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Ju Hee Choi  (Choi JH) 1 Article
Clinical Diabetes & Therapeutics
Determinants of Long-Term Durable Glycemic Control in New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Kyoung Jin Kim, Ju Hee Choi, Kyeong Jin Kim, Jee Hyun An, Hee Young Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Nam Hoon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2017;41(4):284-295.   Published online August 3, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.4.284
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  • 11 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

Long-term durable glycemic control is a difficult goal in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the factors associated with durable glycemic control in a real clinical setting.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 194 new-onset, drug-naïve patients with T2DM who were diagnosed between January 2011 and March 2013, and were followed up for >2 years. Glycemic durability was defined as the maintenance of optimal glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin [HbA1c] <7.0%) for 2 years without substitution or adding other glucose-lowering agents. Clinical factors and glycemic markers associated with glycemic durability were compared between two groups: a durability group and a non-durability group.

Results

Patients in the durability group had a higher baseline body mass index (26.1 kg/m2 vs. 24.9 kg/m2) and lower HbA1c (8.6% vs. 9.7%) than the non-durability group. The initial choice of glucose-lowering agents was similar in both groups, except for insulin and sulfonylureas, which were more frequently prescribed in the non-durability group. In multiple logistic regression analyses, higher levels of education, physical activity, and homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β) were associated with glycemic durability. Notably, lower HbA1c (<7.0%) at baseline and first follow-up were significantly associated with glycemic durability (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 7.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.51 to 22.3) (adjusted OR, 9.27; 95% CI, 1.62 to 53.1, respectively), after adjusting for confounding variables including the types of glucose-lowering agents.

Conclusion

Early achievement of HbA1c level within the glycemic target was a determinant of long-term glycemic durability in new-onset T2DM, as were higher levels of education, physical activity, and HOMA-β.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2024; 39(1): 23.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.2022; 42(3): 451.     CrossRef
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    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Time to Reach Target Glycosylated Hemoglobin Is Associated with Long-Term Durable Glycemic Control and Risk of Diabetic Complications in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 6-Year Observational Study
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  • Effectiveness of Resistance Training and Associated Program Characteristics in Patients at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
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    Sports Medicine - Open.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(4): 613.     CrossRef
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    Karla A. Temple, Ashley H. Tjaden, Karen M. Atkinson, Elena Barengolts, Tamara S. Hannon, Kieren J. Mather, Kristina M. Utzschneider, Sharon L. Edelstein, David A. Ehrmann, Babak Mokhlesi, Philip S. Zeitler, Jayne Williams, Melanie Cree-Green, Yesenia Gar
    Diabetes Care.2019; 42(8): 1521.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Poor Hemoglobin A1c Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Salam Alqudah, Anan S. Jarab, Eman A. Alefishat, Fadia Mayyas, Maher Khdour, Sharrel Pinto
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2019; 15(2): 164.     CrossRef

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