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Duck Soo Chung  (Chung DS) 4 Articles
The Correlation Between Visceral Fat Distance Measured by Ultrasonography and Visceral Fat Amount by Computed Tomography in Type 2 Diabetes.
Eui Dal Jung, Duck Soo Chung, Ji Yun Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(5):418-427.   Published online October 1, 2008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Visceral adipose tissue accumulation highly correlates with metabolic abnormalities and cardiovascular disease. Computed tomography (CT) is considered to be the standard method for visceral fat evaluation, but it is not used as a routine procedure. Ultrasonography (US) is a safe method, fairly inexpensive and widely available modality for measuring abdominal fat thickness. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the intra-abdominal fat distance by US measurement and the visceral fat amount by CT and cardiovascular risk factors and to evaluate whether the intra-abdominal fat distance is better correlate with visceral fat amount by CT than other anthropometric parameters and to assess the cut-off value of intra-abdominal fat distance for visceral obesity in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We obtained abdominal subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat distance by using a high-resolution US (HDI 5000, ATL, Phillps, USA) at 1 cm above umbilical level in one hundred twenty-eight type 2 diabetic patients. CT scan (Light Speed plus, GE, USA) for the measurement of subcutaneous and intra-abdominal visceral fat area was also performed in the supine position at the L4-5 level. Lean body mass and % body fat were measured in a bioimpedance using DSM (Direct Segmental Measurement by 8-point electrode) method (InBody 3.0, Biospace, Seoul, Korea). We measured patient's height, weight, BMI (Body mass index), waist circumference, WHR(Waist-hip ratio) and blood pressure and also measured fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and lipid profiles. RESULTS: Abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat distance measured by US is 2.05 +/- 0.52 cm, 4.43 +/- 1.54 cm, respectively. In pearson's correlations, visceral fat distance were correlated with BMI (r = 0.681, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.661, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.571, P < 0.001), triglyceride (r = 0.316, P < 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (r = -0.207, P < 0.004). US-determined visceral fat distance was also correlated with visceral fat amount by CT (r = 0.674, P < 0.001) and BMI (r = 0.610, P < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.626, P < 0.001), WHR (r = 0.557, P < 0.001). When we used waist circumference (men: 90 cm, women: 85 cm) as parameters for visceral obesity, the cutoff value of visceral fat distance, obtained by the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, were 4.670 cm in men, 3.695 cm in women diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: Intra-abdominal fat distance measured by US reveals strongly correlated with visceral fat area, which is determined by CT and also well correlated with anthropometric parameters and lipid profiles. We suggest that US provided a better index compared to anthropometry for the prediction of visceral obesity and could be an alternative method for CT for visceral fat determination in diabetic patients.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Russian Journal of Cardiology.2023; 27(12): 5243.     CrossRef
  • Ultrasound-assisted assessment of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness. Methodological guidelines
    O. M. Drapkina, R. K. Angarsky, E. A. Rogozhkina, O. A. Maksimova, A. A. Ivanova, E. V. Zyatenkova, O. N. Dzhioeva
    Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention.2023; 22(3): 3552.     CrossRef
  • The Correlations between Extremity Circumferences with Total and Regional Amounts of Skeletal Muscle and Muscle Strength in Obese Women with Type 2 Diabetes
    Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Ah Han, Hee Jung Ahn, Jae Hyuk Lee, Gang Seo Park, Kyung Wan Min
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  • Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Weight, Glucose and Lipid Control in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients
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    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(2): 86.     CrossRef
The Thickness of Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness in Hypertriglyceridemic Hyperapo B Type 2 Diabetes.
Ji Hyun Lee, Duck Soo Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 2005;29(1):57-64.   Published online January 1, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Atherosclerotic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease are major causes of diabetes mellitus-related morbidity and mortality. The frequency of macrovascular disease in type 2 diabetic patients varies geographically, and this suggests that factors other than diabetes play an important role in the pathogenesis of their vascular disease. One such factor may be the dyslipoproteinemias that are common in diabetic patients. There were many studies showing that hypertriglyceridemia with an elevated apolipoprotein B (apo B) level was associated with an increased risk for coronary disease in type 2 diabetes patients. Meanwhile, an increase in the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery has been previously reported in patients with type 2 diabetes, and this is related to the atherosclerotic risk factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the carotid artery IMT and lipoprotein and apolipoprotein, and we also wanted to assess the role of hypertriglyceridemic hyperapo B for the cardiovascular risk factors in the type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: The carotid artery IMT was measured using high resolution B-mode ultrasono graphy in 117 type 2 diabetes. At the same time, we analyzed the patients characteristics including height, weight, body mass index, blood pressure, duration of diabetes and history of hypertension. Laboratory parameters such as fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, apolipoprotein A and B were included in this study. We defined hypertrigl yceridemic hyperapo B as when the triglyceride level was over 1.7 mmol/L and the apolipoprotein B level was over 1.20 g/L. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients (28%) were classified as having hypertriglyceridemic hyperapo B. Age (r = 348, P = 0.001), duration of diabetes (r = 0.438, P = 0.001), hypertension (P = 0.001), and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.225, P = 0.018) were statistically significant for the carotid artery IMT values in diabetic patients. However, there were no correlations between carotid artery IMT and total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL- cholesterol, and apolipoprotein A and B. Upon multiple regression analysis, age, duration of diabetes and LDL-cholesterol were statistically significant for the carotid artery IMT values in diabetic patients (R2 = 0.296). Hypertriglyceridemic hyperapo B diabetic patients didn't have higher carotid artery IMT values than the other patients. CONCLUSION: The increment of carotid artery IMT is affected by age, blood pressure, duration of diabetes and LDL-cholesterol. However, our study did not show any association between carotid artery IMT and hypertriglyceridemic hyperapo B
The Correlation Between Femoral Artery Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) and Atherosclerotic Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.
Ji Hyun Lee, Ho Sang Shon, Duck Soo Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 2003;27(6):467-475.   Published online December 1, 2003
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AbstractAbstract PDF
High resolution B-Mode ultrasound is increasingly used in epidemiological and clinical research to noninvasively study the atherosclerotic process in the carotid artery. An increase in the intimamedia thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery has previously been reported in patients with diabetes, compared with a control group, and is related to atherosclerotic risk factors. There have been few reports on the relationship between the IMT of the femoral artery, another large artery, and atherosclerotic risk factors in diabetic patients. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the relationship between the femoral artery IMT and the atherosclerotic risk factors in type 2 diabetics, and to assess if such a measurement might provide further information on the extent of the atherosclerotic disease in these patients. METHODS: The carotid and femoral IMT were measured using high resolution B-mode ultrasonography in 55 type 2 diabetes patients and 25 age- and sex-matched control subjects. The femoral artery was examined distal to the inguinal ligament, at the site the artery divides into the superficial femoral and the profound femoral arteries. At the same time, patient's characteristics, including height, weight, body mass index, blood pressure, duration of diabetes and histories of hypertension and smoking, were analyzed. Examinations of the laboratory parameters, such as serum glucose, HbA1C, lipid profile, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine, were included in this study. RESULTS: The carotid and femoral IMT values were significantly increased in the type 2 diabetes patients compared with the control subjects. There was a significant relationship between the IMT values of the two arteries in the diabetic patients (r=0.419, p< 0.001). In a simple regression analysis, age (r=0.534, p=0.001), systolic blood pressure (r=0.499, p=0.001), diastolic blood pressure (r=0.350, p=0.003), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.262, p=0.037) and the serum creatinine level (r=0.280, p=0.020) were statistically significant for the femoral artery IMT value. In a multiple regression analysis, age, smoking and systolic blood pressure were statistically significant for the femoral artery IMT values in diabetic patients (R2=0.379). CONCLUSION: The femoral IMT values were significantly increased in the type 2 diabetes patients. Increases in the IMT of the femoral artery are affected by the atherosclerotic risk factors; age, smoking and blood pressure. Therefore, it is suggest that measurement of the femoral IMT, using high resolution B-mode ultrasonography, is also a useful method for the detection of macrovascular complications in type 2 diabetes patients.
The Difference of Intrarenal Hemodynamics in Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy.
Ji Hyun Lee, Ye Dal Jung, Ho Sang Shon, Ki Sung Ahn, Duck Soo Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(6):822-830.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Diabetic nephropathy is a major microvascular complication in diabetic patients. No single etiologic factor has been identified to explain the development of diabetic nephropathy. Genetic factors, poor glycemic control, increased intra-glomerular pressure, systemic hypertension, and altered intrarenal hemodynamics may be contributed to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Intrarenal duplex Doppler sonography can provide physiologic information reflecting the status of renal vascular resistance. Recently, there were some reports that obstructive renal disease and renal allograft rejection patients has altered intrarenal hemodynamics. So we investigate intrarenal hemo- dynamic abnormalities in diabetic patients with nephropathy and analyze the factors associated with increased intrarenal resistance METHODS: The patients were divided into the three groups. According to the levels of 24-hour urinary albumin excretion(UAE), group 1 (UAE<30mg/day, normoalbuminuria), group 2 (30 mg/day

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal