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Tae Wha Kim  (Kim TW) 11 Articles
The Effect of alpha-Lipoic Acid on Proteinuria and Renal TGFbeta Expression in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Model.
Seok Woo Kang, Seong Jin Lee, Dong Sun Kim, Tae Wha Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(1):21-29.   Published online February 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.1.21
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
It is well known that renal TGFbeta expression is related to the development of diabetic nephropathy. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a potent antioxidant and cofactor of mitochondrial respiratory enzymes, can improve the insulin resistance and the vascular endothelial dysfunction, and suppresses the development of diabetic vascular complications. This study was undertaken to investigate whether ALA could reduce urinary protein excretion and renal TGFbeta protein expression in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus animal model, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat. METHODS: Obese 30 male OLETF rats were randomly divided to 3 groups at the age of 30 weeks. The rats in the Control group fed normal rat chow while the rats in the ALA group were fed with rat chow containing ALA (0.5% of food weight). Ten rats in the Pair-fed group were fed with normal rat chow, but were given the same amount of food as consumed by the ALA group. During 5 weeks of ALA feeding, food intake and body weight were checked in metabolic chamber. Blood glucose levels, HbA1c and urinary protein excretion were measured at 30 weeks and 35 weeks of age, and renal TGFbeta protein expression at 35 weeks of age was measured by Western blot and represented by relative unit (RU). Immunohistochemical staining for TGFbeta protein in renal tissue was also examined at 35 weeks of age. RESULTS: Food intake, body weight, blood glucose levels, HbA1c and urinary protein excretion among the Control, ALA and Pair-fed groups at 30 weeks of age were not different. At 35 weeks of age, food intake was significantly decreased in the ALA group than the Control group (Control group vs. ALA group, 27.7 +/- 1.1 g/day vs. 22.4 +/- 1.4 g/day, P < 0.001), and body weight was significantly decreased in the ALA group than the Control and Pair-fed groups (Control group: 694.4 +/- 10.3 g, ALA group: 600.4 +/- 7.4 g, Pair-fed group: 685.4 +/- 11.6 g, P < 0.001). Blood glucose levels were significantly decreased in the ALA group than the Control and Pair-fed groups (Control group: 157.7 +/- 4.6 mg/dL, ALA group: 130.7 +/- 4.8 mg/dL, Pair-fed group: 153.7 +/- 3.3 mg/dL, P < 0.001) although blood glucose levels from 30 weeks to 34 weeks of age and HbA1c at 35 weeks of age were not different among the groups. Urinary protein excretion and renal TGFbeta protein expression were significantly decreased in the ALA group than the Control and Pair-fed groups (urinary protein excretion, Control group: 5.033 +/- 0.254 mg/mgCr, ALA group: 3.633 +/- 0.303 mg/mgCr, Pair-fed group: 4.977 +/- 0.339 mg/mgCr, P < 0.001; renal TGFbeta protein expression, Control group: 7.09 +/- 0.17 RU, ALA group: 4.14 +/- 0.26 RU, Pair-fed group: 7.00 +/- 0.29 RU, P < 0.001). In the ALA group at 35 weeks of age, urinary protein excretion and renal TGFbeta protein expression were positively related in the Control, ALA and Pair-fed groups (Control group, r = 0.847, P = 0.002; ALA group, r = 0.954, P < 0.001; Pair-fed group, r = 0.858, P = 0.002). TGFbeta staining in glomeruli was observed in all groups but was decreased in the ALA group at 35 weeks of age. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that ALA may prevent the increase of food intake, body weight, blood glucose, urinary protein excretion and renal TGFbeta protein expression in obese type 2 diabetic rat model. The effect of ALA on diabetic nephropathy presented as proteinuria and renal TGFbeta expression in diabetic patients needs to be further clarified.

Citations

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  • Dietary alpha-lipoic acid boosts growth, immune-antioxidant traits, behavior, and transcriptomes of antioxidant, apoptosis, and immune-related genes to combat cold stress in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
    Amany Behairy, Hanan A. Ghetas, Noura A. Abd-Allah, Walaa El-Houseiny, Ahmed H. Arisha, Mohamed M. M. Metwally, Basma A. Elshafey, Adham A. Al-Sagheer, Engy M. M. Mohamed
    Aquaculture International.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Role of Growth Hormone in Glucose Homeostasis.
Dong Sun Kim, Tae Wha Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(2):91-96.   Published online March 1, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Therapeutic Potential of the Glucagon-like Peptide-1.
Kyung Soo Ko, Seung Joon Oh, Tae Wha Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2004;28(2):51-62.   Published online April 1, 2004
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Secretion and Action of Ghrelin.
Tae Wha Kim, Dong Sun Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(3):164-168.   Published online June 1, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
The Role of Chromium as an Insulin Sensitizer in Rats Receivieng Corticosteroid.
Dong Sun Kim, Chang Beom Lee, Yong Soo Park, You Hern Ahn, Tae Wha Kim, Ho Soon Choi, Il Kyu Park, Hyun Jin Shin, Ju Seop Kang
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(3):211-217.   Published online June 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Chromium (Cr) has been known to be essential for the regulation of insulin action. Recently it has been reported that corticosteroid increases urinary loss of Cr, and that Cr supplementation recovers steroid induced diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Rats were daily treated with dexamethasone (0.2 mg/kg, ip) for first 7 days and were further treated daily with dexamethasone plus either chromium picolinate (30 mg/kg) or a placebo for a period of 14 days. RESULTS: At the end of experiment (Day 21), the control rats treated only with dexamethasone weighed 320 gram (80% of initial weight) in average, but the Cr treated rats weighed 364 gram (91% of initial weight. p<0.05). An insulin sensitivity test [subcutaneous injection of insulin (5 U/kg) plus intraperitoneal injection of glucose (30 minutes after insulin injection)] were conducted. During the insulin sensitivity tests, the area under curves (AUC(0->120 min)) of the time-glucose concentrations curves in the Cr-treated group were decreased compared to those in the control group (5250 vs 15883 mg-min/dL, p<0.01). Fasting serum insulin levels in the Cr-treated rats were clearly decreased by 46.9% compared to those in the control group (2.98 vs 5.60 ng/mL, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that chromium supplementation reverse a catabolic state, and increase insulin sensitivity in dexamethasone treated rats.
The Effect of Cyclosporine on Insulin Sensitivity in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats.
Ju Seop Kang, Dong Sun Kim, Chang Beom Lee, Yong Soo Park, Woong Hwan Choi, Tae Wha Kim, Mok Hyun Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(2):142-146.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cyclosporine (CsA), being used as a immunosuppressant is known to have deleterious effects on the liver and kidney, but the harmful effect on glucose tolerance has not been clearly elucidated. This study was undertaken to determine whether the CsA affected peripheral insulin sensitivity in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: After the daily treatment of CsA (10mg/kg, i.p.) for 2 weeks, glucose tolerance tests were carried out by the intraperitoneal administration of glucose alone or in conjunction with insulin (5 U/kg, s.c.). The glucose tolerance and peripheral insulin sensitivity were determined by measuring the deremental area under the time-lasma glucose concentration curve (AUC; mg-min/mL) according to the trapezoidal rule. The plasma glucose levels (mg/dL) were measured by a glucose analyzer at 0, 10, 30, 60, 90 and 120min after glucose load (2 g/kg). The STZ-diabetic rats were divided into thre groups (GLU- as control, INS+GLU- and CsA+INS+GLU-treated group, n 7 in each groups). RESULTS: In STZ-diabetic rats, the AUC 0-120 of the CsA+INS+GLU-treated group was significantly (p<0.01) lower than those of the control group (48.6% of control), but significantly (p<0.03) higher thain those of the INS+GLUtreated group (28.1% of control). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that intraperitoneal injection of CsA gives rise to a deterioration of glucose etabolism which is probably due to a decrease of insulin sensitivity of peripheral tissue in STZ-diabetic rats.
Prevalence of ICA and anti-GAD, HLA DRB1 / DQA1 / DQB1 Polymorphism in Korean IDDM Patients.
Yong Soo Park, Jin Ho Shin, Jin Bae Kim, Woong Hwan Choi, You Hern Ahn, Tae Wha Kim, Mok Hyun Kim, Sei Won Yang, Seung Duck Hwang, Hee Bal Rhee
Korean Diabetes J. 1997;21(3):289-299.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Although the HLA class II genes are cleaily associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus(IDDM) in all ethnic. Groups, considerable variation in the associated genotypes is observed among the different ethnic groups. Mathods: In order to estimate what degree genetic and environmental determinants influence the true incidence of IDDM, ICA by imrnunohistochemistry, anti-GAD prevalence by radioimmunoprecipitation and HLA-DRB1, DQAl, and DQB1 polymorphisms after PCR amplification of genomic DNA were analyzed in 131 cases of IDDM, whose age at diagnosis were less than 15. RESULTS: 56% of them(73/131) were anti-GAD positive. 43% IDDM(56/131) were ICA positive. HLA DR3 and DR9 were susceptibility markers, whereas DR2 and DR5 were protective markers. DR3/4,, DR3/9, and DR3/X(X: other than 3, 4) were susceptible genotypes. HLA DQA1*0301 allele was increased, and DQB1*0301 and DQB1*0602 were decreased in IDDM. Not only HLA DQA1 Arg, but also DQBl non-Asp were found to be independent marker for IDDM, but their strength of association was weak. The highest prevalence of anti-GAD was observed in thosc homozygous for DR4(87.5%), exceeding that(47.8%) in those without this allele, and those with one DR4(63.5), whereas the highest prevealence of ICA was found in those homozygous for DR3(10G%), exceeding that in those with one DR3(64.3%) or in those without this allele(36.7%). There was a significant difference in numbers of HLA DQ susceptibility heterodimers in anti-GAD positive or negative patients. Conelusion: The prevalence of islet-specific auto-antibodies were present at comparable sensitivity and specificity in Korean IDDM patients. We could also assess that the immunoenetic markers for IDDM among Caucasians likewise confer disease susceptibility among Koreans. However, different HLA susceptibility alleles and a lower strength of association with known susceptibility markers, presumably because of differences in the genetic make-up of the population or in linkage disequilibrium patterns compared with other racial groups.
Pathogenesis of Diabetic Retinopathy.
Tae Wha Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1997;21(2):115-121.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Secretion of plasminogen activator by cultured bovine retinal endothelial cell:modulation by insulin-like growth factor-i.
Dong Sun Kim, Eung Jin Kim, Woong Hwan Choi, Tae Wha Kim, Mok Hyun Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1993;17(4):359-366.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Characterization of glucose transporter group 4 in NIDDN patients.
Woong Hwan Choi, Tae Wha Kim, Mok Hyun Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1993;17(2):161-167.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Autophosphorylation and tyrosine kinase activity of purified insulin receptors.
Woong Hwan Choi, You Hern Ahn, Tae Wha Kim, Mokhyun Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1991;15(2):173-182.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.

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