Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal

Search
OPEN ACCESS

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse > Author index
Search
Bo-Kyung Koo  (Koo BK) 2 Articles
The Effects of Resistance Training on Muscle and Body Fat Mass and Muscle Strength in Type 2 Diabetic Women
Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Ah Han, Yun Hyi Ku, Hee Jung Ahn, Bo-Kyung Koo, Ho Chul Kim, Kyung Wan Min
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(2):101-110.   Published online April 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.2.101
  • 4,832 View
  • 73 Download
  • 54 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Our goal was to investigate the effects of low intensity resistance training on body fat, muscle mass and strength, cardiovascular fitness, and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes.

Methods

Twenty-eight overweight women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a resistance training group (RG, n = 13) or a control group (CG, n = 15). RG performed resistance training using elastic bands, of which strength was equal to 40 to 50% of one repetition maximum (1RM), for three days per week. Each exercise consisted of three sets for 60 minutes. We assessed abdominal fat using computed tomography, muscle mass using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and muscle strength using Keiser's chest and leg press. Insulin sensitivity was measured using the insulin tolerance test, and aerobic capacity was expressed as oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (AT-VO2) before and after the 12-week exercise program.

Results

The age of participants was 56.4 ± 7.1 years, duration of diabetes was 5.9 ± 5.5 years, and BMI was 27.4 ± 2.5 kg/m2, without significant differences between two groups. During intervention, a greater increase in muscle mass and greater decreases in both total fat mass and abdominal fat were observed in RG compared to those of CG (P = 0.015, P = 0.011, P = 0.010, respectively). Increase in 1RM of upper and lower extremities was observed in the RG (P = 0.004, P = 0.040, respectively), without changes in AT-VO2 and insulin resistance in either group.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the low intensity resistance training was effective in increasing muscle mass and strength and reducing total fat mass without change of insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Current trends in the development of soy-based foods containing probiotics and paving the path for soy-synbiotics
    Minnu Sasi, Sandeep Kumar, Muzaffar Hasan, Arpitha S. R., Enriqueta Garcia-Gutierrez, Sweta Kumari, Om Prakash, Lata Nain, Archana Sachdev, Anil Dahuja
    Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.2023; 63(29): 9995.     CrossRef
  • Communication Strategies and Resources for Health and Fitness Professionals to Minimize Diabetes-Related Social Stigma
    Lindsay J. Della, Annika Reitenga, Kristi M. King
    ACSM'S Health & Fitness Journal.2023; 27(2): 54.     CrossRef
  • IMPACTS OF MUSCLE TRAINING LOADS ON COLLEGE STUDENTS' PHYSICAL FITNESS
    Wang Lu, Zheng Hua, Wang Tailin, Wei Xuanxi
    Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of resistance training on HbA1c in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the moderating effect of changes in muscular strength: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Anna K Jansson, Li X Chan, David R Lubans, Mitch J Duncan, Ronald C Plotnikoff
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2022; 10(2): e002595.     CrossRef
  • Role of genetic factors (biology of telomeres) in cardiac rehabilitation
    D. M. Aronov, O. M. Drapkina, M. G. Bubnova
    Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention.2022; 21(6): 3272.     CrossRef
  • Effects of 12-Week Progressive Sandbag Exercise Training on Glycemic Control and Muscle Strength in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Combined with Possible Sarcopenia
    Yu-Hsuan Chien, Chia-Jen Tsai, Dean-Chuan Wang, Pin-Hung Chuang, Hwai-Ting Lin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(22): 15009.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Online Live Pilates Training during the COVID-19 Pandemic on Body Composition, Cardiovascular Function, and Physical Fitness in Sedentary Middle-aged Obese Women
    Jung-Heon Choi, Ko-Eun Choi, Man-Gyoon Lee
    Korean Journal of Sport Science.2022; 33(4): 521.     CrossRef
  • Muscular Strength, Functional Fitness, Body Composition, and Quality of Life after 12 Weeks of Detraining in Older Females
    Matúš Krčmár, Nora Halmová, Jaroslav Krajčovič, Bohumila Krčmárová
    Physical & Occupational Therapy In Geriatrics.2021; 39(2): 129.     CrossRef
  • Comparison between different types of exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and network metanalysis of randomized controlled trials
    Edoardo Mannucci, Allegra Bonifazi, Matteo Monami
    Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases.2021; 31(7): 1985.     CrossRef
  • DETERMINING NEW ANTHROPOMETRIC MARKERS FOR SCREENING TYPE 2 DM IN A CARIBBEAN REGION.
    Amruta Rajput, Upendra K Gupta, Guri Tzivion, Ravindrasingh Rajput
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.2021; : 58.     CrossRef
  • Effect of elastic band resistance training with green coffee extract supplementation on adiposity indices and TyG-related Indicators in Obese Women
    Zahra Rashidi, Rezvan Beigi, Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi, Mohammad Faramarzi, Ebrahim Banitalebi, Tina Jafari, Conrad P. Earnest, Julien S. Baker
    Obesity Medicine.2021; 24: 100351.     CrossRef
  • Effect of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on visceral fat: A systemic review and meta‐analysis
    Mousa Khalafi, Abbas Malandish, Sara K. Rosenkranz, Ali A. Ravasi
    Obesity Reviews.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Elastic Resistance Band Training on Postural Control and Body Composition in Sedentary Women
    Yağmur KOCAOĞLU, Nurtekin ERKMEN
    Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi.2021; 6(1): 233.     CrossRef
  • Strength Training and Insulin Resistance: The Mediating Role of Body Composition
    McKayla J. Niemann, Larry A. Tucker, Bruce W. Bailey, Lance E. Davidson
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Beyond general resistance training. Hypertrophy versus muscular endurance training as therapeutic interventions in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Pedro Acosta‐Manzano, María Rodriguez‐Ayllon, Francisco M. Acosta, David Niederseer, Josef Niebauer
    Obesity Reviews.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Resistance Exercise Intensity is Correlated with Attenuation of HbA1c and Insulin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Yubo Liu, Weibing Ye, Qian Chen, Yong Zhang, Chia-Hua Kuo, Mallikarjuna Korivi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(1): 140.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Reducing Body Weight and Glycosylated Hemoglobin Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Ji-Eun Jang, Yongin Cho, Byung Wan Lee, Ein-Soon Shin, Sun Hee Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2019; 43(3): 302.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a moderate-to-high intensity resistance circuit training on fat mass, functional capacity, muscular strength, and quality of life in elderly: A randomized controlled trial
    Pablo Jorge Marcos-Pardo, Francisco Javier Orquin-Castrillón, Gemma María Gea-García, Ruperto Menayo-Antúnez, Noelia González-Gálvez, Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Resistance Exercise on Glycated Hemoglobin and Functional Performance in Older Patients with Comorbid Diabetes Mellitus and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial
    Shu-Mei Chen, Feng-Chih Shen, Jung-Fu Chen, Wen-Dien Chang, Nai-Jen Chang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 17(1): 224.     CrossRef
  • Effects of low‐intensity resistance training on muscular function and glycemic control in older adults with type 2 diabetes
    Eri Takenami, ShinMin Iwamoto, Noriko Shiraishi, Akiko Kato, Yuichi Watanabe, Yoshifumi Yamada, Satoru Yamada, Naokata Ishii
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2019; 10(2): 331.     CrossRef
  • Effect of 12-Month Resistance Training on Changes in Abdominal Adipose Tissue and Metabolic Variables in Patients with Prediabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Juan Yan, Xia Dai, Jitao Feng, Xiaodan Yuan, Jianing Li, Lihong Yang, Panpan Zuo, Zhaohui Fang, Chao Liu, Cunyi Hsue, Junya Zhu, Joshua D. Miller, Qingqing Lou
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2019; 2019: 1.     CrossRef
  • Positive Effects of a Short-Term Intense Elastic Resistance Training Program on Body Composition and Physical Functioning in Overweight Older Women
    Nicole B. Fritz, Álvaro Juesas, Pedro Gargallo, Joaquín Calatayud, Julio Fernández-Garrido, Michael E. Rogers, Juan C. Colado
    Biological Research For Nursing.2018; 20(3): 321.     CrossRef
  • Protein timing during the day and its relevance for muscle strength and lean mass
    Samuel L. Buckner, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Paul D. Loprinzi
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.2018; 38(2): 332.     CrossRef
  • Exercise training modalities in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
    Bei Pan, Long Ge, Yang-qin Xun, Ya-jing Chen, Cai-yun Gao, Xue Han, Li-qian Zuo, Hou-qian Shan, Ke-hu Yang, Guo-wu Ding, Jin-hui Tian
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Resistance training reduces metabolic syndrome and inflammatory markers in older women: A randomized controlled trial
    Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Mariana F. Souza, Roberto C. Burini, Cláudia R. Cavaglieri, Alex S. Ribeiro, Melissa Antunes, João P. Nunes, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Luís B. Sardinha, Edilson S. Cyrino
    Journal of Diabetes.2018; 10(4): 328.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Resistance Training with Blood Flow Restriction on Follistatin to Myostatin Ratio, Body Composition and Anaerobic Power of Trained-Volleyball Players
    Reza Bagheri, Amir Rashidlamir, Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini
    Medical Laboratory Journal.2018; 12(6): 28.     CrossRef
  • Effects of 8-week kettlebell training on body composition, muscle strength, pulmonary function, and chronic low-grade inflammation in elderly women with sarcopenia
    Hung-Ting Chen, Huey-June Wu, Yu-Jen Chen, Sung-Yen Ho, Yu-Chun Chung
    Experimental Gerontology.2018; 112: 112.     CrossRef
  • F inding the O ptimal volume and intensity of R esistance T raining E xercise for Type 2 Diabetes: The FORTE Study, a Randomized Trial
    Pearl Yang, Walter Swardfager, Daniel Fernandes, Sheila Laredo, George Tomlinson, Paul I. Oh, Scott Thomas
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2017; 130: 98.     CrossRef
  • Exercise and ectopic fat in type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    A. Sabag, K.L. Way, S.E. Keating, R.N. Sultana, H.T. O’Connor, M.K. Baker, V.H. Chuter, J. George, N.A. Johnson
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2017; 43(3): 195.     CrossRef
  • Resistance training to improve type 2 diabetes: working toward a prescription for the future
    Dominik H. Pesta, Renata L. S. Goncalves, Anila K. Madiraju, Barbara Strasser, Lauren M. Sparks
    Nutrition & Metabolism.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Improvement of obesity-linked skeletal muscle insulin resistance by strength and endurance training
    Sergio Di Meo, Susanna Iossa, Paola Venditti
    Journal of Endocrinology.2017; 234(3): R159.     CrossRef
  • Leisure time sedentary behavior, physical activity and frequency of protein consumption on lower extremity strength and lean mass
    P D Loprinzi, J P Loenneke, D L Hamilton
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2017; 71(12): 1399.     CrossRef
  • Strength Training Prevents Hyperinsulinemia, Insulin Resistance, and Inflammation Independent of Weight Loss in Fructose-Fed Animals
    José D. Botezelli, Andressa Coope, Ana C. Ghezzi, Lucieli T. Cambri, Leandro P. Moura, Pedro P. M. Scariot, Rodrigo Stellzer Gaspar, Rania A. Mekary, Eduardo Rochete Ropelle, José Rodrigo Pauli
    Scientific Reports.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Training on Glucose Control, Body Composition, and Physical Function in Women With Short- vs. Long-Duration Type-2 Diabetes
    Bong-Sup Park, Andy V. Khamoui, Lee E. Brown, Do-Youn Kim, Kyung-Ah Han, Kyung-Wan Min, Geun-Hee An
    Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.2016; 30(6): 1688.     CrossRef
  • Neuromuscular dysfunction in type 2 diabetes: underlying mechanisms and effect of resistance training
    Giorgio Orlando, Stefano Balducci, Ilenia Bazzucchi, Giuseppe Pugliese, Massimo Sacchetti
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2016; 32(1): 40.     CrossRef
  • Physical exercises with free weights and elastic bands can improve body composition parameters in postmenopausal women
    Simoni T. Bittar, Sergio S. Maeda, Marília M.S. Marone, Cláudio Santili
    Menopause.2016; 23(4): 383.     CrossRef
  • Effects of exercise training using resistance bands on glycaemic control and strength in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    Samantha K. McGinley, Marni J. Armstrong, Normand G. Boulé, Ronald J. Sigal
    Acta Diabetologica.2015; 52(2): 221.     CrossRef
  • Effect of exercise training on neuromuscular function of elbow flexors and knee extensors of type 2 diabetic patients
    I. Bazzucchi, G. De Vito, F. Felici, S. Dewhurst, A. Sgadari, M. Sacchetti
    Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology.2015; 25(5): 815.     CrossRef
  • Effects of short term elastic resistance training on muscle mass and strength in untrained older adults: a randomized clinical trial
    Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Marisete Peralta Safons, Martim Bottaro, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Leonardo Rios Diniz, Romulo Maia Carlos Fonseca, Ana Clara Bonini-Rocha, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira
    BMC Geriatrics.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor correlated with muscle strength in subjects undergoing stationary bicycle exercise training
    Sen-Wei Tsai, Yin-Ching Chan, Francois Liang, Chiann-Yi Hsu, I-Te Lee
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.2015; 29(3): 367.     CrossRef
  • Implementation of Resources to Support Patient Physical Activity through Diabetes Centres in Nova Scotia: The Effectiveness of Enhanced Support for Exercise Participation
    Jonathon R. Fowles, Chris Shields, Lisette d’Entremont, Stephanie McQuaid, Brittany Barron, Peggy Dunbar
    Canadian Journal of Diabetes.2014; 38(6): 423.     CrossRef
  • Changes in insulin sensitivity in response to different modalities of exercise: a review of the evidence
    S. Mann, C. Beedie, S. Balducci, S. Zanuso, J. Allgrove, F. Bertiato, A. Jimenez
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2014; 30(4): 257.     CrossRef
  • The surprising influence of family history to type 2 diabetes on anaerobic performance of young male élite athletes
    Antonino Bianco, Francesco Pomara, Antonino Patti, Ewan Thomas, Marco Petrucci, Marianna Bellafiore, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma
    SpringerPlus.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Skeletal muscle and organ masses differ in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes
    Lance E. Davidson, David E. Kelley, Stanley Heshka, John Thornton, F. Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Lawrence Boxt, Ashok Balasubramanyam, Dympna Gallagher
    Journal of Applied Physiology.2014; 117(4): 377.     CrossRef
  • The effects of elastic band resistance training combined with blood flow restriction on strength, total bone‐free lean body mass and muscle thickness in postmenopausal women
    Robert S. Thiebaud, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Christopher A. Fahs, Lindy M. Rossow, Daeyeol Kim, Takashi Abe, Mark A. Anderson, Kaelin C. Young, Debra A. Bemben, Michael G. Bemben
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.2013; 33(5): 344.     CrossRef
  • Predicting Aerobic Fitness Improvements after Participation in a Hybrid Supervised and Home-Based Exercise Program in People with Type 2 Diabetes
    Pearl Yang, Paul Oh
    Canadian Journal of Diabetes.2013; 37(6): 388.     CrossRef
  • Impacto do treinamento resistido na força e hipertrofia muscular em HIV-soropositivos
    Ciro José Brito, Edmar Lacerda Mendes, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Sérgio Oliveira De Paula, Otávio de Tolêdo Nóbrega, Cláudio Córdova
    Motriz: Revista de Educação Física.2013; 19(2): 313.     CrossRef
  • Resistance Training for Diabetes Prevention and Therapy: Experimental Findings and Molecular Mechanisms
    Barbara Strasser, Dominik Pesta
    BioMed Research International.2013; 2013: 1.     CrossRef
  • Resistance training, visceral obesity and inflammatory response: a review of the evidence
    B. Strasser, M. Arvandi, U. Siebert
    Obesity Reviews.2012; 13(7): 578.     CrossRef
  • The effects of resistance training on ApoB/ApoA-I ratio, Lp(a) and inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Nikolaos P. E. Kadoglou, Grigorios Fotiadis, Zoi Athanasiadou, Ioulia Vitta, Stylianos Lampropoulos, Ioannis S. Vrabas
    Endocrine.2012; 42(3): 561.     CrossRef
  • A systematic review and meta‐analysis of the effect of aerobic vs. resistance exercise training on visceral fat
    I. Ismail, S. E. Keating, M. K. Baker, N. A. Johnson
    Obesity Reviews.2012; 13(1): 68.     CrossRef
  • Aging, Resistance Training, and Diabetes Prevention
    Kyle D. Flack, Kevin P. Davy, Matthew W. Hulver, Richard A. Winett, Madlyn I. Frisard, Brenda M. Davy
    Journal of Aging Research.2011; 2011: 1.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Aerobic/Resistance Exercise on Body Fat Mass, Muscle Strength and Endothelial Function in Korean Type 2 Diabetes mellitus Patients
    Kyung Wan Min
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes
    Sheri R. Colberg, Ronald J. Sigal, Bo Fernhall, Judith G. Regensteiner, Bryan J. Blissmer, Richard R. Rubin, Lisa Chasan-Taber, Ann L. Albright, Barry Braun
    Diabetes Care.2010; 33(12): e147.     CrossRef
Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Weight, Glucose and Lipid Control in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Hee-Jung Ahn, Kyung-Ah Han, Hwi-Ryun Kwon, Bo-Kyung Koo, Hyun-Jin Kim, Kang-Seo Park, Kyung-Wan Min
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(2):86-94.   Published online April 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.2.86
  • 3,182 View
  • 28 Download
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys reported 65% of daily energy intake (EI) as carbohydrate (CHO) in the Korean population and main source of CHO was cooked rice. We used a standardized-small sized rice bowl for diet education and investigated its effectiveness on body weight, glucose and lipid, compared to the conventional food exchange system in type 2 diabetes obese women.

Methods

Type 2 diabetic women with body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2 were randomly assigned to small rice bowl-based meal plan (BM) and food exchange-based meal plan (ExM) group. Both groups were asked to reduce their EI by 500 kcal/day for 12 weeks. The macronutrient composition was instructed: 55 to 60% of EI as CHO, 15 to 20% as protein, and 20 to 25% as fat. BM group received only a simple instruction for application of the rice bowl. Nutrient intake was estimated with the 3-day dietary records.

Results

Finally, 44 subjects finished the study. The percent reduction of body weight was significant both BM group (-5.1 ± 2.6%) and ExM group (-4.8 ± 2.8%) after 12 weeks (P < 0.001) but there was no difference between the groups. There was no difference in the proportional change of CHO, protein and fat in EI between the groups. Additionally, the change of HbA1c and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol were not significantly different between the two groups.

Conclusion

The BM group was as effective as ExM for body weight and glucose control in type 2 diabetes obese women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Development of a Sport Food Exchange List for Dietetic Practice in Sport Nutrition
    José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Susana Menal-Puey, Isabel Sospedra, Giuseppe Russolillo, Aurora Norte, Iva Marques-Lopes
    Nutrients.2020; 12(8): 2403.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Combined Therapy with Fenugreek and Nutrition Training Based on Iranian Traditional Medicine on FBS, HgA1c, BMI, and Waist Circumference in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: a Randomized Double Blinded Clinical Trial
    Seyyedeh Seddigheh Hassani, Arezodar Fallahi, Seyyed Saeid Esmaeili, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
    Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research.2019; 27(120): 37.     CrossRef
  • Development of a Spanish Food Exchange List: Application of Statistical Criteria to a Rationale Procedure
    Iva Marques-Lopes, Susana Menal-Puey, J. Alfredo Martínez, Giuseppe Russolillo
    Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.2018; 118(7): 1161.     CrossRef
  • A Practical Approach to the Management of Micronutrients and Other Nutrients of Concern in Food Exchange Lists for Meal Planning
    Giuseppe Russolillo-Femenías, Susana Menal-Puey, J. Alfredo Martínez, Iva Marques-Lopes
    Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.2018; 118(11): 2029.     CrossRef
  • Anemia is inversely associated with serum C-peptide concentrations in individuals with type 2 diabetes
    Jin Ook Chung, Seon-Young Park, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung
    Medicine.2018; 97(32): e11783.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between serum C-peptide level and diabetic retinopathy according to estimated glomerular filtration rate in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Jin Ook Chung, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung
    Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.2015; 29(3): 350.     CrossRef
  • Serum bilirubin concentrations are positively associated with serum C‐peptide levels in patients with Type 2 diabetes
    J. O. Chung, D. H. Cho, D. J. Chung, M. Y. Chung
    Diabetic Medicine.2014; 31(11): 1316.     CrossRef
  • Association between serum C-peptide levels and chronic microvascular complications in Korean type 2 diabetic patients
    Bo-Yeon Kim, Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok, Sung-Koo Kang, Chul-Hee Kim
    Acta Diabetologica.2012; 49(1): 9.     CrossRef
  • Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan for Energy and Marcronutrient Intake in Korean Men with Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study
    Hee Jung Ahn, Kyung Ah Han, Jin Young Jang, Jae Hyuk Lee, Kang Seo Park, Kyung Wan Min
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(3): 273.     CrossRef
  • The Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan was Effective at Reducing Dietary Energy Intake, Body Weight, and Blood Glucose Levels in Korean Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Hee Jung Ahn, Kyung Ah Han, Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(6): 340.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal