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Jin Chul Park  (Park JC) 3 Articles
Humoral Immunological Marks in Patients with Child-onset and Adult-onset Type 1 Diabetes.
Hyun Dae Yoon, Jae Hong Kim, Jung Hyun Oh, Jin Chul Park, Sang Yub Nam, Ji Soon Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, In Ho Cho, Choong Ki Lee, Joong Yeol Park, Sung Kwan Hong, Ki Up Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(4):444-456.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease in which serum antibodies against islet antigens have been recognized. These antibodies include cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies (ICA), and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65 antibodies and IA2 antibodies. It has been reported that the prevalence of these autoantibodies is different among Caucacian and Asian and Korean type 1 diabetes patients. And the natural course of type 1 diabetes can differ according to the age of onset. But, in contrast to the classic juvenile onset type 1 diabetes, the adult onset type 1 diabetes is poorly characterized about clinical and autoimmune differences at presentation. Thus, this study was perfomed to evaluate clinical and autoimmune characteristics at presentation in subjects with either child onset or adult onset type 1 diabetes and to establish an autoimmune pathogenesis in Korean type 1 diabetes. METHOD: We examined the clinical characteristics of child onset type 1 diabetes (n=32) and adult onset type 1 diabetes (n=40) retrospectively. At the same time, ICA from these patients was measured by standard indirect immunofluorescence, GADA and IA2A from these patients were measured by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: The mean duration of disease was longer in the adult onset and their serum fasting C-peptide concentration at diagnosis were higer. The prevalence of ICA, GADA, IA2A in sera from 32 patients with child onset type 1 diabetes was 50%, 38% and 31% respectively. And, the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 40 patients with adult onset type 1 diabetes was 30%, 25% and 18% respectively.The prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 39 patients with typical type 1 diabetes was 46%, 30% and 16% respectively. And, the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 33 patients with atypical type 1 diabetes was 30%, 30% and 25% respectively. The concordance rate of ICA and GADA in child onset and adult onset diabetes was 81% (26/32), 80% (32/40) respectively. In a subset of these patients with recent onset type 1 diabetes (duration of diabetes < or = 1 year), the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A was 75% (3/4), 75% (3/4), 100% (1/1) respectively, in the child onset type 1 diabetes. CONCLUSION: These observations show that autoantibodies in Korean patients with child onset type 1 diabetes is similar compaired with other Asian groups but is lower than Caucasian patients with type 1 diabetes and the prevalence of humoral immunologic makers in child onset type 1 diabetes was higher than that of adult onset diabetes. These results suggest that autoimmune response is a significant cause of Korean type 1 diabetes but other factors except autoimmunity may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Korean type 1 diabetes.
Upregulation of Aldose Reductase mRNA by Hyperglycemia in Claf Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cells.
Sang Yiup Nam, Jung Hyun Oh, Jin Chul Park, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Chan Woo Lee, Ihn Ho Cho, Choong Ki Lee, In Kyu Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(3):290-298.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Hyperglycemia is thought to be an important etiologic factor in the development of diabetic macro- and microangiopathies. Several theories have been proposed to explain why diabetic patients are at an increased risk for such vascular disorders. In uncontrolled diabetes, excess glucose causes a glycation of various proteins, an increase in oxidative stress, an increase in DAG or PKC and an increase in polyol pathway. And, it has been proposed that hyperglycemia leads to the dysfunction or damage of endothelial cells through the activation of cellular aldose reductase(polyol pathway). METHODS: To verify this hypothesis, we quantitated AR(Aldose reductase) activity and mRNA in CPAE(Calf pulmonary artery endothelial) cell under normal and high ambient glucose levels in the culture medium. The time course of AR mRNA expression after exposure of CPAE cells to 22mM glucose was determined using PCR quantitative analysis. RESULTS: AR mRNA levels began to increase at 6h after glucose exposure, reached a maximum at 24h (about 2.3 fold increase), and then gradually decreased. Aldose reductase activity was found to strongly correlate with aldose reductase mRNA expression after cells were exposed to 22mM glucose. In contrast, aldose reductase mRNA expression at 24h after glucose exposure decreased following exposure to 50mM glucose. By testing other osmolytes, we also examined whether the AR activity is specific for glucose. There was an increase in AR activity only after the addition of 20mM mannitol to the medium. CONCLUSION: These observations suggest that hyperglycemia could induce the overexpression of aldose reductase mRNA in cultured CPAE cells and this could be an important step in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications.
Relationship between Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy and Diabetic Retinopathy in Patients with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
Jae Chun Lee, Sang Yob Nam, Ji Sung Yoon, Jin Chul Park, Kyu Chang Won, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee, Hyun Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 1997;21(1):82-90.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The presence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy may play a permissive role in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy. But, there is little information regarding the degree of association between the progression of diabetic retinopathy and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Thus, this study defined the relationship between the progression of diabetic retinopathy and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus were separated into 2 groups based on the presence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. Age, body mass index, duration of illness, plasma creatinine, BUN, fasting plasma glueose, glycated hemoglobin, lipid profile and 24hr urine total protein were not statistically different among the two groups. According to indirect ophthalmoscopy, patients were also classified as having proliferative, non-proliferative or no retinopathy. RESULTS: The results showed a striking relntionship between cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy(p<0.01). Corrected QT interval was more prolonged in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients with cnrdiovascular autonomic neuropathy than patients without cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy(p<0.05). In non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy, there was no relationship between the prolongation of corrected QT interval and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and there was no significant relationship between each of 5 components of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy test and proliferative diiabetic retinopathy. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the presence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is strongly associated with proliferative retinopathy in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. But, long-term prospective studies on large cohorts of patients must be done to evaluate if cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy would be a risk factor or a risk indicator of an etiologic process underlying the development of proliferative retinopathy.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal