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Mi Jung Eun  (Eun MJ) 6 Articles
Value of Coronary Calcium Score in Type 2 Diabetics.
Ji Eun Lee, Mi Jung Eun, Kyung Ah Chun, Jae Hong Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, Ihn Ho Cho, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(4):303-311.   Published online July 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.4.303
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cardiovascular disease including coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. But traditional risk factor assessment is limited to predict CHD in asymptomatic high-risk individuals. In this study, relationship between coronary calcium score (CCS) and CHD was evaluated to determine value of coronary artery calcification detected by multi-slice spiral computed tomography to predict CHD in high risk asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 127 patients were enrolled who admitted in Yeungnam University Hospital between December 2004 and May 2005. Standard cardiovascular risk factors and the CCS measured by multi-slice spiral computed tomography were assessed. RESULTS: Enrolled subjects were consisted of 56 subjects with diabetes and 71 subjects without diabetes. The mean CCS was significantly greater in patients with diabetes than without diabetics (P < 0.01). In both groups, patients with higher CCS had higher prevalence of CHD (P < 0.05). In all subjects, LDL cholesterol levels and CCS were significantly associated in multi-variate analysis (P < 0.05). In patients without diabetes, age was only associated with presence of CHD (P < 0.05). CCS was only associated with CHD in patients with diabetes, even after adjusting for the effects of age, LDL cholesterol and CRP (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Therefore, multi-slice spiral computed tomography can non-invasively and accurately detect coronary calcification. By detection of coronary artery calcification, it may be possible to predict coronary heart disease early in high-risk asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes.
Oxidative Stress of INS-1 Cell, HIT-T15 Cell and Rat Islet Cell as a Mechanism of Glucose Toxicity.
Mi Jung Eun, Kyu Chang Won, Jun Sung Moon, Sun Jung Mun, Ji Eun Lee, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyung Ah Chun, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(5):393-400.   Published online September 1, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGOUND: Chronic hyperglycemia is the proximate cause of many complications of diabetes. The beta cells in type 2 diabetes are also adversely affected by chronic hyperglycemia, with this relentless deterioration in cell function, due to constant exposure to supraphysiologic concentrations of glucose, is termed glucose toxicity; however, the mechanism of glucose toxicity is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prolonged exposure of pancreatic islets to supraphysiologic glucose concentration disrupts the intracellular balance between reactive oxygen species(ROS) and antioxidant enzyme; thereby, causing defective insulin secretion. METHODS: HIT-T15 cells were treated with H2O2(20, 50 and 100micrometer) directly added to the culture media, and then intracellular peroxide and insulin mRNA were then measured. The effects of H2O2 on the total peroxide level and insulin secretion were also examined. Isolated pancreatic islet cells from Wistar and 2 beta cell lines (INS-1, HIT-T15) were cultured in either a glucose or ribose (5.6, 11.1, 22.2, 30 and 50mM) containing culture media for 72hours. The intracellular peroxide was measured using flow cytometry and glucose stimulated insulin secretion(GSIS). RESULTS: The intracellular peroxide levels due to H2O2 in HIT-T15 cells were higher with a high concentration of H2O2, and the insulin mRNA in HIT-T15 cells decreased when the cells are treated with a high concentration H2O2. The insulin mRNA of the HIT-T15 cells cultured in a high concentration of ribose was lower than of those cultured in a low concentration of glucose. INS-1, HIT-T15 and rat islet cells, cultured for 72 hours, had progressively greater peroxide levels with higher concentrations of both glucose and ribose. The GSIS in the cells cultured in high concentrations of both glucose and ribose were decreased. CONCLUSION: These results suggest only one potential central mechanism for glucose toxicity in beta cells, this being the formation of excess ROS.
Poor Prognosis Factors and Risk Factors of Amputation in Foot ulcers in Diabetes.
Mi Jung Eun, Jung Hoon Lee, Jin Ho Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Jae Hong Kim, Kyu Chang Won, In Ho Jo, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2004;28(4):304-314.   Published online August 1, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Foot ulcers are a common complication of diabetes mellitus, and their prevalence is increased relative to those without diabetes. Foot ulcers and related complications represent an important cause of morbidity among patients with diabetes mellitus. Most of the poor prognosis factors and amputation risk factors of diabetic foot ulcers have been found to be largely affected by male sex, inadequate blood glucose control, vascular disease, neuropathy, end organ defects, and the depth and size of ulcers, prior ulcer history, infection and ischemia. Currently, the poor prognosis factors and amputation risk factors of diabetic foot ulcers in the Korean diabetic population are unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify and quantify the poor prognosis factors of diabetic foot ulcers and the risk factors of lower extremity amputation. METHODS: This study comprised of involved 37 male and 14 female diabetics with foot ulcers aged 23 to 83 years. According to the results of treatment, the patients were divided into 4 groups; complete healing (CH), partial healing (PH), unhealing (UH), and amputation (AM) groups. The baseline characteristics of the study subjects (gender, age, duration of diabetes, BMI, drinking, smoking, insulin therapy, blood pressure, whole blood count, renal function test and the size and depth of ulcer, prior ulcer history, osteomyelitis, infection, ischemia, neuropathy and retinopathy) were examined. RESULTS: The following characteristics were not significantly related to the poor prognosis factors and amputation risk factors of diabetic foot ulcers: age, duration of diabetes, BMI; drinking, smoking, insulin therapy, blood pressure, whole blood count and renal function test. The following characteristics were significantly related to the poor prognosis factors and amputation risk factors of diabetic foot ulcers: male (p=0.021), ischemia (p<0.05), infection (p<0.01), osteomyelitis (p<0.01), prior ulcer history (p<0.05), retinopathy (p<0.05), size of ulcer (p<0.001) and depth of ulcer (p<0.001). The size and depth of an ulcer, prior ulcer history, ischemia and infection were found to be associated with poor prognosis factors of treatment and risk factors of amputation in diabetic foot ulcer patients by a multiple regression test (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: This study shows that the size and depth of an ulcer, prior ulcer history, ischemia and infection are poor prognosis factors of diabetic foot ulcer and amputation risk factors However, further studies will be required due to the smaill size of our study population.
Five Year Follow-up of ICA and GADA in Childhood onset Type 1 DM.
Si Hyung Lee, Ji Sung Yoon, Mi Jung Eun, Jin Ho Kim, Yong Ho Park, Kyu Chang Won, Ihn Ho Jo, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2003;27(5):395-404.   Published online October 1, 2003
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Type 1 diabetes develops due to the destruction of insulin-secreting beta-cells by an autoimmune process, in which both genetic and environmental factors are involved. In children with newly diagnosed type 1 DM, the prevalence of ICA (Islet cell cytoplasmic antibody) is 60~86% and is highest at the time of onset after which it decreases. But, GADA (glutamic acid decarboxylase anti- bodies) are characterized by substantial fluctuations in the humoral immune response over a long period after clinical manifestation. This study was performed to evaluate the persistence of type 1 DM associated autoantibodies, including ICA and GADA, and their relation to clinical characteristics of the disease after clinical manifestation. METHODS: Eighteen childhood onset type 1 diabetes patients (mean age 13.7 years; duration 3.9 years) were included in this study. ICA was measured by indirect immunofluorescence using conventional ICA-IgG and positive samples were titered by serial dilutions. Also the sera were screened for GADA by radioimmuno-assay. RESULTS: The positivities of ICA and GADA at the time of study were 55.6% and 61%, falling to 44.4% and 41.2% 5 years later, respectively. There was no case of an ICA negative patient becoming positive or whose ICA titer was increased later. One case of a GADA negative patient became positive later. Initial c-peptide levels didn't have any correlation with initial ICA titers or ICA prevalence, but did with initial GADA titer. There were significant correlations between initial GADA titer and ICA prevalence (p<0.001), and between initial GADA titer or ICA titer and later ICA persistence (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: ICA and GADA persisted long after the clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. And the persistence of autoantibody positivity showed a weak relation with endogenous insulin secretion and clinical characteristics, both at and after diagnosis of overt type 1 diabetes.
Factors Determining Circadian Blood Pressure Rhythm in Normotensive Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
Jae Hong Kim, Jin Ho Kim, Mi Jung Eun, Si Hyung Lee, Kyeong Cheol Shin, Kyu Chang Won, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(5):416-430.   Published online October 1, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Within healthy subjects, there exists the so-called 'dipper phenomenon', where the circadian blood pressure rhythm, that is the systolic and diastolic blood pressures values, are lower at night than during the day. The loss of nocturnal dipping in BP has prognostic value with regard to end-organ damage and vascular events in both hypertension and diabetic patients. A blunted nocturnal decrease in BP has been described in diabetic patients, and has been associated with autonomic neuropathy or nephropathy, but much controversy relating to this still exists. This study was designed to evaluate the factors that influence abnormal circadian blood pressure rhythm. METHODS: 24hr blood pressure monitoring was applied to 99 normotensive type 2 diabetes patients,comprising of 55 males and 44 females, with a mean age: 56 3 years, who visited our hospital between March 2000 and February 2002 for measurement of 24hr systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The control groups was 21 white coat hypertension type 2 diabetic patients, comprising of 15 males and 6 females, with a mean age of 53 4 years. The controls were subgrouped according to their standard cardiovascular autonomic function test(CAN) or nephropathy stage. All patients divided dipper, mean(day time night time) systolic BP/mean(day time-night time) diastolic BP above 10mmHg/5mmHg, and non-dipper groups. RESULTS: The prevalence of non-dipper phenomenon was much greater in the type 2 diabetes patients than in the control groups(p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the dipper and non-dipper groups in the 24hr total urine protein and CAN(p<0.05). In the type 2 diabetes patients, sub-grouped according to their nephropathy stage, there was a significant difference between the microalbuminuric and proteinuric groups relating to the prevalence of the non-dipper phenomenon (p<0.05). The circadian blood pressure, according to the nephropathy stage, the CAN in the normoalbuminuria group, the albumin excretion in the microalbuminuria group, CAN and 24hr total urine protein in the proteinuric group, may useful in determining abnormal circadian rhythm (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the dipper and non-dipper groups with regard to neuropathy and retinopathy (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy, autonomic dysfunction may have a relatively dominant influence on abnormal circadian blood pressure rhythm. Nephropathy was progressed in diabetic patients: therefore diabetic nephropathy may itself have an influence on abnormal circadian blood pressure rhythm.
Effects of Aminoguanidine on Nitric Oxide Production, Insulin Release and Hsp 70 Expression in Cultured Rat Islets Exposed to IL-1betabeta.
Kyu Chang Won, Mi Jung Eun, Jae Hong Kim, Jung Hyun Oh, Sang Yub Nam, Ji Sung Yoon, Hyun Dae Yoon, In Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(4):273-285.   Published online August 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
IL-1beta has been implicated to play an important role in the autoimmune beta cell lesion of type 1 diabetes because of its inhibition of insulin secretion and direct islet cytotoxicity. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of aminoguanidine on No production, insulin release and hsp 70 expression in cultured rat islets exposed to IL-1beta. METHOD: Islets isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured with IL-1beta , aminoguanidine AG and GSNO, individually and in combination for 24hours. Accumulated nitrite production, insulin release and islet expression of hsp 70 were measured. RESULTS: IL-1beta increased nitrite production, inhibited insulin release, and increased hsp 70 expression. AG alone had no effect on nitrite production, insulin release and hsp 70 expression. In combination, AG completely blocked IL-1beta but increased nitrite production, reversed IL-1beta inhibited insulin release and reversed IL-1beta increased hsp 70 expression. Moreover, nitric oxide NO donor, GSNO stimulated hsp 70 expression. CONCLUSION: Findings from this study suggest that hsp 70 may be one potential protein that is expressed in response to NO and that participates in islet recovery from NO mediated islet damage.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal