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Ie Byung Park  (Park IB) 17 Articles
Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes Mellitus in Korea: Current Status of Diabetic Patients Using Korean Health Insurance Database.
Ie Byung Park, Sei Hyun Baik
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(5):357-362.   Published online October 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.5.357
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  • 66 Download
  • 33 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of article is to introduce the current status of diabetes care and characteristics in diabetic patients in Korea, which is a joint report by Korean Diabetes Association (KDA) and Health Insurance Review Agency (HIRA) ("Diabetes in Korea 2007") and to review the recent published data about the current status of diabetes mellitus in Korea.

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Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluation of medical nutrition therapy using the food-based index of dietary inflammatory potential (FBDI) in diabetes mellitus patients
    Woori Na, Tae Yang Yu, Cheongmin Sohn
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2023; 17(3): 529.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between Serum Osmolarity and Creatinine in Health Check-Up Subjects (Examinees) with Diabetes
    Mi-Kyung Park, Geum-Seon Lee, Sun-Hee Kim, Mi-Eun Yun
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2022; 33(2): 237.     CrossRef
  • The Socio-Economic Cost of Diabetes Mellitus in Korea Using National Health Insurance Claim Data, 2017
    Heesun Kim, Eun-Jung Kim
    Healthcare.2022; 10(9): 1601.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Handgrip Strength and the Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus Among Korean Adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2014-2018
    Sung-hyun Hong, Ji-yong Byeon, Ji-hee Min, Dong-hyuk Park, Won-hee Cho, Justin Y. Jeon
    Exercise Science.2021; 30(1): 110.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Obesity and Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: KNHIS Data from 2009-2012
    Jungmin Lee, Jin Yeong Lee, Bo Kyung Kim, Sang Hyun Park, Kyungdo Han, Su Jeong Song
    Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society.2021; 62(4): 516.     CrossRef
  • Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
    Min Seok Oh, Ji-hyun Ahn, Wang Soo Lee
    Clinical Ultrasound.2020; 5(1): 17.     CrossRef
  • Translation and validation of the Korean version of the Diabetic Foot Ulcer Scale‐Short Form
    Ye‐Na Lee
    International Wound Journal.2019; 16(S1): 3.     CrossRef
  • Foot Care for Diabetic Patients
    Hye Jung Cha
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2018; 19(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • The Changes of Trends in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcer over a 10-Year Period: Single Center Study
    Choong Hee Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Seung Min Chung, Eun Jung Kong, Chul Hyun Park, Woo Sung Yoon, Tae Gon Kim, Woong Kim, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(4): 308.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Physical Activity on Depression in Adults with Diabetes
    Deok-Ju Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(4): 143.     CrossRef
  • Association of Electronic Health Literacy With Health-Promoting Behaviors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
    Kyoung A Kim, Yu Jin Kim, Mona Choi
    CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing.2018; 36(9): 438.     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Self-care Behaviors, Empowerment and Social Support on Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Hwa Kyung Oh, Eun Ju Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(2): 216.     CrossRef
  • Association between weight control failure and suicidal ideation in overweight and obese adults: a cross-sectional study
    Yeong Jun Ju, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Woorim Kim, Jeong Hun Park, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMC Public Health.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Duration of Type 2 Diabetes and Self-Reported Participation in Diabetes Education in Korea
    Jongnam Hwang, Jeffrey A. Johnson
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2015; 27(2): NP311.     CrossRef
  • Barrier Factors to the Completion of Diabetes Education in Korean Diabetic Adult Patients: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2007-2012
    Hee-Tae Kim, Kiheon Lee, Se Young Jung, Seung-Min Oh, Su-Min Jeong, Yoon-Jung Choi
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2015; 36(5): 203.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Diabetes Knowledge and Health Promoting Behaviors: Focus on Gender Differentiation
    Eunyoung Hong
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2015; 21(4): 509.     CrossRef
  • Economic Evaluation of Diabetes Education
    Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jin-Hee Jung, Kang Hee Sim, Hee-Sook Kim, Minjae Choi, Jumin Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2015; 16(4): 293.     CrossRef
  • Mediating Effects of Perceived Barriers on the Relationship between Depression and Diabetes Management Self-efficacy in Type 2 Diabetes Patients
    Heakung Hur, Jihea Choi, Eunhee Choi, Jinhwa Koh, Hakhee Moon
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2015; 15(4): 235.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Disease Detection on Changes in Smoking Behavior
    Jeoung A Kwon, Wooman Jeon, Eun-Cheol Park, Jae-Hyun Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Ki-Bong Yoo, Minjee Lee, Sang Gyu Lee
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2015; 56(4): 1143.     CrossRef
  • The Quality of Medical Care Provided to Homeless Diabetes Patients in a General Hospital in Seoul, and the Prevalence of Diabetes Comorbidities
    Sun Hee Beom, Moo Kyung Oh, Chul Woo Ahn
    Korean Journal of Medicine.2014; 86(5): 585.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics of Diabetic Patients Transferred to Korean Referral Hospitals
    Min Young Oh, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim, In Kyu Lee, Hong Sun Baek, Hyoung Woo Lee, Min Young Chung
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(5): 388.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Implication of Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty
    Young-Soo Chun, Seung-Hyuk Lee, Sang-Hoon Lee, Yoon-Je Cho, Kee Hyung Rhyu
    Hip & Pelvis.2014; 26(3): 136.     CrossRef
  • Association of Vitamin B12Deficiency and Metformin Use in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Sun-Hye Ko, Sun-Hee Ko, Yu-Bae Ahn, Ki-Ho Song, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Moon Park, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hye-Soo Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2014; 29(7): 965.     CrossRef
  • National Screening Program for Transitional Ages in Korea: A New Screening for Strengthening Primary Prevention and Follow-up Care
    Hyun Su Kim, Dong Wook Shin, Won Chul Lee, Young Taek Kim, Belong Cho
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2012; 27(Suppl): S70.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Performance of ARKRAY ADAMS HA-8180 HbA1cAnalyzer
    Jinsook Lim, Ji-Myung Kim, Sun Hoe Koo, Kye Chul Kwon
    Laboratory Medicine Online.2012; 2(3): 126.     CrossRef
  • Total Energy Intake May Be More Associated with Glycemic Control Compared to Each Proportion of Macronutrients in the Korean Diabetic Population
    Hye Mi Kang, Dong-Jun Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2012; 36(4): 300.     CrossRef
  • Cytoprotective Effect of Ethanol Extract from Maesil (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) on Alloxan-induced Oxidative Damage in Pancreatic-cell, HIT-T15
    In-Hye Kim, Jong-Bae Kim, Kang-Jin Cho, Jae-Hyun Kim, Ae-Son Om
    Korean Journal of Plant Resources.2012; 25(2): 184.     CrossRef
  • Comparative Study on HbA1C, Self-care Behavior, and Quality of Life by Depression Status in Type II Diabetic Patients
    Young-Min Jeong, Mi-Young Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2012; 19(3): 353.     CrossRef
  • The Protective Effects of Chrysanthemum cornarium L. var. spatiosum Extract on HIT-T15 Pancreatic β-Cells against Alloxan-induced Oxidative Stress
    In-Hye Kim, Kang-Jin Cho, Jeong-Sook Ko, Jae-Hyun Kim, Ae-Son Om
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2012; 25(1): 123.     CrossRef
  • Adiponectin is Associated with Impaired Fasting Glucose in the Non-Diabetic Population
    Sang Yeun Kim, Sun Ju Lee, Hyoun Kyoung Park, Ji Eun Yun, Myoungsook Lee, Jidong Sung, Sun Ha Jee
    Epidemiology and Health.2011; 33: e2011007.     CrossRef
  • The Education Effect of Glucometer Use on the Glucose Levels and the Glucose Value Comparison among Diverse Glucometers
    Kyung Ae Lee, Soyeon Jeon, Woong Ji Kim, Heung Yong Jin, Ji Hyun Park, Hong Sun Baek, Tae Sun Park
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(2): 113.     CrossRef
  • Study on Survey of Knowledge and Awareness Level of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: Results from Seoul Metro-City Diabetes Prevention Program Survey
    Dae Woong Lee, Chul Young Park, Su Jeong Song
    Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society.2011; 52(11): 1296.     CrossRef
  • The Hypoglycemic Effect of Complex of Chinese Traditional Herbs (CTH) and Macelignan in Type 2 Diabetic Animal Model

    Journal of Life Science.2010; 20(7): 1113.     CrossRef
Association of Educational Level and Socioeconomic Status with Glucose Metabolism.
Young Sil Eom, Sun Mee Yang, Pyung Chun Oh, Jung Hyun Lee, Ki Young Lee, Yeun Sun Kim, Sihoon Lee, Jung Soo Im, Jun Yim, Dae Kyu Oh, Moon Suk Nam, Ie Byung Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):377-385.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.377
  • 2,347 View
  • 26 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The objective of the present study was to examine the association of educational level and socioeconomic status with glucose metabolism including prediabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study subjects were 882 (mean age: 51.0 +/- 13.4 years, M:F = 241:641) without diabetes, aged more than 20 years and residing in Whasu 2 dong in Incheon. We classified them into three levels according to their educational level: primary (illiterate or up to elementary school), secondary (middle school or high school) and tertiary (university), and into three levels according to their socioeconomic status by self reported questionnaire: low, middle and high. Subjects were diagnosed as three groups (normal, prediabetes and diabetes) by American Diabetes Association criteria using 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. The association of educational level and socioeconomic status with glucose metabolism was analyzed. RESULTS: The number of normal group was 300 (34.0%), that of prediabetes was 470 (53.3%) and that of diabetes was 112 (12.7%). In women, the proportion of primary educational group was larger than that of secondary educational group in diabetes (Odds ratio [OR] = 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-3.51) and larger than that of tertiary educational group in prediabetes ([OR] = 2.00; [CI]: 1.06-3.78). But socioeconomic status did not have the statistical association with glucose metabolism in women. Also both educational level and socioeconomic status had no statistical association with glucose metabolism in men. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of low educational level is larger in prediabetes and diabetes compared with normal group in women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How do life-course trajectories of socioeconomic position affect quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus?
    Hye Ah Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Yool Won Jeong, Jaeseon Ryu, Minkyung Kim, Jung Won Min, Young Sun Hong, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyesook Park
    Quality of Life Research.2014; 23(4): 1337.     CrossRef
Inflammatory Markers are Associated with Microvascular Complications in Type 2 Diabetes.
Sun Mee Yang, Sung Yong Kim, Ki Young Lee, Yeun Sun Kim, Moon Suk Nam, Ie Byung Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(6):472-479.   Published online November 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.6.472
  • 2,248 View
  • 37 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Inflammatory markers are known to be sensitive predictors of atherosclerotic disease such as coronary heart disease. Diabetic patients have higher level of inflammatory markers such as fibrinogen, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) or IL-6. We investigated the association of inflammatory markers with microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We studied cross-sectionally 244 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes without macrovascular disease such as cerebral infarct, coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease. The urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was determined in a morning, untimed, urine specimen. Ophthalmoscopic examinations were performed to evaluate diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic neuropathy was examined by 10-g monofilament, Neuropathic Disability Score and Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument. RESULTS: 47 patients (23.5%) had diabetic retinopathy, 81 (34.6%) had nephropathy and 132 (54.2%) had neuropathy. Fibrinogen and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were significantly higher in the patients with nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy than in those without (P = 0.009, 0.003 and 0.047; P = 0.011, 0.02 and 0.006 , respectively). There were no differences in the hsCRP and IL-6 level between in patients with microvascular complications and in those without. Inflammatory parameters were correlated with each other. The hsCRP was correlated with IL-6 (r = 0.40, P < 0.001) and fibrinogen (r = 0.45, P < 0.001), but fibrinogen was not significantly correlated with IL-6 (r = 0.13, P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: Although IL-6, hsCRP and fibrinogen may be associated with microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes, we show that fibrinogen is a strong marker of microvascular complications.

Citations

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  • Hesperetin suppresses LPS/high glucose-induced inflammatory responses via TLR/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathways in THP-1 cells
    Aeri Lee, HyunJi Gu, Min-Hee Gwon, Jung-Mi Yun
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2021; 15(5): 591.     CrossRef
Current Status of Diabetes Management in Korea Using National Health Insurance Database.
Seok Won Park, Dae Jung Kim, Kyung Wan Min, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi, Ie Byung Park, Jeong Hyun Park, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Jee Young Oh, Juneyoung Lee, Choon Hee Chung, Jaiyong Kim, Hwayoung Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(4):362-367.   Published online July 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.4.362
  • 2,887 View
  • 35 Download
  • 31 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in Korea. The increase in number of people with diabetes would ultimately result in premature death, poor quality of life, and increasing economic burden. However, in our country, researches regarding on the quality of diabetes management are lacking. This study was conducted in 2005 using National Health Insurance Database to know the current status of diabetes management in Korea. METHODS: We have randomly selected 3,902 subjects out of 2,503,754 subjects who had claims with diagnosis of diabetes between January 2003 to December 2003 by using two staged cluster sampling method. Field survey with review of medical records and telephone survey was conducted with standardized record forms developed by Korean Diabetes Association; Task Force Team For Basic Statistical Study of Korean Diabetes Mellitus. RESULTS: The age of diabetic subjects was 58.1 +/- 12.6 years and the duration of diabetes was 6.2 +/- 5.5 years. Hypertension was present in 54% of diabetic subjects. Among those with hypertension, 59% were controlled with blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg, but only 19% were controlled with blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg. Hyperlipidemia was present in 29% of diabetic subjects. Only 38% of those with hyperlipidemia were controlled with LDL-cholesterol below 100 mg/dL. For glycemic control, only 40% of diabetic subjects achieved the goal of HbA1c less than 7%, which was suggested by ADA. CONCLUSION: We found that only 20~40% of diabetic subjects in Korea achieved the management goal for glucose, blood pressure, and lipids. It seems urgent to develop a quality management program for diabetes subjects in Korea.

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    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(1): 10.     CrossRef
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    The Open Nursing Journal.2020; 14(1): 64.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and incidence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in Korea: a nationwide population-based study
    Hyungtae Kim, Siin Kim, Sola Han, Pratik P. Rane, Kathleen M. Fox, Yi Qian, Hae Sun Suh
    BMC Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Effectiveness of Multidisciplinary Team-Based Education in the Management of Type 2 Diabetes
    Jong Ho Kim, Yun Jeong Nam, Won Jin Kim, Kyung Ah Lee, A Ran Baek, Jung Nam Park, Jin Mi Kim, Seo Young Oh, Eun Heui Kim, Min Jin Lee, Yun Kyung Jeon, Bo Hyun Kim, In Joo Kim, Yong Ki Kim, Sang Soo Kim
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  • Physician-Directed Diabetes Education without a Medication Change and Associated Patient Outcomes
    Hun-Sung Kim, Hyunah Kim, Hae-Kyung Yang, Eun Young Lee, Yoo Jin Jeong, Tong Min Kim, So Jung Yang, Seo Yeon Baik, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jae Hyoung Cho, In Young Choi, Hyeon Woo Yim, Bong-Yun Cha
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(3): 187.     CrossRef
  • Risks of borderline liver enzyme abnormalities to the incidence of impaired fasting glucose and diabetes mellitus: a 7 year follow up study of workers
    Jin-Hyun Yu, Jin-Seok Kim, Mee-Ra Lee, Seong-Yong Yoon, Seong-Yong Cho, Seung-Hyun Yoo, Boo-Il Kim
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Duration of Type 2 Diabetes and Self-Reported Participation in Diabetes Education in Korea
    Jongnam Hwang, Jeffrey A. Johnson
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2015; 27(2): NP311.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Management in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at General Hospitals in South Korea
    Jin-Hee Jung, Jung-Hwa Lee, Jin-Won Noh, Jeong-Eun Park, Hee-Sook Kim, Joo-Wha Yoo, Bok-Rye Song, Jeong-rim Lee, Myeong-Hee Hong, Hyang-Mi Jang, Young Na, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jeong-Mi Lee, Yang-Gyo Kang, Sun-Young Kim, Kang-Hee Sim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2015; 39(4): 307.     CrossRef
  • Trend Analysis in the Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes According to Risk Factors among Korean Adults: Based on the 2001~2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data
    Young-Ju Kim, Myoung-Nam Lim, Dong-Suk Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2014; 44(6): 743.     CrossRef
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    Yong-Jun Choi, Dong-Soo Shin, Minah Kang, Sang-Soo Bae, Jaiyong Kim
    Health Policy and Management.2014; 24(4): 312.     CrossRef
  • Increasing risk of diabetes mellitus according to liver function alterations in electronic workers
    Kyoungho Lee, Joohee Han, Soo‐Geun Kim
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2014; 5(6): 671.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of the Experience of Diabetes Education on Knowledge, Self-Care Behavior and Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
    Seung Hei Moon, Young Whee Lee, Ok-Kyung Ham, Soo-Hyun Kim
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2014; 20(1): 81.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Prescription in Type 2 Diabetic Patients from General Hospitals in Busan
    Ji Hye Suk, Chang Won Lee, Sung Pyo Son, Min Cheol Kim, Jun Hyeob Ahn, Kwang Jae Lee, Ja Young Park, Sun Hye Shin, Min Jeong Kwon, Sang Soo Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Soon Hee Lee, Jeong Hyun Park, In Joo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2014; 38(3): 230.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose Based Diabetes Self-Management Education on Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes
    Kang Hee Sim, Moon Sook Hwang
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2013; 19(2): 127.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Epidemics in Korea: Reappraise Nationwide Survey of Diabetes "Diabetes in Korea 2007"
    Ie Byung Park, Jaiyong Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Choon Hee Chung, Jee-Young Oh, Seok Won Park, Juneyoung Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Kyung Wan Min, Jeong Hyun Park, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Hwayoung Kim, Sunhee Lee, Im Bong Lee, Injeoung Choi, Sei Hyun Baik
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2013; 37(4): 233.     CrossRef
  • Total Energy Intake May Be More Associated with Glycemic Control Compared to Each Proportion of Macronutrients in the Korean Diabetic Population
    Hye Mi Kang, Dong-Jun Kim
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  • Effect of Soybeans, Chungkukjang, and Doenjang on Blood Glucose and Serum Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
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    Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition.2012; 41(5): 621.     CrossRef
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    Eun-Kyung Han, Hyuck-Se Kwon, Se-Gye Shin, Yoon-Hee Choi, Il-Jun Kang, Cha-Kwon Chung
    Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition.2012; 41(12): 1727.     CrossRef
  • Comparative Study on HbA1C, Self-care Behavior, and Quality of Life by Depression Status in Type II Diabetic Patients
    Young-Min Jeong, Mi-Young Kim
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  • Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Dietary Intake Control in Korean Type 2 Diabetic Patients
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    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(2): 155.     CrossRef
  • An Evaluation of Sampling Design for Estimating an Epidemiologic Volume of Diabetes and for Assessing Present Status of Its Control in Korea
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  • The Current Status of Type 2 Diabetes Management at a University Hospital
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  • The Effect of Gamma-Glutamyltransferase on Impaired Fasting Glucose or Type 2 Diabetes in Korean Men
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    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(3): 215.     CrossRef
  • Management of Diabetic Mellitus in Low-income Rural Patients
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    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2008; 41(4): 249.     CrossRef
Development of Two Parallel Diabetes Knowledge Tests.
Wan Sub Shim, Seong Bin Hong, Yeon Sil Choi, Yun Jin Choi, Sook Hee Ahn, Kee Young Min, Eun Joo Kim, Ie Byung Park, Moonsuk Nam, Yong Seong Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(6):476-486.   Published online November 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.6.476
  • 2,116 View
  • 46 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Knowledge evaluation about diabetes mellitus is necessary to self-manage diabetes effectively. We developed two parallel diabetes knowledge tests to meet a need for reliable knowledge assessment in diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 75-items (59 items for general knowledge test, 16 items for insulin use subscale) were administered to 102 diabetic patients who visited Inha University Hospital. The items which had the appropriate difficulty (0.25~0.80) and good discrimination index (above 0.25) were selected. However, the items which are thought to be an important item for education were also selected even though they did not meet the criteria of reliability and discrimination index. Two parallel diabetes knowledge tests were developed after matching the selected appropriate items for similar contents. RESULTS: 102 patients fulfilled the tests and their mean age was 54.1 +/- 11.5 years. Mean percentage of correct questionnaires was 60.9 +/- 12.5% for general test and 45.9 +/- 19.5% for insulin use subscale. There were significant differences of scores between patients with high and low education level, between patients with high income per household and low income level per household, between patients with the history of diabetes education and without history of diabetes education, and between the old (> or = 50 yrs) and the young (< 50 yrs) age group. However, there was no significant difference of scores according to diabetes duration and complication or not. The selected two tests had a similar score. And their Cronbach alpha was appropriate (> 0.70) in both tests. CONCLUSIONS: We developed two parallel diabetes knowledge tests. These tests can be used as an important means in evaluating the diabetes knowledge and effect of education in diabetic patients.

Citations

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  • Comparative Study of Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes, Family Support, Self-efficacy, and Self-management Behaviors Between Cancer Survivors With Diabetes and Diabetes Patients Without Cancer
    Eun Jeong Ko, Su Jung Lee
    Cancer Nursing.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health literacy and diabetes self‐care activities: The mediating effect of knowledge and patient activation
    Su Hyun Kim
    International Journal of Nursing Practice.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing psychological insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes patients
    Ji Hyeon Yu, Hye Young Kim, Sung Reul Kim, Eun Ko, Heung Yong Jin
    International Journal of Nursing Practice.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A new comprehensive diabetes health literacy scale: Development and psychometric evaluation
    Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee, Kwan-Woo Lee, Moonsuk Nam, So Hun Kim
    International Journal of Nursing Studies.2018; 88: 1.     CrossRef
  • Effect of a Simulated Education-based Hypoglycemia Scenario Using a High-fidelity Simulator on Acquisition and Retention of Diabetes Knowledge and Academic Self-efficacy in Nursing Students
    Jiyoung Kim, Narae Heo
    Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2017; 23(3): 319.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Evaluation of OneTouch Diabetes Management Software System in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Jung Min Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keum Ok Kim, Jong Chul Won, Kyung Soo Ko, Byung Doo Rhee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2016; 40(2): 129.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Duration of Type 2 Diabetes and Self-Reported Participation in Diabetes Education in Korea
    Jongnam Hwang, Jeffrey A. Johnson
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2015; 27(2): NP311.     CrossRef
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    Seon-Yeong Park, Pok-Ja Oh
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    Seung Hei Moon, Young Whee Lee, Ok-Kyung Ham, Soo-Hyun Kim
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    Kiwol Sung, Jiran Nam, Mijin Yu
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    Ji Hyun Kim, Sang Ah Chang
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Current Status of the Continuity of Ambulatory Diabetes Care and its Impact on Health Outcomes and Medical Cost in Korea Using National Health Insurance Database.
Jaiyong Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Hwayoung Kim, Kyung Wan Min, Seok Won Park, Ie Byung Park, Jeong Hyun Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Jee Young Oh, Sunhee Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Choon Hee Chung, Kyung Mook Choi, Injeoung Choi, Dae Jung Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(5):377-387.   Published online September 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.5.377
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  • 33 Download
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The continuity of care in chronic diseases, especially in diabetes, was emphasized from many studies. But large scale studies with long-term observation which confirm the impact of continuity of care on health outcomes are rare. This study tried national level 3 year observation to find differences in hospitalization, mortality and medical costs among patient groups with different utilization pattern. METHODS: The 1,088,564 patients with diabetes diagnosis and diabetes drug prescription in 2002, from 20 to 79 years old, and survived until the end of 2004 were included. Annual drug prescription days, number of visited clinics and quarterly continuity of care were measured. Gender, age group, living area, health insurance premium level (as a proxy of the income level), years of first DM diagnosis, five co-morbidities (hypertension, heart disease, stroke, renal disease, admission with DM), hospitalization experience and the type of main attending clinic were adjusted. Hospitalization, mortality and high costs group (top quintile) in 2005 were predicted by multiple logistic regression model. RESULTS: Patients who failed in continuity of care in 2003 and 2004 showed higher hospitalization (OR =1.29), higher mortality (OR =1.75) and they are more likely to be high costs group (OR =1.34) in 2005 than who fulfilled the continuity of care. Patients who have single attending clinic also showed lower hospitalization, lower mortality and lower cost. Completeness in diabetic drug prescription were correlated with lower hospitalization, lower mortality but with higher cost. Possible cost saving from continual care with single attending clinic was estimated at Won 417 billion (Dollar 1 = Won 943.7). Possible expenditure from complete drug prescription was Won 228 billion. So, net saving was Won 139 billion in our study population. CONCLUSION: Continual care and single attending clinic saves patient's life and national costs. Fragmented primary care system in Korea should be reformed for more effective care of chronic diseases. National Health Insurance Database in Korea enables nationwide long-term observation study which overcomes the many limitations found in hospital-based studies and cross-sectional surveys.

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    Ye-Jee Kim, Nam-Kyong Choi, Mi-Sook Kim, Joongyub Lee, Yoosoo Chang, Jong-Mi Seong, Sun-Young Jung, Ju-Young Shin, Ji-Eun Park, Byung-Joo Park
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Current Status of Diabetic Foot in Korean Patients Using National Health Insurance Database.
Choon Hee Chung, Dae Jung Kim, Jaiyong Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Hwayoung Kim, Kyung Wan Min, Seok Won Park, Jeong Hyun Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Jee Young Oh, Sunhee Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Injeoung Choi, Ie Byung Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(5):372-376.   Published online September 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.5.372
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  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Foot ulcer diseases are more prevalent in diabetic patients than that those of non-diabetic patients. Several reports showed the risk of amputation and the medical cost were increased when foot ulcer developed. Therefore, strict glycemic control from the initial period of diabetes is necessary. Since there is no enough epidemiologic data, large scaled studies for medical and economic consequences about diabetic foot ulcer are needed. METHODS: This study was based on health insurance claims submitted to the National Health Insurance Review Agency during the period from December 1994 through December 2002. We investigated the incidence and medical cost of foot disorders in Korean population using the disease-classification codes on the health insurance claim forms. RESULTS: The incidences of foot disorders (per 100,000 of population) were 49.7 for amputations, 99.7 for ulcers, and 1,051 for injuries in diabetic patients, and 4.2 for amputations, 10.3 for ulcers, and 943 for injuries in non-diabetic patients. Relative risk of the incidences of foot amputation, ulcer, and injury in diabetic patients comparing with non-diabetic patients were 11.7, 9.7, and 1.1, respectively. Total medical costs (per capita) of foot amputation, ulcer, and injury in diabetic patients were 2.0, 1.7, and 2.1 times higher, respectively, than those of non-diabetic patients. Mean hospital stay of foot amputation, ulcer, and injury in diabetic patients were 1.6, 1.3, and 1.7 times more, respectively, than those of non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: In diabetic patients, the incidences of foot amputation and ulcer are higher than those of non-diabetic patients. To reduce those incidences, we need to early strict glycemic control as well as government based management.

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    Chong Rye Song, Yong Soon Kim, Jin Hyun Kim
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    Ie Byung Park, Jaiyong Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Choon Hee Chung, Jee-Young Oh, Seok Won Park, Juneyoung Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Kyung Wan Min, Jeong Hyun Park, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Hwayoung Kim, Sunhee Lee, Im Bong Lee, Injeoung Choi, Sei Hyun Baik
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Current Status of Aspirin User in Korean Diabetic Patients Using Korean Health Insurance Database.
Ie Byung Park, Dae Jung Kim, Jaiyong Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Hwayoung Kim, Kyung Wan Min, Seok Won Park, Jeong Hyun Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Jee Young Oh, Sunhee Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Choon Hee Chung, Injeoung Choi, Kyung Mook Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(5):363-371.   Published online September 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.5.363
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AbstractAbstract PDF
AIMS: ADA guidelines recommend aspirin for all patients with diabetes who have had a prior CHD events as well as a primary prevention strategy among those with at least one other risk factor. We examined the current status of regular aspirin intake among Korean adults who diagnosed as diabetes. METHODS: This study examined the characteristics of aspirin user in new-onset diabetes over 40 years based on health insurance claims submitted to the Health Insurance Review Agency (HIRA) of Korea during the period from January 2001 through December 2003. New onset diabetes defined as the first health insurance claim of antidiabetic drugs submitted to HIRA for the three months (January to March 2001) that never submitted for previous 6 years. RESULTS: The number of total new-onset diabetic patients was 30,014 in 2001, 29,819 in 2002, and 32,061 in 2003. The incidence rate of diabetes over 40 years for 3 months in 2001, 2002 and 2003 were 0.172%, 0.167% and 0.18. Mean age of women who diagnosed diabetes were significant higher than that of men in 2001 (women 59.2+/-10.6 yrs, men 54.8+/-9.8 yrs), in 2002 (women 59.5+/-10.6 yrs, men 54.6+/-9.3 yrs) and in 2003 (women 59.6+/-10.7 yrs, men 54.7+/-9.9 yrs) (p < 0.001). The number of aspirin user increased from 2,065 (6.9%) in 2001, 2,638 (8.9%) in 2002 and 3,711 (11.6%) in 2003. 30.5% of new-onset diabetics in 2001 had hypertension, 12.4% of them had hypercholesterolemia, 11.8% of them had cerebral infarct, 2.6% of them had cerebral hemorrhage, 3.8% of them had coronary heart disease and, but, 55.6% of them had not any CVD. Logistic regression analysis using aspirin use as a dependent variable showed that the number of aspirin use in patients with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cerebral infarct and coronary heart disease was higher than in patients without those (hypertension [OR], 3.89 (95% CI, 3.52~4.31); hypercholesterolemia [OR], 2.16 (95% CI, 1.90~2.46; cerebral infarct [OR], 2.05 (95% CI, 1.82~2.30); coronary heart disease [OR], 9.41 (95% CI, 8.20~10.80), respectively). Coronary heart disease was the most important associated factor of aspirin use. CONCLUSIONS: We found significant underuse of aspirin therapy among our population compared with that of America. Major efforts are needed to increase aspirin use in diabetic patients.

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  • Evaluation of low-dose aspirin for primary prevention of ischemic stroke among patients with diabetes: a retrospective cohort study
    Ye-Jee Kim, Nam-Kyong Choi, Mi-Sook Kim, Joongyub Lee, Yoosoo Chang, Jong-Mi Seong, Sun-Young Jung, Ju-Young Shin, Ji-Eun Park, Byung-Joo Park
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  • Cause-of-Death Trends for Diabetes Mellitus over 10 Years
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    Young Sil Lee
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Current Status of Diabetic End-Stage Renal Disease Using Korean Health Insurance Database.
Dae Jung Kim, Jaiyong Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Kyung Wan Min, Seok Won Park, Ie Byung Park, Jeong Hyun Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Jee Young Oh, Sunhee Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Choon Hee Chung, Kyung Mook Choi, Injeoung Choi, Hwayoung Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(5):355-362.   Published online September 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.5.355
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  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Diabetes is becoming one of the main causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. We studied the prevalence and incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the Korean population based on health insurance claims submitted to the Health Insurance Review Agency. We also investigated the proportion of medications taken by the ESRD patients, and frequency of hospital admission or visits, and medical expenses between ESRD patients with and without diabetes. METHODS: This study was based on health insurance claims submitted to the Health Insurance Review Agency during the period from January 2001 through December 2003. Using the disease-classification codes on the health insurance claim forms, those who were diagnosed with chronic renal disease (N18 or N19) and received dialysis-related treatment (Z49), treatment with a kidney dialysis machine (Z99.2), or kidney transplantation (Z94.0) were defined as ESRD patients. Among the ESRD patients, those who were diagnosed with diabetes (E10-E14) and/or took anti-diabetic drugs were defined as ESRD patients with diabetes. RESULTS: The ESRD patients totaled 33,870 in 2001, 37,894 in 2002, and 41,167 (858.3 per million population) in 2003. ESRD patients with diabetes increased to 56.7% in 2003. The number of ESRD patients in whom renal replacement therapy was initiated was 8,134 in 2002 and 8,322 (173.5 per million population) in 2003. ESRD patients with diabetes used more anti-hypertensive drugs (1.2 times as many), lipid-lowering drugs (1.6 times), and anti-platelet agents (1.8 times) than did ESRD patients without diabetes. In 2003, 66.5% of the ESRD patients with diabetes were hospitalized, which was 1.6 times the hospital admissions of ESRD patients without diabetes. ESRD patients with diabetes also had hospital stays that were 1.6 times longer per patient and inpatient service expenses that were 1.6times greater per patient, compared with those reported for ESRD patients without diabetes. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ESRD accompanied by diabetes has risen rapidly. Given the burden of medical treatment costs placed on ESRD patients with diabetes, more aggressive interventions should be implemented to prevent diabetes and renal complications among patients with diabetes.

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    Sun Hee Beom, Moo Kyung Oh, Chul Woo Ahn
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  • Diabetes Epidemics in Korea: Reappraise Nationwide Survey of Diabetes "Diabetes in Korea 2007"
    Ie Byung Park, Jaiyong Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Choon Hee Chung, Jee-Young Oh, Seok Won Park, Juneyoung Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Kyung Wan Min, Jeong Hyun Park, Hyun Shik Son, Chul Woo Ahn, Hwayoung Kim, Sunhee Lee, Im Bong Lee, Injeoung Choi, Sei Hyun Baik
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Effect of Protein Kinase C Inhibitor on Glucose Transporter-1 (GLUT1) Expression in Cultured Rat Mesangial Cells.
Ie Byung Park, Dae Ryong Cha, Dong Rim Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Dong Hyun Shin, Kyung Mook Choi, Nan Hee Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(3):218-229.   Published online June 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recent studies have suggested that increased glucose uptake via GLUT1 may be a major determinant of glucose utilization and extracellular matrix formation in mesangial cells. This study was to evaluate the effect of protein kinase C inhibitor on glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) expression in cultured rat mesangial cells. METHODS: The GLUT1 expression was evaluated in mesangial cells exposed to various glucose concentrations of media (5.5 mM, 15 mM or 30 mM) and incubation times (6 hr, 24 hr or 72 hr) by semiquantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis. The effect of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, calphostin C and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on GLUT1 expression was also evaluated under the same conditions. RESULTS: The GLUT1 mRNA expressions were significantly increased in MG (15 mM) and HG (30 mM) than those in NG (5.5 mM) with incubation of 6 hr, 24 hr and 72 hr, respectively. In HG media, the GLUT1 mRNA expression with incubation of 24 hr and 72 hr were significantly increased than that with incubation of 6 hr, respectively. In HG media, the GLUT1 mRNA expressions were significantly reduced in calphostin C and PMA treated groups compared with those in untreated groups. In western blot analysis of HG media, GLUT1 proteins were identified in PMA- or calphostin C-untreated group and PMA 6 hr treated group, but not identified in PMA 24 hr treated group and in calphostin C-treated groups with incubation of 6 hr and 24 hr. CONCLUSION: PKC inhibitors decrease glucose-induced GLUT1 expression under high glucose concentration in mesangial cells. These results suggest that PKC pathway may regulate GLUT1 expression under high glucose concentration in cultured rat mesangial cells.
Prevalence of Diabetes mellitus in Elderly Korean in Southwest Seoul (SWS Study): Comparision of 1997 ADA and 1985 WHO Criteria in Elderly Korean.
Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi, Young Jik Cho, Kyung Oh Kim, Dong Rim Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Shin Gon Kim, Dong Hyun Shin, Ie Byung Park, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(2):125-132.   Published online April 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The prevalence of diabetes in Korea is increasing rapidly, however we do not have much reliable data to prove it. Thus, the Southwest Seoul Study (SWS Study) designed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes (Clinical impact of new diagnostic criteria of ADA compare to the one of WHO), other metabolic diseases, and the proportion of diabetes related mortalities in the elderly Korean southwest Seoul population in prospectively. However, in this report we summarized the prevalence of diabetes only. METHODS: Randomly selected 1,737 elderly subjects over 60 years who lived in southwest area of Seoul were recruited in this study. Subjects underwent 75 gOGTT, interviewed using the standardized questionnaire, and careful physical examinations during the evaluation. Biochemical data were collected from 1,652 subjects and were analysed for this report. Of 1,652 subjects, we identified 196 pre-diabetics. However, these subjects were included in this analysis. ADA criteria [FBS>or=126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L)] and WHO criteria [75 gOGTT, pp2h >or= 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L)] were used as the criteria for diagnosis of diabetes. ADA and WHO criteria for impaired glucose tolerance [IGT, WHO: FBS<7.0 mmol/L, 7.8 mmol/L
The Effect of BCG Vaccine on Recent Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.
Jeong Heon Oh, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi, Nan Hee Kim, Ie Byung Park, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(3):340-347.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (Type 1 DM) results from autoimmune destruction of -cells of the pancreas. Many treatments aimed at inducing remission of newly diagnosed type 1 DM or preventing of type 1 DM in high risk group are being conducted. BCG is known to modulate the development of spontaneous diabetes in animal model of type 1 DM. In some studies, single injection of BCG induced clinical remission in recent onset type 1 DM patients. However, the effect of BCG on human is still controversial. Thus, we performed a prospective study to evaluate the effect of BCG on type 1 DM. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 23 type 1 DM patients within 6 months period. Randomly selected 14 patients were injected 0.1 ml BCG intradermally and 9 patients were injected normal saline. Fasting and postprandial 2 hour C-peptides, and insulin requirements were measured in all patients at enrollment and at 6, 12 and 24 months after BCG vaccination. RESULTS: At enrollment, there was no significant difference in age, sex, duration of diabetes, HbA1-C, body mass index, fasting and postprandial 2 hour C-peptides, and insulin requirement between BCG group and control group. During follow-up, there was no significant difference in fasting and postprandial 2 hour C-peptides. However postprandial 2 hour C-peptides in BCG group were higher than those in control group at 12 and 24 months (p-value>0.05). Insulin requirements also were lower in BCG group than in control group at 12 and 24 months (p-value>0.05). Clinical remission has been sustained in 2 BCG vaccinated patients at 6 and 12 months. In one of the two patients, remission was sustained for 36 months. CONCLUSION: BCG vaccine is safe and convenient to use, however, a large study is warranted for the use of BCG as a therapy of type 1 DM.
A Case of Severe Hypertriglyceridemia with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
Dong Seop Choi, Jeong Heon Oh, Ie Byung Park, Jin Won Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Yong Hyun Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sang Jin Kim, Sei Hyun Baik
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(5):715-721.   Published online January 1, 2001
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Severe hypertriglyceridemia exceeding 5.6 mmol/L in diabetic ketoacidosis occasionally occur in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The pattern of dyslipidemia is usually Fredrickson classification type lV. But it also exists in type III and type V. However, extreme triglyceridemia, triglyceride level exceeds 22.6 mmol/L, occur rarely in the modern era of insulin therapy. And the pattern is usually Fredrickson type I. The severe hypertriglyceridemia in diabetic ketoacidosis is mainly due to lipoprotein lipase deficiency, and secondly to insulin deficiency. The severity usually improves with insulin replacement. In patients with extreme hypertriglyceri-demia, serum electrolyte values of the patients are fallaciously low, and it leads to the misinterpretation of biochemical results and to the inappropriate treatment. We reported a case of a 25 years old female patient with diabetic ketoacidosis and extreme hypertriglyceridemia. At admission, the color of her serum was milky, her plasma triglyceride concentration was 144.7 mmol/L (12864 mg/dL), cholesterol was 25.5 mmol/L (982 mg/dl), and HDL-cholesterol was 0.77 mmol/L (40 mg/dL). The biochemical values at admission could not be measured. Empirical therapy was administered with the use of insulin and fluid. After the initial treatment with insulin and fluid, plasma triglyceride declined rapidly and was nearly normal after 72 hours. We also measured fasting blood glucose concentration and lipid profiles from her father and two sisters. Their plasma glucose and lipid profiles were normal.
Efficacy and Safety of Glimepiride: A Novel Sulfonylurea Drug compared with Gliclazide in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: an Open , Randomized Comparative Multi - Center Clinical Study.
Sung Kwan Hong, Ki Up Lee, Yeon Sang Oh, Ho Young Son, Kwang Won Kim, Hyun Chul Lee, Kyung Rae Kim, Dong Seop Choi, Ie Byung Park, Young Seol Kim, Kwan Woo Lee, Hong Kyu Lee, Soon Hyun Shin
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(1):87-97.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Glimepiride (HOE490, Amaryl (R)) is a new, third generation sulfonylurea, which binds to a different protein of the sulfonylurea receptor than other sulfonylureas. Although there have been many studies proving the efficacy of glimepiride on Caucasian diabetic patients, only a few studies are available on Asian diabetic patients. We performed an open, randomized, comparative multicenter clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of glimepiride in Korean type 2 diabetic patients. METHOD: We recruited 262 type 2 cliabetic patients at 12 different university hospitals whose blood glucose was not controlled effectively with diet alone. Patients were randomized to 1~2mg glimepiride or 40~80mg gliclazide depending on the fasting blood glucose level. Doses were increased stepwise, up to 8mg for glimepiride (once-daily) and 320mg for gliclazide (>80 mg as dividedose) respectively, until metabolic control (fasting blood glucose < 7.9 mmol/L) or maximum dose was achieved. The quality of rnetabolic control was assessed by fasting blood glucose and HbA 1c as primary variables. Insulin, C-peptide and weight were monitored as secondary variables. Safety was assessed by obtaining patient history and laboratory values of relevant variables. RESULTS: Of the 262 patients randomized to treatment, 160(61%) patients completed the 18-week study. The rate of successful blood glucose control (3.9
Serum Levels of Transforming Growth Factor ( TGF ) -beta1 in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Nan Hee Kim, Jung Heon Oh, Young Hyun Kim, Ie Byung Park, Sang Jin Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(4):522-530.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Transforming growth factor(TGF)-Bl is a potent inducer of extracellular matrix production and of fibrogenesis and has been associated wnh the occurrence of diabetic complications. Our aim was to determine whether circulating levels of TGF-gl are altered in type 2 DM and, if so, whether they are correlated with blorxi glucose levels and show an association with diabetic complications. METHOD: Serum levels of TGF-gl were measured by quantitative sandwitch enzyme immunoassay in 76 type 2 DM patients and were correlated with clinical and biochemical parameters and the presence of diabetic complications. Result: 1) Serum TGF-B1 levels were correlated with fasting blood glucose levels (r=0.30, p=0.007) and inversely correlated with duration of diabetes (r=-0.31, p=0.007), BUN (r=-0.31, p=0.034), and creatinine (r=-0.40, p=0.004). In linear logistic regression analysis, duration of diabetes and HbA 1C <- were independently related to serum TGF-B1 levels. 2) Serum levels of TGF-B1 were significantly decreased in proteinuria group (n=23) than in normoalbuminuria group (n=26) (69.5+27.5 vs 85.7 +23 ng/mL, p=0.022). TGF-B1 concentrations were inversely correlated with serum creatinine and age in normoalbuminuria group (r=-0.40, p
The Correlations between DHEA, DHEA-S and Insulin Resistance Parameters in Korean.
Ie Byung Park, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(2):182-191.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
DHEA-S(dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate) is the most abundantly produced adrenal steroid, but its physiological role has not been established yet. Increasing evidence suggests that insulin may act to lower serum DHEA-S levels in human. Some epidemiological studies report that serum DHEA, DHEA-S levels are reduced in pathological states characterized by insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia such as obesity, hypertension, and untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between DHEA, DHEA-S and insulin resistance parameters, such as BMI, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose (FBG), basal insulin level and lipid profile in Korean subjects. METHODS: The subjects were 369 Koreans(223 men, 146 women, age range: 15~75 year old) who visited the Anam Hospital for health check-up. In the morning, height, weight and blood pressure were measured and blood samples were collected for determinations of FBG, insulin, lipid profile, DHEA-S and DHEA. RESULTS: There was an inverse correlation between advancing age and serum DHEA, DHEA-S concentrations in all subjects. Although there was no significant correlation between advancing age and basal insulin levels or G/1(glucose/insulin) ratio, there were significant correlations between advancing age and insulin resistance parameters, such as BMI, diastolic BP, systolic BP, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol and FBG. In men under 50 years, DHEA was positively correlated with total cholesteral and HDL-cholesterol and negatively correlated with basal insulin level(p<0.05) and G/I ratio(p<0.001), But, in men over 50 years and in women, the correlation between DHEA, DHEA-S and other parameters was not observed. CONCLUSION: No consistent associations of DHEA, DHEA-S with various parameters of insulin resistance were observed in Koreans. However, in men under 50 years of age, DHEA and DHEA-S were associated with parameters of insulin resistance syndrome, suggesting that DHEA and DHEA-S may be related with insulin resistance only in this group.
Urinary albumin excretion, von Willebrand factor and macrovascular disease in patients with NIDDM.
Sin Gon Kim, Soo Mi Kim, Dong Hyun Shin, Nan Hee Kim, Yoon Sang Choi, Ie Byung Park, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi
Korean Diabetes J. 1997;21(2):176-184.   Published online January 1, 2001
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BACKGROUND
Increased urinary albumin excretion (UAE) is not only an independent predictor of progressive renal disease but also an important marker of atherosclerotic disease in patients with NIDDM. However, the pathaphysiologic basis of this observation is poorly understood. Recently, one interesting hypothesis suggested: UAE rnerely reflects a glomerular manifestation of an otherwise generalized vascular dysfunction(hyperpermeable state), and Stehouwer et al. Reported a strong relationship between plasma von Willebrand factor level(a measure of endothelial dysfunction), UAE and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we studied the relationship between UAE, plasma vWF and macrovascular disease in patients with NIDDM. METHODS: We measured UAE and plasma vWF levels in 102 patients with NIDDM, and investigated the telationship between these values and macrovascular diseses. Also, we assesed the risk factars for macrovascular disease. RESULTS: 1) Among total of 102 patients, nonnoalbuminuria, microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria group were 58 patients(56.9%), 28 patients(27.5%) and 16 patients(15.6%), respectively. 2) The prevalencies of hypertension, diabetic retinopathy and macrovascular diseases were the highest in macroalbuminuria group, followed by microalbuminuria and norrnoalbuminuria group in order of frequency. 3) Plasma vWF and UAE levels were significantly correlated(r=0.44). 4) Plasma vWF concentrations were higher in patients with macrovascular diseases than in those without macrovascular diseases, and also higher in patients with retinopathy compared with those without retinopathy. 5) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, smoking and vWF were independent risk factors for macrovascular diseases. CONCLUSION: 1) As plasma vWF and UAE values were increased, more macrovascular diseases were observed in patients with NIDDM. 2) Plasma vWF may be used as an indicator of macrovascular disease in patients with NIDDM.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal