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Bong Gun Kim  (Kim BG) 1 Article
Relationships between Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity and Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes
Byung Kil Ha, Bong Gun Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Soon Il Lee, Soon Myung Jung, Ja Young Park, Chang Won Lee, Sang Soo Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, In Ju Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2012;36(6):443-451.   Published online December 12, 2012
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is known to be a good surrogate marker of clinical atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a major predictor for developing neuropathy. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between baPWV and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in patients with type 2 diabetes.


A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted involving 692 patients with type 2 diabetes. The correlation between increased baPWV and DPN, neurological symptoms, and neurological assessment was analyzed. DPN was examined using the total symptom score (TSS), ankle reflexes, the vibration test, and the 10-g monofilament test. DPN was defined as TSS ≥2 and an abnormal neurological assessment. Data were expressed as means±standard deviation for normally distributed data and as median (interquartile range) for non-normally distributed data. Independent t-tests or chi-square tests were used to make comparisons between groups, and a multiple logistic regression test was used to evaluate independent predictors of DPN. The Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test was used to adjust for age.


Patients with DPN had higher baPWV and systolic blood pressure, and were more likely to be older and female, when compared to the control group. According to univariate analysis of risk factors for DPN, the odds ratio of the baPWV ≥1,600 cm/sec was 1.611 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.072 to 2.422; P=0.021) and the odds ratio in female was 1.816 (95% CI, 1.195 to 2.760; P=0.005).


Increased baPWV was significantly correlated with peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    IEEE Sensors Journal.2023; 23(19): 23570.     CrossRef
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    A. I. P. Wiegerinck, A. Thomsen, J. Hisdal, H. Kalvøy, C. Tronstad
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    Frontiers in Medicine.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Bo Hyun Kim, Jae Sik Jang, Yong Seop Kwon, June Hyung Kim, In Joo Kim, Chang Won Lee
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  • Nerve conduction velocity is negatively associated with intima-media thickness and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Sayuri Tanaka, Ippei Kanazawa, Toshitsugu Sugimoto, Rayaz A. Malik
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(12): e0209503.     CrossRef
  • The association between pulse wave velocity and peripheral neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Anastasios Tentolouris, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Pinelopi Grigoropoulou, Alexander Kokkinos, Gerasimos Siasos, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Nikolaos Tentolouris
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  • Neurogenic Pain Disorder in the Foot and Ankle: Peripheral Neuropathy
    Hak Jun Kim, Young Hwan Park, Soo Hyun Kim
    Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association.2017; 52(4): 305.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
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    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2016; 40(4): 297.     CrossRef
  • The association between arterial stiffness and tongue manifestations of blood stasis in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Po-Chi Hsu, Yu-Chuen Huang, John Y. Chiang, Hen-Hong Chang, Pei-Yung Liao, Lun-Chien Lo
    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Aortic Stiffness as a Surrogate Endpoint to Micro- and Macrovascular Complications in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Claudia Cardoso, Gil Salles
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2016; 17(12): 2044.     CrossRef
  • Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity is Associated with Composite Carotid and Coronary Atherosclerosis in a Middle-Aged Asymptomatic Population
    Hyung Joon Joo, Sang-A Cho, Jae-Young Cho, Seunghun Lee, Jae Hyoung Park, Sung Ho Hwang, Soon Jun Hong, Cheol Woong Yu, Do-Sun Lim
    Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis.2016; 23(9): 1033.     CrossRef
  • Arterial stiffness in diabetes mellitus
    Stuart B. Prenner, Julio A. Chirinos
    Atherosclerosis.2015; 238(2): 370.     CrossRef
  • Association between Brachial-Ankle pulse wave velocity and cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes
    Nan Wu, Xiaoling Cai, Kuanping Ye, Yintao Li, Min He, Weiwei Zhao, Renming Hu
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef

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