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Eui Dal Jung  (Jung ED) 7 Articles
The Correlation Between Visceral Fat Distance Measured by Ultrasonography and Visceral Fat Amount by Computed Tomography in Type 2 Diabetes.
Eui Dal Jung, Duck Soo Chung, Ji Yun Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(5):418-427.   Published online October 1, 2008
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  • 25 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Visceral adipose tissue accumulation highly correlates with metabolic abnormalities and cardiovascular disease. Computed tomography (CT) is considered to be the standard method for visceral fat evaluation, but it is not used as a routine procedure. Ultrasonography (US) is a safe method, fairly inexpensive and widely available modality for measuring abdominal fat thickness. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the intra-abdominal fat distance by US measurement and the visceral fat amount by CT and cardiovascular risk factors and to evaluate whether the intra-abdominal fat distance is better correlate with visceral fat amount by CT than other anthropometric parameters and to assess the cut-off value of intra-abdominal fat distance for visceral obesity in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We obtained abdominal subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat distance by using a high-resolution US (HDI 5000, ATL, Phillps, USA) at 1 cm above umbilical level in one hundred twenty-eight type 2 diabetic patients. CT scan (Light Speed plus, GE, USA) for the measurement of subcutaneous and intra-abdominal visceral fat area was also performed in the supine position at the L4-5 level. Lean body mass and % body fat were measured in a bioimpedance using DSM (Direct Segmental Measurement by 8-point electrode) method (InBody 3.0, Biospace, Seoul, Korea). We measured patient's height, weight, BMI (Body mass index), waist circumference, WHR(Waist-hip ratio) and blood pressure and also measured fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and lipid profiles. RESULTS: Abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat distance measured by US is 2.05 +/- 0.52 cm, 4.43 +/- 1.54 cm, respectively. In pearson's correlations, visceral fat distance were correlated with BMI (r = 0.681, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.661, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.571, P < 0.001), triglyceride (r = 0.316, P < 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (r = -0.207, P < 0.004). US-determined visceral fat distance was also correlated with visceral fat amount by CT (r = 0.674, P < 0.001) and BMI (r = 0.610, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.626, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.557, P < 0.001). When we used waist circumference (men: 90 cm, women: 85 cm) as parameters for visceral obesity, the cutoff value of visceral fat distance, obtained by the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, were 4.670 cm in men, 3.695 cm in women diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: Intra-abdominal fat distance measured by US reveals strongly correlated with visceral fat area, which is determined by CT and also well correlated with anthropometric parameters and lipid profiles. We suggest that US provided a better index compared to anthropometry for the prediction of visceral obesity and could be an alternative method for CT for visceral fat determination in diabetic patients.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Aspects of transthoracic echocardiography protocol in obese patients
    O. N. Dzhioeva, O. A. Maksimova, E. A. Rogozhkina, O. M. Drapkina
    Russian Journal of Cardiology.2023; 27(12): 5243.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound-assisted assessment of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness. Methodological guidelines
    O. M. Drapkina, R. K. Angarsky, E. A. Rogozhkina, O. A. Maksimova, A. A. Ivanova, E. V. Zyatenkova, O. N. Dzhioeva
    Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention.2023; 22(3): 3552.     CrossRef
  • The Correlations between Extremity Circumferences with Total and Regional Amounts of Skeletal Muscle and Muscle Strength in Obese Women with Type 2 Diabetes
    Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Ah Han, Hee Jung Ahn, Jae Hyuk Lee, Gang Seo Park, Kyung Wan Min
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(4): 374.     CrossRef
  • Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Weight, Glucose and Lipid Control in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients
    Hee-Jung Ahn, Kyung-Ah Han, Hwi-Ryun Kwon, Bo-Kyung Koo, Hyun-Jin Kim, Kang-Seo Park, Kyung-Wan Min
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(2): 86.     CrossRef
A Case of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
Myung Hwan Kim, Eui Dal Jung, Seung Pyo Hong, Gyu Hwan Bae, Sun Young Ahn, Eon Ju Jeon, Seong Yeon Hong, Ji Hyun Lee, Ho Sang Son
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(4):368-371.   Published online July 1, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance of variant severity with onset or first recognition during present pregnancy. Recently the prevalence of GDM in Korean has reported as 1.7~4.0%. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious metabolic complication of diabetes with high mortality if undetected. Its occurrence is very rare in gestational diabetes patients, but is harmful to fetal and maternal health. A 26 years-old pregnant woman was admitted at 37 weeks gestation because of progressive generalized weakness, anorexia and weight loss. Initial physical examination reveals that she had been dehydrated, and blood pressure 130/80 mmHg, pulse rate 100/min, respiratory rate 20/min, and body temperature was 36.9 degrees C. Serum glucose was 545 mg/dL, pH 7.282, HCO3- 10.5 mmol/L, urine ketone 3+, urine glucose 2+ when initial laboratory work was done. She was treated with intravenous fluid and insulin under the impression of diabetic ketoacidosis. Her delivery was performed after 24 hours from admission because of suggestive fetal distress. After recovery, she is being treated with insulin at outpatient department. We experienced a appropriately treated case of diabetic ketoacidosis in pregnant woman with GDM, and report it with a literature review.
The Correlation between Central Obesity and Glucose, Lipid Metabolism and Macrovascular Complication in Elderly Type 2 Diabetes.
Eui Dal Jung, Jihyun Lee, Ho Sang Shon
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(4):343-350.   Published online July 1, 2007
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  • 23 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Obesity is related to abnormal lipid metabolism and macrovascular complication and accumulated fat on the abdomen in elderly diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to compare elderly diabetic patients' body fat composition with middle-aged patients and evaluate the role of central obesity on glucose and lipid metabolism and macrovascular complications in elderly type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We defined elderly patients who are over 65 years old and who waist circumference is over than 90 cm in men and 85 cm in women and waist-hip ratio (WHR) was over than 0.90 in men and 0.85 in women defined central obesity. % body fat were measured a bioimpedence analysis using DSM (Direct Segmental Measurement by 8-point electrode) method (Inbody 3.0, Biospace, Seoul, Korea) in two hundred two type 2 diabetes. Laboratory parameters such as fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, and lipid profile were included in this study and also investigated the macrovascular complication. RESULTS: 1) The ninety-five elderly diabetic patients, compared with middle-aged diabetic patients, were similar BMI and % of body fat but significantly increased waist circumference (P < 0.05) and WHR (P < 0.001). 2) In pearson's correlations, waist circumference was correlated with BMI (r = 0.927, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.851, P < 0.001), % body fat (r = 0.519, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (r = 0.255, P < 0.05), triglyceride (r = 0.365, P < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.271, P < 0.05) in elderly diabetic patients. And WHR was also correlated with BMI (r = 0.744, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.851, P < 0.001), % body fat (r = 0.425, P < 0.001), total cholesterol (r = 0.372, P < 0.001), triglyceride (r = 0.408, P < 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.386, P < 0.001). 3) The obese elderly diabetic patients had increased triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol but not related with macrovascular complication compared with lean elderly patients. CONCLUSION: In elderly type 2 diabetic patients are more central obesity although the same weight compared with middle-aged patients. Waist circumference and WHR were highly correlated with body fat composition and lipid profile in elderly diabetes. In obese elderly patients have abnormal lipid profile but not more macrovascular complication.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Potential Benefits of Acupuncture and Herbs for Obesity-Related Chronic Inflammation by Adipokines
    Ji-Youn Kim, Seon-Eun Baek, Rehna Paula Ginting, Min-Woo Lee, Jeong-Eun Yoo
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • A Nationwide Survey about the Current Status of Glycemic Control and Complications in Diabetic Patients in 2006 - The Committee of the Korean Diabetes Association on the Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus -
    Soo Lim, Dae Jung Kim, In-Kyung Jeong, Hyun Shik Son, Choon Hee Chung, Gwanpyo Koh, Dae Ho Lee, Kyu Chang Won, Jeong Hyun Park, Tae Sun Park, Jihyun Ahn, Jaetaek Kim, Keun-Gyu Park, Seung Hyun Ko, Yu-Bae Ahn, Inkyu Lee
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(1): 48.     CrossRef
Microarray Analysis of Short Heterodimer Partner (SHP)-induced Changes in Gene Expression in INS-1 Cells.
Eui Dal Jung, Ji Hyun Lee, Won Gu Jang, Jung Guk Kim, Bo Wan Kim, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(3):193-199.   Published online May 1, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Nuclear receptors are involved in the cell growth, development, differentiation, and metabolism. The orphan nuclear receptor SHP which lacks a DNA-binding domain is a negative regulator of nuclear receptor signaling pathways. In pancreas, SHP regulate transcriptional activity of HNF3 and HNF4 through binding them and BETA2 which is involved in beta cell differentiation and insulin production. Here, we examined transcriptional activity changes of genes expressed in beta cell when SHP was overexpressed. METHOD: INS-1 cells of passage number 24 - 30 were prepared. Affimetrix DNA chip was used to examine gene expression in INS-1 cell when SHP was overexpressed. INS-1 cells were infected with adenovirus-SHP to overexpress SHP. To confirm the result of DNA chip, we used real time RT-PCR. RESULT: When SHP was overexpressed by adenovirus-SHP transfection, FXR, Transforming growth factor, beta 2, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2, bone morphogenetic protein 4 genes expression were increased. Contrarily, Activating transcription factor 2, Glycogen synthase kinase 3 alpha, Nur 77, fibroblast growth factor 14 genes expression were decreased. We confirmed DNA microarray analysis by real time RT-PCR. FXR, tribbles homolog 3 (Drosophila), fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2, CD36 genes expression were increased in real time RT-PCR. Nur 77 and cAMP response element modulator genes expression were decreased in real time RT-PCR. CONCLUSION: we identified several genes which expression are regulated by SHP in pancreas beta cell. These results help to explain how SHP act in the various metabolism of pancreas beta cell.
The Effect of High Glucose and TGF-beta on the Cellular Injury in Cultured Glomerular Epithelial Cells.
Gui Hwa Jeong, Sung Chang Chung, Eui Dal Jung, Yun Jeong Doh, Hee Kyoung Kim, Soon Hong Park, In Hae Park, Jung Guk Kim, Sung Woo Ha, Bo Wan Kim, In Kyu Lee, Cheol Woo Ko
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(4):254-263.   Published online July 1, 2006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The glomerulus is a complex physiological structure, as well as selective filtration barrier in the control of renal blood flow and blood pressure. Glomerular epithelial cells may play an important role in development of diabetic nephropathy. Apoptosis of the glomerular epithelial cells are characterized by disappearance of a selective filtration barrier. TGF-beta is a key factor in the development of diabetic nephropathy because of its effects on the accumulation of extracellular matrix and mesangial cell proliferation. We examined whether the high glucose and TGF-beta induce the apoptosis in cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells. METHODS: Glomerular epithelial cells were cultured from rat glomeruli and conditioned with different concentration of TGF-beta or high-glucose. We measured apoptosis of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cell conditioning with different concentration of TGF-beta or high-glucose by using DNA electrophoresis. RESULTS: High glucose (25 mM) induced apoptosis of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells compared to controls. TGF-beta also induced cell death of cultured rat glomerular epithelial cells in dose dependent manner. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that high glucose and TGF-beta-induced cell death of glomerular epithelial cell may play an important role in diabetic nephropathy and proteinuria. Pathway of apoptosis or cell death by high glucose and TGF-beta must be investigated in the glomerular epithelial cells.
Alpha-Lipoic acid Inhibits TNF-alpha-Induced Fractalkine Expression in Rat aortic Smooth Muscle Cells.
Keun Gyu Park, Hye Soon Kim, Seong Yeol Ryu, Chang Wook Nam, Byung Kyu Chae, Eui Dal Jung, Jung Guk Kim, Bo Wan Kim, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(5):409-417.   Published online September 1, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGOUND: The induction of vascular inflammation via the proinflammatory cytokine/ nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathway is one of the key mechanisms in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence suggests a recently identified chemokine, fractalkine, is involved in arterial inflammation and atherogenesis; however, few studies have examined the effects of pharmacological agents on this process. The purposes of this study were to determine if alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) inhibits the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-stimulated fractalkine in vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs). METHODS: Rat VSMCs were isolated and cultured. Northern and Western blot analyses were performed to evaluate the effects of ALA on the expression of TNF-alpha-stimulated fractalkine in VSMCs. A gel shift assay was performed to examine the mechanism by which ALA inhibits the expression of fractalkine. RESULTS: TNF-alpha markedly induced the expression of fractalkine in primary cultured VSMCs. ALA inhibited the expression of TNF-alpha-stimulated fractalkine in cultured VSMCs. The result of the gel shift assay suggested the inhibitory effects of AS-6 on the expression of TNF-alpha-stimulated fractalkine were mediated via the NF-kappaB pathway. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that ALA has anti-inflammatory effects on VSMCs, which are mediated by the inhibitoin, at least in part, of the NF-kappaB dependent inflammatory signal-stimulated expression of fractalkine. Our data suggest the possibility that antioxidants, such as ALA, inhibit the NF-kappaB pathway, which may be used to prevent the development and progression of atherosclerosis.
Comparison of the Relationship of Leptin to Metabolic Parameters Between Premenopausal Normal Weight and Obese Women.
Hee Kyoung Kim, Keun Gyu Park, Mi Kyung Kim, Young Yun Jang, Sang Yoon Kim, Eui Dal Jung, Hye Soo Kim, Ju Ho Do, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(3):223-230.   Published online May 1, 2005
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  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Leptin is mainly secreted from adipose tissue, and it is a crucial factor for metabolic syndrome that is characterized by obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. We measured the serum leptin concentrations and compared them with the body fat distribution and metabolic risk factors in premenopausal normal weight and obese women. METHODS: 231 premenopausal obese women participated in this study. The subjects were grouped based on their body mass index(BMI). The number of normal weight group women(BMI<25kg/m2) and the number of obese group women(BMI> or = 25kg/m2) were 90 and 141, respectively. We measured the plasma leptin concentration and such metabolic risk factors as fasting glucose, insulin, triglyceride(TG), systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP). The subcutaneous adipose tissue area(SAT) and the visceral adipose tissue area(VAT) were determined by computed tomography. The BMI, waist to hip ratio(WHR) and homeostasis model assessment(HOMA-IR) were calculated. RESULTS: In the obese group, the leptin levels were positively correlated with the BMI and SAT as well as with such metabolic risk factors as fasting serum glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, TG, SBP and DBP. Although leptin levels were positively correlated with BMI and SAT in the normal weight group, they were not correlated with the metabolic risk factors. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that the leptin levels in the normal weight group were not associated with the metabolic risk factors. Therefore, the degree of obesity must be considered before leptin can be used as a predictor for metabolic syndrome including diabetes and coronary heart disease

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