Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal

Search
OPEN ACCESS

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse > Author index
Search
Sung Chang Chung  (Chung SC) 2 Articles
The Effect of High Glucose and TGF-beta on the Cellular Injury in Cultured Glomerular Epithelial Cells.
Gui Hwa Jeong, Sung Chang Chung, Eui Dal Jung, Yun Jeong Doh, Hee Kyoung Kim, Soon Hong Park, In Hae Park, Jung Guk Kim, Sung Woo Ha, Bo Wan Kim, In Kyu Lee, Cheol Woo Ko
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(4):254-263.   Published online July 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.4.254
  • 1,896 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The glomerulus is a complex physiological structure, as well as selective filtration barrier in the control of renal blood flow and blood pressure. Glomerular epithelial cells may play an important role in development of diabetic nephropathy. Apoptosis of the glomerular epithelial cells are characterized by disappearance of a selective filtration barrier. TGF-beta is a key factor in the development of diabetic nephropathy because of its effects on the accumulation of extracellular matrix and mesangial cell proliferation. We examined whether the high glucose and TGF-beta induce the apoptosis in cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells. METHODS: Glomerular epithelial cells were cultured from rat glomeruli and conditioned with different concentration of TGF-beta or high-glucose. We measured apoptosis of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cell conditioning with different concentration of TGF-beta or high-glucose by using DNA electrophoresis. RESULTS: High glucose (25 mM) induced apoptosis of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells compared to controls. TGF-beta also induced cell death of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells in dose dependent manner. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that high glucose and TGF-beta-induced cell death of glomerular epithelial cell may play an important role in diabetic nephropathy and proteinuria. Pathway of apoptosis or cell death by high glucose and TGF-beta must be investigated in the glomerular epithelial cells.
Effect and Mechanism of High Glucose Level on the Expression of an Adhesion Protein, beta ig-h3, and Cellular Function in Endothelial Cells.
Sung Woo Ha, Hye Jin Yeo, Jong Sup Bae, Sung Chang Chung, Jung Guk Kim, In San Kim, In Kyu Lee, Bo Wan Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2003;27(4):323-331.   Published online August 1, 2003
  • 1,041 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Diabetes mellitus is a high risk condition for the development of atherosclerotic and thromboembolic macroangiopathy. There are many factors which are involved in development of these processes. Given the central pathogenic role of endotheliopathy in atherosclerosis, it is likely that this vascular monolayer is the ultimate target of injury in response to many cytokines and growth factors. A dysfunctional endothelium may contribute to the proatherogenic environment. Transforming growth factor (TGF-beta) is a key factor in the development of diabetic angiopathy and atherosclerosis because of its effect on the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins and endothelial function. The adhesive molecule betaig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein whose expression is induced by TGF-beta. Considering that TGF-beta plays an important role in diabetic complications and that betaig-h3 is a downstream target gene of TGF-beta, we hypothesized that betaig-h3 may also play a role in the development of diabetic angiopathy through its effect on the endothelial function. Therefore, we examined the effects of high glucose level on the expression of betaig-h3 and endothelial function in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We also studied the mechanisms of this high glucose-induced betaig-h3 expression. METHODS: Endothelial cells were isolated from human umbilical cord and conditioned with different concentrations of TGF-beta or glucose. We measured TGF-beta and betaig-h3 protein presence/concentration/expression in cell supernatant by ELISA and examined whether TGF-beta is involved in high glucose-induced betaig-h3 expression. Finally, we investigated the biologic function of betaig-h3 in endothelial cells by using adhesion assay. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that both high glucose level and TGF-beta induced betaig-h3 protein expression in HUVECs. High glucose level also induced TGF-beta protein expression in cells. Anti-TGF-beta antibody almost completely blocked high glucose-induced betaig-h3 expression. betaig-h3 was found to support the adhesion of endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that high glucose level upregulates betaig-h3 protein levels through the induction of TGF-beta and that betaig-h3 may play an important role in diabetic angiopathy by regulating adhesive function of endothelial cells.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Close layer