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Jiyeon Ahn  (Ahn J) 4 Articles
Cardiovascular Risk/Epidemiology
Article image
Mean and Variability of Lipid Measurements and Risk for Development of Subclinical Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction
Jiyun Park, Mira Kang, Jiyeon Ahn, Min Young Kim, Min Sun Choi, You-Bin Lee, Gyuri Kim, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hyeon Kim, Jeong Hoon Yang, Sang-Man Jin
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(2):286-296.   Published online November 22, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0080
  • 6,034 View
  • 202 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
Subclinical left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is an emerging consequence of increased insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia is one of the few correctable risk factors of LVDD. This study evaluated the role of mean and visit-to-visit variability of lipid measurements in risk of LVDD in a healthy population.
Methods
This was a 3.7-year (interquartile range, 2.1 to 4.9) longitudinal cohort study including 2,817 adults (median age 55 years) with left ventricular ejection fraction >50% who underwent an annual or biannual health screening between January 2008 and July 2016. The mean, standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), variability independent of the mean (VIM), and average real variability of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-HDL-C, and triglycerides were obtained from three to six measurements during the 5 years preceding the first echocardiogram.
Results
Among the 2,817 patients, 560 (19.9%) developed LVDD. The mean of no component of lipid measurements was associated with risk of LVDD. CV (hazard ratio [HR], 1.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10 to 1.67), SD (HR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.57), and VIM (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.55) of LDL-C and all the variability parameters of apoB were significantly associated with development of LVDD. The association between CV-LDL and risk of LVDD did not have significant interaction with sex, increasing/decreasing trend at baseline, or use of stain and/or lipid-modifying agents.
Conclusion
The variability of LDL-C and apoB, rather than their mean, was associated with risk for LVDD.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Greater variability in HDL-C was associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in the middle- and elderly Chinese: A cohort study
    Lili Luo, Wei Feng, Mei Mei, Xue Tian, Yuhan Zhao, Lulu Liu, Zemeng Zhao, Hui Luo, Xiuhua Guo, Lixin Tao, Xiangtong Liu, Xiaonan Wang, Yanxia Luo
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2024; 125: 105503.     CrossRef
  • Lipid Variability Induces Endothelial Dysfunction by Increasing Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
    Marie Rhee, Joonyub Lee, Eun Young Lee, Kun-Ho Yoon, Seung-Hwan Lee
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2024; 39(3): 511.     CrossRef
  • Separate and Joint Associations of Remnant Cholesterol Accumulation and Variability With Carotid Atherosclerosis: A Prospective Cohort Study
    Jinqi Wang, Rui Jin, Xiaohan Jin, Zhiyuan Wu, Haiping Zhang, Ze Han, Zongkai Xu, Yueruijing Liu, Xiaoyu Zhao, Xiuhua Guo, Lixin Tao
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Variability of Metabolic Risk Factors: Causative Factor or Epiphenomenon?
    Hye Jin Yoo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(2): 257.     CrossRef
Complications
Article image
Association of Urinary N-Acetyl-β-D-Glucosaminidase with Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus without Nephropathy
Min Sun Choi, Ji Eun Jun, Sung Woon Park, Jee Hee Yoo, Jiyeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(3):349-357.   Published online February 2, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0211
  • 5,951 View
  • 123 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes and related to albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (uNAG) is a renal tubular injury marker which has been reported as an early marker of DN even in patients with normoalbuminuria. This study evaluated whether uNAG is associated with the presence and severity of CAN in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) without nephropathy.
Methods
This cross-sectional study comprised 247 subjects with T1DM without chronic kidney disease and albuminuria who had results for both uNAG and autonomic function tests within 3 months. The presence of CAN was assessed by age-dependent reference values for four autonomic function tests. Total CAN score was assessed as the sum of the partial points of five cardiovascular reflex tests and was used to estimatethe severity of CAN. The correlations between uNAG and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters were analyzed.
Results
The association between log-uNAG and presence of CAN was significant in a multivariate logistic regression model (adjusted odds ratio, 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08 to 5.28; P=0.031). Total CAN score was positively associated with loguNAG (β=0.261, P=0.026) in the multivariate linear regression model. Log-uNAG was inversely correlated with frequency-domain and time-domain indices of HRV.
Conclusion
This study verified the association of uNAG with presence and severity of CAN and changes in HRV in T1DM patients without nephropathy. The potential role of uNAG should be further assessed for high-risk patients for CAN in T1DM patients without nephropathy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Determination of Diabetes-associated Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy Risk Factors among Insulin and Non-insulin Dependent Diabetics
    Ibrahim Abdulsada, Zain Alabdeen Obaid, Farah Almerza, Mays Alwaeli, Anmar Al-Elayawi, Taha Al-Dayyeni, Harir Al-Tuhafy
    The Journal of Medical Research.2023; 9(6): 141.     CrossRef
  • Association between carotid atherosclerosis and presence of intracranial atherosclerosis using three-dimensional high-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes
    Ji Eun Jun, You-Cheol Hwang, Kyu Jeong Ahn, Ho Yeon Chung, Geon-Ho Jahng, Soonchan Park, In-Kyung Jeong, Chang-Woo Ryu
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2022; 191: 110067.     CrossRef
Epidemiology
High Proportion of Adult Cases and Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Population in Korea: A Nationwide Study
You-Bin Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Seung-Eun Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jiyeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(1):76-89.   Published online August 22, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0048
  • 6,252 View
  • 115 Download
  • 27 Web of Science
  • 30 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

The prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in all age groups and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with T1DM in Korea were estimated.

Methods

The incidence and prevalence of T1DM between 2007 and 2013 were calculated using the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) datasets of claims. Clinical characteristics and prevalence of metabolic syndrome in individuals with T1DM between 2009 and 2013 were determined using the database of NHIS preventive health checkups.

Results

The prevalence of T1DM in Korea between 2007 and 2013 was 0.041% to 0.047%. The annual incidence rate of T1DM in Korea in 2007 to 2013 was 2.73 to 5.02/100,000 people. Although the incidence rate of typical T1DM was highest in teenagers, it remained steady in adults over 30 years of age. In contrast, the incidence rate of atypical T1DM in 2013 was higher in people aged 40 years or older than in younger age groups. Age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with T1DM was 51.65% to 55.06% between 2009 and 2013.

Conclusion

T1DM may be more common in Korean adults than previously believed. Metabolic syndrome may be a frequent finding in individuals with T1DM in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Increased risk of incident mental disorders in adults with new-onset type 1 diabetes diagnosed after the age of 19: A nationwide cohort study
    Seohyun Kim, Gyuri Kim, So Hyun Cho, Rosa Oh, Ji Yoon Kim, You-Bin Lee, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2024; 50(1): 101505.     CrossRef
  • Incidence and trends of type 1 diabetes before and after 2000 in the Western Pacific Region: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Du Wang, Xiaoli Hou, Juan Huang, Jianjing Sun, Takashi Kadowaki, Moon-Kyu Lee, Alicia J. Jenkins, Linong Ji
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 207: 111055.     CrossRef
  • The emergence of obesity in type 1 diabetes
    Martin T. W. Kueh, Nicholas W. S. Chew, Ebaa Al-Ozairi, Carel W. le Roux
    International Journal of Obesity.2024; 48(3): 289.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Risk Factors Influence on Microvascular Complications in Patients With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Asad Riaz, Shoaib Asghar, Salman Shahid, Haider Tanvir, Muhammad Hamza Ejaz, Mamuna Akram
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of Depression according to Cumulative Exposure to a Low-Household Income Status in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Population- Based Study
    So Hee Park, You-Bin Lee, Kyu-na Lee, Bongsung Kim, So Hyun Cho, So Yoon Kwon, Jiyun Park, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Kyungdo Han, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2024; 48(2): 290.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Insulin-Treated Patients with Ambiguous Diabetes Type with Definite Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjects: A Clinical Perspective
    Insa Laspe, Juris J. Meier, Michael A. Nauck
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(1): 140.     CrossRef
  • Clinical and biochemical profile of childhood–adolescent-onset type 1 diabetes and adult-onset type 1 diabetes among Asian Indians
    Viswanathan Mohan, Ganesan Uma Sankari, Anandakumar Amutha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Saravanan Jeba Rani, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Coimbatore Subramanian Shanthi Rani
    Acta Diabetologica.2023; 60(4): 579.     CrossRef
  • Subtypes of type 2 diabetes and their association with outcomes in Korean adults - A cluster analysis of community-based prospective cohort
    You-Cheol Hwang, Hong-Yup Ahn, Ji Eun Jun, In-Kyung Jeong, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Ho Yeon Chung
    Metabolism.2023; 141: 155514.     CrossRef
  • Insulin Fact Sheet in Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Trends of Antidiabetic Medication Use in Insulin Users with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: 2002 to 2019
    Jiyun Park, Gyuri Kim, Bong-Sung Kim, Kyung-Do Han, So Yoon Kwon, So Hee Park, You-Bin Lee, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(2): 211.     CrossRef
  • Insulin resistance is more frequent in type 1 diabetes patients with long disease duration
    Yuting Xie, Mei Shi, Xiaolin Ji, Fansu Huang, Li Fan, Xia Li, Zhiguang Zhou
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Long-term Effectiveness of the National Diabetes Quality Assessment Program in South Korea
    Ji Hye Huh, Serim Kwon, Gui Ok Kim, Bo Yeon Kim, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim
    Diabetes Care.2023; 46(9): 1700.     CrossRef
  • Low Household Income Status and Death from Pneumonia in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Study
    You-Bin Lee, So Hee Park, Kyu-na Lee, Bongsung Kim, So Yoon Kwon, Jiyun Park, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Kyungdo Han, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(5): 682.     CrossRef
  • Impact of statin treatment on cardiovascular risk in patients with type 1 diabetes: a population-based cohort study
    Joonsang Yoo, Jimin Jeon, Minyoul Baek, Sun Ok Song, Jinkwon Kim
    Journal of Translational Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Metabolic Syndrome and Microvascular Complications in Chinese Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
    Qianwen Huang, Daizhi Yang, Hongrong Deng, Hua Liang, Xueying Zheng, Jinhua Yan, Wen Xu, Xiangwen Liu, Bin Yao, Sihui Luo, Jianping Weng
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(1): 93.     CrossRef
  • The Incidence of Adult-Onset Type 1 Diabetes: A Systematic Review From 32 Countries and Regions
    Jessica L. Harding, Pandora L. Wander, Xinge Zhang, Xia Li, Suvi Karuranga, Hongzhi Chen, Hong Sun, Yuting Xie, Richard A. Oram, Dianna J. Magliano, Zhiguang Zhou, Alicia J. Jenkins, Ronald C.W. Ma
    Diabetes Care.2022; 45(4): 994.     CrossRef
  • Age at Diagnosis and the Risk of Diabetic Nephropathy in Young Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
    Jong Ha Baek, Woo Je Lee, Byung-Wan Lee, Soo Kyoung Kim, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • Genomic ancestry and metabolic syndrome in individuals with type 1 diabetes from an admixed population: a multicentre, cross‐sectional study in Brazil
    B. S. V. Barros, D. C. Santos, L. G. N. Melo, M. H. Pizarro, L. H. Muniz, D. A. Silva, L. C. Porto, M. B. Gomes
    Diabetic Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Frontiers in Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of early mortality and cardiovascular disease according to the presence of recently diagnosed diabetes and requirement for insulin treatment: A nationwide study
    You‐Bin Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Min Sun Choi, Jiyun Park, Minyoung Kim, Sang‐Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Gyuri Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2021; 12(10): 1855.     CrossRef
  • Age at Diagnosis and the Risk of Diabetic Nephropathy in Young Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:46-54)
    Ye Seul Yang, Tae Seo Sohn
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(2): 277.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of fracture risk between type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a comprehensive real-world data
    J. Ha, C. Jeong, K.-D. Han, Y. Lim, M.K. Kim, H.-S. Kwon, K.-H. Song, M.I. Kang, K.-H. Baek
    Osteoporosis International.2021; 32(12): 2543.     CrossRef
  • Early mortality and cardiovascular disease, varied association with body mass index and its changes in insulin-treated diabetes: a nationwide study
    You-Bin Lee, Bongsung Kim, Jiyun Park, Minyoung Kim, Min Sun Choi, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Kyungdo Han, Jae Hyeon Kim
    International Journal of Obesity.2021; 45(11): 2482.     CrossRef
  • Young-onset type 2 diabetes in South Korea: a review of the current status and unmet need
    Ye Seul Yang, Kyungdo Han, Tae Seo Sohn, Nam Hoon Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2021; 36(5): 1049.     CrossRef
  • Positive association between the ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and diabetes incidence in Korean adults
    Joungyoun Kim, Sang-Jun Shin, Ye-Seul Kim, Hee-Taik Kang
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mortality and causes of death in a population with blindness in Korea: A longitudinal follow-up study using a national sample cohort
    Hyo Geun Choi, Min Joung Lee, Sang-Mok Lee
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hospitalization for heart failure incidence according to the transition in metabolic health and obesity status: a nationwide population-based study
    You-Bin Lee, Da Hye Kim, Seon Mee Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Yong Gyu Park, Kyungdo Han, Hye Jin Yoo
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    Hye Ryoung Yun
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(3): 156.     CrossRef
  • New Insulin Pumps and Open Source Artificial Pancreas System in Korea
    Jae Hyeon Kim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(4): 197.     CrossRef
  • Risk of early mortality and cardiovascular disease in type 1 diabetes: a comparison with type 2 diabetes, a nationwide study
    You-Bin Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Seung-Eun Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jiyeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of end‐stage renal disease from chronic kidney disease defined by decreased glomerular filtration rate in type 1 diabetes: A comparison with type 2 diabetes and the effect of metabolic syndrome
    You‐Bin Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Ji Eun Jun, Seung‐Eun Lee, Jiyeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Sang‐Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Utility of Serum Albumin for Predicting Incident Metabolic Syndrome According to Hyperuricemia
You-Bin Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Seung-Eun Lee, Jiyeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Jae Hwan Jee, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2018;42(6):529-537.   Published online September 28, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0012
  • 4,628 View
  • 49 Download
  • 10 Web of Science
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

Serum albumin and uric acid have been positively linked to metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the association of MetS incidence with the combination of uric acid and albumin levels has not been investigated. We explored the association of albumin and uric acid with the risk of incident MetS in populations divided according to the levels of these two parameters.

Methods

In this retrospective longitudinal study, 11,613 non-MetS participants were enrolled among 24,185 individuals who had undergone at least four annual check-ups between 2006 and 2012. The risk of incident MetS was analyzed according to four groups categorized by the sex-specific medians of serum albumin and uric acid.

Results

During 55,407 person-years of follow-up, 2,439 cases of MetS developed. The risk of incident MetS increased as the uric acid category advanced in individuals with lower or higher serum albumin categories with hazard ratios (HRs) of 1.386 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.236 to 1.554) or 1.314 (95% CI, 1.167 to 1.480). However, the incidence of MetS increased with higher albumin levels only in participants in the lower uric acid category with a HR of 1.143 (95% CI, 1.010 to 1.294).

Conclusion

Higher levels of albumin were associated with an increased risk of incident MetS only in individuals with lower uric acid whereas higher levels of uric acid were positively linked to risk of incident MetS regardless of albumin level.

Citations

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    Kai-Chieh Chang, Sin-Yi Huang, Wen-Hsin Tsai, Hao-Wen Liu, Jia-Sin Liu, Chia-Lin Wu, Ko-Lin Kuo
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    Palizhati Abudureyimu, Yuesheng Pang, Lirun Huang, Qianqian Luo, Xiaozheng Zhang, Yifan Xu, Liang Jiang, Patamu Mohemaiti
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    Nutrients.2022; 14(24): 5320.     CrossRef
  • Mean and visit-to-visit variability of glycemia and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction: A longitudinal analysis of 3025 adults with serial echocardiography
    Jiyeon Ahn, Janghyun Koh, Darae Kim, Gyuri Kim, Kyu Yeon Hur, Sang Won Seo, Kyunga Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Jeong Hoon Yang, Sang-Man Jin
    Metabolism.2021; 116: 154451.     CrossRef
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