Center, Retrospective, Observational Study
    Jun Sung Moon, Sunghwan Suh, Sang Soo Kim, Heung Yong Jin, Jeong Mi Kim, Min Hee Jang, Kyung Ae Lee, Ju Hyung Lee, Seung Min Chung, Young Sang Lyu, Jin Hwa Kim, Sang Yong Kim, Jung Eun Jang, Tae Nyun Kim, Sung Woo Kim, Eonju Jeon, Nan Hee Cho, Mi-Kyung Ki
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(5): 675.     CrossRef
  • Vasculoprotective Effects of Vildagliptin. Focus on Atherogenesis
    Michał Wiciński, Karol Górski, Eryk Wódkiewicz, Maciej Walczak, Magdalena Nowaczewska, Bartosz Malinowski
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2020; 21(7): 2275.     CrossRef
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    Niki Katsiki, Ele Ferrannini
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.2020; 34(12): 107723.     CrossRef
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    Eugene Han, Minyoung Lee, Yong-ho Lee, Hye Soon Kim, Byung-wan Lee, Bong-Soo Cha, Eun Seok Kang
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.2020; Volume 13: 4113.     CrossRef
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    Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology.2019; 392(6): 685.     CrossRef
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    Sanjay Kalra, Sarita Bajaj, AG Unnikrishnan, ManashP Baruah, Rakesh Sahay, V Hardik, Amit Kumar
    Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2019; 23(3): 312.     CrossRef
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    Pablo F. Mora, Eric L. Johnson
    Endocrine Practice.2017; 23(1): 89.     CrossRef
  • Treatment of Dyslipidemias to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Maryam Khavandi, Francisco Duarte, Henry N. Ginsberg, Gissette Reyes-Soffer
    Current Cardiology Reports.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Response: The Effect of DPP-4 Inhibitors on Metabolic Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (Diabetes Metab J2014;38:211-9)
    EunYeong Choe, Eun Seok Kang
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(4): 319.     CrossRef
  • Letter: The Effect of DPP-4 Inhibitors on Metabolic Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (Diabetes Metab J2014;38:211-9)
    Seung-Hwan Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(4): 317.     CrossRef

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