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Nicola R. Gawlik  (Gawlik NR) 1 Article
Clinical Care/Education
The Role of Negative Affect in the Assessment of Quality of Life among Women with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Nicola R. Gawlik, Malcolm J. Bond
Diabetes Metab J. 2018;42(2):130-136.   Published online November 7, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.42.2.130
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  • 2 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of negative affect (defined in terms of lack of optimism, depressogenic attributional style, and hopelessness depression) on the quality of life of women with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Methods

Participants (n=177) completed either an online or paper questionnaire made available to members of Australian diabetes support groups. Measures of optimism, attributional style, hopelessness depression, disease-specific data, and diabetes-related quality of life were sought. Bivariate correlations informed the construction of a structural equation model.

Results

Participants were 36.3±11.3 years old, with a disease duration of 18.4±11.2 years. Age and recent glycosylated hemoglobin readings were significant contextual variables in the model. All bivariate associations involving the components of negative affect were as hypothesized. That is, poorer quality of life was associated with a greater depressogenic attributional style, higher hopelessness depression, and lower optimism. The structural equation model demonstrated significant direct effects of depressogenic attributional style and hopelessness depression on quality of life, while (lack of) optimism contributed to quality of life indirectly by way of these variables.

Conclusion

The recognition of negative affect presentations among patients, and an understanding of its relevance to diabetes-related quality of life, is a valuable tool for the practitioner.

Citations

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    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(2): 88.     CrossRef
  • Poorer Quality of Life and Treatment Satisfaction is Associated with Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes without Other Advanced Late Complications
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(3): 377.     CrossRef
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    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(6): 472.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal