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Cheol Young Park  (Park CY) 4 Articles
Epidemiology
Clinical Characteristics of People with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes between 2015 and 2016: Difference by Age and Body Mass Index
Kyoung Hwa Ha, Cheol Young Park, In Kyung Jeong, Hyun Jin Kim, Sang-Yong Kim, Won Jun Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, In Joo Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Sungrae Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2018;42(2):137-146.   Published online February 14, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.42.2.137
  • 5,488 View
  • 80 Download
  • 11 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

We evaluated the clinical characteristics of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction in newly diagnosed, drug-naive people with type 2 diabetes by analyzing nationwide cross-sectional data.

Methods

We collected the clinical data of 912 participants with newly diagnosed diabetes from 83 primary care clinics and hospitals nationwide from 2015 to 2016. The presence of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction was defined as a homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) value ≥2.5 and fasting C-peptide levels <1.70 ng/mL, respectively.

Results

A total of 75.1% and 22.6% of participants had insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction, respectively. The proportion of participants with insulin resistance but no β-cell dysfunction increased, and the proportion of participants with β-cell dysfunction but no insulin resistance decreased as body mass index (BMI) increased. People diagnosed with diabetes before 40 years of age had significantly higher HOMA-IR and BMI than those diagnosed over 65 years of age (HOMA-IR, 5.0 vs. 3.0; BMI, 28.7 kg/m2 vs. 25.1 kg/m2). However, the β-cell function indices were lower in people diagnosed before 40 years of age than in those diagnosed after 65 years of age (homeostatic model assessment of β-cell function, 39.3 vs. 64.9; insulinogenic index, 10.3 vs. 18.7; disposition index, 0.15 vs. 0.25).

Conclusion

We observed that the main pathogenic mechanism of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance in participants with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. In addition, young adults with diabetes are more likely to have higher insulin resistance with obesity and have higher insulin secretory defect with severe hyperglycemia in the early period of diabetes than older populations.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A double‐blind, Randomized controlled trial on glucose‐lowering EFfects and safety of adding 0.25 or 0.5 mg lobeglitazone in type 2 diabetes patients with INadequate control on metformin and dipeptidyl peptidase‐4 inhibitor therapy: REFIND study
    Soree Ryang, Sang Soo Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Ji Min Han, Su Kyoung Kwon, Young Il Kim, Il Seong Nam‐Goong, Eun Sook Kim, Mi‐kyung Kim, Chang Won Lee, Soyeon Yoo, Gwanpyo Koh, Min Jeong Kwon, Jeong Hyun Park, In Joo Kim
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2022; 24(9): 1800.     CrossRef
  • Apparent Insulin Deficiency in an Adult African Population With New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes
    Davis Kibirige, Isaac Sekitoleko, Priscilla Balungi, William Lumu, Moffat J. Nyirenda
    Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Rising Incidence of Diabetes in Young Adults in South Korea: A National Cohort Study
    Hyun Ho Choi, Giwoong Choi, Hojun Yoon, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(5): 803.     CrossRef
  • A Real-World Study of Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Lobeglitazone in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Bo-Yeon Kim, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Suk Kyeong Kim, Jung-Hyun Noh, Cheol-Young Park, Hyeong-Kyu Park, Kee-Ho Song, Jong Chul Won, Jae Myung Yu, Mi Young Lee, Jae Hyuk Lee, Soo Lim, Sung Wan Chun, In-Kyung Jeong, Choon Hee Chung, Seung Jin Han, Hee-Seok Kim, Ju-Y
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(6): 855.     CrossRef
  • The Potential Effect of Rhizoma coptidis on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Based on Network Pharmacology and Molecular Docking
    Liyun Duan, De Jin, Xuedong An, Yuehong Zhang, Shenghui Zhao, Rongrong Zhou, Yingying Duan, Yuqing Zhang, Xinmin Liu, Fengmei Lian, Wen yi Kang
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • PRKAA2variation and the clinical characteristics of patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
    Dita Maria Virginia, Mae Sri Hartati Wahyuningsih, Dwi Aris Agung Nugrahaningsih
    Asian Biomedicine.2021; 15(4): 161.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and Safety of Pioglitazone versus Glimepiride after Metformin and Alogliptin Combination Therapy: A Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter, Parallel-Controlled Study
    Jeong Mi Kim, Sang Soo Kim, Jong Ho Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, Tae Nyun Kim, Soon Hee Lee, Chang Won Lee, Ja Young Park, Eun Sook Kim, Kwang Jae Lee, Young Sik Choi, Duk Kyu Kim, In Joo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(1): 67.     CrossRef
  • Favorable Glycemic Control with Once-Daily Insulin Degludec/Insulin Aspart after Changing from Basal Insulin in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
    Han Na Jang, Ye Seul Yang, Seong Ok Lee, Tae Jung Oh, Bo Kyung Koo, Hye Seung Jung
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2019; 34(4): 382.     CrossRef
  • Insulin Resistance versus β-Cell Failure: Is It Changing in Koreans?
    Mi-kyung Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(2): 128.     CrossRef
  • Response: Clinical Characteristics of People with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes between 2015 and 2016: Difference by Age and Body Mass Index (Diabetes Metab J2018;42:137-46)
    Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim, Sungrae Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(3): 251.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Clinical Characteristics of People with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes between 2015 and 2016: Difference by Age and Body Mass Index (Diabetes Metab J 2018;42:137-46)
    Ah Reum Khang
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(3): 249.     CrossRef
Perception of Clinicians and Diabetic Patients on the Importance of Postprandial Glucose Control and Diabetes Education Status: A Cross Sectional Survey
Ji Hun Choi, Cheol Young Park, Bong Soo Cha, In Joo Kim, Tae Sun Park, Joong Yeol Park, Kyung Soo Park, Kun Ho Yoon, In Kyu Lee, Sung Woo Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2012;36(2):120-127.   Published online April 17, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2012.36.2.120
  • 3,946 View
  • 34 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Recent studies have shown the importance of postprandial glucose (PPG) in the development of diabetes complications. This study was conducted in order to survey the perceptions of clinicians and diabetic patients with respect to PPG management and the current status of diabetes education.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study involving face-to-face interviews and an open questionnaire survey conducted in Korea. A total of 300 patients and 130 clinicians completed questionnaires, which included current education status, self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), criteria of diagnosis and management, and perceptions relating to PPG management.

Results

While there was a significantly higher perceived need for diabetes education, the sufficiency of the current education was considered to be severely lacking. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), PPG, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were all important considerations for clinicians when making a diagnosis of diabetes, although PPG was considered less important than FPG or HbA1c in the treatment of diabetes. Most clinicians and patients were aware of the importance of PPG, but actual education on the importance of PPG was not actively being delivered.

Conclusion

Our study showed that the current status of diabetes education is insufficient to meet the needs of the Korean population. A considerable gap was found to exist between awareness and what was actually taught in the current education program in regard to the importance of PPG. These results suggest that clinicians need to be more active in patient education, especially in regard to the importance of PPG.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Addressing Overbasalization to Achieve Glycemic Targets
    Kevin Cowart, Rachel Franks, Olivia Pane, Ellen Murphy, Kelly Oldziej
    ADCES in Practice.2022; 10(2): 30.     CrossRef
  • Post hoc efficacy and safety analysis of insulin glargine/lixisenatide fixed- ratio combination in North American patients compared with the rest of world
    George Dailey, Harpreet S Bajaj, Terry Dex, Melanie Groleau, William Stager, Aaron Vinik
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2019; 7(1): e000581.     CrossRef
  • Experiences of Diabetes Education among Educators of Diabetes : a content analysis approach
    Soo Jin Kang, Soo Jung Chang
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2016; 30(2): 221.     CrossRef
  • BeAM value: an indicator of the need to initiate and intensify prandial therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving basal insulin
    Ariel Zisman, Francienid Morales, John Stewart, Andreas Stuhr, Aleksandra Vlajnic, Rong Zhou
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2016; 4(1): e000171.     CrossRef
  • Does Availability of Reliable Home Blood Glucose Data at Diabetes Appointments Improve Glycemia?
    Gillian S. Boyd-Woschinko, David L. Kaiser, Michael Diefenbach, Ronald Tamler
    Endocrine Practice.2014; 20(4): 299.     CrossRef
  • Safety and effectiveness of insulin aspart in type 2 diabetic patients: Results from the ASEAN cohort of the A1chieve study
    Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar, Mary Anne Lim-Abrahan, Ananá B. Jain, Darren Seah, Pradana Soewondo
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2013; 100: S17.     CrossRef
Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Target Goal Attainment Rate and Physician Perceptions about Target Goal Achievement in Korean Patients with Diabetes
Jenie Yoonoo Hwang, Chang Hee Jung, Woo Je Lee, Cheol Young Park, Sung Rae Kim, Kun-Ho Yoon, Moon Kyu Lee, Sung Woo Park, Joong-Yeol Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(6):628-636.   Published online December 26, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2011.35.6.628
  • 4,250 View
  • 41 Download
  • 20 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

This study aims to investigate the discrepancy between clinicians' perceptions and actual achievement rates of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in Korean patients with diabetes according to updated American Diabetes Association (ADA)/American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACC) recommendations.

Methods

This is a multi-center, retrospective, non-interventional, observational study. Diabetic patients aged 18 years or older were eligible if they had been diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia or were receiving a lipid-lowering therapy between May 2010 and August 2010. The information was obtained by reviewing medical records and using a self-completed questionnaire to examine physician perceptions.

Results

A total of 2,591 subjects who satisfied the inclusion criteria were enrolled. Highest-risk and high-risk patients accounted for 61.9% and 38.1% of the patients, respectively. Although most (96.3%) underwent a statin monotherapy or a statin-based combination therapy, just 47.4% of patients attained the LDL-C target. However, the physicians' perceptions on target achievement rate (70.6%) were different from the actual results (47.4%). Many patients (65.3%) remained on the starting doses of statins, despite evidence of poor achievement of lipid goals.

Conclusion

Only less than half of patients with diabetes attained the LDL-C goal. The surveys showed that poor physician performance might be due to the lack of recognition on ADA/ACC consensus causing a low LDL-C target attainment rate. Therefore, changes in doctor perception are needed to attain target LDL-C level and reduce cardiovascular risk in Korean patients with diabetes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Lipid Management in Korean People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis Consensus Statement
    Ye Seul Yang, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Min Kyong Moon
    Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis.2023; 12(1): 12.     CrossRef
  • Lipid Management in Korean People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis Consensus Statement
    Ye Seul Yang, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Min Kyong Moon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2023; 47(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Impact of physician's perception about LDL cholesterol control in clinical practice when treating patients in Spain
    Juan Cosín-Sales, Raquel Campuzano Ruiz, José Luis Díaz Díaz, Carlos Escobar Cervantes, María Rosa Fernández Olmo, Juan José Gómez-Doblas, José María Mostaza, Juan Pedro-Botet, Núria Plana Gil, Pedro Valdivielso
    Atherosclerosis.2023; 375: 38.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Target Achievement in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea Compared with Recent Guidelines
    Soo Jin Yun, In-Kyung Jeong, Jin-Hye Cha, Juneyoung Lee, Ho Chan Cho, Sung Hee Choi, SungWan Chun, Hyun Jeong Jeon, Ho-Cheol Kang, Sang Soo Kim, Seung-Hyun Ko, Gwanpyo Koh, Su Kyoung Kwon, Jae Hyuk Lee, Min Kyong Moon, Junghyun Noh, Cheol-Young Park, Sung
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(3): 464.     CrossRef
  • Lipid-lowering treatment intensity, persistence, adherence and goal attainment in patients with coronary heart disease
    Faizan Mazhar, Paul Hjemdahl, Catherine M Clase, Kristina Johnell, Tomas Jernberg, Juan Jesus Carrero
    American Heart Journal.2022; 251: 78.     CrossRef
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    Ke Li, Meng-Meng Liu, Xin Yang, Li Chen, Hui Geng, Wei Luo, Jie Ma
    Medicine.2021; 100(24): e26340.     CrossRef
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    Ye Seul Yang, Seo Young Lee, Jung-Sun Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Kang Wook Lee, Sang-Chol Lee, Jung Rae Cho, Seung-Jin Oh, Ji-Hyun Kim, Sung Hee Choi
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(2): 367.     CrossRef
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    Lipids in Health and Disease.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Sang-Hak Lee, Woo-Hyuk Song, Myung Ho Jeong, Seung-Ho Hur, Dong Woon Jeon, Wonju Jeung, Anselm K Gitt, Martin Horack, Ami Vyas, Dominik Lautsch, Baishali Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Yangsoo Jang
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    Jae-Woo Lee, Na-Young You, Yeseul Kim, Yonghwan Kim, Joungyoun Kim, Hee-Taik Kang
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2019; 29(7): 701.     CrossRef
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    Current Medical Research and Opinion.2018; 34(2): 227.     CrossRef
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    Metabolism.2016; 65(6): 843.     CrossRef
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Management of Blood Pressure in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Survey in Korean
Mi Hae Seo, Woo Je Lee, Cheol Young Park, Sung Rae Kim, Joong Yeol Park, Kun-Ho Yoon, Moon Kyu Lee, Sung Woo Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(4):348-353.   Published online August 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2011.35.4.348
  • 3,935 View
  • 33 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Hypertension is common in patients with type 2 diabetes, affecting up to 60% of patients. The Korean Diabetes Association performed a nationwide survey about prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension among diabetic Koreans.

Methods

The current survey included 3,859 diabetic patients recruited from 43 hospitals in Korea. Age, gender, height, weight and blood pressure (BP) were measured by standard methods. Data on fasting plasma glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), awareness of hypertension, and compliance of antihypertensive medication were collected via interview and reviewed using patient medical records.

Results

A total of 57.5% of all patients were >60 years old. Their mean HbA1c was 7.6±1.5%. Among antihypertensive medication users, 39.9% had <130 mm Hg and <80 mm Hg, whereas 60.1% had ≥130 mm Hg or ≥80 mm Hg. The answer "BP is under good control" was given by 75.1% of the antihypertensive medication users. Out of these patients, 26.4% had <130 mm Hg and <80 mm Hg, whereas 73.6% had ≥130 mm Hg or ≥80 mm Hg. A total of 75.5% of antihypertensive medication users answered that they had taken their antihypertensive medication every day for the past 2 weeks. "Forgetfulness" was most frequently the reason of non-compliance for patients that did not take their antihypertensive medication regularly.

Conclusion

Approximately one third of the patients with diabetes were found to reach target blood pressure control in the 43 hospitals across Korea. Stricter control is needed to reduce severe complications of diabetes in Korea.

Citations

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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal