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Chai Ryoung Eun  (Eun CR) 1 Article
Effect of Eplerenone, a Selective Aldosterone Blocker, on the Development of Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetic Rats
Jae Hee Ahn, Ho Cheol Hong, Myong Jin Cho, Yoon Jung Kim, Hae Yoon Choi, Chai Ryoung Eun, Sae Jeong Yang, Hye Jin Yoo, Hee Young Kim, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Nan Hee Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2012;36(2):128-135.   Published online April 17, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2012.36.2.128
  • 3,945 View
  • 31 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Aldosterone antagonists are reported to have beneficial effects on diabetic nephropathy by effective blocking of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. We investigated the renoprotective effect of the selective aldosterone receptor blocker eplerenone, the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril, and combined eplerenone and lisinopril treatment in type 2 diabetic rats.

Methods

Animals were divided into six groups as follows: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat control, OLETF rats treated with a low dose of eplerenone (50 mg/kg/day), OLETF rats treated with a high dose of eplerenone (200 mg/kg/day), OLETF rats treated with lisinopril (10 mg/kg/day), OLETF rats treated with a combination of both drugs (eplerenone 200 mg/kg/day and lisinopril 10 mg/kg/day), and obese non-diabetic Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka rats for 26 weeks.

Results

Urinary albumin excretion was significantly lower in the lisinopril group, but not in the eplerenone group. Urinary albumin excretion was decreased in the combination group than in the lisinopril group. Glomerulosclerosis and renal expression of type I and type IV collagen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, transforming growth factor-β1, connective tissue growth factor, and fibronectin mRNA were markedly decreased in the lisinopril, eplerenone, and combination groups.

Conclusion

Eplerenone and lisinopril combination showed additional benefits on type 2 diabetic nephropathy compared to monotherapy of each drug.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Effects of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists on the progression of diabetic nephropathy
    Li‐Jing Sun, Yan‐Ni Sun, Jian‐Ping Shan, Geng‐Ru Jiang
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2017; 8(4): 609.     CrossRef
  • New agents modulating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system—Will there be a new therapeutic option?
    Anna Gromotowicz-Poplawska, Piotr Szoka, Patrycjusz Kolodziejczyk, Karol Kramkowski, Marzena Wojewodzka-Zelezniakowicz, Ewa Chabielska
    Experimental Biology and Medicine.2016; 241(17): 1888.     CrossRef
  • Crosstalk between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ and mineralcorticoid receptor in TNF-α activated renal tubular cell
    Jing Xiao, Weijun Chen, Yijun Lu, Xiaoli Zhang, Chensheng Fu, Zhenwen Yan, Zhenxing Zhang, Zhibin Ye
    Inflammation Research.2015; 64(8): 603.     CrossRef
  • Eplerenone reduces arterial thrombosis in diabetic rats
    Agnieszka Zakrzeska, Anna Gromotowicz-Popławska, Janusz Szemraj, Piotr Szoka, Wioleta Kisiel, Tomasz Purta, Irena Kasacka, Ewa Chabielska
    Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System.2015; 16(4): 1085.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacological modulation of fibrinolytic response – In vivo and in vitro studies
    Karol Kramkowski, Agnieszka Leszczynska, Wlodzimierz Buczko
    Pharmacological Reports.2015; 67(4): 695.     CrossRef

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