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Jae Hoon Bae  (Bae JH) 4 Articles
The Effect of alpha-lipoic Acid on Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Intralipid Infusion in Healthy Volunteers.
Dong Wook Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Hye Soon Kim, Tae Sung Yun, Ho Chan Cho, Sang Jun Lee, Seung Ho Hur, Kyo Cheol Mun, Yong Won Cho, Jae Hoon Bae, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(5):336-346.   Published online October 1, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Endothelial dysfunciton has been proposed as an early manifestation of atherogenesis. Recently, emerging evidence suggests that hypertriglyceridemia and elevated free fatty acid are important risk factors in the development of atherosclerosis, probably through an increased oxidative stress. To clarify the hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on the endothelial dysfunction induced by intralipid infusion in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Hypertriglyceridemia and elevated free fatty acids was induced by infusion of intralipid. FMD (Flow-mediated dilation) of the brachial artery was investigated noninvasively by a high-resolution ultrasound technique in 13 young, healthy men without risk factors for coronary heart disease. RESULTS: Plasma triglyceride, free fatty acid and the superoxide anion were increased from 61.7+/-28.8 to 332.6+/-202.5 mg/dL, from 330.7+/-131.1 to 1267.0+/-486.2 microEq/L and from 6.6+/-2.2 to 8.7+/-1.5 X 10(-7)nmol/10(6)cells/30min (vs. basal p<0.001), respectively, following infusion of the intralipid. The FMD was decreased from 10.1+/-3.3 to 7.7+/-3.7% (vs. basal p<0.01) following infusion of the intralipid. After treatment with ALA, the increase in the FMD and the decrease in superoxide anion were significant. CONCLUSION: Acute hypertriglyceridemia, induced by intralipid infusion, is implicated in endothelial dysfunction. This endothelial dysfunction was reversed by treatment with ALA. These results suggest that chronic and repeated hypertriglyceridemia may play important roles in the development of atherosclerosis probably by increasing oxidative stress.
The Effect of Alpha-lipoic Acid on Endothelial Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Uncomplicated Type 2 Diabetes.
Ho Chan Cho, Sang Jun Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Hye Sun Kim, Tae Sung Yun, Sung Jae Kim, Sang Hyon Kim, Seung Ho Hur, Kyo Chul Moon, Jae Hoon Bae, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(4):242-252.   Published online August 1, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recently, increased oxidative stress has been proposed as a major cause of vascular complications of patients with diabetes mellitus. Increased generation of oxygen free radicals in patients with diabetes mellitus could deplete cellular antioxidants and inactivate endothelial dependent vasodilating factor (EDRF), such as nitric oxide (NO). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is effective in endothelial dysfunction of brachial artery, which induced by increased oxidative stress in postmenopausal diabetic women using high resolution ultrasound technique and initial reaction time (IRT) measurement. METHODS: We enrolled 11 menopausal women (mean age, 56.5+/-5.1 years) with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes. All patients were taking 1200 mg of ALA (Thioctacid(R), Bukwang, Korea). We measured of superoxide anion (O2-) in neutrophils as a marker of oxidative stress. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured using a high-resolution ultrasound. RESULTS: After treatment of ALA, fasting blood glucose was decreased significantly, the endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery was increased, and O2- production was also decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: These results show that short term ALA treatment could improve the endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This improvement might be related with the antioxidants effect of ALA.
Alterations of Plasma Atrial Natriuretic Peptide and its mRNA in Non-insulin Dependent Diabetic Model of Rats.
Byeong Dae Yoo, Won Kyun Park, Young Su Hong, Dae Kyu Song, Jae Hoon Bae
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(4):421-430.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Diabetes mellitus has led to change in fluid and electrolyte balance and consequently affected blood volume and blood pressure. These changes can trigger the secretion and synthesis of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) from both atrial and extra-atrial tissues. ANP plays an important role in the regulations of body fluid balance and blood pressure. Therefore, this study was carried out to elucidate whether or not atrial and extra-atrial synthesis of ANP is influenced in experimental non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) rats. METHODS: Neonatal rats were induced into NIDDM rats by single injection of streptozotocin (80 mg/kg). Plasma ANP level was measured by the use of radioimmunoassay method and the ANP mRNA expressions from the right atrium, left ventricle, hypothalamus and kidney were analyzed by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction with [32P]-dCTP at 8 weeks after injection of streptozotocin or citrate buffer. RESULTS: Blood glucose was more significantly increased at 2 hours after glucose loading in NIDDM rats than control rats. Plasma concentration of ANP tended to significantly increase in NIDDM rats compared with control rats. The expressions of ANP mRNA from each tissue were observed in different patterns. Right atrial ANP mRNA expression revealed non-significant increasing trend in NIDDM rats, whereas left ventricular ANP mRNA did not have difference. However, both hypothalamic and renal ANP mRNA expressions in NIDDM rats were significantly increased. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the enhanced expressions of hypothalamic and renal ANP mRNA act as an important regulator of electrolytes and body fluid volume in neonatally streptozotocin-induced NIDDM rats.
Differential Effects of Palmitate and Docosahexaenoic acid on ATP-sensitive K+ Channel Activity of Pancreatic beta-cells.
Yong Woon Kim, Kyeung Oh Doh, Dae Kyu Song, Jae Hoon Bae, Won Kyun Park, Kyu Jang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee, Suck Kang Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(6):768-776.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Elevated levels of free fatty acids markedly enhance insulin secretion. However, dietary polyunsaturated fatty supplementation decrease insulin secretion. The effects of different type of fatty acids on cultured pancreatic beta cell remain controversy. Therefore, the specific goal of this study was to confirm the effect of palmitate and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on pancreatic beta-cells. We measured ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel activity by patch clamp technique. METHOD: Pancreatic beta-cells were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats and cultured on the cover glass in the culture media. KATP channel activity of pancreatic beta-cells were measured by the cell-attached mode of the patch clamp technique. We treated 30 micrometer of palmitate and DHA dissolved with 3% albumin solution. RESULT: 30 micrometer of palmitate inhibited KATP channel activity. Moreover, after additions of 5 and 10 mM glucose, additional and dose dependent inhibitory effects were revealed. However, 30 micrometer of DHA did not have these additional inhibitory effect treated with 5 and lOmM glucose. CONCLUSION: Palmitate as a saturated fatty acid inhibited activity of KATP channel and increased inhibitory effect of glucose on this channel activity, however, DHA as a polyunsaturated fatty acid attenuated inhibitory effect of glucose on this channel activity.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal