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In Ho Cho  (Cho IH) 3 Articles
Effects of Aminoguanidine on Nitric Oxide Production, Insulin Release and Hsp 70 Expression in Cultured Rat Islets Exposed to IL-1betabeta.
Kyu Chang Won, Mi Jung Eun, Jae Hong Kim, Jung Hyun Oh, Sang Yub Nam, Ji Sung Yoon, Hyun Dae Yoon, In Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(4):273-285.   Published online August 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
IL-1beta has been implicated to play an important role in the autoimmune beta cell lesion of type 1 diabetes because of its inhibition of insulin secretion and direct islet cytotoxicity. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of aminoguanidine on No production, insulin release and hsp 70 expression in cultured rat islets exposed to IL-1beta. METHOD: Islets isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were cultured with IL-1beta , aminoguanidine AG and GSNO, individually and in combination for 24hours. Accumulated nitrite production, insulin release and islet expression of hsp 70 were measured. RESULTS: IL-1beta increased nitrite production, inhibited insulin release, and increased hsp 70 expression. AG alone had no effect on nitrite production, insulin release and hsp 70 expression. In combination, AG completely blocked IL-1beta but increased nitrite production, reversed IL-1beta inhibited insulin release and reversed IL-1beta increased hsp 70 expression. Moreover, nitric oxide NO donor, GSNO stimulated hsp 70 expression. CONCLUSION: Findings from this study suggest that hsp 70 may be one potential protein that is expressed in response to NO and that participates in islet recovery from NO mediated islet damage.
Humoral Immunological Marks in Patients with Child-onset and Adult-onset Type 1 Diabetes.
Hyun Dae Yoon, Jae Hong Kim, Jung Hyun Oh, Jin Chul Park, Sang Yub Nam, Ji Soon Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, In Ho Cho, Choong Ki Lee, Joong Yeol Park, Sung Kwan Hong, Ki Up Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(4):444-456.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease in which serum antibodies against islet antigens have been recognized. These antibodies include cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies (ICA), and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65 antibodies and IA2 antibodies. It has been reported that the prevalence of these autoantibodies is different among Caucacian and Asian and Korean type 1 diabetes patients. And the natural course of type 1 diabetes can differ according to the age of onset. But, in contrast to the classic juvenile onset type 1 diabetes, the adult onset type 1 diabetes is poorly characterized about clinical and autoimmune differences at presentation. Thus, this study was perfomed to evaluate clinical and autoimmune characteristics at presentation in subjects with either child onset or adult onset type 1 diabetes and to establish an autoimmune pathogenesis in Korean type 1 diabetes. METHOD: We examined the clinical characteristics of child onset type 1 diabetes (n=32) and adult onset type 1 diabetes (n=40) retrospectively. At the same time, ICA from these patients was measured by standard indirect immunofluorescence, GADA and IA2A from these patients were measured by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: The mean duration of disease was longer in the adult onset and their serum fasting C-peptide concentration at diagnosis were higer. The prevalence of ICA, GADA, IA2A in sera from 32 patients with child onset type 1 diabetes was 50%, 38% and 31% respectively. And, the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 40 patients with adult onset type 1 diabetes was 30%, 25% and 18% respectively.The prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 39 patients with typical type 1 diabetes was 46%, 30% and 16% respectively. And, the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A in sera from 33 patients with atypical type 1 diabetes was 30%, 30% and 25% respectively. The concordance rate of ICA and GADA in child onset and adult onset diabetes was 81% (26/32), 80% (32/40) respectively. In a subset of these patients with recent onset type 1 diabetes (duration of diabetes < or = 1 year), the prevalence of ICA, GADA and IA2A was 75% (3/4), 75% (3/4), 100% (1/1) respectively, in the child onset type 1 diabetes. CONCLUSION: These observations show that autoantibodies in Korean patients with child onset type 1 diabetes is similar compaired with other Asian groups but is lower than Caucasian patients with type 1 diabetes and the prevalence of humoral immunologic makers in child onset type 1 diabetes was higher than that of adult onset diabetes. These results suggest that autoimmune response is a significant cause of Korean type 1 diabetes but other factors except autoimmunity may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Korean type 1 diabetes.
Mesurement of GAD Antibodies using Radioligand Binding Assay, IRMA and RIA in Patients with Tye 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
In Kyu Lee, Hyoung Woo Lee, Kyu Chang Won, Hyun Dae Yoon, In Ho Cho, Ji Sung Yoon, Sang Yiup Nam, Jung Hyun Oh, Jin Cheol Park, Jae Hong Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(3):278-287.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease in which serum antibodies against islet antigens have been recognized. These antibodies include insulin autoantibodies (IAAs), cytoplasmic islet cell antibodies (ICA) and GAD antibodies. Recently, there has been increasing interest in the use of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA) for the identification of subjects with increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. GAD antibodies were first discovered in 1982 and is detected persistently after long duration of type 1 diabetes, whereas ICA is transient. However, because the classic immunoprecipitation assays of GAD antibodies is still rather time-consuming, a more simple and reproducible radiolignad binding assay (RBA) is has been widely used recently. The RIA (radioimmunoassay) and IRMA (immunoradiome- tricassay) for GAD antibodies using (125)I-labelled human GAD has been developed, The aim of the present study is to evaluate the usefulness of each methods. METHODS: We measured GAD antibodies by RBA with in vitro spathesized recombinani S-methio- nine-labelled GAD65, and protein A-sepharose to separate free from antibody-bound ligand and radioimmunoassay and immunoradiometric assay using 'I-labelled human GAD kit, in addition to measurement of ICAs by standard indirect immunofluorescence technique in 26 patients with type 1 diabetes(male 10, female 16, mean age 14 years) and 10 normal controls(male 5, female 5, mean age 15 years). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of GAD antibodies by RBA and RIA in patients with type 1 diabetes was 38% (10/26), respectively. The prevalence of GAD antibodies by IRMA in patients with type 1 diabetes was 31% (8/26). The frequency of GAD antibodies by RBA,IRMA and RIA increased as the JDF unit of ICA increased. There is a significant correlation between the GAD index (by RBA) and GAD concentration (by RIAand IRMA). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that GAD antibodies (by RIA or RBA or IRMA) is useful for screening and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in Korean, but long-term prospective studies on large cohorts of patients is necessary.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal