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Hyuk-Sang Kwon  (Kwon HS) 26 Articles
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal in 2024: We Will Keep Moving toward a Better Future
Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2024;48(1):53-54.   Published online January 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2024.0008
  • 1,099 View
  • 133 Download
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Complications
The Risk of Shoulder Adhesive Capsulitis in Individuals with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Longitudinal Nationwide Population-Based Study
Jong-Ho Kim, Bong-Seoung Kim, Kyung-do Han, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(6):869-878.   Published online August 23, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0275
  • 1,498 View
  • 145 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background
This study aimed to investigate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and shoulder adhesive capsulitis (AC) using a large-scale, nationwide, population-based cohort in the Republic of Korea.
Methods
A total of 3,471,745 subjects aged over 20 years who underwent a National Health Insurance Service medical checkup between 2009 and 2010 were included in this study, and followed from the date of their medical checkup to the end of 2018. Subjects were classified into the following four groups based on the presence of dysglycemia and history of diabetes medication: normal, prediabetes, newly diagnosed T2DM (new-T2DM), and T2DM (claim history for antidiabetic medication). The endpoint was new-onset AC during follow-up. The incidence rates (IRs) in 1,000 person-years and hazard ratios (HRs) of AC for each group were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression models.
Results
The IRs of AC were 9.453 (normal), 11.912 (prediabetes), 14.933 (new-T2DM), and 24.3761 (T2DM). The adjusted HRs of AC in the prediabetes, new-T2DM, and T2DM groups were 1.084 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.075 to 1.094), 1.312 (95% CI, 1.287 to 1.337), and 1.473 (95% CI, 1.452 to 1.494) compared to the normal group, respectively. This secular trend of the HRs of AC according to T2DM status was statistically significant (P<0.0001).
Conclusion
This large-scale, longitudinal, nationwide, population-based cohort study of 3,471,745 subjects confirmed that the risk of AC increases in prediabetic subjects and is associated with T2DM status.
Guideline/Fact Sheet
Diabetes Mellitus in the Elderly Adults in Korea: Based on Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2019 to 2020
Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyung Do Han, Yong-Moon Park, Jae-Seung Yun, Kyuho Kim, Jae-Hyun Bae, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Nan-Hee Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(5):643-652.   Published online August 7, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2023.0041
  • 2,234 View
  • 206 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
We evaluated the prevalence and management of diabetes mellitus (DM) in elderly Korean patients based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).
Methods
A total of 3,068 adults aged 65 years and older (19.8% of total population) were analyzed using KNHANES from 2019 to 2020. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rates, and comorbidities were analyzed. Lifestyle behaviors and energy intake were also measured.
Results
The prevalence of DM and prediabetes was 29.6% and 50.5%, respectively. The awareness, treatment and control rates were 76.4%, 73.3%, and 28.3%, respectively. The control rate was 77.0% if A1C <7.5% criteria was used. The mean A1C value of individuals with known DM was 7.1%, and 14.5% of the known DM patients had A1C ≥8.0%. Abdominal obesity, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were combined with DM in 63.9%, 71.7%, and 70.7%, respectively, and the rate of integrated management was 36.0% (A1C <7.5% criteria). A total of 40.1% of those with DM walked regularly. The percentage of energy intake from carbohydrates was higher in those with DM than in those without DM (P=0.044), while those of fat (P=0.003) and protein (P=0.025) were lower in those with DM than in those without DM in women.
Conclusion
In 2019 to 2020, three of 10 adults aged 65 years and older in Korea had DM, and approximately 70% of them had comorbidities. A strategy for more individualized comprehensive care for the elderly patients with DM is urgently needed.

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  • Association Between High Blood Folate Levels and Glaucoma in a Representative Korean Population
    Ji Young Lee, Jin A. Choi, Sung Pyo Park, Donghyun Jee
    Investigative Opthalmology & Visual Science.2024; 65(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • The Growing Challenge of Diabetes Management in an Aging Society
    Seung-Hwan Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(5): 630.     CrossRef
Association of Body Mass Index and Fracture Risk Varied by Affected Bones in Patients with Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2023;47:242-54)
Se-Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(3):439-440.   Published online May 26, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2023.0104
[Original]
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Complications
Association of Body Mass Index and Fracture Risk Varied by Affected Bones in Patients with Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study
Se-Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(2):242-254.   Published online January 19, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0001
  • 2,881 View
  • 164 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
Body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for the type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and T2DM accompanies various complications, such as fractures. We investigated the effects of BMI and T2DM on fracture risk and analyzed whether the association varied with fracture locations.
Methods
This study is a nationwide population-based cohort study that included all people with T2DM (n=2,746,078) who received the National Screening Program during 2009–2012. According to the anatomical location of the fracture, the incidence rate and hazard ratio (HR) were analyzed by dividing it into four categories: vertebra, hip, limbs, and total fracture.
Results
The total fracture had higher HR in the underweight group (HR, 1.268; 95% CI, 1.228 to 1.309) and lower HR in the obese group (HR, 0.891; 95% CI, 0.882 to 0.901) and the morbidly obese group (HR, 0.873; 95% CI, 0.857 to 0.89), compared to reference (normal BMI group). Similar trends were observed for HR of vertebra fracture. The risk of hip fracture was most prominent, the risk of hip fracture increased in the underweight group (HR, 1.896; 95% CI, 1.178 to 2.021) and decreased in the obesity (HR, 0.643; 95% CI, 0.624 to 0.663) and morbidly obesity group (HR, 0.627; 95% CI, 0.591 to 0.665). Lastly, fracture risk was least affected by BMI for limbs.
Conclusion
In T2DM patients, underweight tends to increase fracture risk, and overweight tends to lower fracture risk, but association between BMI and fracture risk varied depending on the affected bone lesions.

Citations

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  • Dysuricemia—A New Concept Encompassing Hyperuricemia and Hypouricemia
    Naoyuki Otani, Motoshi Ouchi, Einosuke Mizuta, Asuka Morita, Tomoe Fujita, Naohiko Anzai, Ichiro Hisatome
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(5): 1255.     CrossRef
  • Association of Body Mass Index and Fracture Risk Varied by Affected Bones in Patients with Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2023;47:242-54)
    Se-Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(3): 439.     CrossRef
  • Association of Body Mass Index and Fracture Risk Varied by Affected Bones in Patients with Diabetes: A Nationwide Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2023;47:242-54)
    So Young Park
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(3): 437.     CrossRef
  • Effect of SGLT2 inhibitors on fractures, BMD, and bone metabolism markers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Xin Wang, Fengyi Zhang, Yufeng Zhang, Jiayi Zhang, Yingli Sheng, Wenbo Wang, Yujie Li
    Osteoporosis International.2023; 34(12): 2013.     CrossRef
Drug/Regimen
A Real-World Study of Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Lobeglitazone in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Bo-Yeon Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Suk Kyeong Kim, Jung-Hyun Noh, Cheol-Young Park, Hyeong-Kyu Park, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Jae Myung Yu, Mi Young Lee, Jae Hyuk Lee, Soo Lim, Sung Wan Chun, In-Kyung Jeong, Choon Hee Chung, Seung Jin Han, Hee-Seok Kim, Ju-Young Min, Sungrae Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(6):855-865.   Published online March 8, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0264
  • 6,675 View
  • 296 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Background
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) have been associated with various safety concerns including weight gain, bladder cancer, and congestive heart failure (CHF). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of lobeglitazone, a novel TZD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in real practice.
Methods
In this non-interventional, multi-center, retrospective, and observational study conducted at 15 tertiary or secondary referral hospitals in Korea, a total of 2,228 patients with T2DM who received lobeglitazone 0.5 mg for more than 1 year were enrolled.
Results
Overall adverse events (AEs) occurred in 381 patients (17.10%) including edema in 1.97% (n=44). Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases were identified in 0.81% (n=18) and 0.81% (n=18), respectively. One case of CHF was reported as an AE. Edema occurred in 1.97% (n=44) of patients. Hypoglycemia occurred in 2.47% (n=55) of patients. Fracture occurred in 1.17% (n=26) of all patients. Lobeglitazone significantly decreased HbA1c level, resulting in a mean treatment difference of -1.05%± 1.35% (P<0.001), and decreased total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, it increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, regardless of statin administration. The patients who received lobeglitazone 0.5 mg showed an apparent reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline during the first 6 months of treatment. The HbA1c levels remained stable between months 6 and 42.
Conclusion
Lobeglitazone has long-term safety profile, good glycemic-lowering effect and long-term durability of glycemic control in real-world clinical settings.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Efficacy and safety of novel thiazolidinedione lobeglitazone for managing type-2 diabetes a meta-analysis
    Deep Dutta, Saptarshi Bhattacharya, Manoj Kumar, Priyankar K. Datta, Ritin Mohindra, Meha Sharma
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2023; 17(1): 102697.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of lobeglitazone, a new Thiazolidinedione, as compared to the standard of care in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Shashank R. Joshi, Saibal Das, Suja Xaviar, Shambo Samrat Samajdar, Indranil Saha, Sougata Sarkar, Shatavisa Mukherjee, Santanu Kumar Tripathi, Jyotirmoy Pal, Nandini Chatterjee
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2023; 17(1): 102703.     CrossRef
  • Will lobeglitazone rival pioglitazone? A systematic review and critical appraisal
    Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay, Awadhesh Kumar Singh
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2023; 17(4): 102747.     CrossRef
  • Lobeglitazone

    Reactions Weekly.2023; 1948(1): 262.     CrossRef
  • Lobeglitazone, a novel thiazolidinedione, for secondary prevention in patients with ischemic stroke: a nationwide nested case-control study
    Joonsang Yoo, Jimin Jeon, Minyoul Baik, Jinkwon Kim
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lobeglitazone and Its Therapeutic Benefits: A Review
    Balamurugan M, Sarumathy S, Robinson R
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Oldies but Goodies: Thiazolidinedione as an Insulin Sensitizer with Cardioprotection
    Eun-Hee Cho
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(6): 827.     CrossRef
Guideline/Fact Sheet
Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea 2021
Jae Hyun Bae, Kyung-Do Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Ye Seul Yang, Jong Han Choi, Kyung Mook Choi, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Kyu Chang Won, on Behalf of the Committee of Media-Public Relation of the Korean Diabetes Association
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(3):417-426.   Published online May 25, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0106
  • 13,656 View
  • 1,654 Download
  • 76 Web of Science
  • 99 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and management of diabetes mellitus, risk-factor control, and comorbidities among Korean adults.
Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess the prevalence, treatment, risk factors, comorbidities, and self-management behaviors of diabetes mellitus from 2019 to 2020. We also analyzed data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service to evaluate the use of antidiabetic medications in people with diabetes mellitus from 2002 through 2018.
Results
Among Korean adults aged 30 years or older, the estimated prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 16.7% in 2020. From 2019 through 2020, 65.8% of adults with diabetes mellitus were aware of the disease and treated with antidiabetic medications. The percentage of adults with diabetes mellitus who achieved glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <6.5% was 24.5% despite the increased use of new antidiabetic medications. We found that adults with diabetes mellitus who achieved all three goals of HbA1c <6.5%, blood pressure (BP) <140/85 mm Hg, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <100 mg/dL were 9.7%. The percentage of self-management behaviors was lower in men than women. Excess energy intake was observed in 16.7% of adults with diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Korean adults remained high. Only 9.7% of adults with diabetes mellitus achieved all glycemic, BP, and lipid controls from 2019 to 2020. Continuous evaluation of national diabetes statistics and a national effort to increase awareness of diabetes mellitus and improve comprehensive diabetes care are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Weight change in patients with new‐onset type 2 diabetes mellitus and its association with remission: Comprehensive real‐world data
    Jinyoung Kim, Bongseong Kim, Mee Kyoung Kim, Ki‐Hyun Baek, Ki‐Ho Song, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk‐Sang Kwon
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024; 26(2): 567.     CrossRef
  • Changes in Fatty Liver Disease and Incident Diabetes Mellitus in Young Korean Adults
    Kye-Yeung Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang, Kyungdo Han, Hoon-Ki Park
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine.2024; 66(4): 717.     CrossRef
  • Widening disparities in the national prevalence of diabetes mellitus for people with disabilities in South Korea
    I. Hwang, S.Y. Kim, Y.Y. Kim, J.H. Park
    Public Health.2024; 226: 173.     CrossRef
  • Questionnaire-Based Survey of Diabetes Self-Care Activities and Barriers among Young Korean Adults with Early-Onset Diabetes
    Ji In Park, Sang-Wook Kim, Il Sung Nam-Goong, Kee-Ho Song, Ji Hee Yu, Ji Yun Jeong, Eun-Hee Cho
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2024; 65(1): 42.     CrossRef
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    Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Kyujin Chang, Tae Hoon Lee, Soon Young Lee
    Preventive Medicine.2024; 178: 107793.     CrossRef
  • Association between underweight and risk of heart failure in diabetes patients
    Tae Kyung Yoo, Kyung‐Do Han, Eun‐Jung Rhee, Won‐Young Lee
    Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle.2024; 15(2): 671.     CrossRef
  • Gastroparesis might not be uncommon in patients with diabetes mellitus in a real-world clinical setting: a cohort study
    Jeongmin Lee, Hye Lim Park, Su Young Park, Chul-Hyun Lim, Min-Hee Kim, Jung Min Lee, Sang-Ah Chang, Jung-Hwan Oh
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    Byeong Yun Ahn, Bokyung Kim, Sanghyun Park, Sang Gyun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Soo‐Jeong Cho
    Cancer.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Hyerang Kim, Heesook Son
    Journal of Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and Safety of Once-Weekly Semaglutide Versus Once-Daily Sitagliptin as Metformin Add-on in a Korean Population with Type 2 Diabetes
    Byung-Wan Lee, Young Min Cho, Sin Gon Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Soo Lim, Amine Dahaoui, Jin Sook Jeong, Hyo Jin Lim, Jae Myung Yu
    Diabetes Therapy.2024; 15(2): 547.     CrossRef
  • Association between dietary selenium intake and severe abdominal aortic calcification in the United States: a cross-sectional study
    Weiwei Dong, Xiaobai Liu, Lu Ma, Zhiyong Yang, Chunyan Ma
    Food & Function.2024; 15(3): 1575.     CrossRef
  • Cumulative exposure to hypertriglyceridemia and risk of type 2 diabetes in young adults
    Min-Kyung Lee, Kyungdo Han, Bongsung Kim, Jong-Dai Kim, Moon Jung Kim, Byungpyo Kim, Jung Heo, Jiyeon Ahn, Seo-Young Sohn, Jae-Hyuk Lee
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 208: 111109.     CrossRef
  • Recent evidence on target blood pressure in patients with hypertension
    Hack-Lyoung Kim
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2024; 6(1): 17.     CrossRef
  • Status and trends in epidemiologic characteristics of diabetic end-stage renal disease: an analysis of the 2021 Korean Renal Data System
    Kyeong Min Kim, Seon A Jeong, Tae Hyun Ban, Yu Ah Hong, Seun Deuk Hwang, Sun Ryoung Choi, Hajeong Lee, Ji Hyun Kim, Su Hyun Kim, Tae Hee Kim, Ho-Seok Koo, Chang-Yun Yoon, Kiwon Kim, Seon Ho Ahn, Yong Kyun Kim, Hye Eun Yoon
    Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 43(1): 20.     CrossRef
  • In silico exploration of the potential inhibitory activities of in-house and ZINC database lead compounds against alpha-glucosidase using structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics simulation approach
    Zuhier A. Awan, Haider Ali Khan, Alam Jamal, Sulaiman Shams, Guojun Zheng, Abdul Wadood, Muhammad Shahab, Mohammad Imran Khan, Abdulaziz A. Kalantan
    Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Mobile Applications for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review
    Jung Lim Lee, Youngji Kim
    Healthcare.2024; 12(3): 368.     CrossRef
  • Current status of remote collaborative care for hypertension in medically underserved areas
    Seo Yeon Baik, Kyoung Min Kim, Hakyoung Park, Jiwon Shinn, Hun-Sung Kim
    Cardiovascular Prevention and Pharmacotherapy.2024; 6(1): 33.     CrossRef
  • Association of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cardiovascular disease and all cause death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: nationwide population based study
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Sangmo Hong, Kyungdo Han, Cheol-Young Park
    BMJ.2024; : e076388.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of metabolic and neurological comorbidities in Asian patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis
    Hee Joo Yang, Mi Young Lee, Jeong Hyeon Lee, Chang Jin Jung, Woo Jin Lee, Chong Hyun Won, Mi Woo Lee, Joon Min Jung, Sung Eun Chang
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cancer risk according to fasting blood glucose trajectories: a population-based cohort study
    Thi Minh Thu Khong, Thi Tra Bui, Hee-Yeon Kang, Jinhee Lee, Eunjung Park, Jin-Kyoung Oh
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2024; 12(1): e003696.     CrossRef
  • Participation experience in self-care program for type 2 diabetes: A mixed-methods study
    Mihwan Kim, Haejung Lee, Gaeun Park, Ah Reum Khang
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2024; 26(1): 31.     CrossRef
  • Fasting GLP-1 Levels and Albuminuria Are Negatively Associated in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Cheol-Won Jang, Tae Yang Yu, Jin Woo Jeong, Se Eun Ha, Rajan Singh, Moon Young Lee, Seungil Ro
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2024; 14(3): 280.     CrossRef
  • The clinical relevance of a polygenic risk score for type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Korean population
    Na Yeon Kim, Haekyung Lee, Sehee Kim, Ye-Jee Kim, Hyunsuk Lee, Junhyeong Lee, Soo Heon Kwak, Seunggeun Lee
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Glycemic traits and colorectal cancer survival in a cohort of South Korean patients: A Mendelian randomization analysis
    So Yon Jun, Sooyoung Cho, Min Jung Kim, Ji Won Park, Seung‐Bum Ryoo, Seung Yong Jeong, Kyu Joo Park, Aesun Shin
    Cancer Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Real-World Treatment Patterns according to Clinical Practice Guidelines in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Established Cardiovascular Disease in Korea: Multicenter, Retrospective, Observational Study
    Ye Seul Yang, Nam Hoon Kim, Jong Ha Baek, Seung-Hyun Ko, Jang Won Son, Seung-Hwan Lee, Sang Youl Rhee, Soo-Kyung Kim, Tae Seo Sohn, Ji Eun Jun, In-Kyung Jeong, Chong Hwa Kim, Keeho Song, Eun-Jung Rhee, Junghyun Noh, Kyu Yeon Hur
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2024; 48(2): 279.     CrossRef
  • Triglyceride-glucose index predicts type 2 diabetes mellitus more effectively than oral glucose tolerance test-derived insulin sensitivity and secretion markers
    Min Jin Lee, Ji Hyun Bae, Ah Reum Khang, Dongwon Yi, Mi Sook Yun, Yang Ho Kang
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2024; 210: 111640.     CrossRef
  • Real-World Outcomes of Individualized Targeted Therapy with Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL in Insulin-Naïve Korean People with Type 2 Diabetes: TOBE Study
    Eun-Gyoung Hong, Kyung-Wan Min, Jung Soo Lim, Kyu-Jeung Ahn, Chul Woo Ahn, Jae-Myung Yu, Hye Soon Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Won Kim, Dong Han Kim, Hak Chul Jang
    Advances in Therapy.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of complicated, untreated and uncontrolled diabetes and pre‐diabetes on treatment outcome among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis
    Kyung Hoon Kim, Hyung Woo Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Yeonhee Park, Sung Soo Jung, Jin Woo Kim, Jee Youn Oh, Heayon Lee, Sung Kyoung Kim, Sun‐Hyung Kim, Jiwon Lyu, Yousang Ko, Sun Jung Kwon, Yun‐Jeong Jeong, Do Jin Kim, Hyeon‐Kyoung Koo, Yangjin Jegal, Sun Young
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  • Analysis of dietary behavior and intake related to glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30 years or older in Korea: Utilizing the 8th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2019–2021)
    Jin-Ah Seok, Yeon-Kyung Lee
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2024; 18(2): 239.     CrossRef
  • Management of Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes
    Jin Hwa Kim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2024; 25(1): 4.     CrossRef
  • Baseline glycated albumin level and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Healthy individuals: a retrospective longitudinal observation in Korea
    Kang-Su Shin, Min-Seung Park, Mi Yeon Lee, Eun Hye Cho, Hee-Yeon Woo, Hyosoon Park, Min-Jung Kwon
    Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • The Potential Role of Presepsin in Predicting Severe Infection in Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcers
    Eun Yeong Ha, Il Rae Park, Seung Min Chung, Young Nam Roh, Chul Hyun Park, Tae-Gon Kim, Woong Kim, Jun Sung Moon
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2024; 13(8): 2311.     CrossRef
  • Myotonic dystrophy type 1 in South Korea: a comprehensive analysis of cancer and comorbidity risks
    Incheol Seo, Jin-Mo Park
    Neurological Sciences.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of Pancreatic Cancer and Use of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Propensity Score-Matching Analysis
    Mee Kyoung Kim, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Soon Jib Yoo
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(4): 426.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes screening in South Korea: a new estimate of the number needed to screen to detect diabetes
    Kyoung Hwa Ha, Kyung Ae Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Min Kyong Moon, Dae Jung Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2023; 38(1): 93.     CrossRef
  • Sex differences in the impact of diabetes mellitus on tuberculosis recurrence: a retrospective national cohort study
    Dararat Eksombatchai, Dawoon Jeong, Jeongha Mok, Doosoo Jeon, Hee-Yeon Kang, Hee Jin Kim, Hee-Sun Kim, Hongjo Choi, Young Ae Kang
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2023; 127: 1.     CrossRef
  • Response to Letter to the Editor From Han and Xu: “Association Between DPP4 Inhibitor Use and the Incidence of Cirrhosis, ESRD, and Some Cancers in Patients With Diabetes”
    Dae Ho Lee
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2023; 108(4): e58.     CrossRef
  • Lipid Management in Korean People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis Consensus Statement
    Ye Seul Yang, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Min Kyong Moon
    Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis.2023; 12(1): 12.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation and Management of Patients With Diabetes and Heart Failure: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Heart Failure Consensus Statement
    Kyu-Sun Lee, Junghyun Noh, Seong-Mi Park, Kyung Mook Choi, Seok-Min Kang, Kyu-Chang Won, Hyun-Jai Cho, Min Kyong Moon
    International Journal of Heart Failure.2023; 5(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Lipid Management in Korean People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis Consensus Statement
    Ye Seul Yang, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Min Kyong Moon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation and Management of Patients with Diabetes and Heart Failure: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Heart Failure Consensus Statement
    Kyu-Sun Lee, Junghyun Noh, Seong-Mi Park, Kyung Mook Choi, Seok-Min Kang, Kyu-Chang Won, Hyun-Jai Cho, Min Kyong Moon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • Risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in catholic priests compared with general public
    Youngmi Eun, Sun Myeong Ock, Se-Hong Kim, Ju Hye Chung, Se Jin Park, Churlmin Kim, Min-Kyun Im, Kyung-do Han
    Acta Diabetologica.2023; 60(5): 655.     CrossRef
  • Blood pressure control and its associated factors in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes
    Anan S Jarab, Walid Al-Qerem, Salam Alqudah, Shrouq R Abu Heshmeh, Tareq L Mukattash, Karem H Alzoubi
    Electronic Journal of General Medicine.2023; 20(3): em477.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated factors of diabetes mellitus among patients with tuberculosis in South Korea from 2011 to 2018: a nationwide cohort study
    Dawoon Jeong, Jeongha Mok, Doosoo Jeon, Hee-Yeon Kang, Hee Jin Kim, Hee-Sun Kim, Jeong Mi Seo, Hongjo Choi, Young Ae Kang
    BMJ Open.2023; 13(3): e069642.     CrossRef
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Metabolic Risk/Epidemiology
Not Control but Conquest: Strategies for the Remission of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Jinyoung Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(2):165-180.   Published online March 24, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0377
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
A durable normoglycemic state was observed in several studies that treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients through metabolic surgery, intensive therapeutic intervention, or significant lifestyle modification, and it was confirmed that the functional β-cell mass was also restored to a normal level. Therefore, expert consensus introduced the concept of remission as a common term to express this phenomenon in 2009. Throughout this article, we introduce the recently updated consensus statement on the remission of T2DM in 2021 and share our perspective on the remission of diabetes. There is a need for more research on remission in Korea as well as in Western countries. Remission appears to be prompted by proactive treatment for hyperglycemia and significant weight loss prior to irreversible β-cell changes. T2DM is not a diagnosis for vulnerable individuals to helplessly accept. We attempt to explain how remission of T2DM can be achieved through a personalized approach. It may be necessary to change the concept of T2DM towards that of an urgent condition that requires rapid intervention rather than a chronic, progressive disease. We must grasp this paradigm shift in our understanding of T2DM for the benefit of our patients as endocrine experts.

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Drug/Regimen
Long-Term Glycaemic Durability of Early Combination Therapy Strategy versus Metformin Monotherapy in Korean Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Soon-Jib Yoo, Sang-Ah Chang, Tae Seo Sohn, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Jong Min Lee, Sungdae Moon, Pieter Proot, Päivi M Paldánius, Kun Ho Yoon
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(6):954-959.   Published online November 12, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0173
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Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
We assessed the glycaemic durability with early combination (EC; vildagliptin+metformin [MET], n=22) versus MET monotherapy (n=17), among newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) enrolled (between 2012 and 2014) in the VERIFY study from Korea (n=39). Primary endpoint was time to initial treatment failure (TF) (glycosylated hemoglobin [HbA1c] ≥7.0% at two consecutive scheduled visits after randomization [end of period 1]). Time to second TF was assessed when both groups were receiving and failing on the combination (end of period 2). With EC the risk of initial TF significantly reduced by 78% compared to MET (n=3 [15%] vs. n=10 [58.7%], P=0.0228). No secondary TF occurred in EC group versus five patients (29.4%) in MET. Patients receiving EC treatment achieved consistently lower HbA1c levels. Both treatment approaches were well tolerated with no hypoglycaemic events. In Korean patients with newly diagnosed T2DM, EC treatment significantly and consistently improved the long-term glycaemic durability as compared with MET.

Citations

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  • 2023 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diabetes Mellitus of the Korean Diabetes Association
    Jong Han Choi, Kyung Ae Lee, Joon Ho Moon, Suk Chon, Dae Jung Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Ji A Seo, Mee Kyoung Kim, Jeong Hyun Lim, YoonJu Song, Ye Seul Yang, Jae Hyeon Kim, You-Bin Lee, Junghyun Noh, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jong Suk Park, Sang Youl Rhee, Hae J
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  • 2021 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diabetes Mellitus of the Korean Diabetes Association
    Kyu Yeon Hur, Min Kyong Moon, Jong Suk Park, Soo-Kyung Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jae-Seung Yun, Jong Ha Baek, Junghyun Noh, Byung-Wan Lee, Tae Jung Oh, Suk Chon, Ye Seul Yang, Jang Won Son, Jong Han Choi, Kee Ho Song, Nam Hoon Kim, Sang Yong Kim, Jin Wha Kim,
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Drug/Regimen
Effect of Dapagliflozin as an Add-on Therapy to Insulin on the Glycemic Variability in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DIVE): A Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized Study
Seung-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Wan Min, Byung-Wan Lee, In-Kyung Jeong, Soon-Jib Yoo, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Yoon-Hee Choi, Kun-Ho Yoon
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(3):339-348.   Published online May 28, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0203
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Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

Glycemic variability is associated with the development of diabetic complications and hypoglycemia. However, the effect of sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors on glycemic variability is controversial. We aimed to examine the effect of dapagliflozin as an add-on therapy to insulin on the glycemic variability assessed using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods

In this multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study, 84 subjects received 10 mg of dapagliflozin (n=41) or the placebo (n=43) for 12 weeks. CGM was performed before and after treatment to compare the changes in glycemic variability measures (standard deviation [SD], mean amplitude of glycemic excursions [MAGEs]).

Results

At week 12, significant reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin (−0.74%±0.66% vs. 0.01%±0.65%, P<0.001), glycated albumin (−3.94%±2.55% vs. −0.67%±2.48%, P<0.001), and CGM-derived mean glucose (−41.6±39.2 mg/dL vs. 1.1±46.2 mg/dL, P<0.001) levels were observed in the dapagliflozin group compared with the placebo group. SD and MAGE were significantly decreased in the dapagliflozin group, but not in the placebo group. However, the difference in ΔSD and ΔMAGE failed to reach statistical significance between two groups. No significant differences in the incidence of safety endpoints were observed between the two groups.

Conclusion

Dapagliflozin effectively decreased glucose levels, but not glucose variability, after 12 weeks of treatment in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving insulin treatment. The role of SGLT2 inhibitors in glycemic variability warrants further investigations.

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Drug/Regimen
γ-Linolenic Acid versus α-Lipoic Acid for Treating Painful Diabetic Neuropathy in Adults: A 12-Week, Double-Placebo, Randomized, Noninferiority Trial
Jong Chul Won, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Seong-Su Moon, Sung Wan Chun, Chong Hwa Kim, Ie Byung Park, In Joo Kim, Jihyun Lee, Bong Yun Cha, Tae Sun Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(4):542-554.   Published online November 4, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0099
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

This study was a multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, noninferiority trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of γ-linolenic acid (GLA) relative to α-lipoic acid (ALA) over a 12-week treatment period in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Methods

This study included 100 T2DM patients between 20 and 75 years of age who had painful DPN and received either GLA (320 mg/day) and placebo or ALA (600 mg/day) and placebo for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measures were mean changes in pain intensities as measured by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the total symptom scores (TSS).

Results

Of the 100 subjects who initially participated in the study, 73 completed the 12-week treatment period. Per-protocol analyses revealed significant decreases in the mean VAS and TSS scores compared to baseline in both groups, but there were no significant differences between the groups. The treatment difference for the VAS (95% confidence interval [CI]) between the two groups was −0.65 (−1.526 to 0.213) and the upper bound of the 95% CI did not exceed the predefined noninferiority margin (δ1=0.51). For the TSS, the treatment difference was −0.05 (−1.211 to 1.101) but the upper bound of the 95% CI crossed the noninferiority margin (δ2=0.054). There were no serious adverse events associated with the treatments.

Conclusion

GLA treatment in patients with painful DPN was noninferior to ALA in terms of reducing pain intensity measured by the VAS over 12 weeks.

Citations

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    Seon Mee Kang
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    Ameet S. Nagpal, Jennifer Leet, Kaitlyn Egan, Rudy Garza
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Guideline/Fact Sheet
Metformin Treatment for Patients with Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Nephrology Consensus Statement
Kyu Yeon Hur, Mee Kyoung Kim, Seung Hyun Ko, Miyeun Han, Dong Won Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(1):3-10.   Published online February 21, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0004
  • 9,433 View
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  • 13 Web of Science
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   

The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously in this group until more definitive evidence concerning its safety is available. The Korean Diabetes Association and the Korean Society of Nephrology have agreed on consensus statements concerning metformin use for patients with T2DM and renal dysfunction, particularly when these patients undergo imaging studies using iodinated contrast media (ICM). Metformin can be used safely when the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2. If the eGFR is between 30 and 44 mL/min/1.73 m2, metformin treatment should not be started. If metformin is already in use, a daily dose of ≤1,000 mg is recommended. Metformin is contraindicated when the eGFR is <30 mL/min/1.73 m2. Renal function should be evaluated prior to any ICM-related procedures. During procedures involving intravenous administration of ICM, metformin should be discontinued starting the day of the procedures and up to 48 hours post-procedures if the eGFR is <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.

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Drug/Regimen
Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients Treated with Statins for Residual Hypertriglyceridemia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial
Ji Eun Jun, In-Kyung Jeong, Jae Myung Yu, Sung Rae Kim, In Kye Lee, Kyung-Ah Han, Sung Hee Choi, Soo-Kyung Kim, Hyeong Kyu Park, Ji-Oh Mok, Yong-ho Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, So Hun Kim, Ho-Cheol Kang, Sang Ah Lee, Chang Beom Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Sung-Ho Her, Won Yong Shin, Mi-Seung Shin, Hyo-Suk Ahn, Seung Ho Kang, Jin-Man Cho, Sang-Ho Jo, Tae-Joon Cha, Seok Yeon Kim, Kyung Heon Won, Dong-Bin Kim, Jae Hyuk Lee, Moon-Kyu Lee
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(1):78-90.   Published online June 20, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0265
  • 9,229 View
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  • 7 Web of Science
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

Cardiovascular risk remains increased despite optimal low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level induced by intensive statin therapy. Therefore, recent guidelines recommend non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) as a secondary target for preventing cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of omega-3 fatty acids (OM3-FAs) in combination with atorvastatin compared to atorvastatin alone in patients with mixed dyslipidemia.

Methods

This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, and phase III multicenter study included adults with fasting triglyceride (TG) levels ≥200 and <500 mg/dL and LDL-C levels <110 mg/dL. Eligible subjects were randomized to ATOMEGA (OM3-FAs 4,000 mg plus atorvastatin calcium 20 mg) or atorvastatin 20 mg plus placebo groups. The primary efficacy endpoints were the percent changes in TG and non-HDL-C levels from baseline at the end of treatment.

Results

After 8 weeks of treatment, the percent changes from baseline in TG (−29.8% vs. 3.6%, P<0.001) and non-HDL-C (−10.1% vs. 4.9%, P<0.001) levels were significantly greater in the ATOMEGA group (n=97) than in the atorvastatin group (n=103). Moreover, the proportion of total subjects reaching TG target of <200 mg/dL in the ATOMEGA group was significantly higher than that in the atorvastatin group (62.9% vs. 22.3%, P<0.001). The incidence of adverse events did not differ between the two groups.

Conclusion

The addition of OM3-FAs to atorvastatin improved TG and non-HDL-C levels to a significant extent compared to atorvastatin alone in subjects with residual hypertriglyceridemia.

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Clinical Care/Education
2019 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea
Mee Kyoung Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Bo-Yeon Kim, Eun Seok Kang, Junghyun Noh, Soo-Kyung Kim, Seok-O Park, Kyu Yeon Hur, Suk Chon, Min Kyong Moon, Nan-Hee Kim, Sang Yong Kim, Sang Youl Rhee, Kang-Woo Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Eun-Jung Rhee, SungWan Chun, Sung Hoon Yu, Dae Jung Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Kyong Soo Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(4):398-406.   Published online August 20, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2019.0137
  • 16,300 View
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association revised and updated the 6th Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2019. Targets of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were updated. The obese and overweight population is increasing steadily in Korea, and half of the Koreans with diabetes are obese. Evidence-based recommendations for weight-loss therapy for obesity management as treatment for hyperglycemia in T2DM were provided. In addition, evidence from large clinical studies assessing cardiovascular outcomes following the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists in patients with T2DM were incorporated into the recommendations.

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Complications
The Association between Pancreatic Steatosis and Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Jee Sun Jeong, Mee Kyung Kim, Kyung Do Han, Oak Kee Hong, Ki-Hyun Baek, Ki-Ho Song, Dong Jin Chung, Jung-Min Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2018;42(5):425-432.   Published online August 9, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.0107
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Whether pancreatic steatosis has a local or systemic effect, like ectopic fat of other major organs, remains unknown. Data on the influence of pancreatic steatosis on microvascular complication are rare. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between pancreatic steatosis and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

The attenuation of three pancreatic regions (head, body, and tail) and the spleen (S) in 186 patients with T2DM was measured using non-enhanced computed tomography imaging. We used three parameters for the assessment of pancreatic steatosis (‘P’ mean: mean attenuation of three pancreatic regions; P–S: difference between ‘P’ mean and ‘S’; P/S: the ‘P’ mean to ‘S’ ratio). The presence of DR was assessed by an expert ophthalmologist using dilated fundoscopy.

Results

The average P mean was 29.02 Hounsfield units (HU), P–S was −18.20 HU, and P/S was 0.61. The three pancreatic steatosis parameters were significantly associated with the prevalence of DR in non-obese T2DM patients. In the non-obese group, the odds ratios of P mean, P–S, and P/S for the prevalence of DR, after adjustment for age, sex, and glycosylated hemoglobin level, were 2.449 (P=0.07), 2.639 (P=0.04), and 2.043 (P=0.02), respectively.

Conclusion

In this study, pancreatic steatosis was significantly associated with DR in non-obese patients with T2DM. Further studies are necessary to clarify the causal relationship between pancreatic steatosis and the development of DR.

Citations

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  • Intra‐pancreatic fat is associated with continuous glucose monitoring metrics
    Yutong Liu, Wandia Kimita, Xiatiguli Shamaitijiang, Loren Skudder‐Hill, Ivana R. Sequeira‐Bisson, Maxim S. Petrov
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Pengtao Sun, Chunzhi Fan, Rengui Wang, Tongwei Chu, Xiaoli Sun, Dongxue Zhang, Xuechao Du
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.2021; Volume 14: 1329.     CrossRef
Epidemiology
Serum Betatrophin Concentrations and the Risk of Incident Diabetes: A Nested Case-Control Study from Chungju Metabolic Disease Cohort
Seung-Hwan Lee, Marie Rhee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Yong-Moon Park, Kun-Ho Yoon
Diabetes Metab J. 2018;42(1):53-62.   Published online November 3, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.42.1.53
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Betatrophin is a newly identified hormone derived from the liver and adipose tissue, which has been suggested to regulate glucose and lipid metabolism. Circulating levels of betatrophin are altered in various metabolic diseases, although the results are inconsistent. We aimed to examine whether betatrophin is a useful biomarker in predicting the development of diabetes.

Methods

A nested case-control study was performed using a prospective Chungju Metabolic disease Cohort Study. During a 4-year follow-up period, we analyzed 167 individuals who converted to diabetes and 167 non-converters, who were matched by age, sex, and body mass index. Serum betatrophin levels were measured by an ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).

Results

Baseline serum betatrophin levels were significantly higher in the converter group compared to the non-converter group (1,315±598 pg/mL vs. 1,072±446 pg/mL, P<0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and family history of diabetes, the risk of developing diabetes showed a stepwise increase across the betatrophin quartile groups. Subjects in the highest baseline quartile of betatrophin levels had more than a threefold higher risk of incident diabetes than the subjects in the lowest quartile (relative risk, 3.275; 95% confidence interval, 1.574 to 6.814; P=0.010). However, no significant relationships were observed between serum betatrophin levels and indices of insulin resistance or β-cell function.

Conclusion

Circulating levels of betatrophin could be a potential biomarker for predicting new-onset diabetes. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying mechanism of this association.

Citations

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Complications
Risk Factors for the Development and Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy
Kyung-Jin Yun, Hye Ji Kim, Mee Kyoung Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Ki-Hyun Baek, Young Jung Roh, Ki-Ho Song
Diabetes Metab J. 2016;40(6):473-481.   Published online September 20, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2016.40.6.473
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Some patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not develop diabetic kidney disease (DKD) despite the presence of advanced diabetic retinopathy (DR). We aimed to investigate the presence of DKD and its risk factors in patients with T2DM and advanced DR.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional study in 317 patients with T2DM and advanced DR. The phenotypes of DKD were divided into three groups according to the urine albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR, mg/g) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2): no DKD (uACR <30 and eGFR ≥60), non-severe DKD (uACR ≥30 or eGFR <60), and severe DKD (uACR ≥30 and eGFR <60). Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, and HbA1c variability (standard deviation [SD] of serial HbA1c values or HbA1c-SD) were calculated for the preceding 2 years.

Results

The prevalence of no DKD, non-severe DKD, and severe DKD was 37.2% (n=118), 37.0% (n=117), and 25.8% (n=82), respectively. HbA1c-SD and the triglyceride/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio correlated positively with uACR and negatively with eGFR. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that the HbA1c-SD and TG/HDL-C ratio were significantly related with eGFR. Multiple logistic regression analyses after adjusting for several risk factors showed that HbA1c-SD and the TG/HDL-C ratio were significant risk factors for severe DKD.

Conclusion

The prevalence of DKD was about 60% in patients with T2DM and advanced DR. HbA1c variability and TG/HDL-C ratio may affect the development and progression of DKD in these patients.

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Background and Data Configuration Process of a Nationwide Population-Based Study Using the Korean National Health Insurance System
Sun Ok Song, Chang Hee Jung, Young Duk Song, Cheol-Young Park, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Bong Soo Cha, Joong-Yeol Park, Ki-Up Lee, Kyung Soo Ko, Byung-Wan Lee
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(5):395-403.   Published online October 17, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.5.395
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) recently signed an agreement to provide limited open access to the databases within the Korean Diabetes Association for the benefit of Korean subjects with diabetes. Here, we present the history, structure, contents, and way to use data procurement in the Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) system for the benefit of Korean researchers.

Methods

The NHIS in Korea is a single-payer program and is mandatory for all residents in Korea. The three main healthcare programs of the NHI, Medical Aid, and long-term care insurance (LTCI) provide 100% coverage for the Korean population. The NHIS in Korea has adopted a fee-for-service system to pay health providers. Researchers can obtain health information from the four databases of the insured that contain data on health insurance claims, health check-ups and LTCI.

Results

Metabolic disease as chronic disease is increasing with aging society. NHIS data is based on mandatory, serial population data, so, this might show the time course of disease and predict some disease progress, and also be used in primary and secondary prevention of disease after data mining.

Conclusion

The NHIS database represents the entire Korean population and can be used as a population-based database. The integrated information technology of the NHIS database makes it a world-leading population-based epidemiology and disease research platform.

Citations

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    Suk Ho Sohn, Yoonjin Kang, Ji Seong Kim, Ho Young Hwang, Kyung Hwan Kim, Jae Woong Choi
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of physical activity with total and cause-specific mortality in patients with diabetes: A nationwide population-based cohort study
    Inha Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Sun Joon Moon, Hyemi Kwon, Se Eun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2023; 202: 110819.     CrossRef
  • The Association Between Institutional Case Volume of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Mortality
    Leerang Lim, Eun Jin Jang, Jun Woo Jo, Junghoon Shin, Hyobin Lee, Hannah Lee, Seung-Young Oh, Hyunjae Im, Ho Geol Ryu
    Transplantation Proceedings.2023; 55(7): 1715.     CrossRef
  • Association between periodontal disease status and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide population-based cohort study
    Jung-Hyun Park, Hyungwoo Lee, Jin-Woo Kim, Tae-Jin Song
    BMC Oral Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Trends in the incidence and prevalence of dysphagia requiring medical attention among adults in South Korea, 2006–2016: A nationwide population study
    SuYeon Kwon, Seungwoo Cha, Junsik Kim, Kyungdo Han, Nam-Jong Paik, Won-Seok Kim, Sina Azadnajafabad
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0287512.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic Disparities in the Association Between All-Cause Mortality and Health Check-Up Participation Among Healthy Middle-Aged Workers: A Nationwide Study
    Byungyoon Yun, Juyeon Oh, Jaesung Choi, Laura S. Rozek, Heejoo Park, Juho Sim, Yangwook Kim, Jongmin Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between smoking status and death from COVID-19 in South Korea: A nationwide cohort study
    Jae Woo Choi
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2023; 21(July): 1.     CrossRef
  • A cohort study found a high risk of end-stage kidney disease associated with acromegaly
    Sangmo Hong, Kyung-Soo Kim, Kyungdo Han, Cheol-Young Park
    Kidney International.2023; 104(4): 820.     CrossRef
  • Comparative cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes patients taking dapagliflozin versus empagliflozin: a nationwide population-based cohort study
    Jaehyun Lim, You-Jung Choi, Bong Sung Kim, Tae-Min Rhee, Hyun-Jung Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Jun-Bean Park, Jin Oh Na, Yong-Jin Kim, Heesun Lee, Hyung-Kwan Kim
    Cardiovascular Diabetology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Statin Treatment on the Development of Tendinopathy: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Donghee Kwak, Seok-joo Moon, Jong Woong Park, Duk Hee Lee, Jung Il Lee
    Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Incident dementia in kidney transplantation recipients: a matched comparative nationwide cohort study in South Korea
    Seon Ha Baek, Jina Park, Sehoon Park, Mi-yeon Yu, Ji Eun Kim, Sang Hyun Park, Kyungdo Han, Yong Chul Kim, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Yon Su Kim, Hajeong Lee
    Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.2023; 42(4): 519.     CrossRef
  • Developing Operational Definitions Related toHelicobacter pyloriEradication Therapy
    Chan Hyuk Park, Sun-Young Jung, Ju Won Lee, Hyo-Joon Yang, Joon Sung Kim, Beom Jin Kim, Soo In Choi, Seung In Seo, Joongyub Lee, Jae Gyu Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Ji Min Lee, Kyungdo Han, Kang-Moon Lee, Jae-Seung Yun
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sex differences in mortality in patients with acromegaly: a nationwide cohort study in Korea
    Jiwon Kim, Namki Hong, Jimi Choi, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Jae Won Hong, Eun Jig Lee, Sin Gon Kim, Cheol Ryong Ku
    European Journal of Endocrinology.2023; 189(2): 225.     CrossRef
  • Proton pump inhibitor use and the risk of metachronous gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication in patients who underwent endoscopic resection for gastric neoplasms: A population‐based cohort study
    Eun Jeong Gong, Hye‐Kyung Jung, Bora Lee, Jitaek Hong, Jong Wook Kim, Cheol Min Shin, Young Hoon Youn, Kwang Jae Lee
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics.2023; 58(7): 668.     CrossRef
  • National Trends in Rotavirus Enteritis among Infants in South Korea, 2010–2021: A Nationwide Cohort
    Hyun Jee Lee, Yujin Choi, Jaeyu Park, Yong-Sung Choi, Dong Keon Yon, Do Hyun Kim
    Children.2023; 10(9): 1436.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Concomitant Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors and Clopidogrel on Recurrent Stroke and Myocardial Infarction
    Yong Kang Lee, Hyun Sun Lim, Youn I Choi, Eun Ju Choe, Seonji Kim, Seng Chan You, Kyung Joo Lee, Yerim Kim, Da Hee Park, Woon Geon Shin, Seung In Seo
    Pharmaceuticals.2023; 16(9): 1213.     CrossRef
  • Uric Acid and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
    Jae Young Kim, Changhwan Seo, Haeyong Pak, Hyunsun Lim, Tae Ik Chang
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Occupational characteristics and risk factors associated with endometriosis among Korean female workers
    Seunghyun Lee, Seung-Yeon Lee, Wanhyung Lee, Federico Romano
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(10): e0292362.     CrossRef
  • Suicidal Thinking Among Patients With Spinal Conditions in South Korea: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
    Tak Kyu Oh, Hye Yoon Park, In-Ae Song
    Psychiatry Investigation.2023; 20(9): 834.     CrossRef
  • Increased risk of venous and arterial thromboembolism in patients with colorectal cancer receiving cetuximab-based combination chemotherapy: A population-based study in Korea
    Ho-Young Yhim, Juhyun Lee, Kyoung Ha Kim, Sang-A Kim, Ji Yun Lee, Hun-Gyu Hwang, Junshik Hong, Jeong-Ok Lee, Soo-Mee Bang
    Thrombosis Research.2023; 231: 50.     CrossRef
  • Volatile Anesthetic Use Versus Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Patients Undergoing Heart Valve Surgery: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
    Jae-Woo Ju, Ho-Jin Lee, Karam Nam, Seungwook Kim, Hyunsook Hong, Seung Ho Yoo, Seohee Lee, Youn Joung Cho, Yunseok Jeon
    Anesthesia & Analgesia.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Ga Hee Kim, Hyungchul Park, Kee Wook Jung, Min-Ju Kim, Ye-Jee Kim, Ji Min Lee, Bong Eun Lee, Yang Won Min, Jeong Hwan Kim, Hee Kyong Na, Ji Yong Ahn, Jeong Hoon Lee, Do Hoon Kim, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Hyun Jin Kim
    Gut and Liver.2023; 17(6): 894.     CrossRef
  • Differential Impact of Obesity on the Risk of Diabetes Development in Two Age Groups: Analysis from the National Health Screening Program
    Tae Kyung Yoo, Kyung-Do Han, Yang-Hyun Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Sang Hyun Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(6): 846.     CrossRef
  • Association between preoperative modifiable lifestyle factors and mortality after cancer surgery: a population-based cohort study in South Korea
    Tak Kyu Oh, In-Ae Song
    Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research.2023; 105(4): 179.     CrossRef
  • Classification of long-term clinical course of Parkinson’s disease using clustering algorithms on social support registry database
    Dougho Park, Su Yun Lee, Jong Hun Kim, Hyoung Seop Kim
    Journal of Big Data.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Proteinuria Status and Risk of Hypertension: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Hyungwoo Lee, Moo-Suk Park, Min Kyoung Kang, Tae-Jin Song
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2023; 13(9): 1414.     CrossRef
  • Association of physical activity with the risk of Parkinson's disease in depressive disorder: A nationwide longitudinal cohort study
    Ji hyun An, Kyung-do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Hong Jin Jeon
    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2023; 167: 93.     CrossRef
  • Effect of changes in the hearing aid subsidy on the prevalence of hearing loss in South Korea
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    Frontiers in Neurology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Preoperative Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and Mortality After Major Cancer Surgery: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea
    Tak Kyu Oh, In-Ae Song
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Characteristics and risk factors of suicide among people who attempted self-harm in South Korea: A longitudinal National Cohort Study in South Korea
    Hye Hyeon Kim, Jin Hyuk Lee, In Han Song, Yu Rang Park
    Psychiatry Research.2023; 330: 115613.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Premature Menopause and Cardiovascular Diseases and All‐Cause Mortality in Korean Women
    Gyu Bae Lee, Ga Eun Nam, Wonsock Kim, Byoungduck Han, Kyung Hwan Cho, Seon Mee Kim, Youn Seon Choi, Do Hoon Kim, Yong‐Gyu Park, Jin‐Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Yang‐Hyun Kim
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of gastric cancer among long-term proton pump inhibitor users: a population-based cohort study
    Jong Wook Kim, Hye-Kyung Jung, Bora Lee, Cheol Min Shin, Eun Jeong Gong, Jitaek Hong, Young Hoon Youn, Kwang Jae Lee
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2023; 79(12): 1699.     CrossRef
  • Cancer Risk in Elderly Korean Patients with Neurodegenerative Disease and its relation to Type 2 Diabetes
    Hee-Cheol Kim, Ji-Hun Kim, Ho-Jun Lee, Yang-Tae Kim, Byeong-Churl Jang
    The Open Neurology Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Performance of Cardiovascular Risk Prediction Models in Korean Patients With New‐Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis: National Cohort Study
    Jae Hyun Kim, Gaeun Lee, Jinseub Hwang, Ji‐Won Kim, Jin‐Won Kwon, Yun‐Kyoung Song
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of Propofol-based Total Intravenous Anesthesia Versus Inhalation Anesthesia on Long-term Survival After Cancer Surgery in a Nationwide Cohort
    Susie Yoon, Sun-Young Jung, Myo-Song Kim, Danbi Yoon, Younghae Cho, Yunseok Jeon
    Annals of Surgery.2023; 278(6): 1024.     CrossRef
  • Bovine pericardial versus porcine bioprosthetic aortic valves: A nationwide population-based cohort study in Korea
    Hong Rae Kim, Ho Jin Kim, Seonok Kim, Yejee Kim, Jung-Min Ahn, Joon Bum Kim, Dae-Hee Kim
    The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Decreased Risk of Knee Osteoarthritis with Taller Height in an East Asian Population: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Dong Hwan Lee, Hwa Sung Lee, Soo Hyun Jang, Jun-Young Heu, Kyungdo Han, Se-Won Lee
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 13(1): 92.     CrossRef
  • Cost-effectiveness of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor intravitreal injection and panretinal photocoagulation for patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy in South Korea
    Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Songhee Cho, Jungeun Park, Yan Jin, Hyung Min Kim, Donghyun Jee
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  • Prior Evaluation of Nutritional Status and Mortality in Patients with Sepsis in South Korea
    Tak Kyu Oh, In-Ae Song
    Nutrients.2023; 15(24): 5040.     CrossRef
  • Increased Risk of Hip Fracture in Patients with Acromegaly: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea
    Jiwon Kim, Namki Hong, Jimi Choi, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Eun Jig Lee, Sin Gon Kim, Cheol Ryong Ku
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2023; 38(6): 690.     CrossRef
  • Cancer risks in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and the effects of biologic agents: a population-based study
    Sang-Yong Eom, Hyun-a Jang, Yo Han Im, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Ji Hyoun Kim
    Rheumatology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Proton Pump Inhibitor Co-Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Treated with Oral Anticoagulants and a Prior History of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Bleeding
    So-Ryoung Lee, Soonil Kwon, Eue-Keun Choi, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Seil Oh, Gregory Y. H. Lip
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy.2022; 36(4): 679.     CrossRef
  • Institutional case volume-incorporated mortality risk prediction model for cardiac surgery
    Seohee Lee, Eun Jin Jang, Junwoo Jo, Dongnyeok Park, Ho Geol Ryu
    Asian Journal of Surgery.2022; 45(1): 189.     CrossRef
  • Does Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Benefit Patients Undergoing Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement?
    Won Kyung Pyo, Ho Jin Kim, Joon Bum Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae Won Lee
    Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.2022; 34(3): 906.     CrossRef
  • Burden of comorbidities and medication use in childbearing women with rheumatic diseases: a nationwide population-based study
    Min Kyung Chung, Chan Hee Lee, Jin Su Park, Hyunsun Lim, Jisoo Lee
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2022; 37(6): 1250.     CrossRef
  • Validation of Dynamic Aspartate‐to–Alanine Aminotransferase Ratio for Predicting Liver Disease Mortality
    In‐Ae Song, Eun Sun Jang, Tak Kyu Oh
    Hepatology Communications.2022; 6(4): 740.     CrossRef
  • Blood Pressure Levels and Risks of Dementia: a Nationwide Study of 4.5 Million People
    Chan Joo Lee, Ji-Yeon Lee, Kyungdo Han, Da Hye Kim, Hanna Cho, Kwang Joon Kim, Eun Seok Kang, Bong-Soo Cha, Yong-ho Lee, Sungha Park
    Hypertension.2022; 79(1): 218.     CrossRef
  • Continuing regular physical activity and maintaining body weight have a synergistic interaction in improving survival: a population-based cohort study including 6.5 million people
    Chang-Hoon Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Da Hye Kim, Min-Sun Kwak
    European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.2022; 29(3): 547.     CrossRef
  • Liver enzymes and risk of ocular motor cranial nerve palsy: a nationwide population-based study
    Joonhyoung Kim, Kyungdo Han, Juhwan Yoo, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
    Neurological Sciences.2022; 43(5): 3395.     CrossRef
  • Underutilisation of prophylactic G-CSF in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant docetaxel/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy
    Minhee Ku, Nam Kyung Je
    Journal of Chemotherapy.2022; 34(8): 534.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiologic study of bladder and urethral injury in Korea: A nationwide population-based study
    Bum Sik Tae, Young Eun Yoon, Woong Na, Kyung Jin Oh, Sung Yul Park, Jae Young Park, Hong Sang Moon
    Investigative and Clinical Urology.2022; 63(1): 92.     CrossRef
  • Acromegaly and cardiovascular outcomes: a cohort study
    Sangmo Hong, Kyung-Soo Kim, Kyungdo Han, Cheol-Young Park
    European Heart Journal.2022; 43(15): 1491.     CrossRef
  • Pericardial Versus Porcine Valves for Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement
    Hong Ju Shin, Wan Kee Kim, Jin Kyoung Kim, Joon Bum Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae Won Lee
    Korean Circulation Journal.2022; 52(2): 136.     CrossRef
  • Effect of obesity and metabolic health on urolithiasis: A nationwide population-based study
    Changil Choi, Jong Keun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Young Goo Lee, Jun Hyun Han
    Investigative and Clinical Urology.2022; 63(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive risk assessment for hospital-acquired pneumonia: sociodemographic, clinical, and hospital environmental factors associated with the incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia
    Bo-Guen Kim, Minwoong Kang, Jihyun Lim, Jin Lee, Danbee Kang, Minjung Kim, Jinhee Kim, Hyejeong Park, Kyung Hoon Min, Juhee Cho, Kyeongman Jeon
    BMC Pulmonary Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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  • Development of eClaim system for private indemnity health insurance in South Korea: Compatibility and interoperability
    Sungchul Bae, Byoung-Kee Yi
    Health Informatics Journal.2022; 28(1): 146045822110710.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Neurotrauma.2022; 39(5-6): 390.     CrossRef
  • Female Reproductive Factors and the Risk of Bronchiectasis: A Nationwide Population-Based Longitudinal Study
    Bumhee Yang, Dong-Hwa Lee, Kyungdo Han, Hayoung Choi, Hyung Koo Kang, Dong Wook Shin, Hyun Lee
    Biomedicines.2022; 10(2): 303.     CrossRef
  • Clinical outcomes of early closure versus conservative strategy after diagnosis with atrial septal defect: a nationwide population-based cohort study
    Sun-Yang Min, Ji Sung Lee, Duk-Woo Park, Jong-Min Song
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures Among Obese Women Based on Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference: A Nationwide Cohort in South Korea
    Gyeongsil Lee, Seulggie Choi, Yoosun Cho, Sang Min Park
    Clinical Nutrition Research.2022; 11(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Long-term prognosis and causes of death among survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A population-based longitudinal study
    Yongil Cho, Jaehoon Oh, Jeong-Hun Shin, Byung Sik Kim, Jin-Kyu Park, Jun Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Kim, Minae Park
    Resuscitation.2022; 173: 31.     CrossRef
  • Blood pressure and mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention: a population-based cohort study
    Chung-woo Lee, Joo Kyung Lee, Yeon Joo Choi, Hyunjin Kim, Kyungdo Han, Jin-hyung Jung, Do Hoon Kim, Joo-Hyun Park
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Severe Hypoglycemia Among Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
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    JAMA Network Open.2022; 5(2): e220262.     CrossRef
  • Hip Fracture Risk According to Diabetic Kidney Disease Phenotype in a Korean Population
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    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2022; 37(1): 148.     CrossRef
  • Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Defined by Fatty Liver Index and Incidence of Heart Failure in the Korean Population: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Byoungduck Han, Gyu Bae Lee, Sun Young Yim, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Koh Eun Shin, Jung-Hwan Kim, Yong-Gyu Park, Kyung-Do Han, Yang-Hyun Kim
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(3): 663.     CrossRef
  • Contact with the health care system prior to suicide: A nationwide population-based analysis using linkage national death certificates and national health insurance data
    Eun Jee Park, Nam Ju Ji, Weon Young Lee
    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2022; 149: 226.     CrossRef
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    Sung Kyun Kim, Seok Jin Hong, Dae Myoung Yoo, Chanyang Min, Hyo Geun Choi
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prognosis of pregnancy after breast cancer diagnosis according to the type of treatment: A population-based study in Korea by the SMARTSHIP group
    Soo Youn Bae, Jihyoun Lee, Ji Sung Lee, Jae Sun Yoon, Ku Sang Kim, Yoo Seok Kim, Zisun Kim, Jun Won Min, Eun-Jung Shim, Ilkyun Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Sungmin Park
    The Breast.2022; 63: 46.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.2022; 40(4): 602.     CrossRef
  • Risk prediction models incorporating institutional case volume for mortality after hip fracture surgery in the elderly
    Seokha Yoo, Eun Jin Jang, Junwoo Jo, Hannah Lee, Yoonbin Hwang, Ho Geol Ryu
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery.2022; 143(5): 2307.     CrossRef
  • Association of weight change following smoking cessation with the risk of tuberculosis development: A nationwide population-based cohort study
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    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(4): e0266262.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology of Acute Leukemia among Children with Down Syndrome in Korea
    Young Bae Choi, Keon Hee Yoo
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2022; 54(2): 572.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Alcohol Drinking on Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity in Koreans: Big Data Analysis
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    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(9): 4949.     CrossRef
  • Prolonged or Transition to Metabolically Unhealthy Status, Regardless of Obesity Status, Is Associated with Higher Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Incidence and Mortality in Koreans
    Juhee Lee, So-Young Kwak, Dahyun Park, Ga-Eun Kim, Clara Yongjoo Park, Min-Jeong Shin
    Nutrients.2022; 14(8): 1644.     CrossRef
  • Lifestyle, body mass index, diabetes, and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a nationwide population-based cohort study with 7.4 million Korean subjects
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    British Journal of Cancer.2022; 127(3): 549.     CrossRef
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    Journal of the American Heart Association.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Bumhee Yang, Kyungdo Han, Bongseong Kim, Hyung Koo Kang, Jung Soo Kim, Eung-Gook Kim, Hayoung Choi, Hyun Lee
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2022; 12(5): 691.     CrossRef
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    Byungyoon Yun, Sang Hoon Ahn, Jin-Ha Yoon, Beom Kyung Kim
    American Journal of Gastroenterology.2022; 117(5): 758.     CrossRef
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    Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience.2022; 20(2): 320.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Clinical Oncology.2022; 40(29): 3394.     CrossRef
  • Cancer risk in the residents of a town near three industrial waste incinerators in Korea: a retrospective cohort study
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    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.2022; 95(9): 1829.     CrossRef
  • Triglyceride-Glucose Index Is a Useful Marker for Predicting Future Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Young Korean Adults: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
    Yun Kyung Cho, Kyung-do Han, Hwi Seung Kim, Chang Hee Jung, Joong-Yeol Park, Woo Je Lee
    Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis.2022; 11(2): 178.     CrossRef
  • Annual Trends in the Incidence and Prevalence of Alzheimer's Disease in South Korea: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Min Seok Baek, Han-Kyeol Kim, Kyungdo Han, Hyuk-Sung Kwon, Han Kyu Na, Chul Hyoung Lyoo, Hanna Cho
    Frontiers in Neurology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Cancers.2022; 14(11): 2604.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Hypertension and Incident Infective Endocarditis
    Gyu Bae Lee, Koh Eun Shin, Kyungdo Han, Ho-Sung Son, Jae-Seung Jung, Yang-Hyun Kim, Hee-Jung Kim
    Hypertension.2022; 79(7): 1466.     CrossRef
  • Risk of secondary nonhematologic malignancies after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: A nationwide case‐control cohort study
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    International Journal of Cancer.2022; 151(7): 1024.     CrossRef
  • Acute myocardial infarction risk in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: A nationwide cohort study in South Korea
    Eun Bin Cho, Yohwan Yeo, Jin-Hyung Jung, Su-Min Jeong, Kyungdo Han, Jeong Hoon Yang, Dong Wook Shin, Ju-Hong Min
    Multiple Sclerosis Journal.2022; 28(12): 1849.     CrossRef
  • Nationwide population-based incidence of cancer among patients with HIV/AIDS in South Korea
    Soon Ok Lee, Jeong Eun Lee, Shinwon Lee, Sun Hee Lee, Jin Suk Kang, Hyunjin Son, Hyungi Lee, Jinmi Kim
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between migraine and risk of ocular motor cranial nerve palsy
    Soolienah Rhiu, Kyungdo Han, Juhwan Yoo, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Statin use and risk of progression to liver cirrhosis in chronic hepatitis B independent of conventional risk factors: A nationwide study
    Byungyoon Yun, Sang Hoon Ahn, Jin‐Ha Yoon, Beom Kyung Kim
    Hepatology Communications.2022; 6(9): 2455.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer Diagnosed Before Age 50 Years According to Tumor Location
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    Gastroenterology.2022; 163(3): 637.     CrossRef
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    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Frontiers in Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    BMC Medicine.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The durability and effectiveness of sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy in pediatric and young adult patients with type 1 diabetes
    Yun Jeong Lee, Young Ah Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Hye Rim Chung, Min Jeong Gu, Ji Young Kim, Choong Ho Shin
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2020; 25(4): 248.     CrossRef
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  • Big Data in Ophthalmology
    Ching-Yu Cheng, Zhi Da Soh, Shivani Majithia, Sahil Thakur, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Yih Chung Tham, Tien Yin Wong
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  • Maintenance of body weight is an important determinant for the risk of ischemic stroke: A nationwide population-based cohort study
    Jung-Hwan Cho, Eun-Jung Rhee, Se Eun Park, Hyemi Kwon, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Soon-Jib Yoo, Yang-Hyun Kim, Won-Young Lee, Sabine Rohrmann
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(1): e0210153.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Institutional Case Volume on In-Hospital and Long-Term Mortality in Critically Ill Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for 48 Hours or More
    Hannah Lee, Seongmi Choi, Eun Jin Jang, Juhee Lee, Dalho Kim, Seokha Yoo, Seung Young Oh, Ho Geol Ryu
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak on Emergency Care Utilization and Mortality in South Korea
    Sun Young Lee, Young-Ho Khang, Hwa-Kyung Lim
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2019; 60(8): 796.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Institutional Case Volume on In-hospital Mortality After Living Donor Liver Transplantation: Analysis of 7073 Cases Between 2007 and 2016 in Korea
    Seokha Yoo, Eun Jin Jang, Nam-Joon Yi, Ga Hee Kim, Dal Ho Kim, Hannah Lee, Chul-Woo Jung, Ho Geol Ryu
    Transplantation.2019; 103(5): 952.     CrossRef
  • Increased risk of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in osteoporosis: a nationwide population-based cohort study
    Hayoung Byun, Jae Ho Chung, Seung Hwan Lee, Chul Won Park, Eun Mi Kim, Inah Kim
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Incremental economic burden associated with exudative age-related macular degeneration: a population-based study
    Siin Kim, Sang Jun Park, Seong Jun Byun, Kyu Hyung Park, Hae Sun Suh
    BMC Health Services Research.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Are at an Increased Risk of Parkinson’s Disease: A South Korean Nationwide Population-Based Study
    Seona Park, Jihye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Kyungdo Han, Hosim Soh, Eun Ae Kang, Hyun Jung Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(8): 1191.     CrossRef
  • Effect of hypertension duration and blood pressure level on ischaemic stroke risk in atrial fibrillation: nationwide data covering the entire Korean population
    Tae-Hoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Hee Tae Yu, Eunsun Jang, Hyejung Shin, Ha Yan Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Jung-Hoon Sung, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y H Lip
    European Heart Journal.2019; 40(10): 809.     CrossRef
  • Perioperative red blood cell transfusion and mortality following heart transplantation: A retrospective nationwide population‐based study between 2007 and 2016 in Korea
    Karam Nam, Eun Jin Jang, Ga Hee Kim, Hyung Been Yhim, Hannah Lee, Dal Ho Kim, Ho Geol Ryu
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery.2019; 34(10): 927.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Health-Related Behaviors on Disease Progression and Mortality in Early Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Korean Nationwide Population-Based Study
    Yookyung Lee, SuYeon Kwon, Jong Joo Moon, Kyungdo Han, Nam-Jong Paik, Won-Seok Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(8): 1100.     CrossRef
  • Association of body mass index with bladder cancer risk in men depends on abdominal obesity
    Jin Bong Choi, Jung Ho Kim, Sung-Hoo Hong, Kyung-Do Han, U-Syn Ha
    World Journal of Urology.2019; 37(11): 2393.     CrossRef
  • Time‐ and Dose‐Dependent Association of Statin Use With Risk of Clinically Relevant New‐Onset Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Prevention: A Nationwide Observational Cohort Study
    Min Jung Ko, Ae Jeong Jo, Yun Jung Kim, Shin Hee Kang, Songhee Cho, Sang‐Ho Jo, Cheol‐Young Park, Sung‐Cheol Yun, Woo Je Lee, Duk‐Woo Park
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of Long-term Use of Low-Dose Aspirin as Chemoprevention With Risk of Lung Cancer
    Shinhee Ye, Myeongjee Lee, Dongheon Lee, Eun-Hee Ha, Eun Mi Chun
    JAMA Network Open.2019; 2(3): e190185.     CrossRef
  • Association between BMI and risk of severe hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes
    J.-S. Yun, Y.-M. Park, K. Han, S.-A. Cha, Y.-B. Ahn, S.-H. Ko
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2019; 45(1): 19.     CrossRef
  • Risk of Incident Dementia According to Metabolic Health and Obesity Status in Late Life: A Population-Based Cohort Study
    Ji-Yeon Lee, Kyungdo Han, Eugene Han, Gyuri Kim, Hanna Cho, Kwang Joon Kim, Byung Wan Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Bong-Soo Cha, Carol Brayne, Yong-ho Lee
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2019; 104(7): 2942.     CrossRef
  • Increased Risk of Osteoporotic Fracture in Postgastrectomy Gastric Cancer Survivors Compared With Matched Controls: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea
    Dong Wook Shin, Beomseok Suh, Hyunsun Lim, Yun-Suhk Suh, Yoon Jin Choi, Su-Min Jeong, Jae Moon Yun, Sun Ok Song, Youngmin Park
    American Journal of Gastroenterology.2019; 114(11): 1735.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of psoriasis: A nationwide population-based study
    Ha-Na Kim, Kyungdo Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Ji Hyun Lee
    Metabolism.2019; 99: 19.     CrossRef
  • Association of Exposure to Diagnostic Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation With Risk of Cancer Among Youths in South Korea
    Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Jung Sun Kim
    JAMA Network Open.2019; 2(9): e1910584.     CrossRef
  • Long‐term clinical outcomes in patients with autoimmune hepatitis according to treatment response in Asian country
    Jonggi Choi, Gwang Hyeon Choi, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Young‐Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Young‐Hwa Chung, Yung‐Sang Lee, Kang Mo Kim
    Liver International.2019; 39(5): 985.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulant for Secondary Prevention in Asians with Atrial Fibrillation
    Jiesuck Park, So-Ryoung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Soonil Kwon, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Myung-Jin Cha, Sang-Bae Ko, Seil Oh, Gregory Y. H. Lip
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(12): 2228.     CrossRef
  • Optimal Rivaroxaban Dose in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Normal or Mildly Impaired Renal Function
    So-Ryoung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Seil Oh, Gregory Y.H. Lip
    Stroke.2019; 50(5): 1140.     CrossRef
  • Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Are Related to Benign Parotid Tumor: A Nested Case-Control Study Using a National Health Screening Cohort
    So Young Kim, Chanyang Min, Dong Jun Oh, Hyo Geun Choi
    Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology.2019; 12(4): 412.     CrossRef
  • Increased Risk of Diabetes in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: A Nationwide Population-based Study in Korea
    Eun Ae Kang, Kyungdo Han, Jaeyoung Chun, Hosim Soh, Seona Park, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(3): 343.     CrossRef
  • Changes in the Diagnostic Efficiency of Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy during the Era of Increased Thyroid Cancer Screening in Korea
    Young Ki Lee, Kyeong Hye Park, Young Duk Song, Taemi Youk, Joo Young Nam, Sun Ok Song, Dong Yeob Shin, Eun Jig Lee
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2019; 51(4): 1430.     CrossRef
  • Safety and Effectiveness of Contemporary P2Y 12 Inhibitors in an East Asian Population With Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Nationwide Population‐Based Cohort Study
    Ji Eun Yun, Yun Jung Kim, Ji Jeong Park, Sehee Kim, Keunhui Park, Min Soo Cho, Gi‐Byoung Nam, Duk‐Woo Park
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and Low Body Weight
    So-Ryoung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Chan Soon Park, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Seil Oh, Gregory Y.H. Lip
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology.2019; 73(8): 919.     CrossRef
  • Trends in varicella and herpes zoster epidemiology before and after the implementation of universal one-dose varicella vaccination over one decade in South Korea, 2003–2015
    Jae-Ki Choi, Sun Hee Park, Sanghyun Park, Su-Mi Choi, Si-Hyun Kim, Dong-Gun Lee, Jin-Hong Yoo, Jung-Hyun Choi, Jin Han Kang
    Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics.2019; 15(11): 2554.     CrossRef
  • Obesity Fact Sheet in Korea, 2018: Data Focusing on Waist Circumference and Obesity-Related Comorbidities
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    Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome.2019; 28(4): 236.     CrossRef
  • Long-Term Impact of Newly Diagnosed Atrial Fibrillation During Critical Care
    Kyu Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Eunsun Jang, Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Jung-Hoon Sung, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Boyoung Joung
    Chest.2019; 156(3): 518.     CrossRef
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  • Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Valvular Heart Disease
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(10): 1624.     CrossRef
  • Relation between Baseline Height and New Diabetes Development: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
    Eun-Jung Rhee, Jung-Hwan Cho, Hyemi Kwon, Se-Eun Park, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Won-Young Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2019; 43(6): 794.     CrossRef
  • The Risk of Myocardial Infarction and Ischemic Stroke According to Waist Circumference in 21,749,261 Korean Adults: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
    Jung-Hwan Cho, Eun-Jung Rhee, Se-Eun Park, Hyemi Kwon, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Hye Soon Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Soon-Jib Yoo, Won-Young Lee
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  • The risk of end-stage renal disease in systemic lupus erythematosus
    Hong Sang Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Chang Seong Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
    Medicine.2019; 98(28): e16420.     CrossRef
  • Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention During 2-Year Follow-Up, from a Nationwide Population Study
    Jiesuck Park, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, You-Jung Choi, So-Ryoung Lee, Myung-Jin Cha, Jeehoon Kang, Kyung Woo Park, Seil Oh, Gregory Y.H. Lip
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  • Outcomes After Use of Standard- and Low-Dose Non–Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
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  • Association between Atrial Fibrillation, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure and Mortality in Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection: a nationwide population-based study
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  • National practice patterns and direct medical costs for prostate cancer in Korea across a 10 year period: a nationwide population-based study using a national health insurance database
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  • Venous thromboembolism in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma patients treated with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone
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  • Actinic keratosis and diabetes complications: A nationwide population-based study in South Korea (2009–2015)
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  • Ankylosing spondylitis: A novel risk factor for atrial fibrillation — A nationwide population-based study
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    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2019; 118: 31.     CrossRef
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    Mayo Clinic Proceedings.2019; 94(2): 225.     CrossRef
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    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.2019; 176(2): 419.     CrossRef
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    Hong Sang Choi, Ha Yeon Kim, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Chang Seong Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology.2019; 23(12): 1391.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(5): 654.     CrossRef
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    Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.2019; 29(1): 9.     CrossRef
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    Diabetes Care.2019; 42(11): 2057.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Gastroenterology.2019; 54(10): 881.     CrossRef
  • Is androgen deprivation therapy associated with cerebral infarction in patients with prostate cancer? A Korean nationwide population‐based propensity score matching study
    Bum Sik Tae, Byeong Jo Jeon, Hoon Choi, Jae Hyun Bae, Jae Young Park
    Cancer Medicine.2019; 8(9): 4475.     CrossRef
  • Adult lung transplantation case-volume and in-hospital and long-term mortality in Korea
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  • Systemic lupus erythematosus is a risk factor for cancer: a nationwide population-based study in Korea
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    Lupus.2019; 28(3): 317.     CrossRef
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    Annals of Pharmacotherapy.2019; 53(11): 1102.     CrossRef
  • Validation of diagnostic codes of major clinical outcomes in a National Health Insurance database
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    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2019; 104(11): 5633.     CrossRef
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    Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research.2019; 96(2): 58.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Case Volume on Mortality After Pediatric Liver Transplantation in Korea
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    Transplantation.2019; 103(8): 1649.     CrossRef
  • Prescription Patterns and Burden of Pediatric Asthma in Korea
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    Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research.2019; 11(2): 280.     CrossRef
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    Lung Cancer.2019; 136: 115.     CrossRef
  • Waist Circumference and All-Cause Mortality Independent of Body Mass Index in Korean Population from the National Health Insurance Health Checkup 2009–2015
    Yang-Hyun Kim, Seon Kim, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Seong-Su Lee, Sang Oh, Hye Park, Eun-Jung Rhee, Won-Young Lee, Soon Yoo
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2019; 8(1): 72.     CrossRef
  • Temporal trends in prevalence and antithrombotic treatment among Asians with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A nationwide Korean population-based study
    Jiesuck Park, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, You-jung Choi, Euijae Lee, Wonseok Choe, So-Ryoung Lee, Myung-Jin Cha, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jeehoon Kang, Kyung Woo Park, Seil Oh, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Chiara Lazzeri
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(1): e0209593.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing the incidence and treatment of intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage: time trends and socioeconomic disparities under an universal healthcare system
    Won Kyung Lee, Chang Wan Oh, Heeyoung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Hyeonseon Park
    Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery.2019; 11(2): 159.     CrossRef
  • Increasing trends in hospital care burden of atrial fibrillation in Korea, 2006 through 2015
    Daehoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Eunsun Jang, Hee Tae Yu, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y H Lip
    Heart.2018; 104(24): 2010.     CrossRef
  • Appropriate Amount of Regular Exercise Is Associated with a Reduced Mortality Risk
    DA YOUNG LEE, EUN-JUNG RHEE, JUNG HWAN CHO, HYEMI KWON, SE EUN PARK, YANG-HYUN KIM, KYUNGDO HAN, YONG-KYU PARK, SOON JIB YOO, WON-YOUNG LEE
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  • The effect of continuity of care on the incidence of end-stage renal disease in patients with newly detected type 2 diabetic nephropathy: a retrospective cohort study
    Yun Jung Jang, Yoon Soo Choy, Chung Mo Nam, Ki Tae Moon, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMC Nephrology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Increased end-stage renal disease risk in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A nationwide population-based study
    Seona Park, Jaeyoung Chun, Kyung-Do Han, Hosim Soh, Kookhwan Choi, Ji Hye Kim, Jooyoung Lee, Changhyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
    World Journal of Gastroenterology.2018; 24(42): 4798.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular disease risk differences between bus company employees and general workers according to the Korean National Health Insurance Data
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  • Impact of Renal Function on Outcomes With Edoxaban in Real-World Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
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    Stroke.2018; 49(10): 2421.     CrossRef
  • Association between adult height, myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke and death: a Korean nationwide population-based study
    Chan Soon Park, Eue-Keun Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Hyun Jung Lee, Tae-Min Rhee, So-Ryoung Lee, Myung-Jin Cha, Woo-Hyun Lim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Seil Oh
    International Journal of Epidemiology.2018; 47(1): 289.     CrossRef
  • Dietary Fat Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies
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    Nutrients.2018; 10(12): 1963.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Changes in Hemoglobin Concentration and Cardiovascular Risks and All‐Cause Mortality Among Young Women
    Gyeongsil Lee, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Jae‐Moon Yun, Joung Sik Son, Su‐Min Jeong, Sung Min Kim, Yeon‐Yong Kim, Seong Yong Park, Youngil Koh, Seung‐sik Hwang, Sang Min Park
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  • The economic burden of rotavirus infection in South Korea from 2009 to 2012
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  • Incidence and death rate of pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus in Korea: A nationwide, population‐based study (2006–2015)
    Young Bok Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Soo Young Lee, Jin‐Wou Kim, Dong Soo Yu, Kyung Do Han, Yong Gyu Park
    The Journal of Dermatology.2018; 45(12): 1396.     CrossRef
  • Protective Effect of Metformin Against Thyroid Cancer Development: A Population-Based Study in Korea
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    Thyroid.2018; 28(7): 864.     CrossRef
  • Association of oral ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin and moxifloxacin with the risk of serious ventricular arrhythmia: a nationwide cohort study in Korea
    Yongil Cho, Hyun Soo Park
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Current Status of Glycemic Control of Patients with Diabetes in Korea: The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Ja Young Jeon, Dae Jung Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Chul Sik Kim, Jee Hyun An, Nan Hee Kim, Jong Chul Won, Jae Hyeon Kim, Bong-Yun Cha, Kee-Ho Song
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(3):197-203.   Published online June 17, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.3.197
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) III (2005) reported that 22.9% of individuals with diabetes have a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <6.5% and that 43.5% have an HbA1c <7%. We investigated the levels of glycemic control and the factors associated with glycemic control using data from the KNHANES V (2010 to 2012).

Methods

Subjects with diabetes diagnosed by a physician or those taking antidiabetic medications were classified as individuals with known diabetes. Of 1,498 subjects aged ≥30 years with diabetes, we excluded 157 individuals who were missing HbA1c data. A total of 1,341 subjects were included in the final analysis.

Results

The prevalence of known diabetes was 7.7% (n=1,498, estimated to be 2.32 million people). The proportions of well-controlled diabetes meeting a HbA1c goal of <6.5% and <7% were 27% and 45.6%, respectively. HbA1c increased as the duration of diabetes increased. HbA1c in subjects with a duration of diabetes ≤5 years was lower than in subjects with a duration >5 years. HbA1c in the group taking only oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) was significantly lower than that in the group administered only insulin or OHA and insulin in combination. In logistic regression analysis, a longer duration of diabetes, insulin use and the absence of chronic renal failure were associated with HbA1c levels >6.5%.

Conclusion

The level of adequate glycemic control was similar to but slightly improved compared with previous levels. The glycemic control of long-standing diabetes patients is more difficult even though they receive insulin treatment.

Citations

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Prevalence and Determinants of Diabetic Nephropathy in Korea: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Jae Hee Ahn, Ji Hee Yu, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Dae Jung Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Kyungdo Han, Bong-Yun Cha, Nan Hee Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(2):109-119.   Published online April 18, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.2.109
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end stage renal disease and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. It manifests as albuminuria or impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy varies with ethnicity. The prevalence of diabetic nephropathy and its determinants in Korean adults have not previously been studied at the national level. This cross-sectional study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence and determinants of albuminuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Korean patients with diabetes.

Methods

The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V, conducted in 2011, was used to define albuminuria (n=4,652), and the dataset of KNHANES IV-V (2008-2011) was used to define CKD (n=21,521). Selected samples were weighted to represent the entire civilian population in Korea. Albuminuria was defined as a spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio >30 mg/g. CKD was defined as a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2.

Results

Among subjects with diabetes, 26.7% had albuminuria, and 8.6% had CKD. Diabetes was associated with an approximate 2.5-fold increased risk of albuminuria, with virtually no difference between new-onset and previously diagnosed diabetes. Only systolic blood pressure was significantly associated with albuminuria, and old age, high serum triglyceride levels, and previous cardiovascular disease (CVD) were related with CKD in subjects with diabetes.

Conclusion

Korean subjects with diabetes had a higher prevalence of albuminuria and CKD than those without diabetes. Blood pressure was associated with albuminuria, and age, triglyceride level, and previous CVD were independent determinants of CKD in subjects with diabetes.

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Prevalence, Awareness, and Management of Obesity in Korea: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2011)
Chul Sik Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Nan Hee Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Dae Jung Kim, Bong-Yun Cha
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(1):35-43.   Published online February 19, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.35
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes and several cardiovascular diseases. This study was to investigate the trends in the prevalence, awareness, and management status of obesity among the Korean population for recent 13 years.

Methods

The prevalence, subjective awareness, and management of obesity were investigated in adults aged ≥19 years by using the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 1998 to 2011.

Results

The number of participants was 8,117, 5,826, 5,500, 3,025, 6,756, 7,506, 6,255, and 6,155 in the KNHANES in years 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. The prevalence of obesity was 26.9%, 29.2%, 32.9%, 32.5%, 32.0%, 32.6%, 32.0%, and 32.0% in 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively, while the overall prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity increased by 1.19-fold and 1.24-fold respectively in 2011 compared against 2001. In general, a gradual increase in the prevalence of severe obesity has been observed as years go by. Furthermore, trends of improvements in obesity awareness and management rates were visible over the period of surveys.

Conclusion

Although the management status of obesity has improved during the recent years, more effective strategy to control obesity is needed.

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Higher Prevalence and Awareness, but Lower Control Rate of Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes than General Population: The Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011
Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Dae Jung Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park, Bong-Yun Cha
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(1):51-57.   Published online February 19, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.51
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

We investigated the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rate of hypertension in Korean adults with diabetes using nationally representative data.

Methods

Using data of 5,105 adults from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011 (4,389 nondiabetes mellitus [non-DM]), 242 newly diagnosed with DM (new-DM), and 474 previously diagnosed with DM (known-DM), we analyzed the prevalence of hypertension (mean systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, or use of antihypertensive medication) and control rate of hypertension (blood pressure [BP] <130/80 mm Hg).

Results

The prevalence of hypertension in diabetic adults was 54.6% (44.4% in new-DM and 62.6% in known-DM, P<0.0001 and P<0.0001, respectively) compared with non-DM adults (26.2%). Compared to non-DM, awareness (85.7%, P<0.001) and treatment (97.0%, P=0.020) rates were higher in known-DM, whereas no differences were found between new-DM and non-DM. Control rate among all hypertensive subjects was lower in new-DM (14.9%), compared to non-DM (35.1%, P<0.001) and known-DM (33.3%, P=0.004). Control rate among treated subjects was also lower in new-DM (25.2%), compared to non-DM (68.4%, P<0.0001) and known-DM (39.9%, P<0.0001).

Conclusion

Higher prevalence and low control rate of hypertension in adults with diabetes suggest that stringent efforts are needed to control BP in patients with diabetes, particularly in newly diagnosed diabetic patients.

Citations

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Statin Discontinuation after Achieving a Target Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level in Type 2 Diabetic Patients without Cardiovascular Disease: A Randomized Controlled Study
Seung-Hwan Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Yong-Moon Park, Seung-Hyun Ko, Yoon-Hee Choi, Kun-Ho Yoon, Yu-Bae Ahn
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(1):64-73.   Published online February 19, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.1.64
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

This study investigated the rate of relapse of dyslipidemia and the factors which could predict relapse following a short-term statin discontinuation after achieving a target low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level in type 2 diabetic patients without cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods

Ninety-nine subjects on rosuvastatin treatment and whose LDL-C level was lower than 100 mg/dL were randomly assigned to discontinue or maintain statin treatment at a 2:1 ratio. The subjects were followed-up after 10 weeks. A relapse of dyslipidemia was defined as a reascent of LDL-C level to greater than 100 mg/dL.

Results

The statin discontinuation group had a significant rate of relapse compared to the maintenance group (79% vs. 3%, respectively). Pretreatment and baseline lipid levels, their ratios, and hemoglobin A1c level were significantly different between the relapse and nonrelapse groups. The pretreatment and baseline lipid profiles and their ratios were independently associated with relapse. The pretreatment LDL-C level was the most useful parameter for predicting a relapse, with a cutoff of 123 mg/dL. During the follow-up period, no CVD event was noted.

Conclusion

The relapse rate of dyslipidemia was high when statins were discontinued in type 2 diabetic patients without CVD. Statin discontinuation should be considered carefully based on the pretreatment lipid profiles of patients.

Citations

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Prevalence and Management of Dyslipidemia in Korea: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 1998 to 2010
Eun Roh, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Nan Hee Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Dae Jung Kim, Sung Hee Choi, Soo Lim, Bong-Yun Cha
Diabetes Metab J. 2013;37(6):433-449.   Published online December 12, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2013.37.6.433
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the changing trends in the prevalence and management status of dyslipidemia among Korean adults.

Methods

The prevalence of dyslipidemia and the rates of awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia were investigated in adults aged ≥20 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys (KNHANES) 1998 to 2010. The updated National Cholesterol Education Program criteria was used, which define dyslipidemia as having one or more of the following lipid abnormalities: hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥240 mg/dL or diagnosis of dyslipidemia or use of lipid-lowering drugs), hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dL), hyper-low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterolemia (≥160 mg/dL or diagnosis of dyslipidemia or use of lipid-lowering drugs), and hypo-high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterolemia (<40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women).

Results

The number of participants was 6,921, 4,894, 5,312, 2,733, 6,295, 6,900, and 5,738 in KNHANES 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. Age-standardized prevalence rates of dyslipidemia were 54.0%, 65.8%, 66.5%, 60.6%, 58.7%, 58.9%, and 59.0% in 1998, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. Hypertriglyceridemia and hypo-HDL-cholesterolemia were the two most frequent lipid abnormalities. The overall prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and hyper-LDL-cholesterolemia increased by 1.36- and 1.35-fold in 2010 compared with 2007, respectively. Awareness, treatment, and control rates of dyslipidemia improved over the period of surveys in both sexes. In 2010, about 30% of dyslipidemic patients who received lipid-lowering treatment reached target levels.

Conclusion

Although the management status of dyslipidemia has improved during recent years, effective strategy is required for achieving better prevention, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia.

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Prevalence of Diabetes and Prediabetes according to Fasting Plasma Glucose and HbA1c
Ja Young Jeon, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Nan Hee Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Chul Sik Kim, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Soo Lim, Sung Hee Choi, Myoung-jin Jang, Yuna Kim, Kyungwon Oh, Dae Jung Kim, Bong-Yun Cha
Diabetes Metab J. 2013;37(5):349-357.   Published online October 17, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2013.37.5.349
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Background

Due to the inconvenience of performing oral glucose tolerance tests and day to day variability in glucose level, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been recommended by the American Diabetes Association as a method to diagnose diabetes. In addition, the Korean Diabetes Association has also recommended the use of HbA1c as a diagnostic test for diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of diabetes according to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level only or the combination of FPG and HbA1c tests.

Methods

Data from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were analyzed. Among 5,811 subjects aged 30 years or older, 5,020 were selected after excluding the data of fasting time <8 hours, missing values from fasting glucose or HbA1c level, previous diagnosis of diabetes made by physicians, or current use of antidiabetic medications. Diabetes was defined as FPG ≥126 mg/dL, previous diagnosis of diabetes made by a medical doctor, current use of antidiabetic medications, and/or HbA1c ≥6.5%. Prediabetes was defined as FPG of 100 to 125 mg/dL and/or HbA1c of 5.7% to 6.4%.

Results

When we used FPG only, the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes were 10.5% (men, 12.6%; women, 8.5%) and 19.3% (men, 23.8%; women, 14.9%), respectively. When HbA1c was included as a diagnostic test, the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes increased to 12.4% (men, 14.5%; women, 10.4%) and 38.3% (men, 41%; women, 35.7%), respectively. Participants with HbA1c ≥6.5% and fasting glucose level <126 mg/dL were older and had lower estimated glomerular filtration rate.

Conclusion

We concluded that using fasting glucose level only may result in an underestimation of diabetes and prediabetes. HbA1c is an acceptable complementary diagnostic test for diabetes in Korean patients. However, national standardization is needed to order to use HbA1c as a diagnostic method of diabetes and prediabetes.

Citations

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Influence of Visceral Adiposity on Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Eun-Hee Jang, Na-Young Kim, Yong-Moon Park, Mee-Kyoung Kim, Ki Hyun Baek, Ki-Ho Song, Kwang Woo Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Diabetes Metab J. 2012;36(4):285-292.   Published online August 20, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2012.36.4.285
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The aim of this study was to investigate the influences of visceral adiposity on cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods

Two hundred eleven patients with type 2 diabetes participated in this study. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured, and the visceral fat area was assessed using computed tomography. CAN was diagnosed using a cardiovascular reflex test. We analyzed the correlation between the visceral fat area and each parameter in this test.

Results

The mean age, body mass index (BMI), and duration of diabetes of the study population were 60±14 years (mean±standard deviation), 25.1±4.2 kg/m2, and 12.3±8.9 years, respectively. The visceral fat area showed positive correlations with age, BMI, waist circumference, and subcutaneous fat area. There was no statistically significant difference in the cardiovascular reflex test outcome between genders. Univariate linear regression analysis showed that an increased visceral fat area diminished good heart rate response to a Valsalva maneuver (R2=4.9%, P=0.013 in an unadjusted model), but only in women. This statistical association was preserved after adjusting for age and BMI (R2=9.8%, P=0.0072).

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest that visceral adiposity contributes to an autonomic imbalance to some degree, as demonstrated by the impaired cardiovascular reflex test among women with type 2 diabetes.

Citations

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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal